Category: SSIC 03000 Operations & Readiness
Number: MCO 3502.3
Subj: MEU(SOC) PTP
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY (e) MCO 1510.88, Vol III
HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
2 NAVY ANNEX
WASHINGTON, DC 20380-1775
7 Jul 95
MARINE CORPS ORDER 3502.3
From: Commandant of the Marine Corps
To: Distribution List
Subj: MARINE EXPEDITIONARY UNIT (SPECIAL OPERATIONS CAPABLE)
PREDEPLOYMENT TRAINING PROGRAM (MEU(SOC) PTP)
Ref: (a) MCO 3120.9
(b) MCO 3502.2
(c) MCO 1510.34A
(d) MCO 1510.87A, Vol I
(f) MCO 1510.101, Vol II
(g) MCO 1553.1B
(h) MCO 1553.2
(i) MCO 1553.3
(j) MCO P1553.4
(k) MCO 1553.5
(l) MCO P3500.14D
(m) MCO P3500.15B
(n) MCO P3500.16B
(o) MCO 3501.1C
(p) MCO 3501.3B, Vol II
(q) MCO 3501.4A, Vol III
(r) MCO 3501.5, Vol IV
(s) MCO 3501.6C, Vol V
(t) MCO 3501.7A, Vol VI
(u) MCO 3501.8A, Vol VII
(v) MCO 3501.10A Vol IX
(w) MCO 3501.12, Vol XI
(x) MCO 3501.14, Vol X
(y) MCO 5000.17A
(z) FMFM 7-32
Encl: (1) Command Element (CE) Training Guidance
(2) Ground Combat Element (GCE) Training Guidance
(3) Aviation Combat Element (ACE) Training Guidance
(4) Combat Service Support Element (CSSE) Training
(5) Maritime Special Purpose Force (MSPF) Training
(6) MEU(SOC) Baseline 26-Week Training Plan
(7) MEU(SOC) Special Skills Training Responsibility Matrix
(8) Prerequisite Schools List
(9) Short Title of Associated MCO's, Joint Pubs, and
DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release;
distribution is unlimited.
1. Purpose. To provide training policy and guidance concerning
the MEU(SOC) Predeployment Training Program (MEU(SOC) PTP) per the
references. This Order amplifies the guidance established in ref-
erences (a) and (o) and serves as the primary reference document.
a. The primary objective of a MEU(SOC) is to provide the
Combatant Commanders in Chief (CinC) an effective means of dealing
with regional uncertainties and threats. The MEU(SOC) accomplishes
this by providing a forward deployed Marine Air Ground Task Force
(MAGTF) that is inherently balanced, sustainable, flexible,
responsive, expandable, and credible. The key to providing this
forward presence/crisis response capability is the MEU(SOC)'s
ability to rapidly plan, coordinate, and execute operations. To
accomplish this, MEU(SOC)'s possess the conventional and selected
maritime special operations capabilities defined in reference (a).
b. The MEU takes part in the MEU(SOC) PTP in order to build
upon and enhance its conventional maritime capabilities. The PTP
is standardized and incorporates a systematic approach to training.
The PTP reinforces the primacy of the Amphibious Squadron/Marine
Expeditionary Unit (PHIBRON/MEU) team through the following
(1) Stabilization - personnel and equipment.
(2) Standardization - training, equipment, and procedures.
(a) Rapid Response Planning Process (R2P2). The
ability to rapidly plan and execute conventional and selected
maritime special operations capabilities.
(b) Standing Operating Procedures (SOP). Each MEU must
develop SOP's unique to its organization.
(3) Integration - of the Command Element (CE) and its Major
Subordinate Elements (MSE), the PHIBRON, and Carrier Battle Group
c. The PTP is a capabilities-driven and standards based
process. This process allows the PHIBRON and MEU Commanders to
systematically analyze, develop, and evaluate the integrated
capabilities of the Amphibious Ready Group (ARG)/MEU. Framed
within a 26-week period, it provides for the efficient use of time,
resources, and assets, yet retains the flexibility to adjust for
external requirements. It provides opportunities to enhance
interoperability between the MEU and PHIBRON, CVBG, Joint Task
Forces (JTF), CinC's, and civilian agencies. It incorporates
exercises that emphasize command, control, communications,
computers, intelligence, and interoperability (C4I2), as well as
administrative and logistical requirements.
d. The primary objective of the PTP is the systematic
attainment of the operational capabilities required for SOC
certification. However, it is important to note that this Order
is not simply a yardstick by which to measure performance. The
Marine Force Commanders should receive guidance from the supported
CinC concerning unique theater requirements. This guidance is
passed to the MEF Commander, and subsequently to the respective
MEU Commander who then develops the MEU Mission Training Plan.
3. Stabilization. In accordance with reference (a), the goal for
key personnel stabilization is 240 days prior to embarkation
(E-240) for the MEU CE, and E-210 for the battalion and squadron
commanders and company grade officers. The remainder of MEU
personnel staffing requirements will be met by E-180. These goals
ensure key personnel availability for MEU integrated training,
maximize military school attendance (Professional Military
Education, Military Occupational Specialty (MOS), instructor
certification, and local unit), and ensure the completion of annual
a. The possibility of globally sourcing MEU(SOC)s mandates
standardization. This Order, plus references (a), (b), (d), (e),
(f), (t), and (v), are the core documents that provide guidance
concerning the standardization of the MEU(SOC) PTP. Responsibility
for implementing the MEU(SOC) PTP resides with the Commander,
Marine Forces Atlantic (COMMARFORLANT) and the Commander, Marine
Forces Pacific (COMMARFORPAC).
b. Reference (c) provides direction on Individual Training
Standards (ITS) throughout this training program. References (d)
through (f) provide ITS for MEU(SOC) specific skills. References
(g) through (n) provide broad training guidance. Reference (o)
provides direction on the Marine Corps Combat Readiness Evaluation
System (MCCRES). References (p) through (w) provide specific
MCCRES standards applicable to a wide range of potential MAGTF
missions/operations. References (u) and (v) provide MEU(SOC)
specific Mission Performance Standards (MPS). Enclosure (9)
provides a detailed list of appropriate Marine Corps Orders, Joint
Publications, Field Manuals, and other US Government Publications.
5. Integration. A primary goal of the MEU(SOC) PTP is to
facilitate integrated training throughout the six-month training
period. This enables the ARG/MEU to fully realize its inherent
combat power. The training should include the participation of
national agencies to the extent possible. The MEU Commander must
ensure his staff is fully aware of the capabilities, communications
channels, and employment concepts of these agencies. The staff
must also be knowledgeable of the Combatant CinC's plans for
employing the MEU in conjunction with other U.S. forces. During
the PTP, it is essential that the following integration occurs:
a. To enhance their ability to make rapid decisions during
crisis operations, the PHIBRON and MEU staffs must develop a
cohesive capability to conduct the R2P2.
b. To enhance Joint Task Force and Fleet operations, the MEU
staff must integrate repeatedly throughout the workup period with
the PHIBRON and CVBG staffs. This will contribute significantly
to the MEU(SOC)'s ability to successfully participate in JTF
c. To enhance interoperability between the PHIBRON's Naval
Special Warfare Detachment (NavSpecWar Det) and the MEU,
integrated training should be conducted. This training will
include the ability to rapidly plan and execute both traditional
amphibious and special operations missions. This parallel training
is essential to develop and maximize the inherent combat power of
d. To develop a better understanding of external agency
support and interoperability during MEU(SOC) operations, personnel
from the Department of State (DOS); Country/Embassy Team and
Disaster Assistance personnel, the Defense Intelligence Agency
(DIA), the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Special Operations
Forces (SOF), and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) should
participate in Situational Training Exercises (STX), the MEU
Exercise (MEUEX), and the Fleet Exercise/Special Operations
Capable Exercise (FLEETEX/SOCEX).
6. MEU(SOC) PTP Guidance
a. The MEU(SOC) PTP is a rigorous, aggressive and focused
training program that builds upon individual and unit capabilities
of the MEU Command Element (CE) and its MSEs. The program should
allow sufficient time for the planning, execution, and critique of
all major training events.
b. The initial, intermediate, and final training phases build
incrementally upon the base of individual training received by
Marines during Basic Warrior Training and Marine Combat Training.
This training base allows the MEU to increase its emphasis on unit
training and integration early in the predeployment work-up period.
c. Enclosures (1) through (5) provide specific MEU(SOC) PTP
guidance for the MEU CE, MSE's, and the Maritime Special Purpose
Force (MSPF). Enclosure (6) is the MEU(SOC) baseline 26-week
training plan. Deviations from this plan may be necessary to
accommodate training site or Naval shipping availability. However,
every effort should be made to capitalize on the training
opportunities associated with each major training event.
Enclosures (1) through (6) are the cornerstones upon which
Commanders may build to fulfill unique requirements.
d. Reference (b) provides detailed information on the Marine
Corps Special Skills Certification Program. Enclosure (7) is drawn
from the contents of reference (b). This enclosure identifies
special skills billets, lead agencies, and authorized training
locations. The following amplifying information applies:
(1) Lead agency designation identifies the organization(s)
having the responsibility to coordinate the drafting and staffing
of Course Descriptive Data (CDD) and the Programs of Instruction
(POI) for designated course(s) with the authorized training
organizations and Marine Corps Combat Development Command (MCCDC)
(2) Authorized training location designation identifies
Marine Corps organizations approved to provide qualification
training for respective special skills.
7. Prerequisite Training Requirements. For the MEU to gain the
maximum benefit from the MEU(SOC) PTP, it is essential that the CE
and its MSE's possess certain prerequisite capabilities before
E-180. Enclosures (1) through (5) provide specific guidance
concerning these prerequisites. Enclosure (8) provides a list of
schools that support the development of a prerequisite training
8. MEU(SOC) PTP Evaluation Guidance
a. The evaluation process within the PTP is constant during
all phases of training and at every level of command. Informal and
formal evaluations will be in accordance with references (o)
through (v). The MCCRES MPS volumes are the primary documents
related to informal and formal evaluations. The following
definitions are applicable for this Order:
(1) Informal Evaluations. An evaluation coordinated by a
unit commander at any level to measure a unit's readiness.
Evaluators may come either from within the unit or be requested
from outside agencies. During the PTP, informal evaluations will
continuously occur. Two major integrated training events, the
MEUEX and Training in an Urban Environment (TRUE) are evaluated
this way. As informal evaluations, the MEUEX and the TRUE are
evaluated by the Special Operations Training Group (SOTG) or other
designated agencies. The objectives of these two events make them
effective rehearsals for the SOCEX.
(2) Formal Evaluations. An evaluation coordinated by the
MARFOR Commander or his executive agent, primarily during the
SOCEX. The basis for certification of the MEU as SOC is the
successful accomplishment of required missions and demonstration of
required capabilities. The core events around which a SOCEX will
be conducted are the Amphibious Raid, Non-Combatant Evacuation
(NEO), Tactical Recovery of Aircraft or Personnel (TRAP), and a
Direct Action Mission. The rigor of time constraints and multiple
mission execution require that the R2P2 be evaluated. Scheduling
conflicts may require some missions or capabilities to be formally
evaluated before the SOCEX. At a minimum, the following missions
and capabilities must be evaluated and successfully accomplished as
a prerequisite for SOC designation:
(a) Amphibious Raid (Boat, Helicopter, and Mechanized).
(b) NEO (Single and Multi-Site).
(c) Security Operations (Area and Physical Security to
Embassy or Consulate-type Facility).
(e) Direct Action Mission (Destruction or Recovery
(f) Humanitarian/Civic Assistance.
(h) Clandestine Reconnaissance and Surveillance.
(i) Long Range Raid (Requiring Forward Arming and
Refueling Point (FARP) Operations).
(j) Mass Casualty Drill (Evaluation of PHIBRON/MEU
(k) Airfield Seizure Operations.
(l) Naval Platform Raid (Either as an independent
Maritime Special Purpose Force (MSPF) mission or together with the
PHIBRON NavSpecWar Det).
(1) Gas and Oil Platform (GOPLAT).
(2) Maritime Interdiction Operation (MIO).
(m) In-Extremis Hostage Recovery
(n) Additional missions and capabilities as required by
the Commander Marine Forces (COMMARFOR) or Marine Expeditionary
Force (MEF) Commander.
b. The SOC designation process is the responsibility of the
MARFOR Commander. Certification will be in accordance with
paragraph 8a of this Order and paragraph 5g of reference (a). A
recommendation for certification is provided to the MARFOR
Commanders by the designated senior evaluator assigned to the
Joint Exercise Control Group or the Tactical Exercise Control
Group (TECG). If the senior evaluator concludes the MEU is not
mission capable, he will recommend to the MARFOR Commander that
the MEU be reevaluated. Once the MARFOR Commander approves the
recommendation for SOC certification, he releases a message which
serves as the primary SOC certifying document. This message will
be sent to the:
(1) Appropriate CinC's.
(2) Commandant of the Marine Corps. (Plans, Policies and
(3) Appropriate Naval Fleet Commanders.
(4) Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development
(5) Appropriate Amphibious Group Commanders.
c. To aid commanders in the development of a training and
evaluation program, the following subparagraphs provide a brief
overview of appropriate training.
(1) CE Evaluation Focus. This evaluation determines if the
CE possesses the requisite C4I2 capabilities to properly plan and
effectively integrate the assets of the MEU in accomplishing its
assigned mission(s). The CE evaluation will be conducted in
accordance with appropriate ITS and MCCRES standards, per
references (u) and (v). Equally important is the CE's ability to
demonstrate interoperability with the PHIBRON during Joint and
Naval Expeditionary Force Operations. Interoperability with
Special Operations and Joint Special Operations Task Forces is
required because of the potential for employment of the MEU with
these forces. The primary means to achieve the required degree of
proficiency is through numerous STX's. These STX's can be
supported by the Expeditionary Warfare Training Groups (EWTG),
SOTG's or Tactical Exercise Control Groups (TECG). STX's should be
challenging and incrementally more difficult in order for the CE to
attain mastery of R2P2.
(2) Ground Combat Element (GCE) Evaluation Focus. This
evaluation determines if the GCE possesses the requisite combat
capabilities to conduct MEU(SOC) missions. The GCE evaluation will
be in accordance with references (p), (u), and (v). The informal
and formal evaluations are the mechanisms by which MEU and GCE
Commanders train for and evaluate the readiness of the GCE.
(3) Aviation Combat Element (ACE) Evaluation Focus. This
evaluation determines if the ACE possesses the requisite aviation
capabilities to conduct MEU(SOC) missions. The ACE evaluation will
be in accordance with references (l), (m), (n), (q), (r), (u), and
(v). The formal and informal evaluations are the mechanisms by
which MEU and ACE Commanders train for and evaluate the readiness
of the ACE. To enhance operational flexibility, the ACE will
strive to attain the highest possible Combat Readiness Percentage
(CRP) for air crews.
(4) Combat Service Support Element (CSSE) Evaluation Focus.
This evaluation determines if the CSSE possesses the requisite
Combat Service Support (CSS) capabilities to support MEU(SOC)
missions. Evaluations will focus on the six functional areas of
CSS and serve as a tool to direct CSS training during the workup
period. This training will focus on achieving the MCCRES MPS
contained in references (t) through (v). The formal and informal
evaluations are the mechanisms by which MEU and CSSE Commanders
train for and evaluate the readiness of the CSSE. Intermediate and
final evaluations will emphasize the coordinated and integrated
effectiveness and responsiveness of the CSSE in supporting the MEU.
9. Initial Training Phase. The Initial Training Phase focuses on
individual and small unit skills training of the MSEs. It includes
staff training for the MEU CE and MSE Headquarters, and SOTG
courses of instruction for the MSPF. This phase begins with
individual skills and advances to GCE and Squadron level tactical
combat drills. Due to time constraints and limited training
resources, every effort must be made to efficiently use the
training time available during this phase. The success of MEU(SOC)
operations depends upon adherence to the fundamentals that
characterize Marine Corps Amphibious and MAGTF doctrine. These
fundamentals require a high degree of standardization within MEUs.
Such standardization and cohesiveness demand that MEU(SOC) elements
train together as frequently as possible during the initial phase.
The following is a list of Initial Training Phase highlights:
a. ARG/MEU(SOC) Staff Planning Course.
b. Operations and Intelligence Seminar.
c. MEU CE STX.
d. Initial Training Phase at Sea Period.
e. Special Skills Courses.
(1) Scout Swimmer.
(2) Applied Explosives and/or Breacher.
(3) Urban Reconnaissance & Surveillance.
(4) Urban Sniper.
(5) Assault Climbers.
(6) Coxswain & Advanced Coxswain.
(7) Close Quarters Battle and Security Element.
(8) Company Raid Course and Battalion Raid Week.
(9) Helicopter Rope Suspension Training/Helicopter
Insertion and Extraction.
(10) Long Range (Over the Horizon) Maritime Navigation.
f. Fire Support Coordination Exercise.
g. Interoperability and parallel training with PHIBRON
10. Intermediate Training Phase. The MEU's goal during the
Intermediate Training Phase is to conduct collective MEU level
training that builds on unit capabilities. Emphasis will be on
live fire and night operations over extended ranges. At the
beginning of the Intermediate Training Phase, an operational
analysis is conducted by the MEU Commander in order to assess the
strengths and weaknesses of the MSE's. This will also assist in
developing commander's guidance regarding training priorities.
Once developed, the MEU Commander will provide training guidance
to improve and sustain the MSE's required capabilities. This
systematic approach ensures that capabilities are identified and
deficiencies remedied. The following is a list of Intermediate
Training Phase highlights:
a. Intermediate Training Phase at Sea Period (GOPLAT, MIO,
and Joint Training Group (JTG) - Phase One).
b. Increased emphasis on long-range night raids.
c. MSPF Interoperability Training. This training follows the
successful completion of individual and small unit special skill
training conducted during the Initial Training Phase. The purpose
of this training is to integrate the Command and Control,
Reconnaissance and Surveillance, Assault, Security, and Aviation
Assault elements. This can be conducted off-site or locally. This
training is a logical prerequisite for TRUE and may provide an
opportunity to conduct basic level training with the PHIBRON
d. TRUE. TRUE provides the MEU an invaluable opportunity for
training in unfamiliar urban environments. Participants are
comprised of the CE and elements of the GCE, ACE, CSSE, along with
the MSPF. The coordination of this event is the joint
responsibility of the MEF's SOTG and the appropriate Federal
Bureau of Investigation Special Agent assigned under the Training
Assistance to the Marine Corps Program. TRUE provides an
opportunity to integrate unique individual and small unit skills
in conjunction with the MEU's increased proficiency in the R2P2.
This event presents realistic opportunities for reconnaissance and
surveillance (R&S) in an urban environment, and interaction with
the external agencies that may assist in conducting clandestine
e. GOPLAT & MIO Training. Under unique predeployment or
operational circumstances, the MEF Commander can reduce or increase
the emphasis on either of these operations. Concurrence on this
modification to training will be obtained from HQMC (PP&O).
f. MEUEX. The entire MEU participates in this final
Intermediate Training Phase exercise. The primary focus of this
exercise is to refine unit SOP's and the MEU's R2P2. This event,
when possible, should be conducted in conjunction with an at-sea
period. The MEUEX is the final opportunity to evaluate the MEU's
capabilities before commencement of the Final Training Phase.
11. Final Training Phase. The Final Training Phase is the culmi-
nation of all predeployment training activities. Its focus is on
paration for the FLEETEX/SOCEX, and predeployment embarkation
a. Pre-embarkation Maintenance Stand-Down. This is held
before the last scheduled at-sea training period. It allows the
MEU time to ensure all equipment is in the highest state of
readiness prior to the SOCEX.
b. Advanced Amphibious Training. During the last scheduled
at-sea training period, the PHIBRON and MEU refine their ability
to conduct amphibious operations, and conventional and selected
maritime special operations capabilities.
c. FLEETEX, Supporting Arms Coordination Exercise (SACEX) and
SOCEX. This is the PHIBRON and MEU's final evaluation of its
amphibious warfare, conventional, and selected maritime special
d. Pre-Overseas Movement (POM). During the POM period, the
final preparations for deployment are conducted. The focus is on
personnel and equipment readiness. Training and operational
deficiencies noted during the SOCEX evaluation are corrected as
e. Crisis Interaction Requirements Exercise (CIREX). The
CIREX is a tabletop discussion built around a crisis scenario
tailored to the PHIBRON and MEU(SOC). The CIREX enhances PHIBRON
and MEU(SOC) understanding of, and interoperability with Joint
Special Operations Task Forces and Joint Special Operations
Command Elements. Staff members from the PHIBRON and MEU CE and
selected members of the MEU's MSE's participate in the CIREX. The
PHIBRON and MEU staffs brief unique unit capabilities and
limitations as a stepping off point for discussions. The potential
operational benefits associated with this program cannot be
overemphasized. The active participation of the PHIBRON and MEU
Commanders, their primary staff officers, and the MEU MSE
Commanders are essential to ensuring the success of the CIREX.
Conducting the CIREX at Ft Bragg, NC, ensures the maximum exposure
of the PHIBRON/MEU personnel to their SOF counterparts.
f. Washington, D.C. Area Commanders' Briefings. During this
period select members of the PHIBRON and MEU(SOC) receive core
briefings from senior Department of State, Department of Defense,
Joint Staff, HQMC, and CIA personnel. Conducting these briefings
within the Washington D.C. area ensures the highest level of
participation by the organizations and external agencies involved.
Other agencies or Combatant CinC representatives may be added at
the request of the PHIBRON and MEU(SOC) commanders.
12. Training Documentation. Due to the unique nature of the
MEU(SOC) PTP, the timely documentation and distribution of lessons
learned is essential to the progressive enhancement of the program.
This documentation is beneficial to the entire Marine Corps,
particularly future MEU and MSE Commanders. The intent is to
document successes associated with the MEU(SOC) PTP, not to
increase administrative requirements. The primary methods to
accomplish this are the Marine Corps Lessons Learned System (MCLLS),
MCCRES Reports, After Action Reports (AAR), and post deployment
a. MCLLS and applicable MCCRES Reports should be submitted
by the MARFOR to CG MCCDC (C461) within 30 days of the following
(1) Pre E-180 MCCRES conducted on MSE's.
(2) Completion of the MEU(SOC) PTP.
b. AARs following TRUE, SOCEX, and the completion of the
MEU(SOC) PTP should be submitted by the MEU Commander via the MEF
and MARFOR to CG MCCDC (CSW). These reports provide information
necessary for the continual refinement of the MEU(SOC) PTP.
c. At the MARFOR Commander's discretion, MEU(SOC) Commanders
may provide post deployment briefs at HQMC and MCCDC. These briefs
should address the applicability of the MEU(SOC) PTP, and
operations conducted during the deployment. Maximum effort should
be taken to have HQMC, MCCDC, Marine Corps Intelligence Activity
(MCIA), and Marine Corps Systems Command (MARCORSYSCOM) represen-
tatives, as well as Marine Corps University faculty and students
13. Action. The following responsibilities are assigned to
facilitate the efficient implementation of the MEU(SOC) PTP.
a. Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC). Approve all
policies pertaining to operational capabilities.
b. DC/S for Plans, Policies and Operations. Act as
coordinator for all Service policy and serve as the focal point at
HQMC for joint and interagency policy matters.
c. DC/S for Aviation. Coordinate all Marine Corps aviation
programs, plans, and evaluation procedures in support of the
d. DC/S for Manpower and Reserve Affairs. Assist
COMMARFORLANT and COMMARFORPAC efforts to stabilize MEU(SOC)
personnel in accordance with the goals established in reference
(a). Track and manage unique special skills instructors and
critical MOS requirements.
e. DC/S for Installation and Logistics. Coordinate unique
installation and logistics support requirements, including support
for the acquisition of low density items unique to the MEU(SOC)
f. DC/S for Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and
Intelligence (C4I). Act as Service coordinator for all Service and
Joint matters relating to communications and intelligence. Direct
Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA) to:
(1) Coordinate predeployment intelligence support to the
MEUs during the MEU(SOC) PTP. This will include providing
intelligence to support MARCORSYSCOM's research, development, and
acquisition of MEU(SOC) weapons and equipment.
(2) Assist CG MCCDC, Coalition and Special Warfare (CSW)
Division, in coordinating the MEU(SOC) Operations and Intelligence
Seminar during the Initial Training Phase, as addressed in this
(3) Provide intelligence scenario development support to
CG MCCDC (C38) for the CIREX events.
g. Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development
Command (CG MCCDC):
(1) Serve as the Marine Corps sponsor for training,
training facility support, and equipment issues concerning the
MEU(SOC) PTP (CSW Division (C38), Requirements Division (C44), and
T&E Division (C46)).
(2) Coordinate the development of concepts, requirements,
doctrine, organizational structure, and training issues (C38).
(3) Develop, publish, and review as appropriate, Marine
Corps training policy and standards (ITS and MPS) related to the
MEU(SOC) PTP (C46).
(4) Monitor the MEU(SOC) PTP and provide direction and
guidance to facilitate compliance with established Marine Corps
training policy and standards (C38).
(5) Coordinate MEU(SOC) predeployment training conducted
by commands and agencies external to the Marine Corps (C38).
(6) Coordinate and assist in the development of training
specific to the MEU(SOC) PTP. Approve POI's developed by the
EWTG'S. Review and recommend approval of POIs developed by the
SOTG's (C46, C38).
(7) Coordinate with appropriate EWTG and/or direct the
Marine Corps Element of the EWTG to:
(a) Provide instruction pertaining to the Staff
Planning and R2P2 for the ARG's (C46).
(b) Support EWTG Atlantic responsibility as the
Marine Corps proponent for the MEU(SOC) PTP small boat training
(8) Coordinate training of Assault Climber Instructors
with the Commanding Officer, Marine Corps Mountain Warfare Training
Center, and serve as the proponent for all Marine Corps Climbing
Programs except urban climbing (C46).
(1) Serve as the Marine Corps agent for research,
development, and acquisition of all weapons systems and equipment
in support of the MEU(SOC) program.
(2) Coordinate the development of and monitor the
implementation of an integrated logistic support system to support
unique equipment requirements.
(3) Ensure that field testing/evaluation and fielding
plans prioritize the MEU(SOC)'s as initial recipients of new
i. COMMARFORLANT and COMMARFORPAC:
(1) Provide Combatant CinC's with organized, trained, and
equipped forces in accordance with reference (a).
(2) Provide the MEU Commander with trained units prepared
to participate in the MEU(SOC) PTP no later then E-180.
(3) Coordinate the evaluation and SOC certification
(4) Coordinate with CG MCCDC (C38, C46, C44) the
validation of MEU(SOC) concepts, doctrine, training standards, and
(5) Provide direction and resources to the OIC's of the
SOTG's to facilitate special skills training and standardization of
the MEU(SOC) PTP as addressed in enclosure (7) of this Order.
(6) Approve all POI's and training programs for special
skills training conducted by the MEF SOTG.
(7) Ensure that the MEF SOTG:
(a) Provides ongoing R2P2 instruction/evaluation to
the MEU CE and MSE's.
(b) Develops and coordinates special skills training
CDD's and POI's in support of the MEU(SOC) PTP.
(c) Assists in the coordination and evaluation of
MEU(SOC) related courses and the TRUE, MEUEX, and SOCEX.
(d) Serves as the MEF's resident expert on all
MEU(SOC), special operations training, and operational concerns.
(e) Serves as the MEF's primary agency for
interoperability with Special Operations Forces.
14. Reserve Applicability. This Order is applicable to the
Marine Corps Reserve.
C. E. WILHELM
DISTRIBUTION: PCN 10203357100
Copy to: 7000110 (55)
7000099, 144/8145001 (1)
COMMAND ELEMENT (CE) TRAINING GUIDANCE
1. Prerequisite Focus. Most CE evaluations will occur in
conjunction with Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) level training
evolutions, but may be conducted independently to ascertain CE
capabilities by which to command and control the MEU. This
process includes close review of MEU's Rapid Response Planning
Process (R2P2) and briefing techniques. These are refined through
the conduct of numerous Situational Training Exercises (STX's).
Participation or observation of another MEU's Training in an Urban
Environment (TRUE), MEU Exercise (MEUEX), Crisis Interaction
Requirements Exercise (CIREX) or Special Operations Capability
Exercise (SOCEX) is highly beneficial. To better prepare for
these evaluations, the attainment of the following capabilities
are recommended prior to commencing the Predeployment Training
a. Command Element
(1) One member of the CE's S-2 Section should complete the
Collection Manager's Course and the Intelligence Analysis System
(IAS) Management Course.
(2) One officer of the CE should attend the Joint
Psychological Operations Course at the United States Air Force
Special Operations School (USAFSOS), Hurlburt Field, FL.
(3) One officer of the CE should attend the Joint Command
and Control Warfare (C2W) Staff Officers Course at the Armed Forces
Staff College, Norfolk, VA.
(4) One officer of the CE should attend the Civil Affairs
Course at the United States Army's JFK Special Operations School,
Ft. Bragg, NC.
(5) Given the possibility of split Amphibious Ready Group
(ARG) operations, depth in the number of personnel possessing the
following skills will greatly enhance operational capabilities.
The MEU must ensure attainment of staff expertise in the following:
(a) World-Wide Military Command and Control System
(b) Joint Operations Planning and Execution System
(c) Global Command and Control System (GCCS).
(d) MAGTF Logistics Automated Information System.
(6) The CE may have, at the Marine Expeditionary Force
(MEF) Commander's discretion, a Special Operations Officer
assigned who can provide advice and assistance in special
operations matters unique to the MEU and Amphibious Squadron
(PHIBRON). This officer is normally assigned to the CE's S-3
Section. He may carry out staff functions in support of Maritime
Special Purpose Force (MSPF) operations and other matters as
directed. Prior MEU(SOC) deployment experience and ground
reconnaissance experience is mandatory.
b. Detachment, Force Reconnaissance Company. The detachment
will be trained and equipped to conduct deep reconnaissance
missions and be capable of surface, subsurface, and parachute
insertion. The deep reconnaissance mission profile directly
supports successful MEU(SOC) operations. The detachment will be
equipped to commence special skills training associated with
direct action mission profiles. Additionally the detachment will
possess, as a prerequisite, the following:
(1) The ability to insert teams by military free fall using
high altitude low opening (HALO) or high altitude high opening
(2) Two HALO/HAHO and two static line Jump Masters.
(3) Two small boat coxswains (MOS 8111).
(4) One open/closed circuit dive supervisor.
(5) Two scout sniper teams.
(6) One Helicopter Rope Suspension Training (HRST) Master
c. Detachment, Air Naval Gun Fire Liaison Company (ANGLICO
Det). The detachment should be proficient in all areas of fire
support control, possess appropriate MOS qualifications, and be
capable of all Marine Corps Combat Readiness Evaluation System
(MCCRES) Mission Performance Standards (MPS) applicable to ANGLICO
found in MCO 3501.12. The detachment should have a minimum of two
qualified Jump Masters and one HRST Master.
d. Detachment, Radio Battalion (RADBN Det). This detachment
will be task organized to provide tactical Signals Intelligence
and Electronic Warfare planning, analytical support, special
intelligence communications, electronic attack and electronic
support ground warfare capability, and communication security
monitoring. It will include a Radio Reconnaissance Team (RRT)
with the capability to conduct direct support operations as an
integrated element of a raid force or the MSPF. Additionally, the
RADBN Det will possess as a prerequisite the following:
(1) The Office in Charge (OIC) and Non-Commissioned
Officer in Charge (NCOIC) should have attended the Reconnaissance
Operations Planning Course at Expeditionary Warfare Training Group
(2) Individual Marines MOS 26XX should score no lower than
2/2 on the annual Defense Language Proficiency Test or level 2 on
the Cryptologic Diagnostic Examination.
(3) All RRT Marines shall have completed the Basic Airborne
Course, Amphibious Reconnaissance Course, and Survival, Evasion,
Resistance, and Escape (SERE) Course.
(4) The RADBN Det shall have at least two Jump Masters, one
HRST Master, and one Basic Coxswain, MOS 8111.
e. Detachment, Intelligence Company. Two or more personnel
will have completed Intelligence Analysis System (IAS) and Joint
Deployable Intelligence Support System (JDISS) training. At least
one Marine should have completed the IAS System Administrators
Course. The detachment will include the below listed elements:
(1) Subteam, Counterintelligence (CI) Team. The CI
detachment should consist of one officer and two enlisted
personnel. This subteam can be augmented by specially qualified
and skilled Human Intelligence (HUMINT) personnel. Foreign
language credentials for CI personnel within the MEU(SOC) will be
issued before deployment. Optimally at least one CI Team member
will be a Military Operations Training Course graduate. The
Subteam Commander, as the senior individual from the Intelligence
Company, will be assigned as the Detachment Commander. The Marine
Expeditionary Force (MEF) Counter-Intelligence HUMINT Officer will
provide guidance and assistance in requesting Collection and
Classification of Intelligence Funds and Emergency and
Extraordinary Expense Funds.
(2) Detachment, Interrogator-Translator Team, Interrogator-
Translator Platoon. The team will consist of three enlisted
personnel and should be tailored to represent target languages of
the supported region.
(3) Detachment, Imagery Interpretation, Imagery
Interpretation Unit. The detachment will consist of two enlisted
personnel. At least one member of the detachment should be a
graduate of the Defense Sensor Interpretation and Application
(4) Detachment, Terrain Analysis Team, Topographic Platoon.
This team will consist of two MOS 0261 personnel. The team provides
the MEU(SOC) with the capability to prepare trafficability studies,
soil analysis, and terrain models. Members should be graduates of
the Basic Terrain Analysis Course. The team will be equipped with
a Digital Terrain Analysis and Mapping System.
f. Detachment, Photographic Processing. This detachment will
consist of two trained and equipped combat photographers. They are
routinely provided by Division or other appropriate MEF assets.
The detachment provides the MEU(SOC) with the ability to take still
and video photographs, develop and process film, and provide cross
training and technical assistance to other intelligence detachments.
2. Initial Training Phase Key Events/Focus
a. ARG/MEU(SOC) Staff Planning Course. Attendees consist of
the PHIBRON Commander and designated staff, MEU Commander and
designated staff, and MSE Commanders and designated personnel. The
Battle Group Commander, the Destroyer Squadron Commander, the Naval
Special Warfare Task Unit OIC and their respective staffs are
strongly encouraged to attend. This workshop will normally be
conducted by the EWTG, with the intent of familiarizing PHIBRON and
MEU personnel with:
(1) Rapid Response Planning. To include multiple STX's
with confirmation briefs by the PHIBRON and MEU.
(2) Law of Land Warfare.
(3) MSPF Orientation.
(4) Functions of NGO's, Private Volunteer Organizations
(PVO), and Other Government Agencies (OGA).
(5) Issues related to NEO planning.
b. Operations and Intelligence Seminar. This seminar is
coordinated by the Coalition and Special Warfare Division, MCCDC,
Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA), the EWTG and MEU. This
workshop is divided into two sessions. One session provides
Special Access Program read-ins for commanders and designated
staff personnel. The other session provides an overview of
intelligence issues, briefings focused on the anticipated theater
of operation, (i.e., CINCPAC, CINCEUR, and CINCENT), and the
respective theater intelligence dissemination policies. This
session also addresses Command, Control, Communications,
Coordination, Intelligence and Information (C4I2) architecture
afloat, the Joint intelligence architecture, interface ashore with
shipboard systems, collection capabilities, and management of
collection assets. Topics such as over-the-horizon sensors and
communication nodes, afloat intelligence processing and electronic
intelligence correlation, power projection planning systems,
shipboard cryptologic support, Tactical Exploitation of National
Capabilities support and the means of accessing external
intelligence agencies can also be briefed. The workshop can
conclude with the PHIBRON and MEU Intelligence Sections developing
a formal request of intelligence products from the various
activities involved in the workshop. The Washington, D.C. Area
Commanders' Briefings, are an opportune time to receive final
predeployment products or to place additional requests.
c. Initial At-Sea Period. This is the first of a series of
at-sea periods. The intent is to provide a opportunity for the
MEU CE and MSE's to conduct the following basic shipboard training
(1) Additional Day and Night Deck Landing Qualifications
(2) Embarkation/debarkation training.
(3) Command and Control (C2) training.
(4) Familiarization with shipboard (C4I2) systems.
(5) Integration of the Navy/Marine Corps Team.
(6) Small boat launch, recovery and navigation.
(7) Well-deck operations.
(8) Additional Flight Deck Operations.
d. STX. These are conducted in conjunction with MEU raid
training and are designed to exercise the staff planning
capabilities of the MEU. The STX's will utilize raid training
scenarios as a vehicle to enhance staff training and the R2P2.
e. Ground Combat Element (GCE) and ARG/MEU Fire Support
Coordination Exercises. These live fire exercises will focus on
the capabilities of the PHIBRON, MEU, and GCE to successfully
coordinate fires. Objectives include:
(1) C2 of supporting arms.
(2) Fire support planning and targeting.
(3) Live fire training for all indirect fire weapon systems
and Close Air Support (CAS).
(4) Integration of multiple supporting arms to include
mortars, artillery, CAS, Tactical Air Control Party, Air Support
Element (ASE) and Naval Gun Fire Support.
f. Helicopter Egress Training. CE individuals involved in
frequent over-water flights must participate in helicopter egress
3. Initial Training Phase Evaluations. The following are
recommended areas of evaluation/critique during this phase.
a. ARG/MEU(SOC) Staff Planning Workshop.
b. Amphibious operations (raid) planning.
c. Intelligence/counterintelligence support to operations.
d. Planning, directing, coordinating and controlling
e. Conducting integrated C4I2 operations.
4. Intermediate Training Phase Key Events/Focus. The following
sequenced training provides a baseline of key training events
during this period:
a. MEUEX. The MEUEX consists of a variety of field STXs
directed by the MEU Commander. Emphasis is on the MEU's ability
to rapidly plan and execute amphibious raids, non-combatant
evacuation operations (NEOs), civil military operations and
airfield/port or other key facility seizures. These may be MEU
missions in and of themselves, in support of other Marine Air
Ground Task Force (MAGTF) or Maritime Preposition Force operations,
or missions which allow for interoperability with other services.
Following the systematic approach to training, MEUEX training is
evaluated and critiqued, with strengths and weaknesses assessed.
The MEU Commander will direct remedial/sustainment training to
ensure required capabilities are achieved and maintained.
b. Maintenance Stand Down. A Maintenance Stand Down is
scheduled during this phase to prepare for upcoming training
deployments. The Maintenance Stand Down will include all units of
c. Gas and Oil Platform (GOPLAT) and Maritime Interdiction
Operations (MIO). The MEU trains for the seizure and/or
destruction of GOPLAT's. It also trains for MIO's in support of
Vessel Boarding, Search and Seizure operations. These MIO's may
be cooperative, uncooperative, or hostile "contacts of interest."
They will involve the MSPF and may include the NavSpecWar Det.
d. TRUE. The MEU CE, MSPF, Aviation Combat Element (ACE), and
designated elements of the Ground Combat Element (GCE) and Combat
Service Support Element (CSSE) continue to hone MEU special
operations capabilities through a series of STX's emphasizing the
MEU's capabilities in an urban environment. The remainder of the
GCE and CSSE continue remedial and sustainment training.
e. At-Sea Period. The MEU operates from aboard amphibious
ships to reinforce previously conducted training, and to develop
and integrate Navy and Marine SOP's.
f. Marine/Naval Fleet Training. Battle Group In-port Training
(BGIT), Amphibious Ready Group Commander's Team Training/Battle
Group Commanders's Team Training (ARGCTT/BGCTT). These training
evolutions provide a classroom/computer wargaming environment to
exercise the Battle Group and Composite Warfare Commander's
operations and contingency plans. These evolutions also serve as
an opportunity for all echelons of command to be exposed to the
Commander's philosophies of warfighting and to interact in planning
exercises. The ARGCTT/BGCTT lay a foundation for the BGIT. A BGIT
normally consists of four two-hour war games. Each is preceded by
a planning session in support of that particular war game.
5. Intermediate Training Phase Evaluations. Training and
evaluations will continue as described in the Initial Phase, but
will include informal evaluations of the CE as a subset of TRUE,
MEUEX, and BGIT events. The following are recommended areas of
evaluation and critique during this phase:
a. Boat raid.
b. Helicopter raid (long range).
c. Mechanized raid.
f. In-extremis Hostage Recovery (IHR).
g. Tactical Recovery of Aircraft and/or Personnel (TRAP).
i. Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT).
j. Airfield/Port/other key facilities seizure.
k. Clandestine reconnaissance and surveillance.
6. Final Training Phase. The primary aspects of this period are
the SOCEX and predeployment embarkation preparation. A MARFOR/MEF
team of evaluators will conduct a formal evaluation of the MEU's
interoperability with the PHIBRON/CVBG staffs and individual ships
during integrated (Navy-Marine Corps) exercises. This formal
evaluation will occur during the SOCEX and will incorporate the
Mission Performance Standards established in reference MCO 3501.10.
The SOCEX is routinely conducted together with the Navy focused
FLEET Exercise (FLEETEX) and Supporting Arms Coordination Exercise
(SACEX). The SOCEX will consist of sufficient events, as
prescribed by the Marine Forces (MARFOR) Commander or designated
executive agent, to represent the entire spectrum of conventional
and selected maritime special operations capabilities of the MEU
contained in MCO 3120.9.
GROUND COMBAT ELEMENT (GCE) TRAINING GUIDANCE
1. Prerequisite Focus
a. The GCE represents a large part of the Marine Expeditionary
Unit's (MEU) combat capability. For the GCE to be prepared to chop
to the MEU, the infantry battalion and attachments must have a well
developed pre-chop training plan. This plan must maximize all of
the GCE's resources while preparing for the deployment. Enclosure
(8) of this Order provides a notional school list to help guide
b. In the year before the chop date, the battalion and as many
projected GCE attachments as possible should participate in a
Combined Arms Exercise. They may also participate in training at
the Marine Corps Mountain Warfare Training Center or Jungle Warfare
Training Center. This will allow concentrated individual and small
unit training while bonding the GCE.
c. Pre-Chop (E-180) Evaluations. The parent units of the
battalion and its attachments will conduct an evaluation using
MCCRES standards to serve as an analytical tool for designing an
appropriate training program.
d. Appropriate MCCRES standards will be used at this time to
provide a training situation analysis for those GCE element leaders
designing training programs. This training must focus on the MOS
skills required for all Marines at each grade. On the chop date,
each GCE element should be ready to execute platoon and company
level training. It is recognized that the GCE will have to
continue to return to individual and small unit training throughout
the predeployment period to conduct remedial and sustainment
training. However, the majority of this training should be
accomplished prior to the chop date.
2. Initial Training Phase Key Events/Focus. Training for the GCE
during this phase will focus on enhanced individual, unit
collective, and staff skills. The training is designed to bring
the GCE to an advanced level of tactical skill necessary to prepare
for the Intermediate Training Phase.
a. The GCE will participate in the key events contained in
enclosure (1), paragraph 2 of this Order.
b. The GCE will complete squad, platoon, company and battalion
level training. Training will focus on those measures necessary to
ensure the highest combat skills among all Marines. Additionally,
the GCE will integrate training with its attachments.
c. The Boat Company will ensure adequate numbers of personnel
complete Scout Swimmer, Small Boat Coxswain Skills, Long Range
(OTH) Maritime Navigation, Outboard Motor Course (1, 2, and 3),
Assault Climber, and Amphibious Raid courses early in this period.
This will facilitate the use of small boats for raid training
throughout the MEU Predeployment Training Program (PTP).
d. Each rifle company will complete the Company Raid Course.
This course builds upon conventional infantry skills and raises the
company's raiding capability to a higher level of proficiency.
e. The Helicopter Assault Company, other GCE units and
individuals involved in frequent over water flights will
participate in helicopter egress training.
f. Near the end of the Initial Training Phase, the GCE will
conduct its Raid Week. During this week, the GCE will exercise as
many of its MEU(SOC) operational missions as possible, to include
support of non-combatant evacuations operations (NEO's). This
exercise will ensure the GCE is ready to further integrate with the
MEU during the Intermediate Training Phase.
3. Initial Training Phase Evaluations. The following are
recommended areas of evaluation during this phase.
a. Scout Swimmer Training. The GCE will have sufficient scout
swimmers to ensure successful boat raid operations.
b. Helicopter Rope Suspension Training (HRST). The GCE will
possess sufficient HRST Masters. The primary focus will be to
ensure that the Heliborne Company and the Maritime Special Purpose
Force (MSPF) possess both fast rope and rappel insert skills.
c. Climbing Skills. The GCE will possess sufficient school
trained assault climbers and designated lead climbers, enabling
successful boat raid operations.
d. Company Raid Operations. The GCE should ensure that all
rifle companies and the Weapons Company complete the Amphibious
Raid Course. This course focuses upon particular requirements
unique to boat, helicopter and mechanized raid operations.
e. Fire Support Coordination. The GCE should have the
capability to conduct all aspects of fire support coordination.
f. Helicopter Egress Training. Assigned personnel involved in
frequent over-water flights must complete helicopter egress
4. Intermediate Training Phase Key Events/Focus. The GCE's goal
during the intermediate training phase is to complete the
integration of all attachments with the infantry battalion. This
will better enable the GCE to conduct operations and enhance their
interoperability with other the Major Subordinate Elements (MSE).
Remedial/sustainment training will be conducted to correct
5. Intermediate Training Phase Evaluations. The following are
recommended areas of evaluation during this phase:
a. Command and Control.
b. Rapid Response Planning Process.
c. Amphibious Raids.
d. Reinforcement Operations.
e. Security Operations.
f. Airfield/Ports/Other Key Facilities Seizure.
g. Tactical Recovery of Aircraft and/or Personnel.
h. Direct Action Support.
i. Reconnaissance and Surveillance Operations.
j. Specialized Demolitions.
k. MOUT Training.
6. Final Training Phase. During this phase the GCE participates
in the SOCEX and prepares for embarkation. The GCE must
demonstrate the capability to successfully execute all MEU(SOC)
assigned missions, capabilities and skills contained in MCO 3120.9.
AVIATION COMBAT ELEMENT (ACE) TRAINING GUIDANCE
1. Prerequisite Focus. There are many prerequisite aviation
training requirements that must be fulfilled before MEU training
in a shipboard or limited visibility environment can take place.
The ACE Commander must adhere to established guidelines set forth
in the following publications: NATOPS Manual for each Type/Model/
Series (T/M/S), OPNAV 3710, Training and Readiness (T&R) Manuals,
LHA/LHD NATOPS, NWP 42, and the VSTOL LSO Manual. The ACE
prerequisites are based upon the standards set forth in the T & R
syllabus for each T/M/S. Each T/M/S aviation unit/detachment
should conduct a MCCRES driven evaluation prior to E-180 as a means
to establish a training baseline evaluation. These standards are
part of an ongoing process irrespective of the Marine Expeditionary
Unit (Special Operations Capable) Predeployment Training Program
(MEU(SOC) PTP), program. Each T/M/S aviation unit or detachment
must come to the MEU at E-180 having achieved the highest degree of
individual/aircrew training possible. Units reporting to the MEU
at a high level of readiness will significantly enhance the MEU
Commander's ability to maintain aggregate readiness. This will
also help preserve sufficient ACE-specific training opportunities
to maintain individual aircrew proficiency and currency.
a. Basic Training. With training time during the workup
period at an absolute premium, it is essential that the ACE
composite/join the MEU at E-180 with as few remaining marksmanship,
PFT, NBC and fire fighting school training requirements as
possible. It is imperative that units providing detachments to the
ACE plan ahead and ensure that personnel assigned to the composite
squadron complete all basic/annual training requirements in advance.
b. Instructors. At a minimum, each T/M/S unit or detachment
will be manned with at least one instructor fully qualified to
instruct all T & R syllabus events. Additionally, at least one
Weapons and Tactics Instructor (WTI) shall be assigned for each
T/M/S. The requirement for a WTI cannot be overemphasized, since
a squadron WTI represents much more than a T&R syllabus instructor.
The WTI is that community's expert for the tactical employment of
his respective T/M/S aircraft as a weapons system. As such, the
WTI is a critical participant in all Marine Expeditionary Unit
Special Operations Capable MEU(SOC) tactical mission planning
evolutions. Additionally, the ACE will have instructors qualified
in aerial refueling (CH-53E), aerial gunnery and night systems.
c. Aircrew Training. At E-180, the ACE should have
sufficiently qualified air crews and personnel to conduct the
(1) CH-46E. Six plane day and Night Vision Goggle High
Light Level/Low Light Level (NVG (HLL/LLL)) land based troop lift.
(2) CH-53E. Two plane day and NVG (HLL/LLL) land based
(3) UH-1N. Two plane day and NVG (HLL/LLL) land based
(4) AH-1W. Two plane day and NVG (HLL/LLL) land based
armed escort operations.
(5) AV-8B. Two plane day and night land based CAS, escort
and Anti-Air Warfare Operations. When night system aircraft are
embarked, assigned aircrews should be capable of NVG (HLL)
(6) KC-130. Single plane (minimum) day/night aerial
refueling (AR) and rapid ground refueling (RGR) operations.
Detachment should have one crew trained to perform AR and RGR on
NVG's (HLL). Since this KC-130 crew is not organic to the MEU, the
MEU Commander and the ACE Commander will coordinate this aspect of
prerequisite predeployment training through the MEF G-3.
2. Initial Training Phase Key Events/Focus. Training of the ACE
during the Initial Training Phase will focus on continued develop-
ment of individual aircrews (T&R directed), collective (Section -
Division - Flight Tactics) skills, and staff planning skills
required to participate in MEU integrated training. The following
baseline major events should occur:
a. Helicopter Rope Suspension Training (HRST) Support to MEU.
This training provides the ACE an opportunity to conduct helicopter
insertion and extraction syllabus training while supporting
concurrent Ground Combat Element (GCE) training.
b. Amphibious Ready Group (ARG)/MEU(SOC) Staff Planning
Course. This course provides training for the ACE's staff and
selected tactical mission planners in the Rapid Response Planning
c. Amphibious Indoctrination Period at Sea. During this
period the ACE helicopter and AV-8B aircrews are afforded the
opportunity to conduct basic day/night deck landing qualifications
(DLQ) training. The NVG DLQ training may be an option depending
on the level of training of both the ACE aircrew and ships' deck
crew at that time. The ACE and the various ships' Air Departments
should conduct requisite interface before this period. It should
be noted that this at-sea period is not necessarily an embarked
event, although some aircraft may be embarked for a short period of
time to provide Air Department deck handling and safety-related
training. Accomplishment of DLQ's and NVG qualifications are
imperative during this period, and will contribute to GCE/ACE
operations during the MEU's first at-sea period when all MSE's
d. ACE Deployment. This period allows the ACE the option of
deploying from its home base to a site that may present unique
training opportunities not otherwise available. Such training
might include a deployment to Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics
Squadron One or other appropriate training sites.
e. Company Raid Course and Battalion Raid Week. These
evolutions provide the ACE with a superb opportunity for inter-
operability training with the GCE. Training should focus on
tactical mission planning and the exercise and refinement of
Standing Operation Procedures. Maximum use of tactical scenarios
during these periods should be a goal. These periods should be
utilized to begin integrating both helicopter and fixed wing close
air support, as well as forward arming and refueling point (FARP)
and/or rapid ground refueling (RGR) capabilities into the scenarios.
f. Fire Support Coordination Exercise. This exercise allows
the ACE to focus its helicopter and fixed wing close air support
assets on integrated fire support training. Consideration should
be given to the exercise of resident Forward Air Controller
(Airborne) capability. Participation of the Marine Air Control
Group (MACG) detachment and the Air Support Element (ASE) for the
exercise of the ACE's aviation command and control assets may also
g. Medical Department. The Flight Surgeon will ensure there
is a valid training plan for the assigned corpsman as well as
mishap investigation training for the Medical Department.
h. Aviation Support and Command and Control Training. The
following types of aviation training should take place during this
(1) Air Control Group Detachment Training.
(2) MACG Training.
(3) Marine Air Traffic Control Mobile Team Training.
(4) ASE Training.
(5) Low Altitude Air Defense Training.
3. Initial Training Phase Evaluation. The results of the
internally conducted informal evaluations are used to refine
training goals during the Intermediate Training Phase. The focus
of these evaluations should be to assess individual and air crew
capabilities. This will assist the ACE in the development of
capabilities required to integrate with the other elements of the
MEU (e.g., HRST, Amphibious Raids, Fire Support Control, and
Initial Terminal Guidance).
4. Intermediate Training Phase Key Events/Focus. The ACE's goal
during this phase is to integrate all elements of the ACE with all
other elements of the MEU in order to accomplish directed training
and achieve required operational capabilities. The training
continues to emphasize skills required for special operations
capabilities (e.g., NVG operations, day and night DLQ's, FARP,
Tactical Recovery of Aircraft and/or Personnel (TRAP), and
5. Intermediate Training Phase Evaluation. During this phase,
the ACE will be informally and formally evaluated during the MEU
Exercise (MEUEX), Supporting Arms Coordination Exercise (SACEX),
and Training in an Urban Environment (TRUE) stages of training
(e.g., Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO), Gas and Oil
Platform (GOPLAT), FARP(night), NEO, Military Operations in and
Urban Environment (MOUT), and Direct Action).
6. Final Training Phase. The evaluation of the ACE during this
phase will culminate in the SOCEX Evaluation. The ACE must
demonstrate the capability to successfully conduct aviation
operations in support of all MEU(SOC) assigned missions,
capabilities, and skills contained in MCO 3120.9.
COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT ELEMENT (CSSE) TRAINING GUIDANCE
1. Prerequisite Focus
a. The CSSE must possess the requisite personnel, capabilities
and equipment to provide all six functional areas of Combat Service
Support (CSS) to the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU).
b. Before E-180, the CSSE should be evaluated using MCCRES
mission performance standards regarding the following capabilities:
(1) Organize and equip Helicopter Support Teams (HST)
capable of providing helicopter external lift support functions
and throughput capability in a Landing Zone Support Area.
(2) Organize and equip Shore Party Teams capable of
operating and providing throughput in a Beach Support Area.
(3) Provide 3rd and 4th echelon maintenance for MEU(SOC)
unique equipment, such as Combat Rubber Reconnaissance Craft and
Fast Attack Vehicles.
(4) Organize and equip a team capable of coordinating
logistics and engineering operations in humanitarian and civic
(5) Organize and equip a team to handle graves registration,
search and recovery, identification, evacuation, temporary burial,
and record maintenance of deceased Marines.
(6) Properly handle hazardous materials and hazardous waste
in support of MEU operations. Environmental concerns warrant the
MEF strongly consider assigning a Marine with at least a secondary
MOS in this area.
(7) Organize and coordinate the functions of an Evacuation
Control Center (ECC) during non-combatant evacuation operations
(8) Organize and equip teams to process and treat
casualties during mass casualty situations.
c. The CSSE will coordinate the MEU's Field Supply Maintenance
Analysis Office visits.
2. Initial Training Phase Key Events/Focus. Training of the CSSE
during the Initial Training Phase will focus on mastery of mission
essential skills and will be reinforced by:
a. Sustainment training in mission essential tasks throughout
the Initial Training Phase.
b. Cross training of Marines/Sailors to do other jobs within
c. Staff training which focuses on staff functioning, mission
analysis, the staff estimate process and course of action
d. Rear Area Operations (i.e., security procedures training).
e. NEO ECC procedures to include the functions of the
Headquarters Section, the Processing Unit, the Medical Unit, the
Screening Unit, the Transportation unit, and the Security Unit.
f. The following are recommended training events during this
(1) Amphibious Ready Group (ARG)/MEU(SOC) Staff Planning
(2) Block Combat Training.
(3) Logistical Assault Amphibious Training.
(4) CSSE Field Exercises.
(5) CSS Operations Center (CSSOC) Training.
3. Initial Training Phase Evaluations. The following are
recommended areas of evaluation during this phase.
a. Rapid Response Planning Process (R2P2).
b. Equipment operator training and qualifications.
c. Procedures for requesting CSS, to include CSSOC.
d. Equipment and supply readiness.
e. Operational support during MEU exercises.
4. Intermediate Training Phase Key Events/Focus. The CSSE's goal
during the intermediate training phase is to integrate all elements
of the CSSE in order to accomplish mission directed training and
interoperability with other Major Subordinate Elements (MSE's) and
the Amphibious Squadron (PHIBRON). Training will focus on the
establishment of logistic support ashore, humanitarian and NEO
operations, and mass casualty evacuations. Remedial/sustainment
training will be conducted to improve deficiencies.
5. Intermediate Phase Informal Evaluations. The following are
recommended evaluations during this phase:
a. Motor transport readiness and convoy operations.
b. CSSOC functioning.
c. Intermediate Maintenance Activity capabilities.
d. Shore Party team organization and throughput capabilities.
e. Supply operations to include Class IX deployment block
capability to support equipment organic to the MEU.
f. General engineering and utilities support capabilities.
g. Postal, Disbursing, and Automated Information Systems
capabilities to support the MEU.
h. Medical and dental readiness, organization and capability
to support potential MEU humanitarian assistance and mass casualty
i. Helicopter Support Team operations in conjunction with the
j. Rear Area Security and Rear Area Operations Center
k. NEO requirements such as ECC and security operations.
l. Hazardous material and hazardous waste handling and
m. Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) procedures.
6. Final Training Phase. During this phase the CSSE participates
in the SOCEX and prepares for embarkation. The CSSE must
demonstrate the capability to provide combat service support needed
by the MEU in its successful execution of all MEU(SOC) assigned
missions. This evaluation will determine the CSSE's ability to
provide flexible, responsive, and effective CSS. The CSSE must
demonstrate the capabilities required to support the successful
execution of MEU(SOC) assigned missions, capabilities and skills
contained in MCO 3120.9.
MARITIME SPECIAL PURPOSE FORCE (MSPF) TRAINING GUIDANCE
1. Prerequisite Focus. Due to the unique composition of the MSPF,
the prerequisite focus information contained within enclosures (1
through 4) of this Order apply. Unit commanders must ensure that
MSPF personnel possess these prerequisite capabilities. This will
enhance the MSPF's ability to immediately commence an aggressive
and dynamic training program upon joining the Marine Expeditionary
2. Initial Training Phase Key Events/Focus. During the Initial
Training Phase, the MSPF receives instruction in the special skills
necessary to conduct the special operations missions associated
with the MEU Special Operation Capable (SOC) program. Training and
evaluation during this phase will focus on individual and small
unit skills. Instruction provided and/or coordinated by the
Special Operations Training Group (SOTG) includes:
a. Specialized Demolitions. A period of instruction that
provides selected elements of the MEU with the capability to
conduct the precision destruction of targets.
b. Breachers Course. A period of instruction designed for the
Assault Element of the MSPF. Provides the ability to conduct
explosive and non-explosive entry into a designated target. This
training should include participation by Explosive Ordnance
c. Urban Sniper-Designated Marksman Course. This course
provides training for qualified 8541 Scout Snipers, designated
marksmen, and supervisory personnel responsible for the planning
and employment of urban snipers within the MEU's MSPF. Course
material will include: sniper initiated assault, surgical
shooting, live night fire engagement, urban movement, counter
sniper operations, rapid/multiple threat engagement, Maritime
Interdiction Operations (MIO), and covering force operations. Only
snipers that have successfully completed this course are eligible
to participate in live fire Situational Training Exercises during
Training in an Urban Environment (TRUE) and Special Operation
Capable Exercise (SOCEX).
d. Urban Reconnaissance and Surveillance Course. A course
designed to train personnel from the Division Reconnaissance
Detachments, the GCE's Surveillance and Target Acquisition Platoon,
Radio Battalion Detachment and the Intelligence Company Detachments
in the conduct of Urban Reconnaissance and Surveillance (R&S). The
course will cover at a minimum, an introduction into R&S,
intelligence considerations, R&S planning, urban route planning and
movements, introduction to direct action operations, Surveillance
and Reconnaissance Center operations, Escape and Evasion techniques,
surveillance/counter surveillance techniques and equipment, and
urban communication procedures. The training will focus on
reconnaissance in support of special operations and conventional
missions with specific emphasis on urban operations. This course
provides an outstanding opportunity to integrate with the
Amphibious Squadron's (PHIBRON) Naval Special Warfare Detachment
e. Security Element Training. This course is designed for a
platoon sized force. It develops the skills necessary for the
force to function in support of the MSPF Assault Element. The
training of this platoon will include limited Close Quarter Battle
(CQB) skills, internal security procedures, hostage handling
procedures, and those other capabilities required to support the
f. CQB Training. This course is for the Assault Element of
the MEU's MSPF with a focus on advanced marksmanship skills and
3. Initial Training Phase Evaluations. The following are
recommended areas of evaluation during this phase.
a. Specialized demolition.
b. Urban sniping.
c. Assault breaching.
4. Intermediate Training Phase Key Events/Focus. The MSPF's goal
during this training phase is to integrate all elements of the MSPF
in order to conduct operations with the MSE's and the PHIBRON.
Training will focus on special operations skills and capabilities,
(e.g., sniper proficiency, CQB, specialized demolitions,
clandestine reconnaissance and surveillance, MIO, Gas and Oil
Platform (GOPLAT), clandestine recovery, direct action and In-
Extremis Hostage recovery (IHR) in an urban environment). Remedial
and sustainment training will be conducted as required to improve
a. MSPF Interoperability Training. The purpose of this
training is to integrate the Command and Control, Reconnaissance
and Surveillance, Assault, Security, and Aviation Assault elements.
This can be conducted off-site or locally. This training is a
logical prerequisite for TRUE and may provide an opportunity to
conduct basic level training with the PHIBRON NavSpecWar Det.
b. TRUE. TRUE provides the MEU an invaluable opportunity for
training in unfamiliar urban environments. Participants are
comprised of the CE and elements of the GCE, ACE, CSSE, along with
the MSPF. TRUE provides an opportunity to integrate unique MSPF
capabilities in conjunction with the MEU's increased proficiency in
the R2P2. This event presents realistic opportunities for
reconnaissance and surveillance (R&S) in an urban environment, and
interaction with the external agencies that may assist in
conducting clandestine R&S operations.
c. GOPLAT & MIO Training. GOPLAT and MIO training provide an
opportunity for the MSPF to apply its special skills on unique
target platforms. This training can be accomplished unilaterally
or in conjunction with the PHIBRON's NavSpecWar Det. SOTG
coordination with civilian GOPLAT operators and merchant shipping
agencies is required.
5. Intermediate Training Phase Evaluation. The following are
recommended evaluations during this phase:
b. Intelligence Collection.
c. Clandestine R&S.
d. Amphibious Raids.
e. Initial Terminal Guidance.
g. Direct Action Mission.
i. GOPLAT and MIO.
6. Final Training Phase Evaluation. The MSPF will continue to
focus on remedial/sustainment training as required to improve
deficiencies. During the SOCEX, the MSPF must demonstrate the
capability to concurrently support/execute MEU(SOC) assigned
missions, capabilities and skills contained in MCO 3120.9.
%G 35023_01.PCX;MEU(SOC) BASELINE 26-WEEK TRAINING PLAN
%G 35023_02.PCX;MEU(SOC) BASELINE 2-WEEK TRAINING PLAN - CONTINUED.
%G 35023_03.PCX;MEU(SOC) SPECIAL SKILLS TRAINING RESPONSIBILITY MATRIX
training. However, such training will be conducted in accordance
with the POI generated by the Lead Agency and by instructors who
have completed the appropriate instructors course.
PREREQUISITE SCHOOLS LIST
1. The purpose of this enclosure is a provide guidance to
commanders in the development of a required and/or enhanced
schools plan that unit individuals should be sent for
instruction. The intent of the schools plan is to train those
individuals, that will remain for the deployment, for key billets
or as instructions for use prior to or during the PTP. Quotas
are purely suggestions. Courses are as follows:
COURSE LOCATION LENGTH QUOTA
CMS N 1 week 02
Team Embark Officer L 4 weeks 01
Psychological Operations A 2 weeks 01
Legal Officer N 5 weeks 01
Scout/Sniper D 9 weeks 04
Scout/Sniper Instructor MC 8 weeks 02
Ground Operations Officer/Assistant L 2 weeks 02
Infantry Mortar Platoon Officer A 6 weeks 01
Primary Marksmanship Instructor P 3 weeks As Req
Marksmanship D 3 weeks 20/Co
Mountain Leaders (Summer) MC 4 weeks 08
Security Supervisor N 1 week 01
Dynamics International Terror A 2 weeks 02
Squad Leader P 9 weeks As Req
Platoon Sergeant P 11 weeks As Req
Motor Transport Ops NCO MC 4 weeks 02
Motor Transport SNCO MC 9 weeks 01
Small Arms Weapons Instructor MC 7 weeks 01
SERE P 1 week 30
MDSS II/CAEMs P 2 weeks 02
Advance Load Plan Air Movement L 1 week 01
HAZMAT Officer P 3 days 01
HAZMAT Handler P 4 days 08
Communication Radio Telegraph MC 9 weeks 06
Generator Operator P 1 week 04
Outboard Motor Maintenance L 1 week 03
Zodiac Fabric Repair MC 3 week 02
Boston Whaler Fiberglass Repair MC 1 week 02
Comprehensive Service Support MC 1 week 03
Outboard Motors L 1 week 04
System Service Support MC 1 week 03
Basic Embark L 3 weeks 06
Company Radio Operator D 2 weeks 06
Combat Motorcycle D 3 weeks 04
Vehicle Waterproof L 3 days 10
FSCC L 2 weeks 04
Mortar D 4 weeks 81 Plt
Machinegun D 3 weeks HMG Plt
Dragon D 3 weeks Drg Sects
TOW D 3 weeks TOW Sects
Advance Service Support MC 1 week 03
Basic Computer Course (LOTUS) P 1 week 05
COURSE LOCATION LENGTH QUOTA
HMMWV P 2 weeks 50
Ammo Driver P 2 days 10
MMO P 1 week 01
Forklift Operator P 3 day 04
FAV Operator P 1 day 08
Ambulance Operator P 1 day 02
Chaser P 1 day As Req
Adjutant Course MC 4 weeks 01
Military Legal Senior Officer N 7 weeks 01
SACO Officer P 1 week 01
SACO NCO P 1 week 02
Corporals Course P 2 weeks As Req
Sergeants Course MC 5 weeks As Req
SNCO Academy (Career) MC 7 weeks As Req
SNCO Academy (Advanced) MC 9 weeks As Req
MILES P 1 day As Req
Airborne A 3 weeks 08
Ranger A 11 weeks 10
Driver Improvement P 1 day As Req
SORTS Officer/NCO P 2 weeks 02
MOUT Instructor D 2 weeks 4/Co
MAC Instructor D 1 week 2/Co
HRST D 2 weeks 23
Advance Medical Combat Skills P 3 weeks Corpsman
WTI MC 7 weeks 01
Marine Combat Instructor Water L 3 weeks 2/Co
Platoon Sergeant P 11 weeks As Req
SERE P 1 week 10
Air Movement Plan L 3 weeks 02
Battalion Staff Planning L 1 week 20
NBC Monitor, Survey, Decon P 1 week 02
NBC/COC P 1 week 01
Laser Operations D 2 days 20
Laser Safety D 2 days As Req
Laser RSO D 2 days 02
Combat Trauma Management A 3 weeks 15
HST P 2 day 16
Long Range Scout Unit A 4 weeks 20
Path Finder A 4 weeks 16
Helo Egress Training N 1 day Bn Reps,
WWMCCS Course AS APPROPRIATE
Digital Communication Course AS APPROPRIATE
Digital Communication Terminal Course AS APPROPRIATE
MC MARINE CORPS SCHOOL OFF BASE
P CAMP PENDLETON/CAMP LEJEUNE
D DIVISION SCHOOL
N or A Other Service Schools-Organizations
SHORT TITLE OF ASSOCIATED MCO'S, JOINT PUBS' AND
MARINE CORPS REFERENCES
(a) MCO 3120.9 MARINE POLICY FOR MEU(SOC)
(b) MCO 3502.2 MARINE CORPS SPECIAL SKILLS CERTIFICATION
(c) MCO 1510.34A INDIVIDUAL TRAINING STANDARDS SYSTEM
(d) MCO 1510.87, Vol I ITS SPEC SKILLS MAGTF (SOC)
(e) MCO 1510.88, Vol III ITS SPECIAL SKILLS AIR/SEA INS
(f) MCO 1510.101, Vol II ITS SPEC SKILLS MAGTF (SOC)
(g) MCO 1553.1B MARINE CORPS TRAINING AND EDUCATION
(h) MCO 1553.2 MANAGEMENT FOR MARINE CORPS FORMAL
SCHOOLS & TRAINING
(i) MCO 1553.3 MARINE CORPS UNIT TRAINING MANAGEMENT
(j) MCO 1553.4 PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION
(k) MCO 1553.5 MARINE CORPS TRAINING & EDUCATION
(l) MCO 3500.14 TRAINING AND READINESS MANUAL VOL 1
(m) MCO 3500.15B TRAINING AND READINESS MANUAL VOL 2
(n) MCO 3500.16A TRAINING AND READINESS MANUAL VOL 3
(o) MCO 3501.1C Vol 1 MARINE CORPS COMBAT READINESS SYSTEM
(p) MCO 3501.3B, Vol 2 MCCRES INFANTRY
(q) MCO 3501.4A, Vol 3 MCCRES ROTOR WING
(r) MCO 3501.5A, Vol 4 MCCRES FIXED WING
(s) MCO 3501.6B, Vol 5 MCCRES ARTILLERY UNITS
(t) MCO 3501.7A, Vol 6 MCCRES COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT UNITS
(u) MCO 3501.8B, Vol 7 MCCRES MAGTF ELEMENTS
(v) MCO 3501.10A Vol 9 MCCRES MEU(SOC) UNITS
(w) MCO 3501.11, Vol 10 MCCRES TANK UNITS
(x) MCO 3501.12, Vol 11 MCCRES COMBAT SUPPORT UNITS
(y) MCO 5000.17A MARCOR LESSONS LEARNED SYSTEM
(z) FMFM 7-32 RAIDS OPERATIONS
(aa) FMFM 7-34 MAGTF CIVIL AFFAIRS
(a) JOINT PUB 3-0 DOCTRINE FOR JOINT OPERATIONS
(b) JOINT PUB 3-2 DOCTRINE FOR AMPHIBIOUS OPS
(c) JOINT PUB 3-05 DOCTRINE FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS
(d) JOINT PUB 3-05.3 SPECIAL OPERATIONS OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES
(e) JOINT PUB 3-05.5 SPECIAL OPERATIONS TARGETING AND MISSION
(f) JOINT PUB 3-07 DOCTRINE FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS OTHER
THAN WAR (OOTW) (DRAFT)
(g) JOINT PUB 3-07.1 JOINT TACTICS, TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES
(JTTP) FOR FOREIGN INTERNAL DEFENSE
(h) JOINT PUB 3-07.3 JTTP FOR PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS
(i) JOINT PUB 3-53 DOCTRINE FOR JOINT PSYCHOLOGICAL
(j) JOINT PUB 3-57 DOCTRINE FOR JOINT CA (DRAFT)
(k) JOINT PUB 4-01.1 JTTP FOR AIRLIFT SUPPORT TO JOINT
(l) JOINT PUB 5-00.2 JOINT TASK FORCE PLANNING GUIDANCE AND
(m) JOINT PUB 5-03.1 JOINT OPERATIONS PLANNING AND EXECUTION
(n) JOINT ELECTRONIC LIBRARY CD-ROM
(o) JOINT TASK FORCE COMMANDER'S HANDBOOK FOR PEACE OPERATIONS
(a) FM 5-114, ENGINEER OPERATIONS SHORT OF WAR
(b) FM 8-42, MEDICAL OPERATIONS IN A LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT
(c) FM 33-1, PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS
(d) FM 41-10 CIVIL AFFAIRS OPERATIONS
(e) FM 63-6, COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT IN LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT
(f) FM 100-23, PEACE OPERATIONS
(a) DOD DIRECTIVE 5100.46, FOREIGN DISASTER RELIEF
(b) COMMSURFWARDEVGRU TACTICAL MEMO XZOO21-X-93,
EXPEDITIONARY FORCES CONDUCTING HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AND
DISASTER RELIEF MISSIONS (DRAFT)
(c) OFFICE OF FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA), BUREAU FOR
FOOD AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT, GUIDE TO FIELD OPERATIONS FOR DISASTER
RESPONSE, VERSION 2.0
(d) OFDA, DISASTER ASSISTANCE LOGISTIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
(DALIS) PROGRAM AND USERS HANDBOOK
(e) DEPT OF STATE, FOREIGN AFFAIRS HANDBOOK SERIES, 12 FAH-1
EMERGENCY PLANNING HANDBOOK