NATO’s Warsaw Summit, and More from CRS

The July 8-9 NATO summit meeting in Warsaw, Poland, is previewed in a new report from the Congressional Research Service. “Among other things, NATO leaders are expected to announce the rotational deployment of 4,000 troops to Poland and the three Baltic states, an expanded training mission for Iraqi soldiers, and additional NATO support for Afghanistan […]

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FOIA Improvement Act Signed Into Law

President Obama signed into law the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Improvement Act of 2016 yesterday. The Act places a 25 year limit on the use of the deliberative process exemption, codifies a presumption of openness, and makes various procedural improvements in the FOIA. The Department of Justice summarized its understanding of the new law […]

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Slow Economic Growth, and More from CRS

Noteworthy new and updated reports from the Congressional Research Service include the following. Slow Growth in the Current U.S. Economic Expansion, June 24, 2016 Economic Growth Slower Than Previous 10 Expansions, CRS Insight, June 30, 2016 The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges, June 29, 2016 Job Creation in the Manufacturing Revival, updated […]

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Security-Cleared Population Continues to Shrink

The number of people with security clearances for access to classified information dropped in 2015 for the second year in a row, according to a new report to Congress from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The total number of security-cleared government employees and contractors decreased by 5.9 percent in FY 2015 down […]

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The Right to Remain Silent Around the World

The Miranda warning advising detained persons that they have the right to remain silent has counterparts in the legal systems of 108 countries or jurisdictions around the world. These were collected and described in a new staff study performed for the Law Library of Congress. “The warnings specified in the surveyed jurisdictions vary, but typically […]

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Censure and Condemnation, and More from CRS

Between 1973 and 2016, Members of Congress introduced resolutions of censure directed against federal officials on 59 occasions, according to the Congressional Research Service. Of those, 14 were filed against the Obama Administration. Such resolutions have little or no practical significance, though they may serve a limited political purpose. “The adoption of a simple or […]

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Foreign Aid: An Introduction, and More from CRS

U.S. aid to foreign countries and populations takes many forms in support of a range of objectives, from strategic to humanitarian. A newly updated report from the Congressional Research Service illuminates the structure of U.S. foreign aid, and traces the evolution of U.S. spending abroad. “Adjusted for inflation, annual foreign assistance funding over the past […]

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2017 Intelligence Bill Would Constrain Privacy Board

The jurisdiction of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB) would be restricted for the second year in a row by the Senate Intelligence Committee version of the FY2017 Intelligence Authorization Act (S.3017). Section 603 of the Act would specifically limit the scope of PCLOB’s attention to the privacy and civil liberties “of United […]

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Growing District Court Vacancies, and More from CRS

The number of vacancies in U.S. district courts around the country increased by a hefty 71% from the beginning of the Obama Administration (when there were 41 vacancies) until June 1 of the Administration’s eighth year (when there were 70 vacancies), according to a new analysis from the Congressional Research Service. By contrast, the number […]

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Red Teams Needed to Critique Military Operations

U.S. military commanders would do well to make use of “red teams” composed of independent experts to evaluate and critique U.S. military operations as they are being planned, according to a new publication from the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Red teams can “help commanders and staffs think critically and creatively; challenge assumptions; mitigate groupthink; reduce […]

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