CONCEPTS & DOCTRINE
by Stephen B. Leeder
The Doctrine Division needs your input on a number of issues requir- ing resolution in the coming months. Field input is critical to develop viable doctrine that drives training and the force structure, and that you must eventually execute. This article only addresses a sampling of the many doctrinal issues the military intelligence community faces.
Two significant changes occurred with the approval of FM 101-5, Staff Organization and Opera- tions, in May 1997. These changes seem to have gone largely unnoticed except for some discussion with Battle Command Training Program (BCTP) personnel and other organizations from Fort Leaven- worth, Kansas.
The intent and format for the Intelligence Estimate changed radically. With approval of FM 101-5, the Intelligence Estimate follows the basic format of all other staff estimates and is designed to rank order friendly courses of action (COAs) based on the ability of the intelligence system to support those COAs.
Previously the Intelligence Estimate was a textual description of the environment and enemy capabilities, COAs, strengths, and vulnerabilities. In the new FM 101-5, unspecified initial intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) products replaced the old textual format. However, the standard doctrinal IPB products (the modified combined obstacle overlay, situation template, event tem- plate, and event analysis matrix) do not cover all of the information that was contained in the Intelligence Estimate.
These two changes drive the need to change the description of the Intelligence Estimate and fill a few gaps in a number of our manu- als. Other changes include the need for:
The Doctrine Division is now in the early stages of revising FM 34-130. Some additions to the solid foundation that the last approved manual provides include:
Brigade ISR Operations
A clear description of how the brigade staff plans and executes intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) operations is imperative as the Intelligence Center and other doctrinal proponents move forward to Force XXI concepts and emerging doctrine. Several associated issues include:
Currently, there is not adequate doctrine on the analysis and control team and ACT operations. FM 34-80, Brigade and Battalion IEW Operations, needs to:
Your input is critical. Please E-mail us at leeders@huachuca- emh1.army.mil and surf our web pages at least once a month at http://18.104.22.168/Doctrine/dlb. htm. Close coordination with the real motorpool Army is neces- sary so that we can serve as your conduit to the doctrinal development process. We welcome input at anytime on any of the 34-series manuals or doc- trinal and TTP issues. Please be sure to provide specific comments and a sufficient justification to maximize the strength of your comments.
Branch Detail Time Reduction
The DCSPER has recently an- nounced a new policy to reduce pin-on time to CPT from 48 months to 42 months. Consequently, the MI Branch Detail obligation (48 months) would give the Branch Detail receiver Branches (Air Defense, Armor, Chemical, Field Artillery, and Infantry) 6 months of our officers critical CPT time. In order to maximize our ability to fill CPT positions, OCMI and MI Branch, PERSCOM are exploring the possibility of reducing our Branch Detail obligation to 36 months (roughly when the officers are notified for promotion). The POC is CPT Cal Downey at E-mail [email protected] and telephonically at (520) 533- 1180 or DSN 821-1180.
Officer Accessions Trends
OCMI is studying the impact of a potential shift in MI accessions composition. This years Branch Detail bill for the Army roughly doubled (from an average of 350 to 813). This results from Officer Restructure Initiative (ORI), which downgraded CPT requirements to LT, and from Force XXI require- ment increases. The traditional Branch Detail receiver branches have more LT requirements than before. MI normally receives significantly more, 200 percent more home grown officers than authorizations. These extra lieutenants have filled our CPT shortages. With this change, MI still retains more home grown officers than authorizations, but the Branch Detail population will grow by about 25 percent. The POC is CPT Cal Downey at downeyc@ huachuca-emh1.army.mil and tele- phonically at (520) 533-1180 or DSN 821-1180.
AEPDS and ASAS Basis of Issue Plans
The Advanced Electronic Pro- cessing Dissemination System (AEPDS) is a CORPS and EAC processor and preprocessor of National and Theater intelligence. It receives and processes raw data from selected national sensors, stores processed data, and pro- duces intelligence and imagery products. Additionally, it acts as a preprocessor for the All-Source Analysis System (ASAS), Common Ground Station (CGS), Digital Topographic Support System (DTSS), and is interoperable with all corps and EAC communications systems. AEPDS is organic to the Analysis and Control Element (ACE) of the CORPS MI Brigade and the EAC MI Brigade with a basis of issue equaling one per Operations Battalion.
The All-Source Analysis System (ASAS) Block II will be in MI organizations and staffs at battalion, Armored Cavalry Regiment (ACR) and separate brigade, brigade, division, corps and echelons above corps (EAC). It provides auto- mated intelligence and information management to integrate IEW sensors, preprocessors, the ASAS, and the Army Battle Command System (ABCS).
Block II initiatives include a Common Operating Environment (COE- UNIX based), a reconfiguration of ASAS communication components into SICPS shelters, integration of the DOD standard collection management system, and some addi- tional operational and functional software enhancements. Addition- ally, CI/HUMINT automation sup- port will consist of the CI/HUMINT Automated Tool Set (CHATS).
These BOIP are undergoing final validation at DA. Anticipate changes to personnel and equipment in the ASAS validations. The POC is Sergeant First Class Ronald J. Miceli. His E-mail is micelir@ huachuca-emh1.army.mil and his telephone number is (520) 533- 1189 or DSN 821-1189.