ACCESSION NUMBER:217238 FILE ID:AR-419 DATE:02/27/92 TITLE:(English only) (02/27/92) TEXT:*92022719.ARF *ARF419 02/27/92* (English only) LEADERS AGREE ON NEED TO COOPERATE IN ATTACKING DRUGS (Based on Gaviria, Fujimori news conf. 2/26) (700) By Norma Romano-Benner USIA Staff Correspondent SAN ANTONIO, Texas -- Colombian President Cesar Gaviria is predicting smooth sailing for the Declaration of San Antonio, despite differences of opinion between himself and Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori on antidrug policies. "The Declaration is almost ready," Gaviria told reporters the day before the scheduled signing Feb. 27 of the document that sets out an antidrug 1trategy for the seven countries participating in the San Antonio Drug Summit. "I must recognize, however, that there are certain differences that need to be ironed out...," Gaviria said on the first day of the Feb. 26-27 summit. "This is a meeting of sovereign countries, which may have different viewpoints on how to best attack the problem of narcotrafficking," he said. "But the objectives are the same. We are all in agreement that the problem of narcotraffic must be challenged by common politics -- and that is basically what counts. "Any kind of disagreement about the kinds of tools that are to be used in (the fight against narcotrafficking) will be overcome. I understand that the only disagreement comes from Peru.... I understand the Peruvian situation, and it is very different from the Colombian situation; indeed, Peru needs a greater influx of money to fight its problem." Gaviria was referring to a statement by Fujimori publicly rejecting Colombia's proposal to set specific goals and timetables for the reduction of cocaine production and consumption. "We cannot have goals without the resources to meet them," Fujimori said. The Colombian plan calls for the elimination of the drug problem by the year 2010. This would be preceded by the accomplishment of other goals; for example, the Colombian plan calls for the adoption of a common criminal code that would allow greater judicial cooperation and intelligence sharing by 1995. By the year 2,000, Colombia proposes to eliminate the diversion of chemicals into the illicit manufacture of cocaine and heroin. By 2005, there should be a 70 percent reduction of drug addiction among the summit participating countries. But management by objectives is not applicable to the Peruvian situation, Fujimori retorted. "Peru has 250,000 coca-farming families," he said. "These people have a special sensitivity to numbers that we probably would not be aware of here." Fujimori said his strategy calls for policies designed to "attract" this segment of Peruvian society, "to bring them to our side." "These are peasants, not delinquents criminals," he said. "We are trying to gain their trust and establish an alliance." He added, "So far, the war on drugs has been a failure and we need to rethink our strategy." Asked about the Peruvian strategy, Fujimori emphasized "a comprehensive plan" that allows coca-growers to switch from one economy to another. "And for this we need additional funds." He noted that while Peru produces 60 percent of the world's coca, the raw material from which cocaine is made, it receives "0.5 of one percent of the $12,700 million U.S. antidrug budget." According to John Walters, deputy director for suppy reduction in the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), the United States has agreed to provide Peru with $102.8 million in antinarcotics assistance for Fiscal Year 1991 ($19 million for law enforcement, $60 million for economic development, and $23.8 million for military antinarcotics programs). Despite their differences, Fujimori and Gaviria agreed on the need to 1nclude other countries in the war on drugs. Colombia would like to see the creation of a ministerial-type mission to visit the European Community, Japan, and the rest of the Asia to "express our wish to expand multilateral cooperation," Gaviria said. He also announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding with Mexico on eradication of opium poppy crops. Colombia manually eradicated 1,500 hectares of poppies in 1991 and expects to use the herbicide glyphosate to destroy another 1,500 hectares, Gaviria said. NNNN .