31 Jul 95
OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT
TECHNICAL SURVEILLANCE COUNTERMEASURES (TSCM)
(NO. INT 1.22)
1. General Description of Operational Capability
a. Mission Area. The Technical Surveillance Counter-measures (TSCM) mission falls under Mission Area 12 (Intelligence) of the Marine Corps Master Plan, 1994-2004, dated 21 July 1993. It is also related to Mission Area 13 (Security).
b. System Type
(1) The TSCM equipment must be capable of identifying, locating, neutralizing, and/or exploiting technical surveillance or collection devices targeted against the commander's area of operations. TSCM capabilities and equipment face a recurring dilemma; TSCM equipment is constantly vulnerable to obsolescence due to continuously emerging electronic and software technologies. The requirement exists to provide the Marine Corps Commander with state-of-the-art technology to obtain the required degree of confidence available, commensurate with his mission, to process and use sensitive information. The capability to provide designated Fleet Marine Force (FMF) units the ability to process and use Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI), to maintain sensitive discussion and processing areas, and classified material while ashore, afloat or airborne, is dependent upon the availability and employment of rapidly advancing electronic, computer, and other associated technologies to defeat the growing technical surveillance and collection threat.
(2) As directed by National and Departmental policy (e.g., Director Central Intelligence Directive (DCID) 1/21, DOD TS 5205.21-M-2, and OPNAVINST 5510.1O), using units will ensure the security of their facilities and spaces. One of the requisites necessary to ensure this security is to periodically inspect the facility and its equipment for clandestine and covert surveillance and collection devices.
c. Operational Concept. Marines from designated FMF Counterintelligence Teams (CIT) inspect equipment's and tactical/garrison facilities and surrounding areas in predominantly operationally controlled areas using TSCM equipment. The operational concept is to provide the MAGTF Commander durable, portable, state-of-the-art TSCM equipment capable of identifying, locating, neutralizing, and/or exploiting technical surveillance or collection devices targeted against the commander's area of operations.
d. Support Concept. TSCM equipment and accessories are designated low density items and will be supported via the U.S. Army Intelligence Material Directorate (IMD).
e. Mission Need Statement (MNS) Summary. MNS No. 11.24, Counterintelligence and Human Resources Equipment Program dated 14 March 1994 validated the requirement for TSCM.
2. Threat. Threats confronting the United States in the near-to-long range are described in the Marine Corps Master Plan and the Mid-Range Threat Estimate 1992-2002, Parts I and II dated November 1992 and May 1992. Fleet Marine Force Manual 3-25, Counterintelligence, outlines how to avoid and defeat these threats. The VERSEAS Security Policy Board, Standing Sub Group For Human and Technical Intelligence Threat Assessment from the National Counter Intelligence Center, Langley, Virginia, validates the threat.
3. Shortcomings of Existing Systems. The current TSCM equipment has far exceeded its intended life cycle and does not currently support the mission requirements. Specific performance objectives are classified. Queries should be referred to the Marine Corps TSCM Coordinator, Department of Defense Security Institute, Interagency Training Center, Fort Washington, Maryland.
4. Capabilities Required. TSCM will provide the designated Counterintelligence teams durable, portable, state-of-the-art equipment.
a. System Performance. The performance objectives necessary for equipment to be included on the National Committee
for Technical Surveillance's Preferred Products Listing will be used as a minimum baseline for TSCM major end items.
b. The following identifies the functional areas for TSCM equipment.
(1) Signal Acquisition. Automated signal acquisition equipment capable of capturing, manipulating, and processing all threat signals and also be able to operate as an In-Place Monitoring System (IPMS). A functional antenna package covering the known threat spectrum is necessary.
(2) Signal Demodulation and Processing. Demodulate known and future digital, analog, and video modulation schemes.
(3) Signal Analysis. Provide detailed digital and analog waveform signal analysis.
(4) Telecommunications and Telephone Analysis. Capability to analyze digital, analog, and computer supported telephone systems and instruments.
(5) Component Detection. Be able to detect clandescent surveillance devices within the structure of the facilities being inspected.
(6) Investigative/Evidence Collection. Capability for evidence collection/preservation (i.e., audio, video, photographic, etc.) during and after the conduct of the TSCM inspection.
(7) Field Analysis. Ability for sophisticated analysis of electronic digital circuitry. Appropriate software for advanced technology analysis, word processing, and telecommunications.
(8) Ancillary/Support. Provide the capability required for the interconnectability/interoperability and flexibility to tailor the equipment package to complete the mission.
(9) Wartime Mission Scenarios. The standard Mission Duration (MD) is four hours; actual scenarios are classified and
can be found in the Department of Defense Security Center, Interagency Training Center.
c. Logistics and Readiness
(1) Measures. The following measures are required.
(a) Mission-Reliability. Wartime/peacetime: threshold-.90, objective-.95.
(b) Operational Availability. Wartime/peacetime: threshold-.90, objective-.95.
(c) Organizational Level Maintenance. Wartime/ peacetime: frequency - weekly; duration - one man hour or less per 24 hours of use.
(d) Intermediate Level Maintenance. Wartime/ peacetime: frequency - monthly; duration - one hour per 24
hours of use.
(e) Maximum Time to Repair (MTTR). Threshold - one
hour or less for organizational level maintenance and not to exceed forty-eight hours, including transit time, for intermediate level.
(f) Built-in/Diagnostic Test. Desired, but not required (see paragraph 4a).
(2) Combat Support Requirements
(a) Battle Damage Repair Capability. Not applicable.
(b) Mobility Requirements. All equipment should be
transportable by standard FMF tactical and/or commercial motor and air transport, and Naval transport. All equipment will be
one man portable and packaged in stackable, high-shock containers.
(c) Expected Maintenance Manpower and Skill Levels.
TSCM must not create the need for additional maintenance skill personnel or formal training. Maintenance support will be
provided via Intelligence Material Directorate (IMD); therefore, no additional Marine Corps maintenance support will be required.
(d) Surge and Mobilization Objectives and Capabilities. TSCM will not be planned or programmed for surge, mobilization, or reconstitution.
d. Critical System Characteristics
(1) Requirements. TSCM equipment must be on the
effective list of approved and authorized materiel - see paragraph 4a.
(2) Expected Mission Capability in Various Environments
TSCM shall operate without degradation (meaning it will maintain 100 percent of its mission critical functions) in performance over threshold temperature ranges between -15 to 40 degrees celsius/ 5 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit and threshold humidity levels of 95 percent. When operating and while in storage and transport, TSCM must be protected from the elements.
(3) Safety Parameters. TSCM components shall be safe and conform to best commercial safety practices. Operation must permit grounding of equipment and protect personnel from accidental contact with dangerous electrical components and x-ray emissions; and protect Marines from physical injury during movement, set-up, operation, and tear-down.
(4) Security Needs. TSCM must comply with DoD TS-5205.21-M-2, DCI 1/21, DIAM 50-3 and 50-4, and USSID 3, and be on the effective list of approved and authorized materiel - see paragraph 4a.
(5) Power Source. TSCM accessories and equipment shall be capable of being powered by standard operating voltages (threshold/objective: both commercial and tactical generator
power sources, 50-60 cycles, 110-220 volts, +/- 10 percent). Use of transformers in garrison are acceptable along with standard commercial batteries.
5. Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)
a. Maintenance Planning
(1) TSCM shall be maintained by FMF units and facilities for first echelon repair. For second through fifth echelon maintenance and calibration, TSCM equipment will be sent to the Intelligence Material Directorate (IMD), Fort Meade, Maryland.
(2) TSCM will not be a Marine Automated Readiness Evaluation System (MARES) reportable item.
(3) Manuals should be unclassified and approved for release for military purposes.
b. Support Equipment. Support equipment for TSCM shall consist of those items necessary to perform operational checks and first echelon maintenance. This equipment shall be standard General Purpose Test Equipment and electronic tool kits and found on the using unit's Table of Equipment.
c. Human Systems Integration
(1) Operational and Maintenance Training Concept. Operators must be formally certified as a TSCM specialist before they are authorized to operate TSCM equipment. They obtain this certification by successfully completing the Phases I-III training. Phase I and II training is conducted at the Marine Corps Basic Electronics Course, 29 Palms, California, and the Technical Counterintelligence School, 902nd Military Intelligence Group, Fort Meade, Maryland, with Phase III conducted at the Interagency Training Center (ITC). Operators will be taught electrical Alternating Current (AC), Direct Current (DC), and Digital theory; radio frequency propagation theory; electronic communications theory; telecommunications theory; and appropriate investigative technics to employ the TSCM equipment to identify, locate, and neutralize clandestine surveillance and collection devices. Additionally, follow-on refresher training shall be required to ensure proficiency with current and future TSCM operational techniques.
(a) Manpower. TSCM shall not create the need for any manpower or structural realignments.
(b) Personnel. TSCM equipment and accessories will be operated by Marines from Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) 0204/0210 or 0211 who successfully graduate from Phase III, the certifying phase, taught at ITC. It shall not create the need for any new or revised MOSs.
(3) Objectives and Thresholds. The manpower and structure is already resident in the CITs.
(4) Manpower and Training Methodologies. Formal training; to include basic, intermediate, certification, follow- on, and on-the-job training shall be used to ensure TSCM proficiency.
(5) Human Engineering. TSCM shall utilize Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) equipment.
(a) Component design, especially cables, connectors, and controls should not restrict operator activity or present a safety problem.
(b) The TSCM COTS equipment shall be selected with visual displays that will provide the least amount of operator fatigue.
(c) The use of controls and displays shall be appropriately documented in the operators manuals.
(d) TSCM equipment should be able to be set-up and torn down by two Marines within one hour.
d. Computer Resources. TSCM equipment will include embedded and stand alone computer resources. There will be
no developmental software for any of this equipment.
(1) Constraints. TSCM computer resources will be selected from those having state-of-the-art capabilities and the minimum Electronic Magnetic Interference (EMI). This will ensure both performance and no interference with any FMF, Defense Intelligence Agency, United States SIGINT System, or theater intelligence computer capability or operation. TSCM should also be capable of being purged of classified information within five minutes (purging means classified material can't be recovered and reconstructed within one week; incendiary devices suffice).
(2) Mission Critical Resources. TSCM systems' automated information capabilities will provide embedded software and software identified for TSCM operations which will permit users to effectively, reliably, and securely perform their technical surveillance functions.
(3) Documentation Needs. Commercial operator manuals will be delivered with the equipment to both ITC and the using units.
(4) Special Software Certification. Not applicable.
(5) Postdeployment Software Support. The ITC will provide post-deployment software support in the form of newer or upgraded versions of software versions.
e. Other Logistics Considerations
(1) Provisioning Strategy. All maintenance and supply support will come from IMD. No provisioning is necessary.
(2) Unique Requirements. There are no unique facility or shelter requirements.
(3) Special Considerations. No special handling, packaging, or transportation requirements are necessary.
6. Infrastructure Support and Interoperability. There are no companion operational requirements documents. All the other Services, and all government agencies that use TSCM, may have
similar requirements. The joint potential designations are U.S. Army - Joint Interest, U.S. Navy - Independent, U.S. Air Force - Joint Interest.
a. Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence. TSCM shall not be interoperable with or integrated into other systems. Target, threat, and mission planning activities will be programmed into the selection of the TSCM equipment. This is accomplished by the National Committee of Technical Surveillance (NCOTS) in the form of the Preferred Products List. The Marine Corps has a representative on the NCOTS.
b. Transportation and Basing. TSCM shall be able to be stored and transported by standard FMF and commercial means without creating any new logistic needs.
c. Standardization, Interoperability, and Commonality. TSCM equipment must be on the NCOTS Preferred Products List (see paragraph 4a). Special electrical power and fuel needs are not necessary or acceptable.
d. Mapping, Charting, and Geodesy Support. Not applicable.
e. Environmental Support. No astrogeophysical, oceanographic, or weather support is necessary.
7. Force Structure. Distribution will only be to the CITs tasked with performing TSCM (one per MEF) and one rotatable set to be held in the USMC float at IMD, Fort Meade, Maryland. No additional system spares or training units will be necessary.
I MEF 1
II MEF 1
III MEF 1
SPT ESTAB 1
8. Schedule Considerations. The Initial Operating Capability and the Full Operating Capability will be achieved in Fiscal Year (FY) 96. Thereafter new suites of equipment will be provided every 4 years. The impact of not fielding TSCM suites of equipment will be a degrading of the CounterIntelligence Teams to provide secure areas.