16 Jan 92
MISSION NEED STATEMENT (MNS) FOR A
SECONDARY IMAGERY DISSEMINATION SYSTEM (SIDS)
(NO. CCC 1.50)
1. Defense Planning Guidance Element. This Mission Needs Statement (MNS) responds to the four foundations of National Defense Policy: Strategic Deterrence; Forward Presence; Crisis Response; and Reconstitution. The Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Master Plan 1992-2002, dated June 1991, capabilities 3 and 17 document the need for this capability. The fielding of a Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (SIDS) within the MAGTF will provide this capability. The Mission Area Analysis (MAA) 12 (Intelligence), dated May 1991, and the Marine Corps Master Intelligence Plan, dated June 1991, document this deficiency.
2. Mission and Threat Analyses
(1) MAGTFs require the capability to receive and transmit imagery products in near real time, internally with subordinate commands that are widely separated throughout the area of operations and externally with higher and adjacent commands. To effectively exploit imagery products, MAGTFs must be able to store, annotate, and print imagery. Access to and exploitation of the most current imagery products available is necessary for the MAGTF to respond to events occurring on the modern battlefield.
(2) The MAGTF lacks a tactical SIDS capability that both provides access to imagery support from external sources and allows internal dissemination of imagery. Currently imagery products are disseminated throughout the task force by courier. SIDS in the hands of intelligence sections and organizations will enhance the ability to receive and disseminate imagery products for operational uses, thereby enhancing tactical intelligence products that meet the needs of the MAGTF commander. The deficiency is identified in Fleet Marine Force Operational Need Statement contained in CG FMFLant 29205OZ AUG 89. Initial Operational Capability for this system is FY94 and Full Operational Capability is FY96.
(3) SIDS consists of three separate but interoperable systems: SIDS-E, SIDS-I, and SIDS MANPACK. SIDS-E (External Connectivity) will provide connectivity between the MAGTF Command Element (CE) and external imagery sources. The purpose of this element is to receive images from external sources, annotate them as appropriate, and input digitized images into the MAGTFs internal dissemination system (SIDS-I) for further use by MAGTF personnel. SIDS-I (Internal Connectivity) provides the principal means by which the MAGTF commander disseminates both time- sensitive routine imagery to subordinate commanders and their staffs. It will allow G/S-2 personnel to receive, annotate, store, print, and retransmit imagery to tactical users. SIDS MANPACK provides small elements performing intelligence collection missions with the capability to transmit and receive imagery.
b. Threat. SIDS is a management and a combat information tool which enhances the MAGTFs ability to receive and disseminate imagery products for operational use. It is not designed to overcome a specific threat.
3. Nonmaterial Alternatives. MAA-12 (Intelligence) noted that the MAGTF lacks the capability to rapidly disseminate intelligence including imagery products to widely dispersed units. Because the Marine Corps does not have a SIDS capability, dissemination is accomplished through the use of couriers which is not responsive to the needs of the task force. The MAA also noted that the MAGTF will be dependent on theater and national imagery especially in operations launched from the sea. Absence of a SIDS capability precludes timely exploitation of those capabilities by the MAGTF since the MAGTF cannot interoperate with systems disseminating those products. The findings contained in MAA 12 were validated by the MAGTF Warfighting Center Battle Assessment Team's report on operations in Southwest Asia. Consequently, the MAGTF is unable to fully exploit the potential of organic or external imagery collection assets. That is, it fails to provide imagery products tailored to the needs of the user in a timely manner. We have made a mission need determination that there are no changes in doctrine, tactics, organization, or training that will provide this capability to the Marine Corps.
4. Potential Material Alternatives
a. Since the Marine Corps currently does not have a SIDS capability product improvement is not an option. The only materiel alternative is Non-Developmental Item (NDI) procurement of equipment that will be peripheral to the IAS suite of systems. Likewise the only available option concerning SIDS Manpack is NDI procurement.
b. The following are possible NDI solutions:
(1) Digital Video Imaging Transmission System, USAF.
(2) PC Laptop Image Transmission System, USN.
(3) Remote Image Transceiver, CIA.
c. The Marine Corps could initiate a new research and development effort to provide a materiel solution to their requirement.
a. Mobility. SIDS-E and SIDS-I should be transportable for short distances by one Marine and be as lightweight and compact as possible within technical and affordability limits. The SIDS manpack must be as lightweight and compact as possible within technical and affordability limits to allow transportability by a single Marine for long distances.
b. Service Support. To the maximum extent possible, general purpose test equipment and common tools resident in Marine Corps inventory will be used to perform all corrective and preventive maintenance at all authorized levels of maintenance. No new supporting structure will be established to repair and maintain equipment. The system will be supported by existing facilities and maintenance personnel.
c. Manpower. The system will not require any new Military Occupational Specialties or additional manpower requirements. It will be operated by personnel regularly assigned to intelligence sections and organizations in the MAGTF.
d. Training. Training will be required for personnel to employ the equipment. The equipment will be user friendly and incorporate tutorial instruction to the maximum extent possible to maximize on-the-job training of users and minimize the necessity for formal instruction.
e. Survivability. All SIDS components will come with their own ruggedized "anvil" type embark cases to ensure adequate protection during movement.
f. Standardization. All SIDS components will: be capable of operation from any available power source, to include batteries, commercial power, and standard USMC Mobile Electronic Power systems; be capable of being connected to organic USMC electronic communications and cryptographic equipment, to include SATCOM, tactical radio, secure telephone, local area networks, and wide area networks; be TEMPEST certified where directed by security requirements; have a storage capability; and utilize removable disks as a backup method for transporting data between SIDS equipment. Both SIDS elements must be interoperable with IAS hardware.
g. Compatibility. MAGTF SIDS must be compatible with National Imagery Transmission Standards. This will allow near real time receipt of imagery from theater and national sources. SIDS must be capable of handling photo, electrooptical, infrared, and Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar imagery.
h. Operational Environment
(1) Organizational concept. The SIDS-E will be employed and supported by MAGTF command elements. Proposed fielding is 19 systems. SIDS-I will be employed within the Ground Combat Element and Aviation Combat Element down to battalion/squadron level, and at the Combat Service Support Element. Proposed fielding is 198 systems. The SIDS manpack will be fielded with reconnaissance and intelligence collection units within the MAGTF. Proposed fielding is 124 systems.
(2) Performance characteristics. The FMF requires that SIDS-E and SIDS-I be hosted on the Intelligence Analysis System equipment so stand-alone modules dedicated solely to imagery dissemination are not an option. The SIDS-E and SIDS-I will be capable of receiving and disseminating near real time imagery over communications assets organic to the MAGTF. Further, they will be able to annotate, reproduce, display and perform graphics from that imagery. The SIDS Manpack will be capable of storing, displaying and transmitting imagery over MAGTF organic communications assets.
(3) Environment. The system must be ruggedized for field use by tactical units and be operable in all environmental conditions, to include EW and a nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) environment. The system must be operable by personnel wearing NBC and/or cold weather gear.