ACCESSION NUMBER:281557 FILE ID:POL110 DATE:05/03/93 TITLE:SERBIA MUST BACK UP WORDS WITH DEEDS, SAYS ALBRIGHT (05/03/93) TEXT:*93050310.POL SERBIA MUST BACK UP WORDS WITH DEEDS, SAYS ALBRIGHT (Cites steps needed to support peace pledges) (480) By Paul Malamud USIA Staff Writer Washington -- Serbian leaders must back up their treaty commitments with "deeds" if they wish to avoid further world condemnation and conflict, says Madeleine Albright, U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations. President Clinton "has made very clear that we still have a long way to go" before the world can rely on peace pledges by Belgrade, Albright told a congressional hearing May 3. "We're looking for deeds....Signatures are not enough." To implement the peace treaty, the Serbs must comply with a cease-fire, end the shelling of various cities in Bosnia-Hercegovina and permit free access for humanitarian convoys, Albright said in testimony to two subcommittees of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. Recalling that the Serb leadership in the past has "said one thing and done something else," Albright said the Clinton administration is now making a "very deliberate effort to come up with a plan of action" if peace is not achieved in Bosnia. 1 Testifying at a hearing called to consider the concept of collective security in the post-Cold War world, she said that the United States is seeking to redefine the meaning of its own security following the end of the Cold War. "If the previous era was one of containment," she said, "the new era is one of engagement." Collective security, she said in her prepared remarks, is no abstraction. "The security threat to America," she explained, is "a threat that only collective security can ultimately manage." She pointed to the current dangers in a world "where weapons of mass destruction proliferate and ethnic and regional conflicts trigger massive refugee flows" and where there are also threats posed by "enormous economic dislocations, unacceptable human rights atrocities, and environmental catastrophes." "Unless we...create the institutions and resources necessary to share the burden of restoring international order," she said, "the United States will stand exposed to an endless raid on its resources, its goodwill, its soldiers,and, finally, its territorial integrity or the territorial integrity of its allies." Members of the United Nations "need to establish a much sounder basis for financing and budgeting peacekeeping operations" she said, if the world organization is to succeed in protecting collective security. Praising U.N. actions in Bosnia, Albright cited U.N. authorization of humanitarian airdrops, a no-fly zone and economic sanctions in response to Serbian aggression. Commenting on changes needed in the United Nations, she said that in order to function as an efficient world peacekeeper, the world organization needs to develop an "operations center" and an "intelligence capability" as well as a "better sense of budgeting" in order to pay for its own military operations. NNNN .