27 Jul 93
MISSION NEED STATEMENT (MNS)
TOPOGRAPHIC PRODUCTION CAPABILITY (TPC)
(NO. CCC 11.17)
1. Defense Planning Guidance Element. This Mission Need Statement (MNS) responds to two of the four foundations of National Defense Policy: Forward Presence and Crisis Response. The Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Master Plan (MMP) dated 28 June 1991, capabilities 3 and 17 document, the need for this capability. The Mission Area Analysis (MAA) #12 (Intelligence),
dated June 1991, (deficiencies #4 and #5), the Marine Corps
Master Intelligence Plan, dated June 1991, and COMMARFORPAC Fleet
operational Needs Statement for a large format, high speed
reproduction equipment, dated June 1992, document this deficiency.
2. Mission and Threat Analyses
(1) The Marine Corps deploys MAGTF's throughout the world to meet operational commitments. These MAGTF's have a requirement to process and disseminate all-source intelligence. The topographic production capability (TPC) is an information and combat management tool that will enhance the MAGTF's ability to rapidly process and disseminate topographic products and information for operational use. Large portions of the world are not charted by the Defense Mapping Agency and existing map products require constant updating. The Fleet Marine Force must have a mobile capability to rapidly compile, process, and reproduce, limited quantities of specialized or tailored mapping products and provide for their dissemination to effectively meet its topographic requirements. These products require information collected from Multi-Spectral Imagery (MSI) and require the receipt of MSI in near-real-time. The Marine Corps' current Topographic Mapping Set has the capability to process MSI data, but does not have the capability to process that data in near-real-time. The current system also lacks the capability to quickly reproduce and distribute the large volume of mapping products required by the MAGTF.
(2) An initial operational capability of FY96 is required and a full operational capability of FY98 is desired. This capability is a medium level priority within its mission area.
b. Threat. The TPC is not designed to overcome a specific threat. The general threat is the same associated with the Marine Tactical Command and Control System (MTACCS). This threat overview is documented in the draft MTACCS (1992-2010) System Threat Assessment Report (CMCC NO. 190678). The primary threat will be the electronic exploitation or denial of its transmissions. Modern adversaries will have an electronic warfare (EW) and signal's intelligence capability. The military forces of the former Soviet Union have the most extensive capability and these capabilities have been exported to their client states and Third World nations. This threat is documented in Defense Intelligence Agency's publications entitled "Soviet Radio-Electronic Combat Capability", "ECM/ESM Capabilities - ECC", "Soviet Electronic Warfare 1986-2005", "Free World Electronic Warfare Capabilities" and the Naval Maritime Intelligence Center report, "System Threat Assessment Report - Satellite Systems".
3. Nonmateriel Alternatives. Based on our assessment there are no changes in doctrine, tactics, organization, or training that will provide this capability to the Marine Corps.
4. Potential Materiel Alternatives
a. Product Improvement. Product improve the current Marine Corps Topographic Mapping Set.
b. Adopt Other Services Program. Join the U.S. Army Topographic Support System (TSS) replacement effort. The Army is drafting its requirement for a TSS follow-on system and will establish a formal program in the mid-term.
c. Research and Development. Initiate a new research and development effort to replace the current Topographic Mapping Set.
a. Mobility and Transportation. The topographic system must be transportable in a two-HMMWV configuration. This configuration would also utilize a Standard Integrated Command Post Shelter for field set up. This system must be resident in a sheltered, mobile platform. This system must be transportable on C-130 type aircraft.
b. Manpower. The topographic system will not require additional personnel nor will it require a new military occupational specialty (MOS). The topographic system will be
operated by MOS 0261 personnel from the Topographic Platoon of the Surveillance Reconnaissance and Intelligence Group.
c. Operational Environment
(1) Operational Concept. The TPC will be employed and supported at Topographic Platoon, Intelligence Company, Surveillance Reconnaissance and Intelligence Group. There will be one suite of equipment per topographic platoon.
(2) Performance Characteristics. Automated Data Processing equipment resident in the topographic suite of equipment must be compatible with DMA digital data bases and it must be capable of processing MSI in near-real-time. It must be capable of automated interface with the MAGTF Intelligence Analysis System (IAS) to allow electronic dissemination of topographic information. The reproduction capability must be capable of reproducing at least 100 copies of 36x24 inch Black and White or color products in less than three hours. The resolution from these products must be of the same quality as those obtained from the Digital Terrain Analysis Mapping System.
(3) Weather. The system must be capable of operation, maintenance, transportation, and stowage in all climates where the MAGTF may be employed.
(4) Terrain. The system must be capable of being used both afloat and ashore, and in all regions where the MAGTF might be employed.
(5) Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical. Nuclear hardening is required to the same degree as the IAS. The system must be operable by personnel in all mission oriented protective posture scenarios, and must be capable of operating in a contaminated environment. The system must have the same capability of being decontaminated as does the IAS.
d. Training. Training will be required for personnel to employ the equipment. Tutorial instruction will be used to the maximum extent possible to maximize on-the-job training of users in the FMF. Formal school training for the 0261 MOS will be modified appropriately.
e. Logistics. To the maximum extent possible, general purpose test equipment and common tools resident in the Marine Corps inventory will be used to perform all corrective and preventative maintenance at all maintenance levels. No additional manpower structure, facilities or equipment will be required to repair or maintain this equipment. The system must be supportable within the DON three-level maintainence concept, (Organizational, Intermediate, and Depot).