Joint Reserve Units-Supporting the Commander

by Major Jeffery S. Reichman

The 0700 production briefing at Regional Production Center (RPC)- Denver has all the focus and intensity of any daily brief at a joint task force. As it should. The responsibility of the RPC-Denver—supporting more than 200 Reserve intelligence personnel and the gaining command—is serious indeed. So starts another production weekend for Detachments 4 and 6 of RPC- Denver located at Buckley Air National Guard Base (ANGB).

The Army Reservists assigned to RPC-Denver are part of a new Department of Defense (DOD) initiative called the Joint Reserve Intelligence Program (JRIP). In January 1995, DOD created a plan to use its Reserve intelligence elements more fully in support of peacetime intelligence requirements. The plan is based on budgetary realities of the post-Cold War era: DOD could no longer afford its traditional division of labor between the Active and Reserve Components.

DOD had traditionally assigned the peacetime mission of training to Reservists, but defense intelligence, composed of 40-percent uniformed reservists, had to perform its mission whether or not Reservists were training on a given day. It was imperative to use Reserve intelligence elements as well as active ones in support of all requirements—whether peacetime, crises, or war.1

In short, DOD could no longer afford to predominately assign to the Reserves the peacetime mission of training without engagement. Nor could the Reserves ignore the significant training benefits to be derived from doing in peacetime what you will in war. For defense intelligence, which is always active, it was imperative to use all intelligence resources in support of peacetime, crises, contingency, or wartime requirements.2

The result was the creation of 28 Joint Reserve Intelligence Centers (JRICs) established nationwide. The JRICs are softcopy production and communications sites with advanced intelligence production computers and capabilities. These JRICs are electronically connected to the DOD intelligence network through the Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communication System (JWICS). Each of these JRICs is staffed by part-time Reservists producing full-time intelligence for the Unified Combat Commands, the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the National Security Agency (NSA), the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA), and the Services’ intelligence agencies. During peacetime, Reserve intelligence units support stability operations, sustainment operations, and support operations such as those in Bosnia and Haiti.

The JRICs are revolutionary. Instead of a part-time force that must  mobilize for war or major contingencies, the JRICs allow Reservists more flexible employment. Now reservists can be regarded as a full-time equivalent force, adjusted daily—even hourly—to meet the operational tempo (OPTEMPO) needs of the supported command or organization. When increased OPTEMPO at the supported command produces a work surge at the JRIC, Reservists simply continue doing what they were doing during training periods, only with greater intensity.

Joint Reserve Units—RPC-Denver

In 1996, the Chief, U.S. Army Reserve, committed to support the JRIC plan by developing 15 augmentation detachments, or JRUs as they are known, at Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA) and commander in chief (CINC) levels. Two of these units are at Buckley ANGB, which is the Headquarters for RPC-Denver: one of the 28 JRICs. RPC- Denver is a fully integrated and accessible intelligence force consisting of Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine personnel providing intelligence support to the Joint Intelligence Center (JIC), U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM).

Pacific Command, located at Fort Smith, Hawaii, has the overall mission to promote peace, deter aggression, respond to crises and, if necessary, fight and win to ad- vance both security and stability throughout the Asia-Pacific region. The PACOM area of responsibility (AOR) stretches from California to India and the eastern shore of Africa, encompassing 43 nations. This region includes more than half the world’s surface, half its population, and (when combined with the United States) half its economy. PACOM’s intelligence support is provided by the JIC whose mission it is to analyze, produce, and disseminate accurate and timely all-source, fused intelligence to PACOM component and the sub-unified commanders, and their operating forces.

Mission

Army Reserve MI soldiers assigned to Detachments 4 and 6 have the production support mission of maintaining order of battle (OB) records contained within the Integrated Database (IDB)/Military Integrated Database (MIDB). This production is indispensable to the commander, and tasked directly by the Joint Intelligence Center Pacific Command (JICPAC).

The IDB is the DOD standardized integrated intelligence system that supports general MI production and provides general military intelligence (GMI) to the commander. The MIDB is replacing the IDB as the GMI database for the Distributed Production Program (DPP) to provide this data to the combat commander. The MIDB will serve as the primary repository of intelligence data for the entire U.S. DOD community, Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The MIDB OB data contains all valid textual and graphical products (military forces, installations and facilities, population concentrations, command and control (C2) structures, significant events, and equipment) for retrieval and maintenance.

Collecting

The Army Reservists assigned to RPC-Denver have access to a wide range of resources including imagery reporting databases, INTELINK (Intelligence Link), OILSTOCK (a graphic mapping system), classified hardcopy reports or publications, and unclassified open-source materials. These systems provide us the same production tools (computer hardware and software) as our gaining command, PACOM; and allows the JRU to work in an entirely different and more efficient way (softcopy) instead of using the traditional hardcopy production process involving weeks or months of delays.

INTELINK is one of our most valuable tools. The INTELINK network provides Army Reservists with information from the classified databases of various intelligence agencies (e.g., DIA, Central Intelligence Agency, NIMA, National Ground Intelligence Center, and the National Reconnaissance Office). INTELINK is similar in its appearance and functions to the worldwide web. With INTELINK, RPC-Denver soldiers also have access to SAFE (Support for the Analysis File Environment), which is an electronic cable processing system providing us with an all-source traffic retrieval system.

Processing

To process, analyze, and evaluate our information, RPC-Denver Reservists use the OILSTOCK and Multi-Source Automatic Target Rec- ognition Exploitation (MATRIX) systems. OILSTOCK provides us with the capacity to present and manipulate information in a geographical context. Our analysts are able to select desired intelligence from signals intelligence (SIGINT) sources and view the data elements in textual and graphic forms. Thus, we can model the intelligence collection systems against JICPAC requirements, and then display the geographically required location data. MATRIX is an electronic light-table software package also used to exploit imagery.

Dissemination

Finished products and database updates arrive at JICPAC via our JRU Web Page. The products have a homepage appearance and functions, including point-and-click features that allow our end-user (JICPAC) to move around the package with ease. JICPAC can also download and print individual sections of the products as needed. The homepage-type format also permits analysts to link supporting products, such as previous studies, to the product. Products can also be sent (via file transfer protocol or E-mail) to JICPAC for publication and further processing as needed.

The Army Reserve JRU program concept is an exceptional program providing Army Reserve intelligence personnel with a real-world mission. As a result, the JRU element (RPC-Denver) is becoming better prepared to respond to the changing world situation and to refocus Reserve intelligence collection, analysis, and production as needed while continuing to meet the intelligence needs of our operation forces in the Pacific.X

Endnotes

1.  Lee, Deborah R., The Joint Reserve Intelligence Program: Providing the Value of an Integrated Total Force, National Security Report, April 1998.

2. “Shaping Our Future in the Asia-Pacific,” Joint Forces Quarterly, Autumn/Winter 1997-98.

Major Jeff Reichman is currently the Deputy Officer in Charge—Red Team, RPC- Denver. He has served as the S2 1-29 Field Artillery Battalion, Ground Surveillance Platoon Leader; and S4 104th MI Battalion; Senior Intellligence and Opposing Force Officer, 1st Maneuver Training Center; Imagery Analyst, U.S. Space Command, Peterson Air Force Base; and Intelligence Observer/Controller, 1st Brigade 91st Division (Opposing Foce). He has a Bachelor of Science degree in Geophysics from Bowling Green State University. Readers can contact him via E-mail at jsreich [email protected] telephonically at (303) 347-5609.