ACCESSION NUMBER:214009 FILE ID:PX-190 DATE:02/10/92 TITLE:EDITORIAL: STATE SPONSORS OF TERRORISM (450) (02/10/92) TEXT:*92021001.TXT *PXF190 02/10/92 EDITORIAL: STATE SPONSORS OF TERRORISM (450) (Following is an editorial, broadcast by the Voice of America February 8, reflecting the views of the U.S. government.) The U.S. Commerce Department, with the assistance of the State Department, recently sent its annual report to the U.S. Congress identifying countries subject to export control legislation because of their sponsorship of international terrorism. U.S. law imposes trade and other restrictions on any nation which "has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism." This year's review of the list has been completed, and the U.S. government has concluded that no changes are warranted. The nations on the list remain: Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, Cuba and North Korea. Iraq's most dramatic acts of terrorism in the past year and a half were its barbarous invasion and occupation of Kuwait and its murder of thousands of Iraqi Kurds, Shiites and others in the aftermath of the Persian Gulf war. In addition, Iraq continues to be a haven for several terrorist groups. In recent years, Iran has provided extensive support for terrorism, using its intelligence services to facilitate and conduct terrorist attacks, as well as assassinations of dissidents living in exile. Iranian involvement is suspected in the assassination of former Iranian Prime Minister Shahpur Bakhtiar last August in France. Iranian officials have also refused to rescind the 1989 call for the murder of British author Salman Rushdie. Despite the efforts of the international community, Libyan involvement in terrorism remains extensive. The most horrific act of Libyan-sponsored terrorism was the 1988 murder of 270 persons in the bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Libya is also one of the largest financiers of terrorists worldwide, and it continues to permit terrorist groups, such as that of Abu Nidal, to operate at camps throughout the country. Syria has provided safe haven and support for a number of international terrorist groups. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command is one of several terrorist groups headquartered in Damascus. Terrorist groups have operated for many years from the Syrian-controlled Bekaa Valley in Lebanon. Cuba has a long history of providing training, weapons, funds and guidance to radical groups that have carried out terrorist attacks throughout Latin America. North Korea also has provided support for terrorist groups. 1 State sponsorship remains one of the most important factors in fostering international terrorism. For this reason, the United States has focused on raising the costs for those governments which support, tolerate or engage in terrorism. It is U.S. policy to hold any state sponsor accountable for the mayhem and murder their terrorist clients commit. NNNN .