1992 Congressional Hearings
Intelligence and Security


Basis Date:
T. Bevill
House Appropriations
Docfile Number:
Hearing Date:
DOE Lead Office:
Energy and Water Development
Hearing Subject:
Witness Name:
R. Daniel
Hearing Text:

 Statement of Robert W. Daniel, Jr.
 Director, Office of Intelligence
 Department of Energy
 FY 1993 Appropriations Hearings
 Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee,  I am Robert W. Daniel,
 Jr., Director of the Office of Intelligence for  the Department of
 Energy (DOE). It is my pleasure to provide this statement-today
 regarding the Department's intelligence programs with  particular
 focus on the FY 1993 budget request.
 The nature and scope of DOE intelligence activities are influenced
 by a variety of international events and trends. Recent events in
 the former Soviet republics and the increased emphasis being
 placed on monitoring of activities of potential proliferant
 nations have driven a reassessment of the Department's
 top intelligence requirements.
 Accordingly, proliferation intelligence activities will be
 increased to strengthen the Intelligence Community's assessments
 of worldwide nuclear weapons proliferation and the Department's
 role in export controls and other policy countermeasures. Events
 in the former Soviet republics will continue to be monitored
 for impact to U.S. national security and foreign and economic
 policies with special focus on the security of Commonwealth
 of Independent States' nuclear weapons and issues related to their
 The primary mission of the Office of Intelligence is to ensure that
 intelligence information requirements of the Secretary and senior
 policy makers are met. This is accomplished by the production of
 finished intelligence products covering a broad range of issues
 from national defense and energy security issues to nuclear
 reactor safety and science and technology. In addition to.
 Departmental support, the Office of Intelligence ensures that
 DOE's technical, analytical, and research expertise is made
 available to the Intelligence Community in accordance with
 Executive Order 12333, "United States Intelligence Activities."
 The Office of Intelligence also provides threat assessment
 and counterintelligence support to DOE Headquarters and field
 The Department's intelligence and intelligence-related activities
 are accomplished by four organizational elements-- the Office of
 Foreign Intelligence, the Office of Counterintelligence, the
 Office of Threat Assessment, and the Office of Intelligence Support
 and Security.
 The Office of Foreign Intelligence is responsible
 for providing senior policy makers and program officials with
 timely, accurate foreign intelligence in the areas of proliferation
 intelligence, national energy security, scientific and
 technological intelligence, and nuclear weapons program capabilities
 and intentions with emphasis on the former Soviet republics and the
 Peoples Republic of China. The proliferation intelligence program
 coordinates the resources of the national laboratory complex and
 intelligence complex to develop a multidisciplinary analysis of
 foreign efforts that could lead to the development of nuclear
 weapons. It also provides proliferation intelligence training
 to the rest of the Intelligence Community.
 The energy security program provides for the DOE needs for information on
 the prospects for disruption of energy supplies due to worldwide
 political, economic, and social instabilities'. The scientific and
 technological intelligence program provides for identification and
 analysis of energy technologies that may have dual uses (civil and
 military), and supports the foreign availability studies related to the
 DOE Militarily Critical Technologies List which provides government-wide
 guidance for executing export control policy.  The weapons intelligence
 program monitors the breakup of the former Soviet republics and its
 political and economic reconfiguration and ramifications,
 To fulfill its requirements under Executive Order 12333, Office of
 Foreign Intelligence staff represent the Department on various
 national-level bodies, such as the National Foreign intelligence Board,
 the Director of Central Intelligence Non-Proliferation Center, the Joint
 Atomic Energy Intelligence Committee, and the Scientific and Technical
 Intelligence Committee.
 The Office of Counterintelligence conducts a DOE-wide program  designed to
 detect, deter, and defeat foreign intelligence service actions to acquire
 classified or sensitive DOE information or materials. This program differs
 from the activities carried out by the DOE Office of Security Affairs
 which is responsible for personnel, physical, document, and communication
 security programs. Counterintelligence activities are carried out in
 cooperation with the DOE Office of Security Affairs, the Federal Bureau of
 Investigation, and the Central Intelligence Agency. Office of
 Counterintelligence staff represent the Department on the Interagency
 Advisory Group for Counterintelligence,
 The Office of Threat Assessment provides assessments of actual
 or potential adversaries and adversarial actions that could
 impact the security of DOE's facilities and activities. 'It also
 supports the total U.S. Government by providing technical capability
 to evaluate threats
 Threat Assessment activities are primarily carried out in support
 of the Office of Security Affairs and strengthen the-DOE'S
 security by providing specially tailored threat-related
 information. The Office of Threat Assessment also manages the
 Special Technologies Program
 the Department on the Interagency Intelligence Committee on
 Terrorism and the Policy Coordinating Committee on Terrorism.
 The office or intelligence Support and security provides general
 technical support to the Office of Intelligence. Key activities
 include automation and telecommunications functions, control and
 accountability of Sensitive Compartmented Information for the
 Department of Energy and its field components, and development and
 conduct of specialized intelligence training for DOE, intelligence,
 and law enforcement personnel.
 During FY 1991, and continuing in FY 1992, the office of Intelligence
 had significant accomplishments in the areas of foreign intelligence,
 counterintelligence, and threat  assessment.  Some of the accomplish-
 ments were national in-scope and others contributed to the mission
 of other DOE program elements, such as arms control policy, physical
 protection of DOE facilities, and safeguard of classified information.
 Significant foreign intelligence accomplishments include:
         o      Major inputs to Intelligence Community assessments of
                nuclear weapons programs of high priority proliferant
          o     Participation in Intelligence Community assessment
                of issues related to dismantlement of nuclear
          o     Specialized technical and resource support to the
                Iraq Task Force and the United Nations (UN) Special
                Commission for UN Security Council Resolution 687.
 Significant Counterintelligence accomplishments include:
          o     Conduct of analysis for identification of
                specific espionage threats to DOE personnel
                and activities (i.e., most active foreign
                intelligence services).
           o    Conduct of counterintelligence awareness training for
                DOE and contractor employees.
          o     Cooperation with the Federal Bureau of Investigation
           o    Support to the FBI at the Nevada Test Site on
                activities associated with implementation of the
                Threshold Test Ban Treaty.
 Significant Threat Assessment accomplishments include:
           o    Completion of comprehensive study updating the
                terrorist threat to DOE facilities.
          o     Conduct of special exhibition., at Sandia National
                Laboratories, of DOE technologies which could
                potentially be of use to other U.S. Government
                agencies in their counterterrorism and counternarcotic
                      PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE
 The Office of Intelligence will continue to strengthen its role
 in Intelligence Community assessments
             The Energy Security Program of the office of
 Intelligence will focus on assessing the stability of world
 and regional economies; potential foreign markets for U.S.
 energy technologies, equipment, fuels, and other products and
 services; and               Deleted
                            The Counterintelligence program will
 continue to be a top priority and Threat Assessment support to
 the safeguard and security of DOE facilities will be maintained.
                        FY 1993 FUNDING REQUEST
                          FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE
 The increased funding request    Deleted    covers inflation and
 supports additional foreign intelligence activities at the
 national laboratories in the Proliferation Intelligence Program
 and the Energy Security Program.
 As a result of recent revelations concerning the Iraqi nuclear
 program, the scope of activities concerning the assessment of
 capabilities and intentions of proliferant or possible proliferant
 nations has been expanded to place greater emphasis on: (1)
 integrated country assessments of emerging proliferant nations;
 (2) the role of nuclear supplier nations; and (3) global technology
 development initiatives.
 In addition, finished intelligence products will support the
 policy initiatives of the Department's newly established
 Office of Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Technology Support.
 The increased funding request    Deleted   covers inflation and
 provides for the continued strengthening of the counterintelligence
                     THREAT ASSESSMENT
 The increased funding request    Deleted    will cover inflation for
 continued threat assessment activities carried out in support of the
 Department's operational security efforts in the field and Headquarters.
                     TECHNICAL SUPPORT
 The increased funding request    Deleted    will allow the Office of
 Intelligence to fully correct identified material weaknesses associated
 with findings stemming from the inspection and evaluation of its Sensitive
 Compartmented Information Facility by the Office of Security Evaluations.
 Approximately $800,000 is required in operating funds to maintain the
 classified document control and accountability system.
 The increased funding will also cover administrative support requirements
 based on revised DOE policy on FTE-dependent costs for space, supplies,
 and telecommunications. While these funds are contained in the Office of
 Intelligence request, the funds will be transferred to the Departmental
 Administration account during the execution year.
                       PROGRAM DIRECTION
                       CAPITAL EQUIPMENT
 Capital Equipment funding will remain at the FY 1992 level and
 will provide for Headquarters and laboratory Deleted communications
 and classified information control requirements.