ACCESSION NUMBER:260435 FILE ID:EPF205 DATE:12/29/92 TITLE:ASIAN CRIME GROUPS THREATEN THE U.S. AND THE WORLD (12/29/92) TEXT:*92122905.EPF *EPF205 12/29/92 * ASIAN CRIME GROUPS THREATEN THE U.S. AND THE WORLD (Article on Senate Report, press release) (590) By Jane A. Morse USIA Staff Writer Washington -- Organized Asian crime groups are posing a serious threat to the United States as well as the international community, according to a Senate subcommittee report released December 29. The report was released by Senator Sam Nunn (Democrat of Georgia), chairman of the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, and Senator William V. Roth Jr., (Republican of Delaware), ranking Republican on the subcommittee. Entitled "The New International Criminal and Asian Organized Crime," the study concludes a 15-month long investigation into Asian organized crime. "Our investigation leads to an inescapable conclusion: Asian criminal groups today represent a problem of dramatic proportions, both in the 1nited States and internationally," Roth said. "These criminal groups are involved in a wide range of criminal activities, including narcotics trafficking, money laundering, bribery, business extortion, alien smuggling, home invasion robberies, computer chip theft, and credit card counterfeiting." The report concludes that "current law enforcement responses are inadequate." Problems confronting U.S. law enforcement agencies include lack of foreign language expertise, inadequate knowledge of Asian cultures and customs, and limited success in gathering or sharing criminal intelligence. The report calls for improved international law enforcement cooperation. According to Nunn, "not enough progress has been made in establishing formal cooperative relationships among those law enforcement bodies willing to address this problem." Roth noted that "Asian criminal groups personify a major new threat confronting law enforcement around the globe. These new international criminals, with the aid of modern technology, such as satellite telephones, pagers, and encrypted fax machines, easily communicate with their associates around the globe. Taking advantage of relaxed international travel restrictions as well as the greatly increased volume of international trade, these new international criminals treat national borders as nothing more than minor inconveniences to their own criminal enterprises." Among the international initiatives recommended by the report: -- Consideration should be given to expanding the anti-crime role and authority of the United Nations and Interpol, an international message exchange intermediary among police agencies. -- Expanded exchanges of law enforcement personnel should be encouraged. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) should consider increasing the number of law enforcement officers from foreign counties who attend the FBI's National Academy. -- The FBI and the Immigration and Naturalization Service should consider expanded roles for their personnel stationed in U.S. embassies in Southeast Asian countries. To avoid and resolve conflicts among the various agencies, the State Department must exercise more effective control. -- Those countries which effectively serve as sanctuaries for international criminals by their refusal to extradite such criminals or to prosecute those within their boundaries should be subject to international sanctions. -- Major efforts are necessary to improve law enforcement cooperation with Taiwan. Congress should amend the Taiwan Relations Act to allow the United States and Taiwan to enter an extradition agreement. -- "Anemic Japanese law enforcement efforts against Boryokudan gangs have had an adverse impact on the United States," according to the report. The executive branch should negotiate formal and informal agreements with Japan to improve law enforcement cooperation and intelligence sharing. In addition, the State Department should amend current visa regulations to make Boryokudan membership an independent basis for denying a visa. -- Negotiations should be completed as soon as possible to ensure law enforcement cooperation between the United States and Hong Kong after 1997. U.S. consular and immigration officials must increase efforts to prevent triad members from entering the United States. NNNN .