Use of US Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2014, and More from CRS

Noteworthy new products of the Congressional Research Service that Congress has withheld from online public distribution include the following.

Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2014, September 15, 2014

American Foreign Fighters and the Islamic State: Broad Challenges for Federal Law Enforcement, CRS Insights, September 19, 2014

Man without a Country? Expatriation of U.S. Citizen “Foreign Fighters”, Legal Sidebar, September 15, 2014

Proposed Train and Equip Authorities for Syria: In Brief, September 16, 2014

Climate Summit 2014: Warm-Up for 2015, CRS Insights, September 22, 2014

Lame Duck Sessions of Congress, 1935-2012 (74th-112th Congresses), September 19, 2014

Poverty: Major Themes in Past Debates and Current Proposals, September 18, 2014

The U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implications, September 16, 2014

Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive, September 22, 2014

Russia’s Compliance with the INF Treaty, CRS Insights, September 18, 2014

The No Fly List: Procedural Due Process and Hurdles to Litigation, September 18, 2014

Iraqi and Afghan Immigrant Visa Programs, and More from CRS

New products from the Congressional Research Service that have been withheld from online public distribution include the following.

Iraqi and Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Programs, September 12, 2014

The Federal Trade Commission’s Regulation of Data Security Under Its Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices (UDAP) Authority, September 11, 2014

Diplomatic and Embassy Security Funding Before and After the Benghazi Attacks, September 10, 2014

Military Action Against the Islamic State, and More from CRS

A new report from the Congressional Research Service considers the legal underpinning of U.S. military action against the so-called Islamic State, including the sources and limits of presidential authority, and the relevance of past Authorizations for Use of Military Force. See U.S. Military Action Against the Islamic State: Answers to Frequently Asked Legal Questions, September 9, 2014.

See also Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State, CRS Insights, September 9, 2014, and The “Islamic State” Crisis and U.S. Policy, September 10, 2014.

Other new or newly updated CRS products include the following.

Judicial Activity Concerning Enemy Combatant Detainees: Major Court Rulings, updated September 9, 2014

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: Recent Trends and FY2015 Appropriations, September 10, 2014

Export-Import Bank Reauthorization: Frequently Asked Questions, updated September 10, 2014

DOJ & Bank of America Enter Biggest Civil Settlement in U.S. History, CRS Legal Sidebar, September 10, 2014

Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment, updated September 8, 2014

The Constitution’s Take Care Clause, and More from CRS

The so-called Take Care Clause in the U.S. Constitution (requiring that the President “shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed….”) “would appear to stand for two, at times diametrically opposed propositions–one imposing a ‘duty’ upon the President and the other viewing the Clause as a source of Presidential ‘power’,” according to a new study from the Congressional Research Service. See The Take Care Clause and Executive Discretion in the Enforcement of Law, September 4, 2014.

Other recent CRS products obtained by Secrecy News include the following.

The Doctrine of Constitutional Avoidance: A Legal Overview, September 2, 2014

Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response, updated September 8, 2014

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy, updated September 8, 2014

Asylum and Gang Violence: Legal Overview, September 5, 2014

Defense Surplus Equipment Disposal, Including the Law Enforcement 1033 Program, updated September 5, 2014

Aviation War Risk Insurance: Background and Options for Congress, September 5, 2014

Medal of Honor: History and Issues, updated September 5, 2014

Protection of Trade Secrets: Overview of Current Law and Legislation, September 5, 2014

China’s Leaders Quash Hong Kong’s Hopes for Democratic Election Reforms, CRS Insights, September 5, 2014

Political Unrest in Pakistan, and More from CRS

As Congress plumbs new depths of futility and irrelevance, analysts at the Congressional Research Service continue to churn out policy-relevant studies that are informative and free of partisan embellishment. How long can it be until they are punished?

The latest CRS products that Congress has withheld from online public access include the following.

Pakistan Political Unrest: In Brief, September 3, 2014

The “1033 Program,” Department of Defense Support to Law Enforcement, August 28, 2014

Special Immigrant Juveniles: In Brief, August 29, 2014

Unaccompanied Children from Central America: Foreign Policy Considerations, August 28, 2014

The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq: A Possible Threat to Jordan?, CRS Insights, August 28, 2014

The Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR), August 27, 2014

U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations, August 28, 2014

A Primer on the Reviewability of Agency Delay and Enforcement Discretion, September 4, 2014

Congressional Participation in Article III Courts: Standing to Sue, September 4, 2014

The Elder Justice Act: Background and Issues for Congress, September 3, 2014

Common Core State Standards and Assessments: Background and Issues, September 2, 2014

Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs), CRS Insights, August 28, 2014

Social Security: What Would Happen If the Trust Funds Ran Out?, August 28, 2014

The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP): Issues in Brief, August 27, 2014

“Dark Pools” In Equity Trading: Significance and Recent Developments, CRS Insights, August 27, 2014

Can Body Worn Cameras Serve as a Deterrent to Police Misconduct?, CRS Insights, August 28, 2014

The 2014 Ebola Outbreak, and More from CRS

The current outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa has infected and killed more people than all previous outbreaks combined.

A new report from the Congressional Research Service provides detailed background on the spread of the disease, the weaknesses of the health care infrastructure in the affected countries, and related policy issues for congressional consideration. See The 2014 Ebola Outbreak: International and U.S. Responses, August 26, 2014.

Next week, NATO leaders will hold their first meeting since Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine. A new CRS report offers a preview of the meeting’s anticipated agenda and objectives. See NATO’s Wales Summit: Expected Outcomes and Key Challenges, August 26, 2014.

Some other CRS products that have been recently updated include the following.

Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues, August 26, 2014

Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile, August 26, 2014

Bills of Attainder: The Constitutional Implications of Congress Legislating Narrowly, August 26, 2014

Time out: Secrecy News will be back the week of September 8.

Climate Change and Existing Law, and More from CRS

New and updated reports from the Congressional Research Service that Congress has withheld from online public distribution include the following.

Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future, updated August 20, 2014

The “Militarization” of Law Enforcement and the Department of Defense’s “1033 Program”, CRS Insights, August 20, 2014

China’s Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States, updated August 21, 2014

Clean Coal Loan Guarantees and Tax Incentives: Issues in Brief, August 19, 2014


Domestic Terrorism Again a Priority at DOJ, and More from CRS

The threat of domestic terrorism is receiving greater attention at the Department of Justice with the reestablishment in June of the Domestic Terrorism Executive Committee, the Congressional Research Service noted last week.

“The reestablishment suggests that officials are raising the profile of domestic terrorism as an issue within DOJ after more than a decade of heightened focus on both foreign terrorist organizations and homegrown individuals inspired by violent jihadist groups based abroad,” CRS wrote. See Domestic Terrorism Appears to Be Reemerging as a Priority at the Department of Justice, CRS Insights, August 15, 2014.

Other new or updated CRS products include the following.

Latin America: Terrorism Issues, updated August 15, 2014:

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances, updated August 19, 2014:

Preparing for Disasters: FEMA’s New National Preparedness Report Released, CRS Insights, August 12, 2014

Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Debate, CRS Insights, August 18, 2014:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Appropriations for FY2014 in P.L. 113-76, August 15, 2014:

Senate Unanimous Consent Agreements: Potential Effects on the Amendment Process, updated August 15, 2014

Synthetic Drugs: Overview and Issues for Congress, updated August 15, 2014


Manufacturing Nuclear Weapon Pits, and More from CRS

A critical assessment of the feasibility of reaching the Department of Defense’s goal of producing 80 plutonium pits (or triggers) for nuclear weapons was prepared by the Congressional Research Service. It provides new analysis of the space and material requirements needed to achieve the declared goal. See Manufacturing Nuclear Weapon “Pits”: A Decisionmaking Approach for Congress, August 15, 2014.

Other new or updated CRS reports obtained by Secrecy News include the following.

The U.S. Military Presence in Okinawa and the Futenma Base Controversy, August 14, 2014

India’s New Government and Implications for U.S. Interests, August 7, 2014

Guatemala: Political, Security, and Socio-Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations, updated August 7, 2014

Small Refineries and Oil Field Processors: Opportunities and Challenges, August 11, 2014

Telemarketing Regulation: National and State Do Not Call Registries, August 14, 2014

Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion, updated August 13, 2014

Ebola-Stricken Americans Returning from Abroad, and More from CRS

New products from the Congressional Research Service that Congress has withheld from online public distribution include the following.

Safe at Home? Letting Ebola-Stricken Americans Return, CRS Insights, August 5, 2014:

2014 Quadrennial Homeland Security Review: Evolution of Strategic Review, CRS Insights, August 6, 2014

Reducing the Budget Deficit: Overview of Policy Issues, August 7, 2014

Juvenile Victims of Domestic Sex Trafficking: Juvenile Justice Issues, August 5, 2014

U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia, CRS Insights, August 7, 2014