INDEX


                                 CHAPTER V

                    SECURITY AND RESTRICTED ACCESS AREAS

1.  GENERAL.  See paragraph 2, page V-3, for Property Protection Area
    requirements.  The following requirements apply to Security Areas,
    except Property Protection Areas:

    a.   Access shall be controlled to limit entry to appropriately cleared
         and/or authorized individuals.

         (1)  Any person allowed to enter a Security Area who does not
              possess an access authorization at the appropriate level will
              be escorted at all times by a cleared and knowledgeable
              individual.

         (2)  Local authorities shall establish escort-to-visitor ratios in
              a graded manner for each of these Security Areas.  Escort
              requirements for Property Protection Areas shall be determined
              by local authorization.

    b.   Controls shall be established to detect, assess, deter, and (in
         certain cases) prevent unauthorized access to Security Areas.

    c.   Access control requirements may be layered as appropriate for the
         situation.  At succeeding boundaries, access controls may be
         increased.

    d.   A personnel identification system (e.g. security badge system)
         shall be used to control access into Security Areas.

    e.   Automated access control systems may be used as approved by the
         cognizant local Departmental authority for safeguards and security.

    f.   Means shall be provided to deter and detect unauthorized intrusion
         into Security Areas.  Means include use of intrusion detection
         sensors and alarm systems, random patrols, and/or visual
         observation.  The protection program shall include suitable means
         to assess alarms.  See paragraph 1, page VI-1 for amplified
         requirements.

    g.   Entrance/exit inspections, as required, shall be made by protective
         personnel or with detection equipment designed to detect prohibited
         articles (See subparagraph (2), below).  Inspections of personnel,
         hand-carried items, and/or vehicles shall provide reasonable
         assurance that prohibited articles are not introduced and that
         safeguards and security interests are not removed from the area
         without authorization.

         (1)  Inspections.  Inspection procedures, requirements, and
              frequencies shall be developed based on a graded approach and
              included in the appropriate security plan.  Where random entry
              or exit inspections are permissible, the inspection shall be
              conducted on a percentage basis, determined by the
              Departmental cognizant local authority for safeguards and
              security, using techniques that ensure randomness.

         (2)  Prohibited Articles.  The following articles are prohibited
              from Security Areas, unless approved by the cognizant
              Departmental local authority for safeguards and security:  any
              dangerous weapon, explosive, or other dangerous instrument or
              material likely to produce substantial injury or damage to
              persons or property.  (Reference Title 10 CFR Part 860, and
              Title 41 CFR Part 101-19.3.)  Sites shall, at a minimum,
              employ administrative procedures to deter the introduction of
              explosives into Security Areas.

         (3)  Security Area Controlled Articles.  The following privately
              owned articles are not permitted in a Limited Area, Exclusion
              Area, Protected Area, or Material Access Area without prior
              authorization.

              (a)  Recording equipment (audio, video, optical, or data).

              (b)  Electronic equipment with a data exchange port capable of
                   being connected to automated information system
                   equipment.

              (c)  Cellular telephones.

              (d)  Radio frequency transmitting equipment.

              (e)  Computers and associated media.

              (f)  Controlled Substances (e.g., illegal drugs and associated
                   paraphernalia, but not prescription medicine).

              (g)  Other items prohibited by law.

         (4)  Concentric Security Areas.  When a Security Area, excepting
              Material Access Areas, is within a larger Security Area,
              additional entry/exit inspections are not required at the
              inner Security Area perimeter if inspections conducted at the
              outer Security Area boundary are at the same level as required
              for the inner Security Area boundary.  Entry and exit
              inspections shall be conducted at Material Access Area
              boundaries regardless of outer boundary inspections.

    h.   Clearly defined physical barriers, such as fences, walls, and
         doors, shall be used to define the boundary of a Security Area.
         Barriers shall meet the following requirements, as well as
         supplementary requirements at paragraph 1, page VII-1:

         (1)  Barriers shall direct the flow of personnel and vehicles
              through designated entry control portals.

         (2)  Barriers and entry control portals, supplemented by other
              systems such as patrols or surveillance, shall be used to
              deter and detect introduction of prohibited articles or
              removal of safeguards and security interests.

         (3)  Barriers shall be used to deter and/or prevent penetration by
              motorized vehicles where vehicular access could significantly
              enhance the likelihood of a successful malevolent act.

         (4)  Barriers shall be capable of controlling, impeding, or denying
              access to a Security Area.

    i.   Signs reflecting information on: the Atomic Weapons and Special
         Nuclear Rewards Act; prohibited articles; the inspection of
         vehicles, packages, or persons either entering or exiting;
         notification of video surveillance equipment; and trespassing, if
         applicable, shall be posted.  Signs prohibiting trespassing shall
         be posted around the perimeter and at each entrance to a Security
         Area except when one Security Area is located within a larger
         posted Security Area.  See Chapter XIII for further details.

    j.   Visitor logs are required at Protected Areas, Material Access
         Areas, and Exclusion Areas.  Requirements for other Security Areas,
         if any, and procedures for visitor logs at Security Areas shall be
         developed and approved by the cognizant local Departmental
         authority for safeguards and security.  DOE F 1240.1, "Foreign
         Visitors Security Register," and DOE F 5630.6, "Visitors Security
         Register," shall be  used.  Logs shall be retained in accordance
         with DOE 1324.2A, RECORDS DISPOSITION and General Records Schedule
         18.

2.  PROPERTY PROTECTION AREA.  A Property Protection Area is a Security Area
    established for the protection of Departmental property.  A Property
    Protection Area may be established to protect against damage,
    destruction, or theft of Government-owned property.  Measures taken
    shall be adequate to give reasonable assurance of protection and may
    include physical barriers, access control systems, protective personnel,
    intrusion detection systems, and locks and keys.  Protective measures
    taken shall provide appropriate, graded protection.

    a.   Access controls, where determined to be necessary by local
         authority, shall be implemented to protect Departmental property
         and facilities.

    b.   Signs prohibiting trespassing, where necessary, shall be posted
         around the perimeter and at each entrance to the Property
         Protection Area in accordance with Title 10 CFR Part 860,
         "Trespassing on Administration Property" and Title 41 CFR Part
         101-19.3, "Federal Property Management Regulation."  See Chapter
         XIII.

    c.   Vehicles and hand-carried items entering or leaving shall be
         subject to inspection to deter and detect unauthorized removal of
         Government assets.

    d.   Physical barriers, where determined to be necessary by local
         authority, shall be used to protect property and facilities.

3.  LIMITED AREA.  A Limited Area is a Security Area defined by physical
    barriers, used for the protection of classified matter and/or Category
    III quantities of special nuclear material, where protective personnel
    or other internal controls can prevent access by unauthorized persons to
    classified matter or special nuclear material.

    a.   Requirements.  A Limited Area shall have barriers identifying its
         boundaries and encompassing the designated space, as well as access
         controls to provide reasonable assurance that only authorized
         personnel are allowed to enter and exit the area.  Limited Area
         access requirements shall be administered as follows:

         (1)  Individuals permitted unescorted access shall have access
              authorization and need-to-know consistent with the matter
              under protection in the area.

         (2)  When access to a Limited Area is authorized for a person
              without appropriate access authorization or need-to-know,
              measures shall be taken to prevent compromise of classified
              matter.

         (3)  Access to safeguards and security interests within a Limited
              Area, when not in approved storage, shall be controlled by the
              custodian(s) or authorized user(s).

    b.   Personnel and Vehicle Access Control.  Validation of the identity
         and access authorization of persons allowed access shall be
         administered by protective personnel (e.g., protective force or
         other appropriately authorized personnel) and/or automated systems
         and shall be accomplished at the Limited Area entrance(s).

4.  EXCLUSION AREA.  An Exclusion Area is a Security Area defined by
    physical barriers and subject to access control, where mere presence in
    the area would result in access to classified matter.

    a.   Requirements.  An Exclusion Area shall have barriers identifying
         its boundaries and encompassing the designated space, as well as
         access controls to provide reasonable assurance that only
         authorized personnel are allowed to enter and exit the area.
         Exclusion Area requirements shall be administered as follows:

         (1)  An Exclusion Area shall meet all requirements for a Limited
              Area.

         (2)  Access requirements are as follows:

              (a)  Individuals allowed unescorted access shall have an
                   access authorization and need-to-know consistent with the
                   matter to which they would have access by mere virtue of
                   their presence in the area.

              (b)  When access to an Exclusion Area is authorized for a
                   person without appropriate access authorization and
                   need-to-know, measures shall be taken to prevent
                   compromise of classified matter while the individual is
                   in the area.

    b.   Personnel and Vehicle Access Control.  Validation of the identity
         and access authorization of persons allowed access shall be
         accomplished at the Exclusion Area entrance(s) and shall be
         administered by protective personnel and/or automated systems.

         (1)  Private vehicles shall be prohibited from an Exclusion Area.

         (2)  Government-owned or Government-leased vehicles, and service or
              delivery vehicles shall be admitted only when on official
              business and when operated by properly cleared and authorized
              drivers, or those under escort by properly cleared, authorized
              personnel.

5.  PROTECTED AREA.  A Protected Area is a Security Area encompassed by
    physical barriers, surrounded by intrusion detection and assessment
    systems, and having access controls for the protection of Category II
    quantities of special nuclear material and/or to provide a concentric
    security zone surrounding a Material Access Area or Vital Area.
    Additional requirements are as follows:

    a.   Inspections.  Inspections for a Protected Area shall be as follows:

         (1)  Entrance inspections of personnel, vehicles, and hand-carried
              items shall be conducted to deter and detect the unauthorized
              introduction of prohibited articles.  Specific inspection
              procedures and special nuclear material/metal detection levels
              and limitations shall be established and documented.

         (2)  Exit inspections of personnel, vehicles, and hand-carried
              items shall be conducted to deter and detect the unauthorized
              removal of special nuclear material.  Specific inspection
              procedures and special nuclear material/metal detection levels
              and limitations shall be established and documented.  When the
              Protected Area encompasses a Material Access Area, the exit
              inspections at the Protected Area boundary may be performed on
              a random basis with the extent and frequency determined by the
              cognizant local DOE authority for safeguards and security.

              (a)  A physical or electronic search shall be separately
                   conducted of vehicles, personnel, packages, and all other
                   containers at all routine exit points for Protected Areas
                   that contain Category I quantities (or lessor quantities
                   with credible rollup to a Category I quantity).

              (b)  Exit inspection procedures and detection levels for
                   special nuclear material and shielding shall be
                   established consistent with the material type, form,
                   quantity, attractiveness level, size, configuration,
                   portability, and credible diversion amounts of special
                   nuclear material contained within the area.

              (c)  Exit inspections shall be capable of detecting shielded
                   special nuclear material (e.g., using a combination of
                   special nuclear material and metal detectors) and shall
                   meet requirements for metal and special nuclear material
                   determined by the Manager, Operations Office.

              (d)  Procedures used shall assure that unalarmed portals
                   without the means to detect special nuclear material are
                   not used.

         (3)  Exits shall be alarmed or controlled at all times.

         (4)  Protective force response time to an intrusion detection shall
              be less than the delay time that can be demonstrated from
              alarm activation until intruders could complete adverse
              actions.

    b.   Personnel and Vehicle Access Control.  Validation of the identity
         and access authorization of persons authorized access shall be
         administered by armed protective force personnel and/or an
         automated access control system as determined by local safeguards
         and security authorities.  Access control requirements shall be as
         follows:

         (1)  Private vehicles shall be prohibited from a Protected Area.

         (2)  Government-owned or Government-leased vehicles shall be
              admitted only when on official business and when operated by
              properly cleared and authorized drivers, or when escorted by
              properly cleared, authorized personnel.  Service and delivery
              vehicles shall be admitted only when on authorized business
              and when driven or when escorted by properly cleared,
              authorized personnel.  Entry of service and delivery vehicles
              shall be kept to an operational minimum.

6.  VITAL AREA.  A Vital Area is a Security Area, located within a Protected
    Area, used for the protection of Vital Equipment.  All Vital Equipment
    shall be contained within a Vital Area.

    a.   Requirements.  In addition to protection strategies at a Protected
         Area, the following requirements shall be met:

         (1)  Area boundaries shall conform to the layered protection
              concept, with a separate Vital Area perimeter located within a
              separate and distinct Protected Area.

         (2)  The perimeter of each Vital Area shall be monitored to deter
              and detect unauthorized entry attempts.

         (3)  Vital Equipment shall be protected with an intrusion detection
              system.

         (4)  Exits shall be alarmed or controlled at all times.

         (5)  Protective force response time to an intrusion detection shall
              be less than the delay time that can be demonstrated from
              alarm activation until intruders could complete adverse
              actions.

    b.   Personnel and Vehicle Access Control.

         (1)  Validation of the identity and access authorization of persons
              authorized access shall be administered by protective
              personnel or an automated access control system as determined
              by local safeguards and security authorities.

         (2)  Private vehicles shall be prohibited from a Vital Area.
              Government-owned or Government-leased vehicles shall be
              admitted only when on official business and when operated by
              properly cleared and authorized drivers, or when escorted by
              properly cleared and authorized personnel.  Service and
              delivery vehicles shall be admitted only when on authorized
              business and when driven or escorted properly cleared and
              authorized personnel.

7.  MATERIAL ACCESS AREA.  A Material Access Area is a Security Area defined
    by physical barriers and subject to access control, used for the
    protection of Category I quantities of special nuclear material or
    Category II quantities of special nuclear material with credible rollup
    to a Category I quantity.  A Material Access Area shall be contained
    within a Protected Area and shall have separately defined physical
    barriers constructed to provide sufficient delay time to control,
    impede, or deter unauthorized access.  Area boundaries shall conform to
    the layered protection concept, with a separate Material Access Area
    perimeter located within a separate and distinct Protected Area.
    Material Access Area barriers shall direct the flow of personnel and
    vehicles through designated portals.

    a.   Requirements.  Inspections shall provide reasonable assurance
         against the unauthorized introduction of prohibited articles or
         removal of special nuclear material by force, stealth, or deceit.

         (1)  Entrance inspections of personnel, vehicles, and hand-carried
              items shall be conducted to deter and detect the unauthorized
              introduction of prohibited articles.

         (2)  Exit inspections of personnel, vehicles, and hand-carried
              items shall be conducted to deter and detect the unauthorized
              removal of special nuclear material.  Specific inspection
              procedures and special nuclear material/metal detection levels
              and limitations shall be established and documented.

              (a)  A physical or electronic search shall be separately
                   conducted of vehicles, personnel, packages, and all other
                   containers at all routine exit points for Material Access
                   Areas that contain Category I quantities (or lessor
                   quantities with credible rollup to a Category I
                   quantity).

              (b)  Exit inspection procedures and detection levels for
                   special nuclear material and shielding shall be
                   established consistent with the material type, form,
                   quantity, attractiveness level, size, configuration,
                   portability, and credible diversion amounts of special
                   nuclear material contained within the area.

              (c)  Exit inspections shall be capable of detecting shielded
                   special nuclear material (e.g., using a combination of
                   special nuclear material and metal detectors) and shall
                   meet requirements for metal and special nuclear material
                   determined by the Manager, Operations Office.

              (d)  Procedures used shall assure that unalarmed portals
                   without the means to detect special nuclear material are
                   not used.

         (3)  Protective force response time to an intrusion detection shall
              be less than the delay time that can be demonstrated from
              alarm activation until intruders could complete adverse
              actions.

         (4)  Exits shall be alarmed or controlled at all times.

    b.   Personnel and Vehicle Access Control.  Access control shall be
         administered by armed protective force personnel and/or automated
         access control systems as determined by local safeguard and
         security authorities.

         (1)  Validation of the identity, access authorization, and
              authority to enter for persons allowed access shall be
              accomplished at Material Access Area entrances.

         (2)  Private vehicles shall be excluded from a Material Access
              Area.  Government-owned or Government-leased vehicles shall be
              admitted to Material Access Areas only when on official
              business and when operated by drivers having the proper access
              authorization, or when escorted by personnel who have the
              proper access authorization.

         (3)  Exit detection levels for special nuclear material and
              shielding shall be established consistent with the form,
              quantity, attractiveness level, and credible diversion
              amounts/attempts of special nuclear material contained within
              the area.

8.  RESTRICTED ACCESS AREAS.  Restricted Access Areas shall be administered
    as follows and as outlined in pertinent Departmental directives:

    a.   Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities.  The Department of
         Energy follows requirements in Director of Central Intelligence
         Directive 1/21 for the construction of Sensitive Compartmented
         Information Facilities.  These facilities shall be located within
         Exclusion Areas.

    b.   Central Alarm Station.  A Central Alarm Station shall be used in
         protection of Category I and Category II quantities of special
         nuclear material.  A Central Alarm Station shall meet the
         requirements of a hardened post and shall be located, as a minimum,
         within a Limited Area.  Requirements are as follows:

         (1)  An access control system shall be used to restrict admittance
              to persons who require access in the performance of official
              duties.

         (2)  A Central Alarm Station shall be attended constantly by
              personnel who possess access authorizations that are
              commensurate with the most sensitive asset that is under the
              protection of the Central Alarm Station.

         (3)  A Central Alarm Station protecting classified matter shall be
              of sound construction meeting local building codes.

    c.   Secondary Alarm Stations.  Facilities with Category I or II
         quantities of special nuclear material shall have a Secondary Alarm
         Station.  Used as an alternative alarm annunciation point to the
         Central Alarm Station, the Secondary Alarm Station shall be
         maintained at a location continuously manned, such that a response
         can be initiated in the event a Central Alarm Station is unable to
         perform its intended function.  Secondary Alarm Stations shall meet
         the operational requirements of Central Alarm Stations with the
         exception of hardening and location within a Limited Area.  The
         Secondary Alarm Station need not be fully redundant to the Central
         Alarm Station, but shall be capable of providing effective control
         response to safeguards and security incidents.

    d.   Local Law Enforcement Agency or Private Alarm Station.  If response
         by local law enforcement agency/protective personnel to alarm
         activity is required for facility approval, the response shall meet
         the specifications for Grade AA as contained in Underwriters
         Laboratories Standard 611, "Central-Station Burglar-Alarm Systems."

    e.   Secure Communications Centers and Automated Information System
         Centers.

         (1)  Centers handling classified messages or information shall be
              located, as a minimum, within a Limited Area.

         (2)  Separate access controls and barriers shall be established to
              restrict admittance to persons employed therein or who require
              access in the performance of official duties.

         (3)  Access authorizations, consistent with the highest level and
              category of classified information handled, shall be required
              for all persons assigned to or having any unescorted access to
              these Centers.  A list of persons authorized such access shall
              be maintained within the Center, and a record of all visitors
              entering the facility shall be maintained.