Approval Date:

07 Feb 97



1.  General Description of Operational Capability

a.  Mission Area.  This requirement relates to Mission Area Analysis 11 Command and Control (C2) and C2 Support, Mission Area Analysis 12 Intelligence and Mission Area Analysis 24 Fire Support.

b.  System Description.  The primary mission of the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Joint STARS) Connectivity material solution is to provide the supported commander, afloat and ashore, with near-real-time (NRT) access to the Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Fixed Target Indicator (FTI) and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data from the Joint STARS collection platform.  The Joint STARS material solution will provide a connection to the aircraft, the necessary processing and storage capability to receive the MTI/FTI/SAR data and the requisite output devices necessary to display and manipulate this data.

c.  Operational Concept.  Joint STARS Connectivity is a new capability and does not replace any equipment currently in the Marine Corps inventory.  Joint STARS Connectivity will be used primarily as a C2 tool, performing Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and targeting functions.  Full access to the Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Fixed Target Indicator (FTI) and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data will be available in NRT at all echelons of command within the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) from the Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) level down to and including the regiment/group.

d.  Support Concept.  Joint STARS Connectivity must be supported within the existing Department of the Navy three-level maintenance concept (organizational, intermediate and depot) using common tools and general purpose test equipment to the maximum extent possible.  It is envisioned however, that significant support reliance will be made on Department of the Army and contractor facilities and personnel.

e.  Mission Need Statement (MNS).  MNS number CCC 11.15 approved on 30 April 1993 validates the requirement for Joint STARS Connectivity.

2.  Threat

a.  The following documents identify the threat:

(1) The Marine Corps Mid-Range Threat Estimate 1995--2005, dated November 1994.

(2) System Threat Analysis Report (STAR) for Joint STARS as listed in the U.S. Army Required Operational Capability (ROC) for Joint STARS dated 18 Nov 1992.

b.  Threat to be Countered.  Marines will face a variety of threats ranging from unsophisticated terrorist and guerrilla forces to well-trained and equipped conventional forces.  These threats may attack U.S. citizens or threaten national interests in order to discredit U.S. military power and to challenge U.S. resolve.

c.  Projected Threat Environment.  Marines must be prepared to rapidly deploy worldwide to deter aggression, and if required, to defeat threat forces across the entire spectrum of conflict.

3.  Shortcomings of Existing System.  Joint STARS Connectivity is a new capability which does not exist in any system currently in the Marine Corps inventory.

4.  Capabilities Required

a.  System Performance

(1) Mission Scenarios.  The material solution to the Joint STARS Connectivity requirement will support all operations in peacetime and in war.  The material solution must sustain continuous operations, afloat and ashore, 24-hour per day for a minimum of 30 days.

(2) Employment Tactics.  The material solution will reside in the supported unit's intelligence section (G/S-2) and be operable by personnel of that section.

(3) Environmental Conditions.  The material solution must:

(a) Effectively operate in arctic, tropical, temperate and desert climates and in geographical areas that include sand, swamp, tundra, grassland, steppe, forest, jungle, urban, snow/ice, mountains or salt water regions.

(b) Effectively operate after prolonged exposure to salt ice, salt water, salt fog and salt air.

(c) Effectively operate in threshold temperatures from -25o Fahrenheit (F) (-32o Celsius--C) to 125o F (52o C).

(4) Parameters.  The material solution to Joint STARS Connectivity must meet the following performance requirements:

(a) Receive, process and store Joint STARS MTI, FTI and SAR data.

(b) Independently and simultaneously display all MTI, FTI and SAR data on Marine Corps Common Hardware equipment.

1 Display historical data based on operator-designated times or locations.

2 Accept and display standard military symbols (as found in MIL-STD 2525A Common Warfighting Symbology) and alphanumeric tagging of operator-designated targets.

3 Construct and display radar masked areas on MTI, FTI and SAR displays.

4 Store, recall and display historical data in single-frame, time-compression and time-integration modes.  Storage capacity must have 8 hours (threshold)/24 hours (objective) on-line and 48 hours (threshold)/56 hours (objective) archival storage of MTI, FTI and SAR data at the maximum Joint STARS data rate.

5 Maintain and automatically track operator-designated target sets from MTI data.

6 Predict estimated time of arrival of selected targets at a specified point given a defined route.

7 Rectify and display MTI and FTI data on standard National Imagery and Mapping Agency Digital Terrain Elevation Data (DTED) and Arc Digitized Raster Graphic (ADRG) products.

(c) Be housed in shelters no larger than the Standardized Integrated Command Post Shelter (SICPS) mounted on a High-Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV).

(d) Provide secure voice and data communications with the Joint STARS collection platform.

(e) Provide simultaneous receipt, storage and display of Common Imagery Ground Surface System (CIGSS) compatible sensor inputs.

1 A threshold of 12 hours and objective of 24 hours of on-line storage of CIGSS-compliant sensor input.

2 A threshold of 48 hours and objective of 56 hours of archival storage of CIGSS-compliant sensor input.

(f) Provide simultaneous receipt and storage of Integrated Broadcast System (IBS) information via an integral Commander's Tactical Terminal-Hybrid (CTT-H) or Joint Tactical Terminal (JTT), or its successors, to support fusion of Joint STARS data with other information sources.

(g) Operate with all sources of power to include tactical generators, integral power sources or national and international commercial power with applicable (integral or non-integral) transformers.

b.  Logistics and Readiness

(1) Reliability.  The Joint STARS Connectivity material solution must have a threshold Reliability of 0.91 and objective Reliability of 0.95 given a Mission Duration (MD) of 20 hours.

(2) Operational Availability (Ao).  The material solution must have an Ao of 91% (threshold)/95% (objective).

(3) Maintainability

(a) Preventive Maintenance.  Preventive maintenance will be performed weekly.  The Unit Maintenance Ratio (UMR) will be no greater than .066 (threshold and objective).

(b) Corrective Maintenance.  The Mean Time to Repair (MTTR) must be no greater than 1.0 hours (threshold and objective at Operational Level and no greater than 3.0 hours (threshold and objective) at Intermediate Level.  Built-in Test (BIT) equipment will be used to the maximum extent possible to facilitate diagnosis and repair.

(c) Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC).  The material solution must remain fully mission capable in an NBC environment with operators in Mission Oriented Protective Posture IV gear.

5.  Program Support.  There are no companion Marine Corps ORDs.  The joint potential designations are:  U.S. Army--joint, U.S. Navy--joint interest and U.S. Air Force--joint interest.

a.  Maintenance Planning.  The Organizational, Intermediate and Depot level maintenance training must be initiated prior to the Initial Operational Capability (IOC).  Reliance on U.S. Army or civilian contractor support for any echelons of maintenance should be minimized.

b.  Support Equipment.  The requirement for new or unique tools or test equipment for the material solution should be minimized.

c.  Human System Integration

(1) Manpower Constraints

(a) Operators.  The material solution will be operated by Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) integral to the G/S-3 staff section.

(b) Maintenance Personnel.  The maintenance of the material solution will be performed by the MOS 28XX family.

(2) Training Concept.  Initial operator and maintenance training for the material solution will be required.  This training will be conducted at appropriate Department of Defense (DoD) schools as well as by civilian contractors.

(3) Safety.  The material solution must comply with appropriate U.S. and DoD safety standards in effect at the time of production to in clude MIL-STD 882B.

d.  Computer Resources.  The Joint STARS Connectivity material solution must use computer resources which comply with the DoD Joint Technical Architecture (JTA).  This includes, but is not limited to, the Language, Computer, Data Base, Architecture and Interoperability as directed by the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology) and the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Command, Control, Communication and Intelligence) memorandum dated 22 Aug 1996 entitled "Implementation of the DoD JTA."

e.  Other Logistic Concerns.  There are no unique facilities or shelter requirements, no special handling, packaging or transportation considerations currently identified.  The Logistics Assessment Reviews must be conducted by the project manager to ensure that appropriate level technical manuals for operators and maintainers are provided as part of the provisioning package prior to the distribution of the Joint STARS Connectivity material solution.

f.  Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Intelligence (C4I).  The Joint STARS Connectivity material solution must be fully compatible with the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) C4I system and the Defense Information Infrastructure (DII) Common Operating Environment (COE).  Any and all data which can be transmitted from the Joint STARS collection platform via a digital link, must be available NRT on the MAGTF C4I system.

g.  Transportation and Basing

(1) Movement

(a) Inter-theater.  The Joint STARS Connectivity material solution must be capable of being transported by C-5 A/B, C-141 B, C-17 and C-130 aircraft; all U.S. Navy amphibious shipping and landing craft, to include the Landing Craft Air-Cushion (LCAC); all Maritime Prepositioned Force (MPF) shipping and other commercial shipping (to include roll-on/roll-off variants).

(b) Intra-theater.  The Joint STARS Connectivity material solution must be transportable by the CH-53 and MV-22, and if not already vehicular mounted, by HMMWV.

(2) Lift Constraints.  None.

(3) Training Locations

(a) Basing.  Operator training will be conducted in available DoD schools.  Training regarding the employment and capabilities of the Joint STARS material solution will be required for commanders and operations, intelligence and fire support staff members; this training will be integrated into existing USMC school curricula.  Maintenance training may be conducted in existing DoD schools or via contractor support .

(b) Associated Facilities.  None.

(4) Main Operating Bases

(a) Basing.  The primary basing is at Marine Corps facilities in support of MAGTF operations.

(b) Associated Facilities.  None.

(5) Forward Operating Bases

(a) The Joint STARS Connectivity material solution must operate in an expeditionary environment, afloat and ashore.

(b) Associated Facilities.  None.

h.  Standardization, Interoperability and Commonality.  Commonality of components with other DoD systems and commercially available products is a required characteristics of the Joint STARS Connectivity material solution in order to enhance reliability and supportability.  The technological improvements afforded by such commonality must be exploited to the maximum extent possible.

i.  Geospatial Information and Services (GI&S).  Only standard National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) products will be used in the Joint STARS Connectivity material solution; this includes, but is not limited to, DTED and ADRG products.  No unique MC&G data, products or systems will be needed or used.

j.  Environmental Support.  None anticipated.

6.  Force Structure.  The following is the required distribution for the full Joint STARS MTI/FTI/SAR data set.  Each of the following sites will require full access to the entire data stream from the Joint STARS collection platform:

Organization Number Per         Total

MEF HQ 2 6
MEU HQ 1 7
DIV HQ 2 8
REGT HQ 1 15
F/W Groups 1 7


Supporting Establishment                   0



7.  Schedule Considerations

a.  Initial Operational Capability (IOC)

(1) Desired IOC is FY99.  IOC is achieved when one Joint STARS Connectivity material solution is delivered to each MEF.  This requirement includes initial provisioning and all the necessary training or interservice agreements for operators and maintenance personnel.

(2) Impact if IOC not met.  The supported Force Commander will not have an integral NRT access to the Joint STARS MTI/FTI/SAR data stream.

b.  Full Operational Capability (FOC)

(1) Desired FOC is FY01.  FOC will be achieved when all units/organizations listed in paragraph 6 above have NRT access to the full Joint STARS MTI/FTI/SAR data stream.  The Joint STARS Connectivity material solution must be fully supported by trained operators, an established maintenance system and initial provisioning available for each and every system.

(2) Impact if FOC not met.  Most supported units will not have an integral NRT access to the full Joint STARS MTI/FTI/SAR data stream.