22-207 PDF

Calendar No. 150

109TH CONGRESS

Report

SENATE

1st Session

109-96
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2006

June 30, 2005- Ordered to be printed
Mr. MCCONNELL, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the following
REPORT
[To accompany H.R. 3057]

The Committee on Appropriations to which was referred the bill (H.R. 3057), making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2006, and for other purposes, reports the same to the Senate with an amendment, and an amendment to the title, and recommends that the bill as amended do pass.

Amounts in new budget authority
Total of bill as reported to the Senate $31,841,400,000
Amount of 2005 appropriations 33,223,870,000
Amount of 2006 budget estimate 32,835,476,000
Amount of House allowance 1 29,926,785,000
Bill as recommended to Senate compared to--
2005 appropriations -1,382,470,000
2006 budget estimate -994,076,000
House allowance +1,914,615,000
1 Includes $8,950,736,000 contained in another bill.

CONTENTS Page
Glossary of Terms 4
Summary of Estimates 6
Introduction 6
Budget Justification Materials 7
Title I--Department of State and Related Agency 8
Diplomatic and Consular Programs
8
Capital Investment Fund
10
Centralized Information Technology Modernization Program
10
Office of Inspector General
10
Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs
10
Representation Allowances
12
Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials
12
Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance
12
Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service
13
Repatriation Loans Program Account
13
Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan
14
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund
14
Contributions to International Organizations
14
Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities
15
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico
16
Construction
16
American Sections, International Commissions
16
International Fisheries Commission
16
Payment to the Asia Foundation
17
Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue
17
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust Fund
18
Israeli Arab Scholarship Program
18
East-West Center
18
National Endowment for Democracy
18
Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad
18
Commission on International Religious Freedom
19
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
19
Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China
19
HELP Commission
19
United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission
20
United States-China Interparliamentary Group
20
U.S. Institute for Peace
20
Broadcasting Board of Governors, International Broadcasting Operations
20
Broadcasting to Cuba
21
Broadcasting Capital Improvements
21
Title II--Export and Investment Assistance: Export-Import Bank of the United States
22
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
23
Trade and Development Agency
23
Title III--Bilateral Economic Assistance: Bilateral Assistance
24
Child Survival and Health Programs Fund
24
Development Assistance
27
International Disaster and Famine Assistance
45
Transition Initiatives
46
Development Credit Authority
46
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund
46
Operating Expenses of the United States Agency for International Development
46
Capital Investment Fund
46
Operating Expenses of the Office of the Inspector General
47
Other Bilateral Economic Assistance: Economic Support Fund
47
Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States
51
Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union
53
Independent Agencies: Inter-American Foundation
56
African Development Foundation
56
Peace Corps
56
Millennium Challenge Corporation
57
Department of State: Global HIV/AIDS Initiative
57
Democracy Fund
60
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement
62
Andean Counterdrug Initiative
63
Migration and Refugee Assistance
64
Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund
65
Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining, and Related Programs
66
Conflict Response Fund
66
Department of the Treasury: International Affairs Technical Training
66
Debt Restructing
66
Title IV--Military Assistance: International Military Education and Training
67
Foreign Military Financing
67
Peacekeeping Operations
68
Title V--Multilateral Economic Assistance: International Financial Institutions Summary
69
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Global Environment Facility
69
International Development Association
69
Contribution to the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
69
Contribution to the Inter-American Investment Corporation
70
Inter-American Development Bank: Multilateral Investment Fund
70
Asian Development Bank: Asian Development Fund
70
African Development Bank: African Development Fund
71
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development: International Fund for Agricultural Development
71
International Organizations and Programs
71
Title VI--General Provisions 81
Compliance With Paragraph 7, Rule XVI of the Standing Rules of the Sen- ate 76
Compliance With Paragraph 7(c), Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of the Senate 77
Compliance With Paragraph 12, Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of the Senate 77
Budget Impact Statement 82

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

ACI--Andean Counterdrug Initiative

ADB--Asian Development Bank

ADF--African Development Foundation

ASEAN--Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASHA--American Schools and Hospitals Abroad

ATA--Anti-Terrorism Assistance

BISNIS--Business Information Service for the Newly Independent States

CASS--Cooperative Association of States for Scholarships

CCD--Consortium for Citizens and Disabilities

CEELI--Central European Eurasian Legal Institute

CEPPS--Consortium for Elections Political Process Strengthening

CITES--Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

CITMP--Centralized Information Technology Modernization Program

CRSP--Collaborative Research Support Programs

CSCE--Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

CSHPF--Child Survival Health Programs Fund

CTBT--Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Preparatory Commission

DA--Development Assistance

DRL--Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

DROC--Democratic Republic of the Congo

EPA--Environmental Protection Agency

ERMA--Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund

ESF--Economic Support Fund

EU--European Union

FAO--Food and Agriculture Organization

FMF--Foreign Military Financing

FSA--Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union

GAO--Government Accountability Office

GHI--Global HIV/AIDS Initiative

GIS--Geographic Information Systems

IAEA--International Atomic Energy Agency

IAF--Inter-American Foundation

IBO--International Broadcasting Operations

ICAO--International Civil Aviation Organization

IDFA--International Disaster and Famine Assistance

IDP--Internally displaced person

IFAD--International Fund for Agricultural Development

IFI--International Financial Institution

ILEA--International Law Enforcement Training Academies

IMET--International Military Education and Training

IMO--International Maritime Organization

INCLE--International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement

IO&P--International Organization and Programs

IPCC--International Panel on Climate Change

IRI--International Republican Institute

ITTO--International Tropical Timber Organization

IUCN--World Conservation Union

LWVF--Leahy War Victims Fund

MCC--Millennium Challenge Corporation

MDB--Multilateral Development Bank

MEPI--Middle East Partnership Initiative

MRA--Migration and Refugee Assistance

MTN--Middle East Television Network

NADR--Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining, and Related Programs

NATO--North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NDI--National Democratic Institute

NED--National Endowment for Democracy

NGO--Nongovernmental organization

NLD--National League for Democracy

OAS--Organization of American States

OPIC--Overseas Private Investment Corporation

PKO--Peacekeeping Operations

RFA--Radio Free Asia

RFE/RL--Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty

SEED--Assistance for Eastern European and Baltic States

SPDC--State Peace and Development Council (Burma)

TAF--The Asia Foundation

TB--Tuberculosis

TDA--Trade and Development Agency

TI--Transition Initiatives

U.N- United Nations

UNAIDS--Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS

UNDP--United Nations Development Program

UNEP--United Nations Environment Program

UNESCO--United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNFCCC--United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UN-HABITAT--United Nations Center for Human Settlements

UNHCR--United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF--United Nations Children's Fund

UNIFEM--United Nations Development Fund for Women

USAID--United States Agency for International Development

USIP--United States Institute for Peace

VOA--Voice of America

WFP--World Food Program

WHO--World Health Organization

WID--Women in Development

WTO--World Trade Organization

SUMMARY TABLE: AMOUNTS IN NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Item                                            Budget request Committee recommendation Committee recommendation compared with budget estimate  increase (+) or decrease (-) 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title I--Department of State and Related Agency $9,967,531,000           $9,739,507,000                                                                        -$228,024,000 
Title II--Export and investment assistance          97,150,000               37,650,000                                                                          -59,500,000 
Title III--Bilateral economic assistance        16,282,413,000           15,755,999,000                                                                         -526,414,000 
Title IV--Military assistance                    4,871,144,000            4,886,144,000                                                                          +15,000,000 
Title V--Multilateral economic assistance        1,617,238,000            1,599,396,000                                                                          -17,842,000 
Title VI--General Provisions                                               -177,296,000                                                                         -177,296,000 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY OF ESTIMATES

In fiscal year 2005, the Congress appropriated $33,223,870,000 for the State Department and Related Agency and foreign operations and related programs, including supplemental appropriations. This year, the Committee recommends $31,844,400,000, of which $31,671,000,000 is for discretionary spending, and $173,400,000 is for mandatory spending.

Title I of the Committee recommendation contains items funded by the House in a different bill, H.R. 2862. The Committee believes that it is appropriate to fund these items in this bill, H.R. 3057. For ease of comparison, the Committee report sets forth in title I a `House allowance' as if these items had been contained in the House passed bill. These items were contained in the Science, State, Justice, Commerce, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006 (H.R. 2862), as passed the House, but were not considered or contained in the Committee recommendation to the Senate on that bill.

INTRODUCTION

The Committee believes that a successful national security policy depends upon the integration of all components of America's national power, including diplomacy, intelligence, and economic and military might. The successful integration of these elements is impossible absent funds contained in the Act for security assistance, foreign assistance, economic assistance, humanitarian assistance, and the operation, maintenance, and support of our diplomatic corps and programs.

The programs and accounts funded by the Act are intended to promote security, democracy, stability, liberty, and prosperity abroad. The Committee recommends significant resources for activities in the Middle East and South Asia, to include assistance for Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. The Committee recommendation is informed by the simple principle that the drawdown of our deployed combat forces, and the safety of diplomats and other citizens serving abroad in Iraq and Afghanistan and elsewhere are dependent upon the economic growth, reconstruction, and development of civil society and the rule of law in those emerging democracies.

Of similar importance, the Committee provides critical funds for HIV/AIDS, other infectious diseases, education and economic development programs for individuals in countries throughout the world--including women and children who may be the most vulnerable to the repressive actions of corrupt and failing governments. The Committee notes that lawless societies often serve as breeding grounds for extremist ideologies and individuals.

BUDGET JUSTIFICATION MATERIALS

By law, the President is required to submit a budget estimate to the Congress not later than the first Monday in February of each year. This budget `shall include a budget message and summary and supporting information' (31 U.S.C. 1105).

The budget volumes compiled by the Office of Management and Budget are presented in time to meet the statutory deadline. However, the supporting information from the State Department is presented months later. The late submission of this supporting material undermines the ability of the Committee to conduct a detailed review of the budget request. The Committee directs that all fiscal year 2007 budget justification materials are to be received not later than March 10, 2006.

The quality of the justification materials presented to the Committee in support of the fiscal year 2006 budget request is cause for far greater concern. In most instances the descriptive summaries accompanying the respective appropriations accounts contained in the request are devoid of meaningful program and budget information. The State Department, in the form of the Foreign Operations and State Department Funding Projections contained in respective country Mission Performance Plans, collects the data required to establish a funding baseline for the current year, and the price and program changes to this baseline that would form the basis of a defensible appropriations request. This rudimentary budget data is not included in the supporting information and budget justification materials provided to the Committee.

Not later than September 15, 2005, the State Department shall report to the Committee on proposals to improve the justification material that will support the fiscal year 2007 budget request. As part of this report, the State Department shall consider several budget exhibits used by the Department of Defense in support of its budget submission. These exhibits, the O-1, OP-5, OP-32 and P-5, are all contained in the DOD Financial Management Regulation. At a minimum, the budget exhibits shall include: funding levels for the prior year, current year, biennial budget year 1, and biennial budget year 2; description of each program and justification of the estimates; a statement relating past year, current year, and biennial budget year 1; and, a reconciliation of price and program increases and decreases.

TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

The Committee recommends a total of $9,766,504,000 for the Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors. The recommendation is $1,146,771,000 below the fiscal year 2005 funding level and $201,024,000 below the budget request.

ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2005 $4,906,220,000
Budget estimate, 2006 4,472,641,000
House allowance 4,436,641,000
Committee recommendation 4,444,641,000

The Committee recommends $4,444,641,000 for Diplomatic and Consular Programs, an amount $28,000,000 below the budget request. Of these funds, $3,755,118,000 is for ongoing operations, including $328,000,000 for public diplomacy activities, and $689,523,000 is for Worldwide Security Upgrades.

The Committee directs the State Department to review and act upon the following matters:

Ambassador's Fund for Cultural Preservation [AFCP]- The Committee recommends $3,000,000 for the AFCP, which provides small grants to assist in preservation of forms of cultural expression. Grants may be recommended by U.S. ambassadors to developing countries or, in the event there is no ambassador, by the U.S. Consul.

Conduct of Public Diplomacy- The Committee appreciates the importance of public diplomacy programs in broadening the world's understanding of America and U.S. foreign policy priorities, and fully funds the budget request. While significant resources are appropriately focused on countries with predominantly Muslim populations, the Committee encourages the State Department to provide adequate funding for programs and activities targeted to other important regions and populations, particularly in Asia. The Committee expects the State Department to consult with the Committee on its plans to expand programming in Asia.

Cultural Antiquities Task Force- The Committee directs the State Department to provide such sums as are necessary to support the significant work of the Task Force, in particular to assist international organizations tracking works looted from Iraq's museums; train United States and foreign law enforcement and Customs agents; and restore sites, such as Babylon, Iraq, which were damaged during the war. The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for training, equipment and other assistance to organizations involved in protecting archeological sites. In addition, the State Department should evaluate expanding the Task Force to preserve and track historically or culturally significant works stolen from other countries, in addition to Iraq and Afghanistan.

Democracy, Human Rights and Labor- The Committee recommends $21,000,000 for the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, an amount that is $5,732,000 above the request. The Committee expects the additional funds to be used to establish and staff a new Office of Democratic Movements and Transition in order to improve the conduct and effectiveness of democracy promotion programs and activities.

ePassport- The Committee continues to follow the development of the ePassport and is aware that the State Department is working to select a microchip technology that will be embedded in next-generation passports. The Committee directs the State Department to submit a report no later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of the Act regarding the selection criteria for domestic production in a secure facility due to the sensitive nature of these documents.

Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization [S/CRS]- The Committee recommends $24,100,000 for S/CRS, an amount equal to the budget request. The Committee notes that an additional $7,700,000 for the Office was provided in the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005 (Public Law 109-13), which provided 11 personnel to manage ongoing efforts in Sudan. The Committee expects the fiscal year 2006 request to permit the hiring of additional field personnel for Sudan and Haiti.

Scholar Rescue Fund- The Committee recommends $2,000,000 for the Scholar Rescue Fund, which assists scholars in various disciplines, from the arts to science and technology, to leave their home country if their lives are in danger. The Committee directs the State Department to develop a formal system of referral by U.S. Embassies to the Scholar Rescue program of scholars whose personal safety or academic freedom is threatened in their home country.

Tibet- The Committee directs $1,000,000 to be made available for the Office of the Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues at the State Department for such salaries and expenses as may be necessary to carry out section 621(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2002 and 2003, (Public Law 107-228) and the coordination of programs and activities related to Tibet by appropriate United States Government agencies, NGOs, and representatives of the Tibetan leadership. The Committee expects the Office to consist of three professional full-time staff members and additional support staff, as needed, in addition to the Special Coordinator.

Trafficking in Persons- The Committee recommends $5,579,000 for the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, an amount equal to the budget request.

CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $51,452,000
Budget estimate, 2006 133,000,000
House allowance 69,121,000
Committee recommendation 58,895,000

The Committee recommends $58,895,000 for the Capital Investment Fund, which is $74,105,000 below the budget request. Although the request groups the Capital Investment Fund and the Centralized IT Modernization Fund into a single account, the Committee preserves the total amount of the request while maintaining the previous year's two-account structure.

Of the funds appropriated for the IRM Central Fund, $58,895,000 is from direct appropriations and $116,000,000 is from expedited passport fees. No funding is recommended for the cost of payroll consolidation until the State Department has complied with the Committee's directive on this matter, articulated in the statements accompanying the prior three State Department appropriations Acts.

CENTRALIZED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION PROGRAM

Appropriations, 2005 $76,812,000
Budget estimate, 2006 ...........................
House allowance ...........................
Committee recommendation 74,105,000

The Committee recommends $74,105,000 for the CITMP, which is $74,105,000 above the budget request. The budget request placed this money in the Capital Investment Fund account; the Committee preserves the amount, but places it in a separate account for the same reasons stated.

The purpose of the CITMP is to provide a discrete funding source for life cycle hardware and software refresh and upgrades. This account shall continue to house the State Department's Global Information Technology Modernization program.

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2005 $30,029,000
Budget estimate, 2006 29,983,000
House allowance 29,983,000
Committee recommendation 33,000,000

The Committee recommends $33,000,000 for the Office of Inspector General, which is $3,017,000 above the budget request. Additional funds are provided for the cost of mandatory wage and price increases, as well as for conducting normal audits and investigations of United States diplomatic activities in Iraq, the State Department's Worldwide Security upgrades and INCLE programs.

EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2005 $355,932,000
Budget estimate, 2006 430,400,000
House allowance 410,400,000
Committee recommendation 440,200,000

The Committee recommends $440,200,000 for Educational and Culture Exchange Programs, which is $9,800,000 above the budget request.

Within the amount provided, the Committee recommends that not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available for an endowment for the Aung San Suu Kyi Center for Democracy, and not less than $13,000,000 shall be for educational and cultural exchanges with the People's Republic of China, including for American studies programs in China. This is twice the amount requested.

The Committee endorses the budget request for academic, professional and cultural exchanges.

Within the amounts provided under this heading, the Committee directs the State Department to fund the following programs: the Fulbright Program at the request level of $186,682,000; American Overseas Research Centers at the request level of $3,316,000; South Pacific Exchanges, $500,000; Timor-Leste Exchanges, $500,000; Mobility Exchange Clearinghouse, $500,000; Benjamin Gilman International Scholarship Program, $3,712,000; George Mitchell Fellowship Program, $500,000; Tibet Fulbright, $500,000; Hemispheric Program, $500,000; Youth Exchanges Study [YES] Program, $20,000,000; Irish Institute, $800,000; Leadership Program for emerging democracies, $1,500,000; Atlantic Corridor, $300,000; Ngwang Cheophel Fellows, $600,000; Rule of Law Forum, $900,000; Northern Forum, $500,000; Arctic Council, $175,000; Permafrost Conference, $500,000; Kosovo Foundation for Medical Development, $1,000,000; Global Perspectives Project, $750,000; Project Children, $250,000; International Leadership Training Program, $70,000; World Scholar and Athlete Games, $600,000; International Forum on Democracy, $1,000,000; Pakistan literacy training program, $250,000; Empower Peace, $500,000; William Joiner Fellowship in War & Social Consequences, $500,000; Law program for leaders from transitional democracies, $800,000; Karelia Sustainable Development Exchange, $300,000; International Leadership Program with sub-Saharan Africa, $150,000; Leaders in Education Initiative, $2,000,000; and Tolerance foreign exchange program, $150,000.

In addition, the Committee notes that existing successful Academic exchange programs, such as Fulbright and Gilman, provide opportunities for U.S. students to study abroad. The Committee recommends that the State Department consider proposals from Morehouse College and other universities to expand exchange, particularly for minority students.

The Committee commends the State Department for expanding the Humphrey fellowship program, which is dedicated to strengthening the skills of professionals in developing countries. In addition, the Committee strongly supports a focus on teaching the English language skills necessary in order to participate in exchanges.

The Committee directs the State Department to assess the capability for expanding academic and cultural exchange programs between and among developing countries and the United States. In particular, the report should examine how to expand successful models of exchange with these countries, and how to reach students, teachers, and scholars who would not otherwise travel outside of their home country.

The East Timor Scholarship program (hereafter referred to as the Timor-Leste Scholarship program) has been successful in supporting young leaders. The Committee directs the State Department to examine the benefit of expanding scholarships to high school graduates with great potential for success in post-secondary education, ability to contribute to Timor-Leste's development, and who could not otherwise afford to attend college.

The Committee supports the work by the Commission on Abraham Lincoln Study Abroad Fellowship Program to expand U.S. undergraduate study abroad as a key component of building relationships with other countries. The Committee recommends $500,000, subject to prior consultation with the Committee, to implement the recommendations of the Lincoln Commission in fiscal year 2006.

REPRESENTATION ALLOWANCES

Appropriations, 2005 $8,524,000
Budget estimate, 2006 8,281,000
House allowance 8,281,000
Committee recommendation 8,281,000

The Committee recommends $8,281,000 for Representation Allowances, which is equal to the budget request.

Representation allowances provide reimbursement to Foreign Service officers for expenditures incurred in their official capacities abroad in establishing and maintaining relations with officials of foreign governments and appropriate members of local communities.

PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AND OFFICIALS

Appropriations, 2005 $9,762,000
Budget estimate, 2006 9,390,000
House allowance 9,390,000
Committee recommendation 9,390,000

The Committee recommends $9,390,000 for the Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials, which is equal to the budget request.

This account reimburses local governments and communities for the extraordinary costs incurred in providing protection for international organizations, foreign missions and officials, and foreign dignitaries under certain circumstances.

The Committee recommends that in instances where a local jurisdiction will realize a financial benefit from a visit from a foreign dignitary, such circumstances should be taken into account by the State Department in assessing the need for reimbursement under this program. The Committee expects the State Department to treat such submissions diligently and provide reimbursement to local jurisdictions on a timely basis if claims are fully justified.

EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE

Appropriations, 2005 $1,503,644,000
Emergency supplemental 592,000,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,526,000,000
House allowance 1,513,710,000
Committee recommendation 1,504,000,000

The Committee recommends $1,504,000,000 for Embassy Security, Construction and Maintenance, $22,000,000 below the budget request.

This account allows the State Department to manage the United States Government's real property assets overseas in order to provide United States diplomatic and consular missions with secure, safe, and functional facilities.

As part of the budget review conducted by the Committee, the State Department was directed to provide information concerning the execution of fiscal year 2005 plans and programs. As oversight of appropriated funds is one of the Committee's fundamental responsibilities, not later than January 1, 2006, and for each fiscal quarter thereafter, the State Department shall provide the Committee with a report that describes: the date planned for each construction contract to be awarded during the current year and budget year; actual dates for each contract award; the cost of each embassy construction project identified in the budget request; a comparison to the cost identified in the Long Range Overseas Building Plan; the actual cost of each embassy contract awarded; and, any contract savings or overrun realized at contract signing or during execution.

The budget request included program and price growth of $22,356,000, largely due to staff increases, the costs of renovating headquarters, and other costs associated with overhead. The Committee recommends savings to be derived from: holding headquarters staff constant; reducing the costs of contracts; and reducing the costs of renovating the headquarters building.

Security Screening Equipment- The Committee is aware of the successful deployments of new personnel, vehicle and cargo screening technologies to U.S. military and State Department facilities in Iraq and other high risk locations. Some of these systems are specifically designed to detect terrorist weapons and materials carried on the body. The Committee recommends that $10,000,000 shall be available to continue the deployment of these inspection technologies to other State Department locations experiencing high security risks.

Chemical and Biological Agent Monitors.--The Committee directs the State Department to provide a report, not later than November 15, 2005, concerning the status of chemical and biological agent monitoring capabilities at State Department facilities.

EMERGENCIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE

Appropriations, 2005 $987,000
Budget estimate, 2006 13,643,000
House allowance 10,000,000
Committee recommendation 13,643,000

The Committee recommends $13,643,000 for Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, which is equal to the budget request.

REPATRIATION LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Appropriations, 2005 $1,203,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,319,000
House allowance 1,319,000
Committee recommendation 1,319,000

The Committee recommends $1,319,000 for the Repatriation Loans Program Account, which is equal to the budget request.

The Committee strongly endorses efforts by the Bureau of Consular Affairs to limit assistance only to victims of unforeseen circumstances or travelers whose mental instability presents a risk to themselves or others.

PAYMENT TO THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN

Appropriations, 2005 $19,222,000
Budget estimate, 2006 19,751,000
House allowance 19,751,000
Committee recommendation 19,751,000

The Committee recommends $19,751,000 for the American Institute in Taiwan, which is equal to the budget request.

PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $132,600,000
Budget estimate, 2006 131,700,000
House allowance 131,700,000
Committee recommendation 131,700,000

The Committee recommends an appropriation of $131,700,000 for this account, which is equal to the budget request.

This appropriation is authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-465), which provides for an appropriation to the fund in 30 equal annual installments of the amount required for the unfunded liability created by new benefits, new groups of beneficiaries, or increased salaries on which benefits are computed.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND CONFERENCES

CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Appropriations, 2005 $1,166,212,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,296,500,000
House allowance 1,144,265,000
Committee recommendation 1,166,212,000

The Committee recommends $1,166,212,000 for Contributions to International Organizations, a decrease of $130,288,000 below the budget request, and equal to the level of funding provided for fiscal year 2005.

The United States contribution to the United Nations and affiliated agencies assessed regular budgets in fiscal year 2003 was $623,788,000. The budget request of $931,362,000 for fiscal year 2006 represents growth of more than 15 percent per year from fiscal year 2003-2006, a rate that is clearly not sustainable. The budget request for fiscal year 2006 for Contributions for International Peacekeeping, funded under another heading, increased by more than $500,000,000 above the amount appropriated in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2005 (Public Law 108-447). The uncontrolled growth in U.S. contributions comes at a time when the need for reform of the United Nations is undeniable.

The budget justification materials provided to the Committee in support of funding for 45 international organizations and affiliated agencies were devoid of program and budget information. From the justification materials provided, it is unclear to the Committee what benefit is derived from membership in some of these organizations.

Rates of Assessment- The State Department shall provide to the Committee, not later than December 15, 2005, a report describing: a summary of the 15 member nations of the United Nations with the greatest gross domestic products; the rate of assessment paid by each of these nations; the voluntary contributions provided by each of these nations; bilateral foreign assistance paid by each of these nations per year for the period 2001-2004.

Membership in International Organizations- The Committee directs the State Department to submit a report, not later than 90 days after enactment of the Act, evaluating United States participation in non-treaty obligated international organizations and justification for membership in each organization.

World Tourism Organization [WTO]- The Committee notes that the United States withdrew from the WTO in 1996, and directs the State Department to submit a report, not later than 60 days after enactment of the Act, on changes in the WTO since the United States withdrawal and potential benefits of future U.S. participation to the U.S. tourism industry.

CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES

Appropriations, 2005 $483,455,000
Emergency supplemental 680,000,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,035,500,000
House allowance 1,035,500,000
Committee recommendation 1,035,500,000

The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,035,500,000, an amount equal to the budget request for Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities. United Nations peacekeeping missions are of great value in those cases when the deployment of forces: serves as a suitable substitute to ease the personnel and operations tempo of U.S. forces; furthers the goals of global war on terror; furthers the goals of U.S. regional commanders and the national security strategy; and, promotes peace and stability in contested regions. The approval of additional peacekeeping missions nevertheless comes at a significant cost. The request of $1,035,000,000 represents an increase of more than $500,000,000 above the level provided in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2005 (Public Law 108-447). In addition, the Committee recommends funding for other peacekeeping activities through the Peacekeeping Operations appropriations account. The accompanying bill retains language that requires 15-day advance notice of any new or expanded mission. The Committee urges the Secretary of State to consider any additional missions with great scrutiny.

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS

INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $26,880,000
Budget estimate, 2006 28,700,000
House allowance 27,000,000
Committee recommendation 28,700,000

The Committee recommends $28,700,000 for this account, which is equal to the budget request.

CONSTRUCTION

Appropriations, 2005 $5,239,000
Budget estimate, 2006 6,600,000
House allowance 5,300,000
Committee recommendation 5,300,000

The Committee recommends $5,300,000 for this account, which is $1,300,000 below the budget request.

None of the funds provided under this heading may be obligated until the State Department has submitted, and the Committee has approved, a spending plan in accordance with section 6098 of this Act.

The Committee directs that $250,000 be made available for the Rio Grande Canalization project. The Committee recommends increased funding for the Lower Rio Grande Flood Control Project above the $2,200,000 contained in the budget request.

AMERICAN SECTIONS, INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS

Appropriations, 2005 $9,466,000
Budget estimate, 2006 9,879,000
House allowance 9,500,000
Committee recommendation 10,400,000

The Committee recommends $10,400,000 for this account, which is $521,000 above the budget request.

Within the amount provided, $1,429,000 is for the International Boundary Commission, $6,841,000 is for the International Joint Commission, and $2,130,000 is for the Border Environment Cooperation Commission. Within the amount provided for the International Joint Commission, $500,000 is for the Lake Champlain Basin Program.

INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS

Appropriations, 2005 $21,688,000
Budget estimate, 2006 25,123,000
House allowance 22,000,000
Committee recommendation 25,623,000

The Committee recommends $25,623,000 for this account, which is an increase of $500,000 above the budget request.

The Committee recommendations are displayed, by program, in the following table:

INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year 2006 budget estimate Committee recommendation Change from budget estimate 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission                                                        2,008                    2,008                             
Great Lakes Fisheries Commission [GLFC]                                                       14,937                   15,437                        +500 
Pacific Salmon Commission                                                                      3,029                    3,029                             
Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission                                                 300                      300                             
International Pacific Halibut Commission                                                       3,079                    3,079                             
International Whaling Commission                                                                 240                      240                             
North Pacific Anadramous Fish Commission                                                         168                      168                             
International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas                                  305                      305                             
Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization                                                        245                      245                             
Comm'n. for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Re- sources                               85                       85                             
North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization                                                   47                       47                             
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea                                             275                      275                             
North Pacific Marine Science Organization                                                         85                       85                             
Inter-American Sea Turtle Convention Commission                                                  150                      150                             
Expenses of the U.S. Commissioners                                                               120                      120                             
Antarctic Treaty                                                                                  50                       50                             
Total, International Fisheries Commissions                                                    25,123                   25,623                        +500 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Within the amount provided for the GLFC, $500,000 is for the eradication of lampreys in Lake Champlain. The GLFC is directed to give priority to States that have provided matching grants when distributing lampricide funds.

OTHER

PAYMENT TO THE ASIA FOUNDATION

Appropriations, 2005 $12,827,000
Budget estimate, 2006 10,000,000
House allowance 10,000,000
Committee recommendation 15,000,000

The Committee recommends $15,000,000 for TAF, which is $5,000,000 above the budget request. This level is equivalent to that appropriated in fiscal year 1995, but less than each appropriation in fiscal years 1992-1994. The Committee strongly supports the programs and activities of TAF, particularly in Indonesia.

CENTER FOR MIDDLE EASTERN-WESTERN DIALOGUE

Appropriations, 2005 $6,906,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,000,000
House allowance ...........................
Committee recommendation 2,000,000

The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for the Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund (as authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2078), and authorizes the expenditure of an estimated $1,000,000 in interest from the Fund, for a total outlay of $2,000,000. This is $1,000,000 over the budget request.

EISENHOWER EXCHANGE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM

EISENHOWER EXCHANGE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM TRUST FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $493,000
Budget estimate, 2006 500,000
House allowance 500,000
Committee recommendation 500,000

The Committee recommends $500,000 from interest and earnings in the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust Fund, authorized by the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-454).

ISRAELI ARAB SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM

Appropriations, 2005 $370,000
Budget estimate, 2006 375,000
House allowance 375,000
Committee recommendation 375,000

The Committee recommends $375,000 from interest and earnings in the Israeli Arab Scholarship Endowment Fund, authorized by Section 214 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138). The recommendation is equal to the budget request.

EAST-WEST CENTER

Appropriations, 2005 $19,240,000
Budget estimate, 2006 13,024,000
House allowance 6,000,000
Committee recommendation 20,000,000

The Committee recommends an appropriation of $20,000,000 for the East-West Center, an increase of $6,976,000 above the request.

NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY

Appropriations, 2005 $59,199,000
Budget estimate, 2006 80,000,000
House allowance 50,000,000
Committee recommendation 8,800,000

The Committee recommends $8,800,000 for NED for administrative expenses under this heading, which is equal to the budget request. The Committee recommends an additional $80,000,000 for NED for programs and activities under the new heading, `Democracy Fund'. The Committee strongly supports NED's programs and activities to strengthen democratic institutions around the world.

COMMISSION FOR THE PRESERVATION OF AMERICA'S HERITAGE ABROAD

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $492,000
Budget estimate, 2006 499,000
House allowance 499,000
Committee recommendation 499,000

The Committee recommends $499,000 for this account, which is equal to the budget request.

The recommendation will allow the Commission to fund its administrative expenses through appropriated funds while relying on privately donated funds for the actual purchase and restoration of property. The Committee recognizes the Commission as an outstanding example of how entities of this type can multiply the effect of a relatively small appropriation.

The Committee encourages the Commission to consider sharing information and research with the Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw. This museum will house over 50,000 items representing 900 years of Polish Jewry, to include the conditions which gave rise to the emigration of Polish Jews to the United States.

COMMISSION ON INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $2,960,000
Budget estimate, 2006 3,000,000
House allowance 3,200,000
Committee recommendation 1,000,000

The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for the Commission on International Religious Freedom.

COMMISSION ON SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $1,806,000
Budget estimate, 2006 2,030,000
House allowance 2,030,000
Committee recommendation 2,030,000

The Committee recommends $2,030,000 for the CSCE, which is equal to the budget request.

CONGRESSIONAL-EXECUTIVE COMMISSION ON THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $1,875,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,900,000
House allowance 1,900,000
Committee recommendation 1,900,000

The Committee recommends $1,900,000 for this Commission, which is equal to the budget request.

HELP COMMISSION

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $987,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,000,000
House allowance 1,000,000
Committee recommendation ...........................

The Committee does not recommend funding for the HELP Commission, as unobligated balances of $4,000,000 will be carried over into fiscal year 2006. Further, HELP Commissioners were not named until December 2004. The Committee believes that adequate funding exists for the Commission's programs.

UNITED STATES-CHINA ECONOMIC AND SECURITY REVIEW COMMISSION

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $2,960,000
Budget estimate, 2006 4,000,000
House allowance 4,000,000
Committee recommendation 2,800,000

UNITED STATES SENATE-CHINA INTERPARLIAMENTARY GROUP

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $98,000
Budget estimate, 2006 ...........................
House allowance ...........................
Committee recommendation 150,000

The Committee recommends $150,000 for this account.

U.S. INSTITUTE OF PEACE

Appropriations, 2005 $22,693,000
Budget estimate, 2006 21,850,000
House allowance 22,850,000
Committee recommendation 21,850,000

The Committee recommends $21,850,000 for USIP, which is equal to the budget request.

RELATED AGENCY

BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS

INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2005 $583,107,000
Emergency supplemental 4,800,000
Budget estimate, 2006 603,394,000
House allowance 620,000,000
Committee recommendation 603,394,000

The Committee recommends $603,394,000 for IBO, which is equal to the request.

This appropriation account funds the operating and engineering costs of VOA, RFE/RL, RFA, MTN, Worldnet Television, and the Broadcasting Board of Governors. The Committee strongly supports the important programs and activities of these organizations.

The Committee recommendations, by function, are displayed in the following table:

IBO
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Fiscal year 2006 budget estimate Committee recommendation Change from budget estimate 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
International Broadcasting Bureau [IBB]:                                                                                       
VOA                                                               167,605                  167,605                             
Engineering and Technical Services                                159,225                  159,225                             
Agency Direction                                                   26,462                   26,462                             
Management                                                         46,556                   46,556                             
Program Support                                                    19,115                   19,115                             
Subtotal, IBB                                                     418,963                  418,963                             
Independent Grantee Organizations:                                                                                             
RFE/RL                                                             74,967                   74,967                             
RFA                                                                30,328                   30,328                             
Middle East Broadcasting Networks                                  79,136                   79,136                             
Subtotal, Grantees                                                184,431                  184,431                             
Total, IBO                                                        603,394                  603,394                             
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Of these funds, the Committee recommends a total of $11,160,000 for the VOA Persian Service and a total of $5,007,000 for RFE/RL's Radio Farda. These amounts are $3,200,000 and $1,500,000, respectively, above the request.

BROADCASTING TO CUBA

Appropriations, 2005 ...........................
Budget estimate, 2006 $37,656,000
House allowance ...........................
Committee recommendation 37,656,000

The Committee recommends $37,656,000 for this account, an amount equal to the budget request.

BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS

Appropriations, 2005 $8,446,000
Emergency supplemental 2,500,000
Budget estimate, 2006 10,893,000
House allowance 10,893,000
Committee recommendation 10,893,000

The Committee recommends $10,893,000 for this account, which is equal to the budget request.

The Committee recommendations, by function, are displayed in the following table:

BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS [BCI]
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Fiscal year 2006 budget estimate Committee recommendation Change from budget estimate 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Maintenance, Improvements, Replace and Repair [MIRR]:                                                                                       
Continuing Maintenance and Repair                                                4,902                    4,902                             
VOA TV                                                                             769                      769                             
Security                                                                         2,047                    2,047                             
Subtotal, MIRR                                                                   7,718                    7,718                             
Upgrade of Existing Facilities                                                   2,375                    2,375                             
Satellite and Terrestrial Program Feeds                                            800                      800                             
Total, BCI                                                                      10,893                   10,893                             
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TITLE II--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE

EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES

INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2005 ...........................
Budget estimate, 2006 $1,000,000
House allowance ...........................
Committee recommendation 1,000,000

SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

Appropriations, 2005 $59,322,000
Budget estimate, 2006 186,500,000
House allowance 125,000,000
Committee recommendation 125,000,000

ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $72,614,000
Budget estimate, 2006 73,200,000
House allowance 73,200,000
Committee recommendation 73,200,000

The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for the Inspector General, and $73,200,000 for Administrative Expenses for the Export-Import Bank, amounts equal to the budget request. The Committee recommends $125,000,000 for the subsidy appropriation, a decrease of $61,500,000 from the request. The recommended level of subsidy appropriation is to be augmented by prior year balances.

The Committee supports thorough consideration by the Export-Import Bank of each application it receives. The Committee also reiterates the intent of the Congress, expressed in the Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Act of 2002, that the Bank fully consider and avoid actions that would lead to possible adverse effects on the U.S. economy and domestic employment, injurious competition with U.S. products, or surplus production of a commodity. Further, the Committee expects the Export-Import Bank to give appropriate consideration to national security. The Committee directs the Export-Import Bank to submit a report not later than March 31, 2006, detailing for calendar year 2005 the following: (1) a list of all applications received by the Export-Import Bank; (2) a summary of the activities undertaken by the Export-Import Bank with regard to each application.

OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION

SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

DIRECT LOANS

Appropriations, 2005 $23,808,000
Budget estimate, 2006 20,276,000
House allowance 20,276,000
Committee recommendation 20,276,000

ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $42,542,000
Budget estimate, 2006 42,274,000
House allowance 42,274,000
Committee recommendation 42,274,000

TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

Appropriations, 2005 $51,088,000
Budget estimate, 2006 48,900,000
House allowance 50,900,000
Committee recommendation 50,900,000

The Committee recommends $50,900,000 for the TDA, an increase of $2,000,000 above the budget request. The additional funds are only for increased support for programs that assist countries in improving aviation security and safety, to include the development of training materials to prepare for ICAO audits.

TITLE III--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2005 $4,393,064,000
Budget estimate, 2006 4,179,368,000
House allowance 4,156,400,000
Committee recommendation 4,544,400,000

The amounts listed in the above table for fiscal year 2005 appropriations, the fiscal year 2006 budget estimate and the Committee recommendation, include funds appropriated or requested under child survival and health programs, development assistance, USAID operating expenses, USAID Inspector General operating expenses, mandatory retirement expenses, international disaster and famine assistance, transition initiatives, and credit programs.

CHILD SURVIVAL AND HEALTH PROGRAMS FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $1,537,600,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,251,500,000
House allowance 1,497,000,000
Committee recommendation 1,659,000,000

The Committee recommends $1,659,000,000 for the CSHPF of which $375,000,000 is for child survival and maternal health.

The CSHPF supports programs and activities to reduce child mortality and morbidity, combat infectious diseases including HIV/AIDS, and address a wide range of other public health problems around the world. The Committee reiterates its strong support for a comprehensive approach to global health, with an emphasis on building local capacity in developing countries to conduct effective disease surveillance and deliver basic health services.

PROGRAM ISSUES

AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS

The Committee provided $25,000,000 to prevent and control the spread of the Avian influenza virus in the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005 (Public Law 109-13), and authority to use the Tsunami Recovery and Reconstruction Fund for these purposes. The Committee recognizes the potential global catastrophe that could result from human to human transmission of the virus, and recommends $10,000,000 in fiscal year 2006 funds to support ongoing efforts to control it.

The Committee encourages the State Department, USAID and other appropriate U.S. Government agencies to engage foreign governments in affected regions to develop standardized procedures, consistent with best medical health practices, for the treatment of humans and animals infected by the virus. The Committee is alarmed by reports of the approval by the Government of the PRC to use an antiviral drug intended for humans on chickens, in violation of international livestock guidelines.

BLINDNESS

The Committee recognizes the work being done by Helen Keller International and other organizations to assist blind children and children with low levels of vision, through inexpensive operations and vision correction. The Committee recommends at least $1,800,000 for USAID's program for children's blindness.

The Committee recommends USAID consider funding the eye surgery training activities of the Deseret International Foundation in Nigeria.

FAMILY PLANNING/REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

The Committee recommends a total of $450,000,000 for family planning/reproductive health programs, of which $369,000,000 is made available under the CSHPF.

HIV/AIDS

The Committee affirms its commitment to the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, which seeks to support the treatment of 2 million people living with HIV/AIDS, prevent 7 million new HIV infections, and support care for 10 million people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. The Committee notes that while this initiative focuses on 15 countries in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean, HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria programs and activities funded under the CSHPF and the Global Fund are more global in nature.

The Committee recommends a total of $2,866,000,000 for HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria, an increase of $203,000,000 above the budget request. Funds are allocated as follows: $350,000,000 in the CSHPF account for HIV/AIDS; $205,000,000 in CSHPF for TB and malaria; $250,000,000 in CSHPF for a U.S. contribution to the Global Fund; $2,020,000,000 in GHI; $32,000,000 in FSA; $4,000,000 in SEED; $8,000,000 in ESF; and $2,000,000 in FMF.

The Committee recommends a total of $400,000,000 for a U.S. contribution to the Global Fund, of which $250,000,000 is from the CSHPF account and $150,000,000 is from the GHI. The Committee reiterates its call for international donors, particularly the People's Republic of China, to increase pledges to the Global Fund.

IMMUNIZATIONS

The Committee recommends $70,000,000 for The Vaccine Fund and the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, and supports their collective efforts to close the gap between children who receive immunizations and those who do not.

IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDERS

Iodine deficiency disorder [IDD] is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation in children. The Committee recommends that USAID provide at least $2,000,000 from the CSHPF account and at least $1,000,000 from the SEED and FSA accounts for the Kiwanis/UNICEF IDD partnership program.

CHILD SURVIVAL AND MATERNAL HEALTH

The Committee is aware that pregnancy-related deaths exceed 600,000 annually, most of which are preventable. The Committee believes that more should be done to address this urgent need, and recommends at least $375,000,000 for child survival and maternal health activities and that additional funding be made available specifically to reduce pregnancy-related deaths.

The Committee is also aware that deaths among newborn babies exceed 4 million annually, most of which are preventable. As the Committee has increased funding for child survival and maternal health activities by $30,000,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level, the Committee expects USAID to use an appropriate portion of these funds to reduce newborn deaths.

MEDIA PROGRAMS

The Committee supports USAID media programs to combat HIV/AIDS, including in Kenya, Nigeria, Ethiopia and India. The Committee recommends that funding be increased in these countries and expanded to other countries in Africa.

MICROBICIDES

The Committee recommends that not less than $42,000,000 should be made available to USAID for research on and development of microbicides as a means of combating HIV/AIDS, of which up to $4,000,000 should be made available to the International Partnership for Microbicides.

OTHER INFECTIOUS DISEASES

The Committee recommends $285,000,000 for infectious disease programs, which is $85,000,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level. The Committee recognizes the many opportunities for the United States to prevent sickness and save the lives of millions of children and adults from diseases that can be prevented and cured.

Malaria- The Committee is aware that malaria kills an estimated 2.7 million people each year, three-quarters of whom are African children under the age of 5. The Committee recommends not less than $105,000,000 for programs to combat malaria. The Committee supports a comprehensive approach to combat malaria, including long-lasting insecticide treated bed nets, artemisinin combination therapies, and indoor residual spraying. The Committee recommends at least $3,000,000 for the Malaria Vaccine Initiative, and supports continued funding for Medicines for Malaria Venture. The Committee requests to be consulted prior to the obligation of these funds.

Neglected Diseases- The Committee recommends $30,000,000 in a new general provision entitled `Neglected Diseases' to control six types of diseases that cause debilitating and disfiguring illnesses among millions of children and adults in tropical countries. As funding to prevent and treat these diseases is inadequate, the Committee recommends that the USAID Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of State, identify a multilateral funding mechanism, such as the World Bank, to administer this initiative and leverage contributions from other donors.

Polio Eradication- The Committee recommends $32,000,000 for polio eradication programs.

TB- The Committee recommends not less than $100,000,000 for programs to combat tuberculosis from all bilateral accounts in the Act, including $5,000,000 for the Global TB Drug Facility.

The Committee notes that TB is the leading killer of people with AIDS, and urges the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to: (1) increase investment in TB programs with the goal of ensuring that TB treatment is provided to all co-infected individuals in target countries; (2) in consultation with appropriate host nation officials and multilateral organizations, develop a national strategy for each focus country with the goal of ensuring that all TB patients are offered counseling and testing for HIV and all people living with HIV are screened and appropriately treated for TB; (3) issue guidance that TB treatment and TB-HIV coordination should be included in each country operational plan; and (4) provide funding to the WHO for technical support to expand TB treatment and improve coordination of programs to fight HIV and TB.

PROGRAMS FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

The Committee recommends new initiatives to improve the capacity of organizations in developing countries that work on behalf of people with disabilities.

The Committee recommends $10,000,000 under the ESF account for wheelchairs for needy persons in developing countries. Of this amount, the Committee directs $5,000,000 be provided to the Wheelchair Foundation, and expects these funds to be matched by private donations on a dollar-for-dollar basis. The Committee also directs that $1,500,000 be provided to Free Wheelchair Mission.

The Committee supports the Center for Mind-Body Medicine to expand the Healing Wounds of War and Terrorism program into Israel, the West Bank and Gaza and recommends funding for this project.

VITAMIN A AND OTHER MICRONUTRIENTS

The Committee recommends that at least $30,000,000 be provided for the overall USAID micronutrient program, of which at least $20,000,000 should be for programs related to Vitamin A deficiency.

DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2005 $1,448,320,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,103,233,000
House allowance 1,460,000,000
Committee recommendation 1,675,000,000

The DA account consists of a wide range of poverty-reduction and long-term development activities including democracy and the rule of law, free market development, agriculture and rural development, urban, environment, and energy, basic education, and micro-credit programs.

PROGRAM ISSUES

AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

The Committee encourages USAID to increase funding to rebuild agricultural capability in developing countries. The Committee notes the strong linkage between HIV/AIDS, nutrition and agriculture and fully supports a broad based approach to dealing with this disease through improved nutrition and food production. The Committee supports the contributions of U.S. universities in agriculture, particularly in USAID training programs.

The Committee recommends $40,000,000 for plant biotechnology programs.

The Committee is concerned with reports that some food aid products have been affected by over-fortification, which has damaged the reputation of U.S. food products and may cause health concerns. The Committee recommends funding to address this problem for the nonprofit organization that conducted the 2001 Micronutrient Compliance Review, which are to be used consistent with the authority in 7 U.S.C. section 1736g-2(a)(2)(c) and matched dollar-for-dollar with funds raised from other sources.

The Committee continues to believe that dairy development is an important component of U.S. foreign assistance programs and recommends that USAID provide at least $20,000,000, which is equivalent to the expected fiscal year 2005 funding level.

The Committee recommends that USAID consider supporting the International Arid Lands Consortium in addressing water, agriculture, and energy issues in the Middle East and Central Asia.

AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD

The Committee continues to recognize the important contributions made to U.S. foreign policy by institutions funded by the ASHA program and provides that not less than $25,000,000 should be made available to support these institutions in fiscal year 2006. The Committee, once again, expects USAID to allocate sufficient sums to administer the ASHA program from funds provided for Operating Expenses, so it will not be necessary to expend any program funds for administrative purposes.

The Committee recognizes the importance of establishing and maintaining relationships with hospitals in developing nations, particularly in countries that have a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, where hospitals and health care systems are too often unequipped or under-equipped to provide prevention, care, and treatment to infected children and adults. The Committee urges USAID to work with the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to solicit and review applications for ASHA funding to increase the number of hospitals and clinics participating in the prevention, care and treatment of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS.

Although the Committee understands that ASHA funds are available for a variety of purposes, such as construction and equipment, libraries, computer technology, curriculum and staff support, and related expenses, the Committee reaffirms its intention that this assistance is not for permanent budget support to ASHA recipients. The Committee encourages ASHA to give priority to institutions which demonstrate a need and a commitment to private fundraising to match government support.

The Committee continues to be impressed with the contributions to United States interests made by several institutions and believes that they warrant consideration for further ASHA support, including Lebanese American University, International College; City University's Interactional Distance Learning Program in Bratislava; The Johns Hopkins University's Centers in Nanjing, China and Bologna, Italy; the Tel Aviv University: American Council; George Washington Academy; the Center for American Studies at Fudan University, Shanghai; the Hadassah Medical Organization; EARTH University's Center for Sustainability and Biodiversity in Costa Rica; the American University of Beirut; American University in Kosovo; the American University of Cairo; Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel; and the Feinberg Graduate School of the Weizmann Institute of Science.

BIRDS OF PREY

The Peregrine Fund continues to build a record of protecting birds of prey worldwide. The Committee recommends $500,000 for the Peregrine Fund's work in the Neotropical Raptor Center in Panama, to be matched by private contributions.

CHILDREN'S BASIC EDUCATION

Educating children in developing countries is fundamental to long term development. The Committee recommends $350,000,000 for children's basic education in fiscal year 2006. The Committee expects USAID to emphasize programs that expand access and quality of education for girls, enhance community and parental participation in schools, improve teacher training, and build local management capacity.

The Committee supports efforts to address the problem of public school fees in poor countries, especially in Africa. These fees are a significant impediment to the attendance of poor children in school, particularly girls, who are vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. The Committee supports a multilateral, multi-year strategy and funding mechanisms to support the elimination of school fees in these countries and to strengthen the capacity of schools to respond to the increased enrollment.

COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH SUPPORT PROGRAMS

The Committee regrets that USAID has not followed prior year funding recommendations for the CRSPs and directs USAID to provide not less than $28,000,000 for these programs. The Committee expects USAID to support efforts by the CRSPs to expand their activities in Africa and South Asia. The Committee again urges USAID to create a CRSP focused on water issues and to expand its current horticulture assessment into a CRSP.

COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

The Committee recommends $200,000,000 for microenterprise development programs for the poor, especially women. The Committee expects USAID to preserve the viability of the leading private NGO microfinance networks and PVOs in order to maximize assistance to poor clients. The great majority of microenterprise development resources should be used to support the direct provision of services to the poorest microentrepreneurs through these networks. The Committee supports the implementation of poverty measurement methods as a means of verifying that at least half of these resources are targeted toward the world's poorest people. The Committee believes that funding for administrative, procurement, research and other support activities not directly related to the delivery and management of services should be kept to a minimum. The Committee recommends $20,000,000 to increase incentives for microfinance service providers to accomodate people infected with HIV/AIDS.

The Committee reiterates its strong support for the International Executive Service Corps [IESC], and expects USAID to provide sufficient funding for IESC activities around the world. The Committee directs USAID to provide $10,000,000 to support the programs and activities of the Financial Services Volunteer Corps, a moderate increase over prior year funding levels.

The Committee continues to recognize the importance of U.S. credit unions and cooperatives in promoting free market principles and access to credit and other banking services in developing countries. The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for USAID's Cooperative Development Program.

The Committee supports the efforts of the State Department's Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs in working with Latin American governments to achieve a uniform digital television [DTV] standard in the Western Hemisphere. To reinforce this effort, the Committee recommends that, within the funds requested for trade capacity building, USAID consider supporting training and education programs to assist the region's governments and businesses in understanding the U.S. DTV standard, as well as the DTV standards under consideration for adoption by these governments.

The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for the U.S. Telecommunications Training Institute, a nonprofit joint venture between the public and private sectors dedicated to providing tuition free communications and broadcast training to professionals from around the world.

USAID plays an important role in community and micro enterprise development in the developing world. To aid in the supply of basic materials for construction projects, the Committee recommends that USAID evaluate technology that consists of a small, transportable machine that produces compressed earth blocks from a combination of subsoil and dry cement. The Committee recommends that USAID consider such technologies for applications in post Tsunami reconstruction projects.

The Committee supports Aid to Artisans' [ATA] lead-free pottery initiative, which has shown promise and potential for eliminating illness and retardation caused by lead glazes and expanding export markets for Mexican ceramicists. The Committee believes this project is a model for other countries and should be expanded, both by supporting Mexican partner organizations through technical assistance, training and sales within Mexico, and ATA for export marketing and promotion.

COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATION OF STATES FOR SCHOLARSHIPS

The Committee continues to support the work of the CASS and expects USAID to fully fund the current CASS agreement, as well as to fund CASS activities in Haiti, particularly in the field of health care training. The Committee recommends that USAID support the establishment of a CASS program in Colombia, to provide young, disadvantaged Colombians from rural, coca producing areas with educational opportunities.

COORDINATOR FOR INDIGENOUS PEOPLES ISSUES

The Committee is concerned with the many problems facing indigenous peoples whose survival is increasingly threatened. Poverty, discrimination and displacement are common challenges for indigenous peoples whose unique cultural traditions enrich all humanity. The Committee believes that USAID should devote more attention to helping indigenous peoples protect their lands and their way of life. As a first step, the Committee recommends that USAID designate a Coordinator for Indigenous Peoples Issues to: consult with representatives of indigenous peoples organizations; ensure that the rights and needs of indigenous peoples are effectively addressed in USAID policies, programs and activities; monitor the design and implementation of such programs, programs and activities which directly or indirectly affect them; and coordinate with other Federal agencies on relevant issues relating to indigenous peoples.

The Committee is aware that there is more than one definition of `indigenous peoples'. The Committee refers the Coordinator to the definition in the International Labor Organization's Convention (No. 169) concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries.

DOULOS FOUNDATION

The Committee recommends that USAID provide not less than $2,000,000 to the Doulos Foundation for programs in South Asia.

ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS

Biodiversity- The Committee commends USAID for developing a biodiversity conservation strategy for the Amazon basin. The Committee recommends not less than $10,000,000, in addition to the amounts requested for biodiversity activities in these countries in fiscal year 2006, to begin implementing this initiative. Approximately $16,000,000 in prior year funds have also been designated for this purpose. The strategy will, among other things, strengthen the capacity of indigenous peoples to protect their lands.

The Committee is concerned with the continuing destruction of habitat of orangutans in Borneo and Sumatra, and expects USAID to provide at least $2,000,000 for support through NGOs, including the Orangutan Foundation and others, for activities to protect the orangutan from extinction. The Committee requests to be consulted prior to the obligation of funds. The Committee again calls on U.S. Embassy officials in Jakarta to make the prevention of illegal logging, which continues to be a widespread practice that is condoned and encouraged by the Indonesian military, a priority for U.S. policy.

The Committee also expects continued funding for programs to protect great apes in Central Africa, including through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and NGOs such as the Jane Goodall Institute, the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International and members of the International Gorilla Conservation Program.

The Committee recommends that USAID design a successor to the Parks in Peril Program to develop self-sustaining national park systems by improving economic opportunities for people living near protected areas.

Energy- The Committee recommends not less than $180,000,000 to support policies and programs in developing countries that promote energy efficiency, renewable energy, and clean energy technologies, including $15,000,000 for USAID's Office of Energy and Information Technology which has not received adequate funding in recent years. The Committee continues to believe that USAID should substantially increase its support for solar energy technology, small scale public-private hydro power projects, and other small scale, renewable energy technologies in such areas as rural Latin America, Africa, and Pacific island nations, where other sources of energy are either not available or prohibitively expensive.

The Committee again expects USAID, the Export-Import Bank, OPIC and TDA, to continue to fully participate in the nine-agency Clean Energy Technology Exports Initiative.

The Committee also supports rural electrical infrastructure that uses such energy sources and provides reliable electric service as a key component of economic development.

FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS

The Committee recognizes that faith-based organizations offer USAID and the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator significant experience and access to local networks in Africa and the Caribbean. The Committee remains troubled by reports that USAID's consideration of first-time proposals from these organizations remains cumbersome, time consuming, and not user-friendly.

The Committee supports the work of the Alaska Interfaith Council in the Russian Far East and Lott Carey International.

The Committee recommends that USAID consider and fund a proposal from Christian Blind Mission International USA for programs in Africa.

FERTILIZER DEVELOPMENT

The Committee again supports the work of the International Fertilizer Development Center [IDFC] and recommends not less than $2,300,000 should be made available for its core grant. The Committee also recommends an additional $1,700,000 to support the research and development activities of the IFDC.

GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE

The Committee recommends $5,000,000 to expand community-based efforts to combat female genital cutting in African countries where the practice is prevalent.

HUMAN CAPACITY BUILDING

The Committee urges USAID to respond to the Board for International Food and Agriculture Development's long term training initiatives in a way that makes them sustainable.

ORPHANS, DISPLACED AND ABANDONED CHILDREN

The Committee is concerned with the needs of the large number of orphans, displaced and abandoned children in developing countries, particularly countries that have been affected by conflict and natural disasters. The Committee recommends $3,000,000 to support pilot projects in up to three countries, to improve the capacity of local government agencies and nongovernmental organizations to prevent abandonment, address the needs of these children and provide permanent homes through family reunification, guardianship and domestic adoption. The Committee requests to be consulted on eligible activities prior to any decision on the use of these funds.

The Committee recommends that USAID consider a proposal from Bellefaire JBC for programs and activities in Central and Latin America, including Haiti, Guatemala, Colombia, and El Salvador.

PATRICK LEAHY WAR VICTIMS FUND

The Committee continues to strongly support the LWVF, which provides assistance to persons who are disabled as a result of armed conflict. The Committee expects USAID to provide not less than $17,000,000 for the LWVF in fiscal year 2006.

SAFE WATER

The Committee remains concerned with the lack of available clean drinking water and proper sanitation management in many regions of the world, including in Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. The Committee recognizes the immediate threat water-related diseases and conflicts pose to vulnerable populations, particularly children and the infirm.

The Committee recommends not less than $200,000,000 for drinking water supply projects and related activities, an increase of $100,000,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level. Of this amount, not less than $50,000,000 should be made available for programs in Africa. The Committee directs USAID to report to the Committee no later than 90 days after enactment of the Act on funding and implementation of its water projects, including the number and location of wells drilled, and the average cost per well.

In addition, the Committee recommends not less than $20,000,000 to develop clean water treatment activities in development countries, including those in East Africa. The Committee recommends these funds be provided to the Millennium Water Alliance and Water Missions International.

SPORTS PROGRAMS

The Committee is aware that sports programs, including those that benefit persons with disabilities, can enhance health and development and strengthen families and communities. The Committee notes that many organizations are involved in these activities and expects USAID to support programs such as Right to Play, the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation's Sports for Life program, and Special Olympics.

UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

The Committee recommends $40,000,000 under title III of the Act for international development programs conducted by colleges and universities through the direction and authority of the Office of the Higher Education Community Liaison in USAID's Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade. These funds are in addition to funding otherwise made available for these purposes.

The Committee has, once again, received a large number of requests to fund specific activities at or through American institutions of higher education. The Committee strongly supports activities that advance international development and United States foreign policy goals. The Committee has reviewed the concepts proposed for funding, and recommends that USAID and/or the State Department (as appropriate for the proposed project) actively consider proposals submitted by the following organizations.

Unless a proposal demonstrates a unique, innovative, or proprietary capability, or demonstrates special considerations that justify limited or non-competitive treatment, the Committee expects that competitive procedures will be applied with regard to the proposals on the list that follows. The Committee also expects USAID to give priority to proposals that have technical merit, realistic budgets, matching contributions, and achievable objectives.

No later than 60 days after the submission of the report required by section 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, USAID should submit a report to the Committee on the status of each activity identified below. Such a report should include: (1) the status of the funding proposal by the organization associated with each activity; (2) the degree to which the proposal is consistent with and would advance international development and United States foreign policy goals for the country or region in which the activity would take place; (3) the degree to which matching or other funds would be provided by the organization to complement the Federal contribution; (4) to the extent known at the time, any decision by USAID or the State Department on funding the activity, including the funding level; and (5) any other relevant information deemed important by USAID or the State Department. The Committee also expects to receive a second report on the status of these proposals no later than July 1, 2006.

With the foregoing in mind, the Committee recommends the following proposals for USAID and the State Department's active consideration:

Bowling Green State University.--A proposal to create an International Democratic Education Institute.

Brandeis University.--A proposal for a collaborative project with Al-Quds, a Palestinian University, to strengthen the educational opportunities for both universities.

Brown University.--A proposal, in conjunction with the George Washington University, regarding the participation of the Liberian diaspora in relief, post-conflict reconstruction and development efforts.

City University of Bellevue.--A proposal to expand a distance learning program in Bratislava, Slovakia.

College of William and Mary.--A proposal to establish an Iraq Rural Credit and Banking Initiative.

Columbia University.--A proposal from the Teachers College, in conjunction with the Afghan Ministry of Education, to produce textbooks for grades 3-6.

DePaul University.--Two proposals to provide human-rights training for diplomats and criminal justice officials from Arab countries.

Endicott College.--A proposal to further develop the facilities at its campus in Mexico City.

George Mason University.--A proposal to support the Center for World Religions, Diplomacy, and Conflict Resolution.

Historically Black Colleges and Universities.--A proposal to strengthen civil society in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Historically Black Colleges and Universities.--A proposal to build Internet connectivity between African and U.S. universities to support African education, economic development, and democratization.

Idaho State University.--A proposal, in conjunction with the South African Institute of Traumatic Stress and the Pulih Center for Trauma Recovery and Psychosocial Intervention in Indonesia, to develop an international crisis training protocol.

La Roche College.--A proposal to expand programs to educate young people from conflict, post-conflict, and developing regions of the world.

Louisiana State University.--A proposal to expand trade and commerce through commercial and civil law programs with several Latin American countries.

Mississippi State University.--A proposal to provide assistance for small-scale and subsistence fisheries in countries impacted by the December 2004 tsunami in Asia.

Mississippi State University- A proposal to address food security and micronutrient deficiency through sweet potato production and utilization in selected African countries in order to increase economic opportunity for women to finance education for children, and integrate sweet potatoes into their diets to help enhance women and children's health.

Montana State University.--A proposal to enhance the activities associated with the International Telecommunications Training Institute.

Ohio State University.--A proposal for a 2-year pilot project in Haiti for entrepreneurial agribusiness development.

Oregon State University- A proposal to expand the Program for Water Cooperation to assist in the prevention and resolution of water resources-based conflict.

Salve Regina University.--A proposal to enhance knowledge and understanding of the complexities of the Greater Near East.

Salve Regina University.--A proposal to support the Global Integration Project: Environmental and Human Security.

Temple University.--A proposal to expand judicial training programs in the People's Republic of China.

Tulane University.--A collaborative partnership with Xavier University and the West African Health Organization to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS in the security forces of Economic Community of West African States member countries.

University of Alabama.--A proposal to study the feasibility of a Central American Food Export Trade Association.

University of Alaska.--A program with Alaska Pacific University and the North Slope Borough and Northwest Arctic Borough to provide training and technical assistance to strengthen Chukotka's economy, develop market-driven systems and improve social conditions, particularly for indigenous people in the region.

University of Delaware.--A proposal, in conjunction with the Salzburg Seminar in American Studies, to expose senior university administrators from the Middle East to American academic management and outreach activities.

University of Kentucky.--A proposal for coal mine safety programs in the former Soviet Union.

University of Kentucky.--A proposal, in conjunction with Indonesian universities, to further economic development opportunities in Indonesia.

University of Louisville.--A proposal for the continued funding of a social, economic and educational development program in South Africa.

University of Louisville.--A proposal to promote democracy and the rule of law in China.

University of Louisville.--A proposal to expand democracy in Asia.

University of Montana.--A proposal to conduct disaster mitigation, environmental rehabilitation and rule of law programs in Central Asia.

University of Nebraska at Lincoln.--A proposal for a joint program with Jordanian universities for research and outreach programs in the Middle East.

University of Nebraska at Omaha.--A proposal for a community-based education project in Afghanistan.

University of Nebraska at Omaha.--A proposal for a young leaders training program in Afghanistan.

University of New Orleans.--A proposal, in partnership with the University of Technology in Honduras and the Escuela Superior Politecnica del Litoral in Ecuador, to build trade capacity.

University of Northern Iowa.--A proposal for the program to train Burmese teachers in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.--A proposal for a Mozambique AIDS Clinic Initiative in conjunction with the University of California at Los Angeles, Georgetown University, and the Catholic University of Mozambique.

University of South Alabama.--A proposal to expand the Birth Defects Monitoring Program in Ukraine, and implement a nationwide birth defects prevention program.

University of Washington.--A proposal to enhance understanding with the Middle East region through the Middle East Information Portal.

Utah State University.--A proposal, in conjunction with the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo, to enhance institutional capacity to develop and deliver training to current and aspiring government officials in the Dominican Republic.

Utah State University.--A project to develop the technical scope and management framework for a global water research initiative for sustainable water resource planning in developing countries.

Vermont Law School.--A proposal to strengthen China's legal system and governance, particularly in the area of environmental law, through expanding a partnership between Vermont Law School and Sun Yat-sen University, involving exchanges, training of Chinese law faculty, and the creation of the first environmental law clinic in China.

Western Kentucky University.--A proposal for the continued funding of an international journalist training program.

Western Kentucky University.--A proposal to address environmental health issues in China.

VICTIMS OF TORTURE

The Committee notes that torture is practiced in over 60 countries and victims often suffer permanent physical and psychological disabilities. The Committee recommends $15,000,000 for these programs from the DA and ESF accounts, including for centers for victims of torture that provide services consistent with the goals of the Torture Victims Relief Reauthorization Act of 1999 (Public Law 106-87).

WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT

The Committee recommends $11,000,000 for USAID's Office of Women in Development.

COUNTRY ISSUES

AFGHANISTAN

The Committee remains unwavering in its commitment to ensuring that Afghanistan continues on its path toward becoming a stable, democratic state. The Committee is aware that this critical objective of U.S. national security policy will outlive fiscal year 2006. The Committee recommends $920,000,000 for programs intended to assist the Afghan people in building a functioning economy and free society, an amount equal to the request.

The Committee recommendation includes $430,000,000 for ESF programs to continue the development of basic infrastructure such as roads, electrical transmission grids and telecommunications networks. Funding will also support development of agriculture and the rural economy. The Committee commends the focused efforts of the Provincial Reconstruction Teams [PRTs].

Establishing security in Afghanistan entails the significant challenges of training and equipping the national, border, and highway police forces; the Afghan National Army; and eradicating poppy. In both Afghanistan and Iraq the U.S. Government has attempted to assist democratically elected governments establish the rule of law while fighting a counter-terrorist campaign. The Committee recognizes that the training of police and the eradication of poppy within Afghanistan cannot be accomplished in a non-permissive environment without the coordinated efforts of the Departments of State and Defense, the Afghan Ministry of Interior, and our allies.

The Committee recommends continued funding for U.S. Government efforts to expand primary health care services for Afghans living in rural areas, and recommends $42,800,000 for this purpose under the CSHPF account.

The Committee supports programs to directly address the needs of Afghan women and girls. The Committee believes that a central goal of United States assistance for Afghanistan should be to strengthen and support Afghan women's organizations (many of them small and located outside of major urban areas) that have established themselves as effective advocates for women's rights and as trusted providers of assistance. Not less than $10,000,000 is to be made available through grants to Afghan women's NGOs.

The Committee recommends up to $6,000,000 to establish a National Emergency response and Preparedness System, to include an Emergency Response Center to address civil response requirements of Afghanistan.

The Committee recommends $2,000,000 for the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission and for other Afghan human rights organizations.

The Committee recommends $3,000,000 for continued assistance to Afghan families and communities that have suffered losses as a result of the military operations against the Taliban and insurgents. The Committee welcomes the collaboration between USAID and the PRTs in providing this support. However, the Committee believes that better communication and coordination is needed between Afghan families and communities that have been harmed, the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission, United States Armed Forces, and USAID. The Committee recommends that USAID employ an individual to serve as a liaison for this purpose.

BURMA

The Committee reiterates its strong support for the nonviolent struggle for freedom and justice in Burma, and calls for the immediate and unconditional release of democracy leader and Nobel Laureate Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and other prisoners of conscience in Burma. The Committee encourages the State Department to redouble its efforts to engage regional governments on the Burma problem, including leveraging the SPDC's scheduled chairmanship of ASEAN next year.

The Committee recommends $8,000,000 to support democracy activities in Burma, including the provision of humanitarian assistance to displaced Burmese along the Burma-Thailand border, and $3,000,000 for State's Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration for assistance for community-based organizations operating in Thailand to provide food, medical and other humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons in eastern Burma. This assistance is in addition to funds for Burmese refugees provided under the MRA account.

The Committee prohibits assistance to the central government of any country that is a major provider of weapons or other defense-related equipment to the SPDC, but provides the President with a national security interest waiver. The Committee also restricts the use of ESF for programs involving ASEAN should the SPDC assume chairmanship of that Association in 2006.

CAMBODIA

The Committee reiterates its support for democracy and human rights programs for Cambodia, and expects the State Department and other international donors to hold the Cambodian Government fully accountable to its pledges to tackle corruption and strengthen the rule of law. The Committee expects USAID to sufficiently fund programs conducted by indigenous and international NGOs, including Global Witness. The Committee deplores the continued harassment and intimidation of the political opposition and civil society in Cambodia, and condemns the culture of impunity that is pervasive at all levels of government.

The Committee notes the State Department's recent determination that the Cambodian Government `does not fully comply with the minimum standard for the elimination of [human] trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so.' The Committee holds Prime Minister Hun Sen and other senior officials directly responsible for the lack of social, economic, and political reforms in Cambodia today.

The Committee again restricts assistance to the Cambodian Government, with few exceptions, and notes that the budget request does not contain funding for a United States contribution to the Khmer Rouge tribunal. The Committee directs that no funds be made available for a contribution to the tribunal unless the Secretary of State reports to the Committee that the tribunal is capable of delivering justice that meets internationally recognized standards of justice for crimes against humanity and genocide in an impartial and credible manner.

The Committee recommends sufficient funding for counter narcotics and IMET programs for Cambodia.

CHINA

The Committee recommends $35,000,000 under the ESF account for activities to support democracy, human rights, and the rule of law in the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Of these funds, $25,000,000 is made available for DRL and $10,000,000 is for the NED. In addition, the Committee provides $10,000,000 for American educational institutions for programs and activities relating to the environment, democracy and the rule of law in the People's Republic of China, including the Vermont Law School and the University of Louisville. The Committee expects funding provided to NED to be made available to its core grantees on an equitable basis and in proportion to annual appropriation percentages.

The Committee again provides authority to conduct programs in Taiwan, on a cost matching basis, that further political and legal reforms.

CYPRUS

The Committee is concerned that funds made available for bicommunal projects on Cyprus have been obligated without appropriate notification and participation of the Government of Cyprus [GoC]. The Committee believes that if such funds are to improve the prospect for peaceful reunification of the island, they must be allocated transparently and in full consultation with the GoC and other interested parties.

ETHIOPIA

The Committee is troubled by the political unrest surrounding the May 2005 parliamentary elections in Ethiopia. The Committee calls on the Government of Ethiopia [GoE] to adhere to the rule of law in resolving electoral disputes, and to refrain from abusing the political and legal rights of demonstrators. The Committee urges all parties to abide by their previous commitments as formalized in the signing of the June 10 Joint Declaration by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, the Coalition for Unity and Democracy and the United Ethiopian Democratic Forces.

The Committee notes with regret the decision by the GoE to expel international NGOs working on political reform in that country. The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for democracy programs and activities in that country.

HAITI

The Committee remains concerned with the dire situation in Haiti and recommends the following funding levels, which are equal to the budget request: $20,000,000 in the CSHPF account; $30,000,000 in DA; $50,000,000 in ESF; $15,000,000 in INCLE; $1,000,000 in FMF; and $215,000 in IMET.

The Committee recognizes that as a failed state, Haiti faces numerous and significant challenges in delivering basic services to its citizens, ensuring a modicum of public safety, countering the trafficking of drugs, and creating a conducive environment for the holding of credible and fair elections. While assistance for Haiti is one factor in that country's development, history suggests that money alone is not a panacea for Haiti's many problems. Responsible and responsive leadership--among Haitians themselves and within the international community--is a critical factor in overcoming that country's myriad challenges.

The Committee strongly encourages the State Department, the international community and the United Nations to provide the vision, manpower, and resources necessary to ensure that anarchy in Haiti is neither prolonged nor predetermined for the foreseeable future. The Committee urges the people of Haiti not to squander the few opportunities remaining to correct the tragic course of that country's history.

The Committee notes that USAID is developing a deforestation strategy for Haiti through a consultative process. The Committee is aware of the challenges and opportunities this initiative presents and recommends not less than $5,000,000 in DA to begin implementing the strategy. The Committee expects to be consulted regularly on its design and implementation.

The Committee provided $20,000,000 for assistance for Haiti in the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief Act, 2005 (Public Law 109-13), of which $2,500,000 was appropriated to USAID for criminal case management, case tracking, and the reduction of pre-trial detention in Haiti. The Committee expects these funds to be utilized by a grantee or contractor that has experience dealing with Haiti's dysfunctional justice system and a proven track record in criminal case management, case tracking, and the reduction of pre-trial detention.

INDONESIA

The Committee commends the people of Indonesia for holding first-ever, Presidential elections in September 2004, and notes that these peaceful polls serve as further evidence of the compatibility of Islam and democracy. The Committee congratulates President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono for his electoral success, and commends him for his stated commitment to combat corruption and terrorism. The Committee also notes Yudhoyono's leadership following the December 2004 tsunami.

The Committee recognizes the complexities of Indonesia and U.S.-Indonesian relations. Shared interests include increasing security within the archipelago to counter international terrorism, strengthening democracy and the rule of law, protecting human rights, and continuing and accelerating economic, military, and social reforms for the benefit of the Indonesian people, to include increasing educational opportunities.

The Committee recommends $159,000,000 for assistance for Indonesia from all accounts in the Act, an amount equal to the budget request. The Committee directs the State Department to conduct a thorough review of assistance programs for Indonesia prior to submission of the fiscal year 2007 budget request. The Committee remains concerned that sufficient funds are not being requested to meet Indonesia's security and development needs.

The Committee appreciates Yudhoyono's personal commitment to credibly investigate and bring to justice the perpetrators of the August 31, 2002 murders of American and Indonesian citizens, and expects that the administration will continue to make this matter a priority in U.S.-Indonesian relations. The Committee directs the State Department to report to the Committees 30 days after enactment of this Act, and every 60 days thereafter, on the status of cooperation between United States and Indonesian law enforcement officials on this case.

IRAN

The Committee supports the efforts of those in Iran seeking political and economic freedom and provides not less than $7,000,000 for programs and activities that advance democracy and human rights in that country.

The Committee remains concerned with reports of Iranian interference in the reconstruction of Iraq and with efforts by Iran to develop nuclear capabilities.

Not later than February 15, 2006, the State Department shall provide the Committee with a report describing a strategy for the promotion of political and economic freedom in Iran. The report may be provided in a classified manner.

LAOS

The Committee regrets the decision of the Asian Development Bank to support the construction of the Nam Theun 2 dam in Laos and deplores USAID's shortsighted endorsement of this project. The Committee notes that the Government of Laos [GoL] is known for repression, secrecy, corruption and a near-total disregard for the welfare of its citizens. The Committee does not share the confidence of the Asian Development Bank or USAID in the GoL's commitment to transparency and accountability, or the protection of the environment. Simply put, the Committee believes that support of this project is a mistake.

LEBANON

The Committee continues to follow developments in Lebanon closely, including reports of Syrian interference in Lebanese political affairs through the use of violence and other means. The Committee encourages the State Department to continue to press Syria to cease its destabilizing activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the region.

The Committee recommends $35,000,000 for assistance for Lebanon, of which not less than $4,000,000 should be made available to American educational institutions for scholarships and direct support.

MONGOLIA

The Committee endorses the budget request for Mongolia, and appreciates that country's contributions to reconstruction efforts in Iraq. The Committee continues to support political, economic and legal reforms in Mongolia.

NEPAL

The Committee is increasingly concerned with the situation in Nepal, an impoverished country struggling with a brutal Maoist insurgency. Although widely accepted that the Maoists cannot be defeated militarily, prospects for a more stable, democratic government were diminished when King Gyanendra dissolved the multi-party government on February 1, 2005, detained political party leaders and curtailed civil liberties. The state of emergency was subsequently lifted, but arbitrary arrests continue and there is concern that the King's actions could result in alliances between political parties and the Maoists.

One welcome development is the opening of the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal, which plans to deploy monitors throughout the country. The Committee recommends $4,000,000 in ESF to support this important initiative. The Committee continues to support assistance to improve health, education and food production, strengthen civil society, combat human trafficking, and promote democracy and governance in Nepal, primarily through NGOs.

NICARAGUA

The Committee commends the work of the Fabretto Children's Foundation in helping impoverished children in Nicaragua obtain the education they need to become responsible, productive, employable adults. The Committee expects USAID to continue its support of this Foundation.

The Committee encourages USAID to support the Polus Center Mobility and Social Access project in Leon, Nicaragua to assist individuals who have lost limbs due to acts of war, landmines or disease.

NIGERIA

The Committee notes that Charles Taylor, an indicted war criminal responsible for the deaths of thousands, continues to receive sanctuary in Nigeria. The Committee calls upon the Nigerian Government to immediately turn Mr. Taylor over to the Special Court for Sierra Leone for prosecution.

NORTH KOREA

The Committee recommends that funds under the MRA account should be made available for assistance for refugees from North Korea, as authorized by the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-333). The Committee requests the State Department to provide a report on its plans for the obligation of these funds.

The Committee notes that is has been 37 years since the U.S.S. Pueblo was attacked and captured by North Korea. The Committee requests the Secretary of State to submit a report not later than 60 days after the enactment of the Act on efforts to obtain the return of the U.S.S. Pueblo, which remains a commissioned ship in the United States Navy.

PAKISTAN

The Committee recognizes and appreciates Pakistan's contributions to the global war on terrorism, and recommends $698,244,000 for assistance to Pakistan, an amount equal to the budget request.

Funds are allocated as follows: $20,500,000 in the CSHPF account; $29,000,000 in DA; $300,000,000 in ESF; $300,000,000 in FMF; $2,044,000 in IMET; $40,000,000 in INCLE; and $6,700,000 in NADR.

The Committee remains concerned with the slow pace of the democratic development of Pakistan, and expects the State Department and USAID to continue to make democracy and governance programs a priority. The Committee urges the Government of Pakistan to protect and respect human rights and the rule of law, particularly for women.

SUDAN

The Committee deplores the policies of the Government of Sudan which have resulted in the systematic destruction of villages, the deaths of tens of thousands of people, the displacement of more than 1 million people in Darfur, and have impeded the delivery of humanitarian assistance to the region.

The Committee supports the use of assistance provided under the ESF account for aid to the National Democratic Alliance of Sudan to strengthen its ability to protect civilians from attacks, slave raids, and aerial bombardment by the Sudanese Government forces and its militia allies. The Committee notes that such aid includes non-lethal, non-food aid such as blankets, medicine, fuel, mobile clinics, water drilling equipment, communications equipment to notify civilians of aerial bombardment, non-military vehicles, tents, and shoes.

THAILAND

The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for democracy and media programs in Thailand, and requests the State Department to consult with the Committee prior to the obligation of these funds.

The Committee directs the State Department to consult with the Committee prior to initiating any embassy construction projects, to include the sale of any properties or assets (specifically the Rajadamri compound), in Thailand.

TIBET

The Committee continues its strong support of activities which preserve cultural traditions and promote sustainable development and environmental conservation in Tibetan communities in the Tibetan Autonomous Region and in other Tibetan communities in China. The Committee again recommends $4,000,000 in ESF for such programs. The Committee also recommends $250,000 in ESF to the NED for programs relating to Tibet.

The Committee directs that $2,000,000 should be provided to The Bridge Fund and that the balance of funds be made available on a fully competitive basis.

TIMOR-LESTE

The Committee recommends $22,000,000 in ESF and not less than $1,500,000 in INCLE assistance (for police training) in Timor-Leste.

VENEZUELA

The Committee remains concerned with the state of democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela, including state seizure of private land, the creation of a new military reserve, and reports of the sale of 10,000 assault rifles by Russia to Venezuela. The Committee recommends $2,000,000 under the ESF account be made available for programs to promote democracy and justice in that country.

VIETNAM

The Committee recognizes issues of common interest to the United States and Vietnam, including combating HIV/AIDS, narcotics trafficking, trafficking in persons, and other regional security threats. However, the Committee remains concerned by reports of human rights abuses, including religious persecution, directed at ethnic minorities and other individuals within Vietnam, particularly in the Central Highlands.

The Committee recommends $4,000,000 for programs to address the needs of affected communities and individuals in the Central Highlands, and directs not less than $2,000,000 be provided to the Montagnard Development Project. The Committee expects the State Department, in consultation with USAID, to report to the Committee not later than 60 days after enactment of the Act on its funding plan for these projects and activities.

WESTERN SAHARA

The Committee requests the Secretary of State to report to the Committee no later than 60 days after enactment of the Act on (1) the specific steps being taken by the Government of Morocco, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra, Rio de Oro [POLISARIO], the State Department and the United Nations, respectively, to ensure that a free, fair, and transparent referendum on independence will be held; (2) recommendations for additional steps that could be taken by the United Nations in support of the referendum; and (3) progress to resolve outstanding cases of prisoners of war and missing persons.

ZIMBABWE

The Committee condemns and deplores the continued violations of the human rights and dignity of the people of Zimbabwe by President Mugabe and his repressive government, including through Operation Murambatsvina (`drive out rubbish') that has left hundreds of thousands of city dwellers homeless.

The Committee encourages Zimbabwe's neighbors, particularly South Africa, to recognize the threat that the Mugabe regime poses to Zimbabwe--and the entire region--and to take appropriate action.

The Committee continues to support USAID programs and activities to protect and defend democracy and human rights in Zimbabwe.

INTERNATIONAL DISASTER AND FAMINE ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2005 $367,040,000
Emergency supplemental 207,850,000
Budget estimate, 2006 655,500,000
House allowance 356,000,000
Committee recommendation 400,000,000

The Committee recommends $400,000,000 for IDFA, of which $20,000,000 should be for famine prevention and relief. While this amount is $44,500,000 above the budget request for disaster and famine relief, the account does not include $300,000,000 for emergency food assistance.

TRANSITION INITIATIVES

Appropriations, 2005 $48,608,000
Budget estimate, 2006 325,000,000
House allowance 50,000,000
Committee recommendation 50,000,000

The Committee recommends $50,000,000 for TI, which is $275,000,000 below the budget request. The Committee includes the amounts requested under this heading for Afghanistan ($150,000,000), Ethiopia ($25,000,000), Haiti ($30,000,000) and Sudan ($70,000,000) in the DA account.

DEVELOPMENT CREDIT AUTHORITY

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

PROGRAM ACCOUNT

(BY TRANSFER)

Appropriations, 2005 ($21,000,000)
Budget estimate, 2006 (21,000,000)
House allowance (21,000,000)
Committee recommendation (21,000,000)

OPERATING EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2005 $7,936,000
Budget estimate, 2006 8,000,000
House allowance 8,000,000
Committee recommendation 8,000,000

PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $42,500,000
Budget estimate, 2006 41,700,000
House allowance 41,700,000
Committee recommendation 41,700,000

The Foreign Service retirement and disability fund is a mandatory expense of USAID.

OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2005 $613,056,000
Emergency supplemental 24,400,000
Budget estimate, 2006 680,735,000
House allowance 630,000,000
Committee recommendation 620,000,000

The Committee recommends $620,000,000 for USAID's operating expenses, which is $6,944,000 above the fiscal year 2005 enacted level and $50,000,000 below the fiscal year 2006 budget request. The Committee provides that $36,600,000, as requested, be made available for operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $58,528,000
Budget estimate, 2006 77,700,000
House allowance 77,700,000
Committee recommendation 77,700,000

OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2005 $34,720,000
Emergency supplemental 2,500,000
Budget estimate, 2006 36,000,000
House allowance 36,000,000
Committee recommendation 36,000,000

OTHER BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $2,462,640,000
Emergency supplemental 1,433,600,000
Budget estimate, 2006 3,036,375,000
House allowance 2,558,525,000
Committee recommendation 3,036,375,000

PROGRAM ISSUES

CIVIC EDUCATION

The Committee appreciates the importance of civic education programs in transitional countries, including Iraq and Afghanistan. While traditional programs (including radio and television broadcasting) are critical components in educating targeted populations, the Committee believes that the State Department and USAID underutilize technology available to reach the most inaccessible and vulnerable populations.

The Committee recommends the State Department and USAID continue to support the civic education programs of Voice for Humanity [VFH] in Iraq and Afghanistan, and recognizes the strong support by senior Iraqi and Afghan officials for the high-tech, small media devices that educate illiterate and semi-literate populations. The Committee notes that the Afghan Deputy Minister of Women's Affairs credits the devices with increasing the number of women voting in that country's presidential elections. The Committee believes that in addition to activities to support the upcoming elections in Iraq and Afghanistan, VFH's programs should be expanded to include information on counter narcotics and women and children's health issues.

Of the significant resources requested for civic education activities for fiscal year 2006, the Committee recommends not less than $15,000,000 for VFH activities worldwide, including in Iran and North Korea.

CONFLICT DIAMONDS

The Committee recommends $2,500,000 in the ESF account to implement the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme [KPCS] which seeks to curtail the flow of conflict diamonds, and urges the State Department to include funding for this purpose in the fiscal year 2007 budget request.

DEMOCRACY, TRANSPARENCY, AND THE RULE OF LAW IN ISLAMIC COUNTRIES OUTSIDE THE MIDDLE EAST REGION

The Committee recommends $25,000,000 for programs and activities which foster democracy, human rights, civic education, women's development, press freedom, and the rule of law in countries outside the Middle East region with a significant Muslim population. Of these funds, the Committee provides $15,000,000 for DRL's Human Rights and Democracy Fund and $10,000,000 for NED. The Committee expects NED to make a portion of these funds available to its core grantees. The Committee includes $5,000,000 for professional training for journalists. The Committee provides authority for democracy, human rights, and rule of law programs in Syria.

The Committee recommends the State Department consider and fund a proposal from CHOICE for democracy programs in the Middle East.

FORENSIC ASSISTANCE

The Committee is aware that forensic anthropology teams are working to identify exhumed remains of victims of extrajudicial killings in Argentina, Peru, and Guatemala, including through DNA analysis. In addition, in El Salvador, support is needed to identify children who disappeared during the civil war. The Committee recommends $3,000,000, to be made available to DRL, for these purposes, and requests to be consulted prior to any decision regarding the use of such funds.

FOUNDATION FOR SECURITY AND SUSTAINABILITY

The Committee continues to support the work of the Foundation for Security and Sustainability to address critical U.S. national security and management practices, natural hazards, and other environmental stresses. The Committee recognizes the continuing importance of the Foundation's conflict management and mitigation efforts, in particular, and its new initiative to develop a regional/global approach for extractive industries that promotes stability and security in some of the most troubled areas of the world. The Committee recommends $3,000,000 for these efforts.

FRANCOPHONE COUNTRIES

The Committee recommends not less than $5,000,000 for English language training programs in Francophone countries to help those countries integrate into the international community and to increase their competitiveness globally.

MIDDLE EAST COUNTRIES

In 1998, the United States reached agreements with the Governments of Israel and Egypt to reduce the levels of ESF assistance for these countries over a 10-year schedule. In accordance with this schedule, the Committee provides $240,000,000 for Israel and $495,000,000 for Egypt for fiscal year 2006. The Committee provides $250,000,000 for assistance for Jordan, which reflects the budget request.

The Committee recommends that assistance for Egypt shall be provided with the understanding that the Government of Egypt [GoE] will undertake significant economic and political reforms in addition to those taken in previous years, and that democracy and governance activities funded through this Act shall not be subject to the prior approval of the GoE.

The Committee provides $35,000,000 for democracy and governance programs in Egypt, an increase of $9,600,000 above the budget request.

The Committee is aware of the `Financial Sector Reform MoU' signed by the Egyptian Ministry of International Cooperation and USAID on March 20, 2005. The Committee applauds the linkage of fulfillment of benchmarks with disbursement of funds. The Committee underscores the importance of continued economic reform in Egypt by conditioning the obligation of $227,600,000 under the ESF account on a determination by the Secretary of State that Egypt has met the calendar year 2005 benchmarks in the MoU and has agreed to the installation of an FM transmitter in Media City to enhance Radio SAWA broadcast.

The Committee continues to support the Yitzhak Rabin Center for Israel Studies in Tel Aviv and the Center for Human Dignity Museum of Tolerance in Jerusalem.

The Committee continues to support funding for the First Regional Cooperative Program for health to be conducted by the Hebrew University's Kuvin Center and Al-Quds University.

The Committee remains supportive of Jordan's economic reform efforts, to include decreasing government subsidies for fuel and food, reforming the tax system, and reducing the budget deficit. Given the singular nature of that country's contributions to regional stability, the Committee recommends the State Department consider increased levels of economic assistance for Jordan in future budget requests.

MIDDLE EAST PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE

The Committee recommends $120,000,000 for MEPI, which is equal to the budget request, and directs that $4,500,000 be made available for scholarship programs for students from countries with significant Muslim populations at accredited American higher education institutions including the American University of Beirut and Cairo, and the Lebanese American University. The Committee expects MEPI funds to support projects that empower women and children.

The Committee is aware of a pilot project funded under MEPI for the development of employment training services in the Middle East and raising awareness of structural and legal barriers that restrict the ability of persons with disabilities to fully access economic opportunity and participate in society. The Committee encourages the State Department to continue this important program.

The Committee supports the work of the Institute for Sustainable Communities to strengthen the capacity of civil society organizations in the Middle East to address pressing local needs and improve people's lives.

The Committee is aware of the global development activities of Israel's Center for International Cooperation [MASHAV]. The Committee believes that MASHAV's programs could be of benefit to regional neighbors in numerous sectors, including agriculture and economics, while at the same time promoting greater interaction and cooperation between Israelis and Arabs. The Committee requests the State Department to consider and fund, on a cost matching basis, cooperative development activities between MASHAV and regional neighbors, including on the West Bank and Gaza, under the MEPI account.

The Committee provides the State Department with the authority to establish a private foundation and an enterprise fund utilizing MEPI funds. However, the Committee requests the State Department to consult with the Committee not later than 90 days after enactment of the Act on the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a private foundation funded by the U.S. Government, akin to the Eurasia Foundation.

ORGANIZED CRIME AND CORRUPTION IN CENTRAL AMERICA

The Committee is deeply concerned with the increasingly corrosive effects of organized criminal enterprises in Central America, particularly Nicaragua and Guatemala, that are involved in smuggling, drug trafficking, violence, money laundering, and other corrupt practices. In both countries, the survival of democratic institutions is threatened. The Committee recommends $5,000,000 each for Nicaragua and Guatemala to combat organized crime and corruption, which amounts are in addition to the amounts request for these countries in fiscal year 2006. The State Department and USAID are to consult with the Committee prior to any decision on the use of these funds.

RECONCILIATION PROGRAMS

The Committee recommends $20,000,000 under the ESF account to support reconciliation programs and activities which bring together individuals of different ethnic, religious and political backgrounds from areas of civil conflict and war. The Committee notes the strong bipartisan support for these programs, which seek to promote understanding, mutual respect and reconciliation throughout the world. The Committee believes that the following organizations are among those deserving consideration and support:

--The Arava Institute for Environmental Studies, which manages programs that bring college age Arabs and Israelis together to promote better relations and solve common environmental problems;

--Facing History and Ourselves, which promotes civic responsibility, tolerance and respect in post-conflict societies;

--Seeds of Peace, which promotes understanding between teenagers in the Middle East, South Asia, Cyprus, and the Balkans;

--Jerusalem International YMCA, which brings together Christian, Jewish and Muslim youth in a positive environment that promotes peace, respect and understanding; and

--Interns for Peace, which unites youth, women, and diverse ethnic groups in cooperative development in the Middle East and elsewhere.

SECURITY IN ASIA

The Committee targets assistance to Asia under the FMF and ESF accounts, and appreciates the efforts of regional governments to combat terrorism. The Committee again supports programs to increase maritime security capabilities, including in Indonesia, and notes that the Asian tsunami of December 2004 underscored the need for such programs. The Committee recommends an additional $25,000,000 for FMF assistance for the Philippines to address critical deficiencies identified in the Joint Defense Assessment of 2003.

The Committee notes that poor governance, weak democratic institutions, cultural insensitivities, and corruption severely undermine the ability to effectively counter the terrorism threat. The Committee stresses that the war on terrorism must not serve as an excuse for the more authoritarian governments in the region to crack down on their citizens.

The Committee commends the courage and determination of democrats and reformers in Asia, and believes that the strengthening of democracy and the rule of law across the region is in the interests of local citizens, specifically, and the community of democracies, more broadly. The Committee encourages greater interaction and cooperation among Asian reformers through such groups as the Alliance for Reform and Democracy in Asia [ARDA]. Of the funds made available for democracy programs in this Act, the Committee expects $1,500,000 be made available for core support to ARDA and for its programs and activities.

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS

The Committee recommends a total of $42,500,000 for programs and activities to combat trafficking in persons that focus on prevention and protection of victims, from the following accounts: $15,000,000 in ESF; $10,000,000 in SEED; $10,000,000 in FSA; and $7,500,000 in INCLE funds.

ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES

Appropriations, 2005 $393,427,000
Budget estimate, 2006 382,000,000
House allowance 357,000,000
Committee recommendation 395,000,000

The Committee provides $395,000,000 for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States, $13,000,000 above the budget request. Funds in this account are allocated in the following table:

ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Fiscal year 2006 budget estimate Committee recommendation Change from budget estimate 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Albania                                          28,000                   28,000                             
Bosnia and Herzegovina                           40,000                   41,000                      +1,000 
Bulgaria                                         28,000                   28,000                             
Croatia                                          15,000                   15,000                             
Kosovo                                           72,000                   80,000                     +12,000 
Macedonia                                        39,000                   35,000                      +4,000 
Romania                                          20,000                   20,000                             
Serbia                                           60,000                   75,000                     +15,000 
Montenegro                                       15,000                   15,000                             
Regional                                         65,000                   58,000                      -7,000 
Total                                           382,000                  395,000                     +13,000 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PROGRAM ISSUES

EAST CENTRAL EUROPEAN SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM [ECESP]

The Committee continues to support the East Central European Scholarship Program.

ENTERPRISE FUNDS

The Committee recognizes that many of the Enterprise Funds operating in Eastern Europe and Eurasia have reached the stage where they are beginning to liquidate their assets and move toward terminating their operations. Given the static or declining aid levels for Eastern Europe and Eurasia in recent years, the Committee strongly encourages the State Department and USAID to work with the Enterprise Funds to develop proposals for the use of all proceeds obtained from asset liquidation. These proposals should support the development of democratic and free market institutions in the countries of the region. The Committee requests the State Department to consult with the Committees on the need for legal authority, if any, to liquidate and distribute the proceeds of the Funds.

LEADERSHIP PROGRAMS

The Committee supports leadership development programs, particularly those targeted toward women and youth in the Balkans. The Committee recommends $3,500,000 for the Hope Fellowship Program, which has provided leadership training to 130 women in Kosovo since 2001.

NUCLEAR SAFETY

The Committee expects the State Department to provide sufficient funds for the completion of projects that enhance safety at nuclear power plants in Bulgaria.

RULE OF LAW PROGRAMS

The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for rule of law programs in the region, including the training of judges and prosecutors. The Committee requests the State Department to consult with the Committee on the use of these funds.

The Committee recommends continued funding for the American Bar Association's [ABA] CEELI rule of law programs at current levels, and expanded funding for ABA rule of law programs in other regions of the world. The Committee recommends that the CEELI programs continue to be provided through cooperative agreements.

COUNTRY ISSUES

KOSOVO

The Committee provides $80,000,000 to support reconstruction, reform, and reconciliation efforts in Kosovo. The Committee recommends that USAID consider funding for the activities of the American University in Kosovo through the ASHA account.

SERBIA

The Committee recommends $75,000,000 for assistance for Serbia, $15,000,000 above the budget request.

The Committee requires annual certification of Serbia's cooperation with the ICTY and reiterates its willingness to reconsider this provision if, by the date of conference with the House of Representatives, substantial progress is made in cooperating with the ICTY, including the apprehension and transfer of Radtko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic to The Hague.

The Committee continues to support media programs, particularly documentaries, which inform the Serbian public and others of atrocities committed by Slobodan Milosevic and other Serb war criminals against their regional neighbors.

ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

Appropriations, 2005 $555,520,000
Emergency supplemental 70,000,000
Budget estimate, 2006 482,000,000
House allowance 477,000,000
Committee recommendation 565,000,000

The Committee provides $565,000,000 for the FSA account, which is $83,000,000 above the budget request. Funds in this account are allocated in the following table:

ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Fiscal year 2006 budget request Committee recommendation Change from budget estimate 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Armenia                                   55,000                   75,000                     +20,000 
Azerbajian                                35,000                   38,000                      +3,000 
Belarus                                    7,000                   15,000                      +8,000 
Georgia                                   67,000                   70,500                      +3,500 
Kazakhstan                                26,000                   28,000                      +2,000 
Kyrgyz Republic                           30,000                   35,000                      +5,000 
Moldova                                   17,000                   20,000                      +3,000 
Russia                                    48,000                   85,000                     +37,000 
Russian Far East                                                 [17,500]                             
Tajikistan                                25,000                   25,000                             
Turkmenistan                               5,500                    6,500                      +1,000 
Ukraine                                   88,000                   95,000                      +7,000 
Uzbekistan                                30,000                   28,500                      -1,500 
Nagorno-Karabagh                                                    3,000                      +3,000 
Regional FSA                              48,500                   40,500                      -8,000 
Total                                    482,000                  565,000                     +83,000 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PROGRAM ISSUES

BISNIS

The Committee recommends $2,500,000 for BISNIS and supports BISNIS's efforts to establish a self-sustaining program under the Department of Commerce.

CIVILIAN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

The Committee notes the accomplishments of CRDF, which has helped to channel the research activities of weapons scientists in the former Soviet Union in constructive directions. The CRDF has initiated a program for scientists and engineers from former Soviet and Baltic countries to work on HIV/AIDS and related research and development, and urges the State Department and USAID to increase its funding for CRDF.

DEMOCRACY AND THE RULE OF LAW

The Committee believes that democracy and rule of law programs are of critical importance to countries undergoing democratic transitions, particularly Ukraine, Georgia, and the Kyrgyz Republic. The Committee notes that the success of democracy in these countries will be critical to encouraging and furthering the gains of democratic reformers elsewhere, including in Belarus. The Committee encourages the State Department to convene an international conference on the promotion of democracy in this region.

The Committee believes that an authoritarian Russia presents a growing danger to countries undergoing democratic transition in the region and that offsetting this threat should be a priority to the United States. The Committee notes that significant resources are required to support democracy assistance programs inside Russia, and urges the administration to increase the budget request for these purposes in subsequent fiscal years.

The Committee directs the State Department and USAID to more emphatically and publicly support political process programming in Russia and Azerbaijan. Freedom is ill served by excessive hand wringing over concerns with projecting political balance in programming or of offending authoritarian host governments.

The Committee continues to support programs conducted by the American Rule of Law Consortium, ABA CEELI, and the Russian American Judicial Partnership to strengthen the rule of law in Russia and other former Soviet republics.

PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS

The Committee is aware of the Primary Health Care Initiative of the World Council of Hellenes, which was instituted in the former Soviet republics to provide desperately needed basic health care. The Committee recommends $2,500,000 for this program in fiscal year 2006 and directs that these funds be allocated by the State Department.

The Committee continues to support the work of the Eurasian Medical Education program of the American College of Physicians, which relies on the volunteer partnership contribution of American physicians who share medical skills and knowledge with Russian physicians. The Committee expects that funding for this program in fiscal year 2006 will be at least the amount provided in fiscal year 2005.

ORPHANS

The Committee supports USAID's Russian orphans strategy, which focuses on programs to reduce the number of children entering state orphanages and works with orphanage officials to meet the basic needs of these children. The Committee supports funding for Holt International Children's Services and Mercy Corps International to assist Russian orphans.

The Committee continues to support the work of Kidsave International for children of the former Soviet Union, and recommends $500,000 to support interventions that help countries move children without parents into permanent homes.

The Committee expects USAID to work with non-profit groups, especially those with contacts in the Russian Far East, including Rotary International, the Anchorage Interfaith Council, and the Municipality of Anchorage. The Committee recommends $7,000,000 for these groups in fiscal year 2006.

The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for the Firefly Children's Network to enhance health care for Russian orphans.

COUNTRY ISSUES

ARMENIA

The Committee recommends $75,000,000 in FSA funds for assistance for Armenia, an amount equivalent to the fiscal year 2005 funding level. The Committee endorses the request of $750,000 in IMET and $700,000 in NADR funds for Armenia.

The Committee recommends $5,000,000 under the FMF account for Armenia.

GEORGIA

The Committee provides $70,500,000 in FSA funds for Georgia, $3,500,000 above the budget request. The Committee affirms its support for the people of Georgia's democratic aspirations, as demonstrated through the Rose Revolution.

NAGORNO-KARABAKH

The Committee recommends $3,000,000 for humanitarian and relief assistance for Nagorno-Karabakh. The Committee requests USAID to consult within 60 days after enactment of the Act on plans for disbursement of these funds.

RUSSIA

The Committee recommends $85,000,000 for assistance for Russia, of which $5,000,000 shall be made available to the NED for political party development programs.

The Committee is familiar with the Moscow School for Political Studies' work to educate young Russian professionals and public servants. The Committee encourages the State Department to seriously consider an application from this School for funding in fiscal year 2006.

The Committee supports the work of Communities for International Development and recommends the State Department and USAID provide sufficient funds for programs in Russia.

RUSSIAN FAR EAST

The Committee recommends $17,500,000 for the Russian Far East, and continues to recognize the important contribution to development activities in the region by the University of Alaska. The Committee expects USAID to work with the University to establish and coordinate a strategic plan for development activities in that region.

UKRAINE

The Committee commends the people of Ukraine for the success of the Orange Revolution and reiterates its strong support for political and economic reforms in that country. The Committee recommends $95,000,000 for assistance for Ukraine, $7,000,000 above the budget request.

The Committee recommends not less than $7,000,000 shall be made available for nuclear reactor safety initiatives in Ukraine, and expects that not less than $3,500,000 shall be made available for simulator-related projects.

The Committee is aware of the work of the U.S.-Ukraine Foundation, and commends the Foundation for its support of democracy and the rule of law in Ukraine. The Committee directs USAID to continue to support the Foundation's activities beyond November 2005, when funding is scheduled to end. The Committee believes the Foundation has an important role to play in strengthening the Rada and in increasing transparency and accountability at all levels of government. The Committee expects funding levels to exceed those of prior years.

The Committee also urges the State Department to consider a proposal from the Ukrainian Congress of America to support the consolidation of democracy in Ukraine, including reform of the agricultural sector.

The Committee provides $5,000,000 for coal mine safety programs in Ukraine.

INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

Appropriations, 2005 $17,856,000
Budget estimate, 2006 17,826,000
House allowance 19,500,000
Committee recommendation 20,000,000

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

Appropriations, 2005 $18,848,000
Budget estimate, 2006 18,850,000
House allowance 20,500,000
Committee recommendation 25,000,000

PEACE CORPS

Appropriations, 2005 $317,440,000
Budget estimate, 2006 345,000,000
House allowance 325,000,000
Committee recommendation 320,000,000

The Committee recommends $320,000,000 for the Peace Corps, which is $2,556,000 above the fiscal year 2005 enacted level and $25,000,000 below the budget request. The Committee continues to recommend the phase-out of Peace Corps programs in Thailand.

MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

Appropriations, 2005 $1,488,000,000
Budget estimate, 2006 3,000,000,000
House allowance 1,750,000,000
Committee recommendation 1,800,000,000

The Committee recommends $1,800,000,000 for the MCC, an amount that is $1,200,000,000 below the request. The Committee unequivocally supports the foreign assistance objectives of the MCC: to provide such assistance in a manner that promotes economic growth and the elimination of extreme poverty and strengthens good governance, economic freedom, and investments in people.

In part, the funding level recommended by the Committee is due to the constraints of the 302(b) allocation for foreign assistance. The Committee, moreover, notes that of the $2,500,000,000 appropriated for the MCC for fiscal years 2004 and 2005, less than $34,000,000 has been obligated, and less than $15,000,000 has been expended. While recognizing that the Corporation has begun to reach agreement on compacts, the MCC plan to sign up to four compacts per quarter through the end of fiscal year 2006 is overly optimistic. The average amount of the low-income compacts signed to date is $153,000,000, or close to 52 percent of the average amount proposed in the MCC budget justification of $291,000,000.

An additional concern of the Committee is that compacts and country plans for MCC projects should be coordinated with, and complementary to, the other foreign assistance efforts of the United States. To ensure that the myriad foreign assistance and security assistance programs of the United States are integrated, efficient, and economical, the Secretary of State shall report to the Appropriations Committees, not later than 15 days prior to the signing of each compact. The report shall include, at a minimum: an assessment of the overall foreign assistance program in the subject country, to include a description of aggregate funding provided by the United States and the international donor community; an analysis of whether the MCC compact is duplicative with any other existing foreign assistance program, to include those of USAID; and, a description of any security assistance provided to the subject country.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

GLOBAL HIV/AIDS INITIATIVE

Appropriations, 2005 $1,373,920,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,970,000,000
House allowance 1,920,000,000
Committee recommendation 2,020,000,000

The Committee recommends $2,020,000,000 for the GHI, which is $50,000,000 above the budget request. The Committee recommends a total of $400,000,000 for a contribution to the Global Fund: $150,000,000 under the GHI account, and $250,000,000 under CSHPF account.

The Committee recommends that GHI funds be made available to develop vaccines and microbicides, and to support vaccine and microbicide clinical trials, including support for treatment for those who become infected with HIV during the trials. Funds should be made available to provide the highest levels of existing prevention services to trial participants. The Committee also supports safe water drinking programs and activities in focus countries.

The Committee supports GHI funding for the following organizations:

Affordable Medicines for Africa.--For programs to increase access to affordable drugs in Africa and elsewhere. The Committee requests the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to consult with Affordable Medicines for Africa and other appropriate organizations, and to submit a report to the Committees, not later than 90 days after enactment of the Act, on the feasibility of establishing a pilot project for pharmaceutical manufacturers of generic drugs to combat HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria.

East Central Southern African Health Community [ECSAHC].--For the Centers for Disease Control to support the countries in the ECSAHC to develop nursing databases, disseminate the health workforce database to other health professions, and to continue to strengthen the capacity of nurses in Kenya.

Safe Blood.--For Safe Blood for Africa, which assists African nations through training and technical assistance to develop systems to ensure that blood supplies are screened for HIV/AIDS and other diseases.

Voice for Humanity [VFH]- For programs that utilize state-of-the-art information technology to provide HIV/AIDS education and information to semi-literate and illiterate populations in Africa and elsewhere. In addition, the Committee recommends expansion of VFH existing programs in Nigeria to include the entire country.

YouthAIDS- For programs in Africa which use popular culture to mobilize the corporate sector to reach young people with strategies for protecting themselves from HIV infection.

The Committee recommends $12,000,000 for administrative expenses for the Office of the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator. Funds for this account are allocated in the following table:

GLOBAL HIV/AIDS INITIATIVE
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Fiscal year 2006 budget estimate Committee recommendation Change from budget estimate 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Focus Country:                                                                                                         
Botswana                                                   40,505                   40,505                             
Cote d'Ivoire                                              29,906                   29,906                             
Ethiopia                                                   91,855                   91,855                             
Kenya                                                     162,348                  162,348                             
Mozambique                                                 57,757                   57,757                             
Namibia                                                    49,132                   49,132                             
Nigeria                                                   127,200                  127,200                             
Rwanda                                                     74,765                   74,765                             
South Africa                                              150,698                  150,698                             
Tanzania                                                  104,672                  104,672                             
Uganda                                                    185,843                  185,843                             
Zambia                                                    131,587                  131,587                             
Vietnam                                                    28,015                   28,015                             
Guyana                                                     21,362                   21,362                             
Haiti                                                      46,995                   46,995                             
Subtotal-Focus Country                                  1,302,640                1,302,640                             
Central Programs                                          392,825                  392,825                             
International Partnerships:                                                                                            
Global Fund                                               100,000                  150,000                     +50,000 
UNAIDS                                                     27,000                   35,000                      +8,000 
Other Bilateral Programs                                   50,000                   50,000                             
Strategic Information/Evaluation                           35,000                   31,000                      -4,000 
Technical Oversight/Management                             62,535                   58,535                      -4,000 
Total                                                   1,970,000                2,020,000                     +50,000 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION

The Committee continues to strongly support programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission [MTCT] of HIV as an integral component of a comprehensive approach to combat HIV/AIDS. Due to cost and infrastructure limitations, MTCT services are only available to less than 10 percent of the women who need them worldwide. Additional resources are required for infrastructure improvements as well as education and training of health care workers. Further, linkages between MTCT and comprehensive care and treatment services must be created for women, children and families.

The Committee recommends the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator, in coordination with USAID, to provide the assistance necessary to significantly expand access to MTCT services, improve the ability of programs to offer the most effective drug regimes possible in all instances, and encourage stronger linkages between MTCT and care and treatment programs.

PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS TREATMENT

As an estimated 2.5 million children under the age of 15 years are infected with HIV/AIDS, the Committee directs the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to allocate appropriate resources to address: pediatric treatment needs in resource-poor countries, including the development and purchase of high-quality, low-cost pediatric formulations of anti-retrovirals and other HIV/AIDS medicines; pediatric-specific training for doctors and other appropriate personnel; and the purchase of pediatric-appropriate diagnostic technologies.

REPORT ON HIV/AIDS HEALTH WORKFORCE STRATEGY

The Committee directs the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to submit a report not later than 180 days after enactment of the Act, with the following information with respect to each focus country:

(a) the additions in health workforce capacity required to meet the goals of the United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 (22 U.S.C. 7601 et seq.) that are related to disease prevention, care, and treatment, without reducing the capacity of the health system to deliver other health interventions; and

(b) the Coordinator's strategy, developed in consultation with national governments and international donors and organizations, including funding projections, for meeting the shortfall in health workforce capacity.

DEMOCRACY FUND

Appropriations, 2005 ...........................
Budget estimate, 2006 ...........................
House allowance ...........................
Committee recommendation $175,000,000

The Committee commends the President for his commitment to freedom and reiterates its strong support for programs that promote democracy, human rights, independent media, and the rule of law globally. The Committee recognizes that the success of democracy building efforts requires a sustained commitment beyond the holding of a single election, and demonstrates its strong support for freedom by fully funding the budget request for security assistance, democracy, rule of law, development, and law enforcement programs in Afghanistan, Iraq, Ukraine, and Pakistan, among other countries.

To improve the effectiveness of these programs and to enhance oversight, the Committee recommends $175,000,000 in a new account that centralizes funding for these activities. Of these funds, $85,000,000 is for programs to be administered by DRL, $80,000,000 is for NED, and $10,000,000 is for the establishment of a democracy fund at the United Nations. The Committee expects to be consulted prior to the obligation of any funds for the U.N. democracy fund.

The Committee allocates funds for NED in the following table:

NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Region                                        Fiscal year 2006 budget estimate Committee recommendation Change from budget estimate 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Africa                                                                   6,620                    9,500                      +2,880 
Asia                                                                     6,497                   15,000                      +8,503 
Middle East/North Africa                                                37,856                   23,500                     -14,356 
Central and Eastern Europe                                               2,965                    5,000                      +2,035 
Independent States of the Former Soviet Union                            5,476                   10,000                      +4,524 
Latin America/Caribbean                                                  6,262                    9,000                      +2,738 
Multiregional                                                            3,731                    6,000                      +2,269 
Democratic Activities                                                    1,793                    2,000                        +207 
Administration                                                           8,800                  [8,800]                      -8,800 
Total                                                                   80,000                   80,000                      +8,800 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Committee recommends not less than $1,448,200,000 for democracy, human rights, and rule of law programs under title III of this Act. This amount is equivalent to the budget request and is intended to serve as a floor for such programs. The Committee notes that increases in funding for democracy, human rights and rule of law activities for specific countries or regions are included under a number of accounts and general provisions in this Act.

The Committee remains concerned that the State Department and USAID do not share a common definition of a `democracy program'. For the purposes of this Act, a democracy program means technical assistance and other support to strengthen the capacity of democratic political parties, governments, non-governmental institutions, and/or citizens, in order to support the development of democratic states, institutions and practices that are responsive and accountable to citizens.

The Committee reiterates the importance of political party development programs, as elections serve as catalysts for freedom, evidenced most recently in Georgia and Ukraine. The Committee expects the State Department and USAID, in particular, to understand this basic tenant of democracy building and to provide adequate funding for these programs.

The Committee endorses several provisions of the ADVANCE Democracy Act of 2005, as introduced in the Senate on March 3, 2005, including: the clear definition of responsibilities assigned to the State Department's Under Secretary for Global Affairs and the Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor; the establishment of an Office of Democratic Movements and Transitions within DRL; the establishment of regional democracy hubs; and the creation of a Democracy Promotion and Human Rights Advisory Board. The Committee further recommends that USAID consider the creation of a Bureau for Democracy and Human Rights Promotion to highlight the importance of this U.S. foreign policy objective. The Committee expects the State Department and USAID to consult within 90 days after enactment of implementation of these recommendations.

The Committee recognizes the importance of a free and independent media in emerging democracies, and supports the programs implemented by nonprofit organizations, including Internews and the International Research and Exchanges Board [IREX].

The Committee strongly supports CEPPS in its current form. The Committee commends CEPPS partners for their collective commitment to democracy and human rights, demonstrated most recently by their presence in Iraq, and the results of their work there and in places such as Afghanistan, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan. The Committee objects to an expansion of CEPPS partners beyond current parameters.

The Committee remains concerned with the cost effectiveness of USAID's reliance upon large contracts for democracy programs, particularly in the area of political development, and caps such contracts at a total of $250,000,000. The Committee expects USAID to rely on NGOs, operating under assistance mechanisms, whose experience and accomplishments in democracy promotion activities are unparalleled--and under utilized by the Agency. This includes the Solidarity Center, NDI, CIPE, Freedom House, IRI, CEELI, and Internews, among other organizations.

INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

Appropriations, 2005 $326,189,000
Emergency supplemental 620,000,000
Budget estimate, 2006 523,874,000
House allowance 437,400,000
Committee recommendation 523,874,000

The Committee recommends $523,874,000 for the INCLE account, an amount equal to the request.

The Committee remains committed to supporting the Nation's allies in the global war on terror in strengthening law enforcement capabilities. Through the improvement of Iraq security forces, the National Police in Afghanistan, and the Pakistani police and Frontier Corps, our allies lessen the requirements for the presence of deployed U.S. military personnel. The Committee reaffirms its commitment to strengthening the institutions, police, and security forces in allied countries, some of them in the infant stages of democracy. Among other programs identified in the request, the Committee recommends funding fully the country programs for Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand.

INL Aviation Programs- The Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs [INL] oversees an aviation fleet of more than 200 aircraft obtained through lease, Excess Defense Articles, or procurement. The fixed life cycle cost of acquisition, operation and maintenance, contractor logistics support and personnel associated with this fleet represents a significant constraint on the State Department's country programs. Moreover, the unwieldy structure of funding the aviation fleet is antithetical to responsible program management and adequate congressional oversight. Funding for aviation support is embedded in the INCLE account and the ACI account under several subaccounts and activities, such as country programs, interregional aviation support, the air bridge denial program, and the critical flight safety program. The lack of central program management and funding has resulted in contract cost growth, poor execution, and inadequate financial management.

The Committee directs the Comptroller General to conduct a review of the State Department's management and oversight of the aviation fleet. This review shall consider: whether appropriated funds have been adequately accounted for, to include the matching of obligations to disbursements; the adequacy of contract management and oversight; recommended changes to the structure of program management and oversight; and, the practicability of unifying appropriated funds for State Department aviation programs into separate accounts for aviation operation and maintenance and aviation procurement. The financial management portion of the report shall also detail current levels of obligations, expenditures, and unobligated and unexpended balances for fiscal years 2001-2005.

The Committee requires that all reprogramming of funds under this heading shall be subject to the same review and approval procedures by the State Department as apply to the reprogramming of ESF funds.

ILEAs- The Committee recommends an increase of $2,500,000, to the request from within funds provided under this account, to be allocated equally among the four ILEAs, with an equal share reserved for a new Latin America ILEA if it is established during fiscal year 2006.

ANDEAN COUNTERDRUG INITIATIVE

Appropriations, 2005 $725,152,000
Budget estimate, 2006 734,500,000
House allowance 734,500,000
Committee recommendation 734,500,000

The Committee recommends $734,500,000 for the ACI, an amount equal to the request.

The Committee remains committed to the goals of the ACI, to eliminate the cultivation and refining of cocaine and opium, and to reduce the flow of drugs to the United States. The Committee recommends the level of funding identified in the request for each country program: $80,000,000 for Bolivia, $6,000,000 for Brazil, $463,000,000 for Colombia, $20,000,000 for Ecuador, $4,500,000 for Panama, $97,000,000 for Peru, and $3,000,000 for Venezuela. Although the Committee recommends funding of $21,000,000 to sustain the Air Bridge Denial program, the State Department should consider these funds for consolidation under a single aviation operation and maintenance account, as referred to under the INCLE account.

The Committee provides no funding for the Critical Flight Safety Program. The State Department funds the acquisition, lease and operation and maintenance of aircraft by using country funds, interregional aviation support funds, and air bridge denial funds. The lack of oversight of contract costs and execution has resulted in annual price and program growth of more than ten percent from 2001-2006.

The Committee requires that all reprogramming of funds under this heading shall be subject to the same review and approval procedures by the State Department as apply to the reprogramming of ESF funds.

COLOMBIA

The Committee reaffirms its commitment to assist the efforts of Colombian President Uribe in destroying the threats of terrorism and narcotics in that country.

The Committee continues to support programs that bolster Colombian law enforcement, drug interdiction, and judicial capabilities. The Committee recommendation includes $90,000,000 for FMF for Colombia to provide operational support and specialized equipment.

The Committee is increasingly concerned, however, that the aerial eradication program is falling far short of predictions and that coca cultivation is shifting to new locations. Since the start of Plan Colombia, over 525,000 hectares of coca crops have been sprayed, yet coca cultivation has decreased by only 7 percent. Last year alone, 136,555 hectares were sprayed, but the total area under cultivation, estimated by the State Department at 114,000 hectares, remained essentially unchanged from the previous year. There is no indication that the quantity of cocaine entering the United States has decreased.

The Committee recommendation includes ACI funding for alternative development, humanitarian assistance, judicial reform, and protecting human rights.

The Committee includes language, similar to last year, requiring the Secretary of State to certify that human rights conditions have been met prior to the obligation of 25 percent of the assistance for the Colombian military, and to consult with the appropriate congressional committees and the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights in Colombia regarding the conditions, prior to making a certification.

The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for programs to protect human rights, and expects to be consulted prior to any decision regarding the use of these funds.

The Committee is aware that Afro-Colombians face many difficult problems, including poverty and discrimination. The Committee recommends assistance to address the economic and social needs of Afro-Colombians, particularly IDPs in the Choco region, through the Afro-Latino Development Alliance.

The Committee directs the Secretary of State, in consultation with the EPA and appropriate Colombian authorities, to submit a report not later than 180 days after enactment of the Act, with the following information: the results of a GIS analysis of the proximity of small, shallow water bodies to coca and poppy fields and of tests to determine the toxicity of the spray mixture to Colombian amphibians; and, an assessment of potential impacts of the spray program on threatened species, including in Colombia's national parks.

SURVEILLANCE TECHNOLOGY

The Committee is aware of a computer surveillance technology shared by the State Department and the Drug Enforcement Administration that has proven useful to Plan Colombia. The Committee recommends that of the funds available for Plan Colombia, $5,000,000 be made available for technology related to the monitoring of web-based communications to combat extortion, kidnapping, narcotics trafficking, and terrorism in Colombia.

MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2005 $763,840,000
Emergency supplemental 120,400,000
Budget estimate, 2006 892,770,000
House allowance 790,720,000
Committee recommendation 900,000,000

The Committee recommends $900,000,000 for the MRA account, an increase of $7,230,000 above the budget request. The Committee expects some of the additional funds to address humanitarian needs of refugees in Sudan and other parts of Africa.

BURMESE REFUGEES

The Committee provides that funds under the MRA and ERMA accounts shall be made available to NGOs located in Thailand for humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons in Burma. The Committee expects NGOs working in Thailand on Burmese refugee issues to be funded at amounts above the fiscal year 2005 level. The Committee recommends not less than $4,000,000 be provided to the Burma Border Consortium.

The Committee also recommends an additional $3,000,000 under the ESF account for assistance for community-based organizations operating in Thailand to provide food, medical and other humanitarian assistance to IDPs in eastern Burma. The State Department's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration is to manage these funds.

HMONG

The Committee remains concerned with the plight of the Hmong in Laos, who served honorably with the United States during the Vietnam conflict. The Committee condemns the repressive actions against ethnic minorities by the Government of Laos, and directs the State Department to provide funding to NGOs to meet the immediate humanitarian needs of the Hmong.

RESETTLEMENT IN ISRAEL

The Committee recommends not less than $40,000,000 for the resettlement of humanitarian migrants from the former Soviet Union, Ethiopia and other countries of distress to Israel. The Committee is aware of the efforts and commitment of the Jewish Agency for Israel, in coordination with the Government of Israel, to bring all eligible humanitarian migrants residing in Ethiopia to Israel over the next 3 years, and recommends adequate funding be provided for this purpose.

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION

The Committee believes that more needs to be done to address sexual exploitation and violence against women and girls, particularly among displaced and refugee populations. The Committee directs the State Department's Bureau for Population, Refugees and Migration to submit a multi-year plan, not later than 90 days after enactment of the Act, to expand support for NGO programs that target gender-based violence in humanitarian and conflict settings beginning in fiscal year 2006.

TIBETAN REFUGEES

The Committee recommends not less than $2,000,000 for Tibetan refugees in Nepal and India.

EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $29,760,000
Budget estimate, 2006 40,000,000
House allowance 30,000,000
Committee recommendation 40,000,000

The Committee recommends $40,000,000 for the ERMA account, an amount equal to the budget request.

NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2005 $398,784,000
Emergency supplemental 24,600,000
Budget estimate, 2006 440,100,000
House allowance 400,350,000
Committee recommendation 440,100,000

The Committee recommends $440,100,000 for Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining, and Related Programs, an amount equal to the request. The Committee recommendation includes $198,850,000 for Nonproliferation programs, including for the destruction of small arms and light weapons, $150,500,000 for Anti-Terrorism programs, and $90,750,000 for Regional Stability and Humanitarian Assistance programs.

Anti-terrorism Training Assistance Program- The Committee supports the use of facilities at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and technology for the training of foreign law enforcement officials, and encourages the continuation of current programs.

Freeport of Riga- The Committee is aware of security and transparency matters relating to the Freeport of Riga in Latvia and directs the State Department to make funds available for an assessment of security and counter corruption needs. The Committee expects the State Department to submit a report to the Committee not later than 180 days after the enactment of this Act on specific programs and activities the State Department will implement to address these needs.

CONFLICT RESPONSE FUND

Appropriations, 2005 ...........................
Budget estimate, 2006 $100,000,000
House allowance ...........................
Committee recommendation 74,000,000

The Committee recommends $74,000,000 for the Conflict Response Fund, a decrease of $26,000,000 below the budget request.

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL TRAINING

Appropriations, 2005 $18,848,000
Budget estimate, 2006 20,000,000
House allowance 20,000,000
Committee recommendation 20,000,000

DEBT RESTRUCTURING

Appropriations, 2005 $99,200,000
Budget estimate, 2006 99,750,000
House allowance 65,000,000
Committee recommendation 99,750,000

The Committee recommends $99,750,000, an amount equal to the budget request, for bilateral Heavily Indebted Poor Country [HIPC] and poorest country debt reduction, HIPC Trust Fund, and Tropical Forest Conservation Act debt reduction programs. The Committee recommends $20,000,000 to support implementation of the Tropical Forest Conservation Act.

TITLE IV--MILITARY ASSISTANCE

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Appropriations, 2005 $89,012,000
Budget estimate, 2006 86,744,000
House allowance 86,744,000
Committee recommendation 86,744,000

The Committee continues its support for the IMET program and provides $86,744,000 for this account, as requested.

The Committee encourages additional support under the IMET account to U.S. allies in the war against international terrorism, including the Philippines, Georgia, Latvia, Indonesia, El Salvador, and Mongolia.

FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING

GRANT PROGRAM LEVEL

Appropriations, 2005 $4,742,232,000
Emergency supplemental 250,000,000
Budget estimate, 2006 4,588,600,000
House allowance 4,442,500,000
Committee recommendation 4,603,600,000

The Committee recommends $4,603,600,000 for the FMF account, an increase of $15,000,000 above the budget request. The Committee recommends funding fully the budget request for Pakistan for equipment essential to that country's participation in Operation Enduring Freedom. The Committee recommendation recognizes that FMF financing, combined with the national resources committed by coalition allies, is a critical tool for improving the capabilities of coalition allies.

The following table details the adjustments recommended by the Committee:


[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Item     Fiscal year 2006 budget estimate Committee recommendation Change from budget estimate 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Pakistan                          300,000                  300,000                             
Mongolia                            2,500                    4,000                      +1,500 
Latvia                              5,000                    6,500                      +1,500 
Jordan                            206,000                  210,000                      +4,000 
Georgia                            12,000                   14,000                      +2,000 
Lebanon                                                      1,000                      +1,000 
Poland                             30,000                   35,000                      +5,000 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Not later than 90 days after enactment of the Act, and for each fiscal quarter thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committee that details the use of all funds appropriated under this heading. The report shall describe, at a minimum: all major end items procured; services or training provided or purchased; operation and maintenance services and contracts, to include logistics and commodities purchased; and the procurement of ordnance or ammunition.

PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2005 $103,168,000
Emergency supplemental 314,400,000
Budget estimate, 2006 195,800,000
House allowance 177,800,000
Committee recommendation 195,800,000

The Committee recommends an appropriation of $195,800,000, an amount equal to the budget request for the PKO account. Funds support multilateral peacekeeping operations that are not funded through assessed contributions to the United Nations. The Committee recommends $114,000,000, an amount equal to the request, for the Global Peace Operations Initiative. The Committee supports the administration's efforts, through the African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance program, to train African militaries to carry out peacekeeping and humanitarian relief operations.

Not later than 90 days after enactment of the Act, and for each fiscal quarter thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committee that details the use of all funds appropriated under this heading. The report shall describe, at a minimum: all countries and regional organizations receiving assistance under this heading; major end items procured; services or training provided or purchased; operation and maintenance services and contracts, to include logistics and commodities purchased: the procurement of ordnance or ammunition; a description of any U.S. military organization providing training or assistance; and, the status and description of each foreign unit receiving training.

TITLE V--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS SUMMARY

Appropriations, 2005 $1,219,199,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,335,330,000
House allowance 1,227,830,000
Committee recommendation 1,288,396,000

The Committee recommends the total amount of paid-in capital funding shown above to provide for contributions to the International Development Association, the Global Environment Facility, the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, the Inter-American Development Bank's Multilateral Investment Fund, the Asian Development Fund, the African Development Bank and Fund, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the International Fund for Agriculture Development.

INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

Appropriations, 2005 $106,640,000
Budget estimate, 2006 107,500,000
House allowance ...........................
Committee recommendation 107,500,000

INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

Appropriations, 2005 $843,200,000
Budget estimate, 2006 950,000,000
House allowance 950,000,000
Committee recommendation 900,000,000

The Committee is concerned that the World Bank is considering implementing the proposal `Increasing the Use of Country Systems in Procurement' that would effectively reverse the trend by the Bank to promote transparency and standardize procurement procedures among the regional MDBs. The Committee believes that such an approach could weaken anticorruption efforts.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT GUARANTEE AGENCY

Appropriations, 2005 ...........................
Budget estimate, 2006 $1,742,000
House allowance 1,742,000
Committee recommendation 1,300,000

(LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS)

Appropriations, 2005 ...........................
Budget estimate, 2006 ($8,127,000)
House allowance (8,127,000)
Committee recommendation (8,127,000)

The Committee recommends $1,300,000 for past payments due to the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, an amount equal to the request.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTER-AMERICAN INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Appropriations, 2005 ...........................
Budget estimate, 2006 $1,742,000
House allowance 1,742,000
Committee recommendation 1,500,000

The Committee recommends $1,500,000 for past payments due to the Inter-American Investment Corporation, a decrease of $242,000 to the request.

INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $10,912,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,742,000
House allowance 1,742,000
Committee recommendation 3,742,000

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $99,200,000
Budget estimate, 2006 115,250,000
House allowance 115,152,000
Committee recommendation 100,000,000

The Committee provides that the Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the U.S. executive director at each appropriate international financial institution, which includes the ADB, to vote against any loan or financial or technical assistance or any other utilization of funds to and for Burma. The Committee expects continued vigilance in ensuring that no loans or other forms of assistance are provided either directly or indirectly to Burma.

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

Appropriations, 2005 $4,067,000
Budget estimate, 2006 5,638,000
House allowance 5,638,000
Committee recommendation 3,638,000

(LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS)

Appropriations, 2005 ($106,000,000)
Budget estimate, 2006 (88,334,000)
House allowance (88,334,000)
Committee recommendation (88,334,000)

The Committee recommends $5,638,000 for the African Development Bank for the scheduled United States contribution, an amount equal to the request.

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2005 $105,152,000
Budget estimate, 2006 135,700,000
House allowance 135,700,000
Committee recommendation 135,700,000

EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2005 $35,148,000
Budget estimate, 2006 1,016,000
House allowance 1,016,000
Committee recommendation 1,016,000

INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2005 $14,880,000
Budget estimate, 2006 15,000,000
House allowance 15,000,000
Committee recommendation 15,000,000

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2005 $325,767,000
Budget estimate, 2006 281,908,000
House allowance 328,958,000
Committee recommendation 330,000,000

The Committee provides $330,000,000 for the IO&P account. This amount is $48,092,000 above the budget request. Funds in this account are allocated in the following table:

IO&P
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                 Fiscal year 2006 budget estimate Committee recommendation Change from budget estimate 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Center for Human Settlements                                                                                                           150                        +150 
IMO Maritime Security Programs                                                                                400                      400                             
International Civil Aviation Organization                                                                     950                      950                             
International Conservation Programs                                                                         5,914                    6,400                        +486 
International Contributions for Scientific, Educational, and Cultural Activities                            1,000                    1,000                             
International Panel on Climate Change/U.N                                                                   5,320                    6,000                        +680 
Framework Convention on Climate Change Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund                                 21,500                   21,500                             
OAS Development Assistance Programs                                                                         5,225                    5,225                             
OAS Fund for Strengthening Democracy                                                                        2,500                    3,000                        +500 
U.N. Children's Fund                                                                                      114,000                  128,000                     +14,000 
U.N. Development Fund for Women                                                                               950                    2,500                      +1,550 
U.N. Development Program                                                                                   95,000                  110,000                     +15,000 
U.N. Environment Program                                                                                    9,524                   11,000                      +1,476 
U.N. International Democracy Fund                                                                          10,000                 [10,000]                     -10,000 
U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs [UN OCHA]                                            600                    1,025                        +425 
U.N. Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights                                  1,425                    1,500                         +75 
U.N. Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture                                                                  4,750                    7,000                      +2,250 
UNIFEM Trust Fund                                                                                                                    1,500                      +1,500 
World Meteorological Organization                                                                           1,900                    1,900                             
World Trade Organization                                                                                      950                      950                             
Reserved to be allocated                                                                                                            20,000                     +20,000 
Total                                                                                                     281,908                  310,000                     +48,092 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Committee notes that the proposed $10,000,000 contribution to a new U.N. democracy fund is contained under the heading, `Democracy Fund'.

WORLD FOOD PROGRAM

The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for the WFP from funds from USAID's Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance under section 6034(h) of this bill. The Committee continues to strongly support the work of the WFP.

TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 6001. Compensation for United States Executive Directors to International Financial Institutions.

SEC. 6002. Restrictions on Voluntary Contributions to United Nations Agencies.

SEC. 6003. Limitation on Residence Expenses.

SEC. 6004. Limitation on Expenses.

SEC. 6005. Limitation on Representational Allowances.

SEC. 6006. Prohibition on Taxation of United States Assistance.

SEC. 6007. Prohibition Against Direct Funding for Certain Countries.

SEC. 6008. Military Coups.

SEC. 6009. Transfers.

SEC. 6010. Commercial Leasing of Defense Articles.

SEC. 6011. Availability of Funds.

SEC. 6012. Limitation on Assistance to Countries in Default.

SEC. 6013. Commerce and Trade.

SEC. 6014. Surplus Commodities.

SEC. 6015. Notification Requirements.

SEC. 6016. Limitation on Availability of Funds for International Organizations and Programs.

SEC. 6017. Independent States of the Former Soviet Union.

SEC. 6018. Prohibition on Funding for Abortions and Involuntary Sterilization.

SEC. 6019. Export Financing Transfer Authorities.

SEC. 6020. Special Notification Requirements.

SEC. 6021. Definition of Program, Project, and Activity.

SEC. 6022. Child Survival and Health Activities.

SEC. 6023. Afghanistan.

SEC. 6024. Notification on Excess Defense Equipment.

SEC. 6025. Aircraft Procurement.

SEC. 6026. Democracy Programs.

SEC. 6027. Prohibition on Bilateral Assistance to Terrorist Countries.

SEC. 6028. Debt-for-Development.

SEC. 6029. Separate Accounts.

SEC. 6030. Enterprise Fund Restrictions.

SEC. 6031. Burma.

SEC. 6032. Authorities for the Peace Corps, Inter-American Foundation and African Development Foundation.

SEC. 6033. Impact on Jobs in the United States.

SEC. 6034. Special Authorities.

SEC. 6035. Arab League Boycott of Israel.

SEC. 6036. Eligibility for Assistance.

SEC. 6037. Reservations of Funds.

SEC. 6038. Ceilings and Earmarks.

SEC. 6039. Prohibition on Publicity or Propaganda.

SEC. 6040. Prohibition of Payments to United Nations Members.

SEC. 6041. Nongovernmental Organizations--Documentation.

SEC. 6042. Prohibition on Assistance to Foreign Governments that Export Lethal Military Equipment to Countries Supporting International Terrorism.

SEC. 6043. Withholding of Assistance for Parking Fines and Real Property Taxes Owed by Foreign Countries.

SEC. 6044. Limitation on Assistance for the PLO for the West Bank and Gaza.

SEC. 6045. War Crimes Tribunals Drawdown.

SEC. 6046. Landmines.

SEC. 6047. Restrictions Concerning the Palestinian Authority.

SEC. 6048. Prohibition of Payment of Certain Expenses.

SEC. 6049. Haiti.

SEC. 6050. Limitation on Assistance to the Palestinian Authority.

SEC. 6051. Limitation on Assistance to Security Forces.

SEC. 6052. Foreign Military Training Report.

SEC. 6053. Authorization Requirement.

SEC. 6054. Cambodia.

SEC. 6055. Palestinian Statehood.

SEC. 6056. Colombia.

SEC. 6057. Illegal Armed Groups.

SEC. 6058. Prohibition on Assistance to the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation.

SEC. 6059. West Bank and Gaza Program.

SEC. 6060. Contributions to United Nations Population Fund.

SEC. 6061. War Criminals.

SEC. 6062. User Fees.

SEC. 6063. Funding for Serbia.

SEC. 6064. Community-Based Police Assistance.

SEC. 6065. Special Debt Relief for the Poorest.

SEC. 6066. Authority to Engage in Debt Buybacks or Sales.

SEC. 6067. Reporting Requirement.

SEC. 6068. Reconciliation Programs.

SEC. 6069. Sudan.

SEC. 6070. Peacekeeping Activities.

SEC. 6071. Excess Defense Articles for Central and South European Countries and Certain Other Countries.

SEC. 6072. Indonesia.

SEC. 6073. Limitation on Contracts.

SEC. 6074. Environment Programs.

SEC. 6075. Uzbekistan.

SEC. 6076. Central Asia.

SEC. 6077. Disability Programs.

SEC. 6078. Zimbabwe.

SEC. 6079. Tibet.

SEC. 6080. Discrimination Against Minority Religious Faiths in the Russian Federation.

SEC. 6081. War Crimes in Africa.

SEC. 6082. Admission of Refugees.

SEC. 6083. Unobligated Balances.

SEC. 6084. Security in Asia.

SEC. 6085. United Nations Development Program in Burma.

SEC. 6086. Democracy Exception.

SEC. 6087. University Programs.

SEC. 6088. Rescission.

SEC. 6089. Cooperation with Cuba on Counter-Narcotics Matters.

SEC. 6090. Francophone Countries.

SEC. 6091. Transfer of Funds.

SEC. 6092. Organized Crime and Corruption in Central America.

SEC. 6093. Iraq.

SEC. 6094. Neglected Diseases.

SEC. 6095. Orphans, Displaced and Abandoned Children.

SEC. 6096. Forensic Assistance.

SEC. 6097. Coordinator for Indigenous Peoples Issues.

SEC. 6098. Reprogramming of Funds.

SEC. 6099. Peacekeeping Missions.

SEC. 6100. Unobligated Balances Report.

SEC. 6101. Restrictions on United Nations Delegations.

SEC. 6102. Embassy Construction.

SEC. 6103. Allowances and Differentials.

SEC. 6104. Transfer Authority.

SEC. 6105. United States Citizens Born in Jerusalem.

SEC. 6106. Senior Policy Operating Group.

SEC. 6107. State Department Authorities.

SEC. 6108. Report on Indonesian Cooperation.

SEC. 6109. West Papua Report.

SEC. 6110. Demobilization of Foreign Terrorist Organizations.

SEC. 6111. Assistance for Foreign Nongovernmental Organizations.

SEC. 6112. Statement.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE SENATE

Rule XVI, paragraph 7 requires that every report on a general appropriation bill filed by the Committee must identify each recommended amendment, with particularity, which proposes an item of appropriation which is not made to carry out the provisions of an existing law, a treaty stipulation, or an act or resolution previously passed by the Senate during that session.

Items providing funding for fiscal year 2006 which lack authorization are as follows:

Overseas Private Investment Corporation;

Child Survival and Health Programs Fund;

Development Assistance;

International Disaster and Famine Assistance;

Transition Initiatives;

Development Credit Authority;

USAID Operating Expenses;

USAID Operating Expenses, Office of Inspector General;

USAID Capital Investment Fund;

Economic Support Fund;

Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltics;

Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union;

Inter-American Foundation;

African Development Foundation;

Peace Corps;

Millennium Challenge Corporation;

Democracy Fund;

International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement;

Andean Counterdrug Initiative;

Migration and Refugee Assistance;

Emergency Migration and Refugee Assistance;

Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related Assistance;

Conflict Response Fund;

Treasury Technical Assistance;

Debt Restructuring;

International Military Education and Training;

Foreign Military Financing Program;

Peacekeeping Operations;

International Organizations and Programs;

International Development Association;

Asian Development Fund; and

African Development Fund.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(C), RULE XXVI, OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE SENATE

Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, on June 30, 2005, the Committee ordered reported, H.R. 3057, making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2006, and for other purposes, with an amendment in the nature of a substitute and an amendment to the title, subject to further amendment and subject to the budget allocations, by a recorded vote of 28-0, a quorum being present. The vote was as follows:

Yeas Nays
Chairman Cochran
Mr. Stevens
Mr. Specter
Mr. Domenici
Mr. Bond
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Burns
Mr. Shelby
Mr. Gregg
Mr. Bennett
Mr. Craig
Mrs. Hutchison
Mr. DeWine
Mr. Brownback
Mr. Allard
Mr. Byrd
Mr. Inouye
Mr. Leahy
Mr. Harkin
Ms. Mikulski
Mr. Reid
Mr. Kohl
Mrs. Murray
Mr. Dorgan
Mrs. Feinstein
Mr. Durbin
Mr. Johnson
Ms. Landrieu

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE SENATE

Paragraph 12 of rule XXVI requires that Committee report on a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any statute or part of any statute include `(a) the text of the statute or part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and (b) a comparative print of that part of the bill or joint resolution making the amendment and of the statute or part thereof proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through type and italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate typographical devices the omissions and insertions which would be made by the bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form recommended by the Committee.'

In compliance with this rule, the following changes in existing law proposed to be made by the bill are shown as follows: existing law to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no change is proposed is shown in roman.

TITLE 22--FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 32--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE

* * * * * * *

SUBCHAPTER II--MILITARY ASSISTANCE AND SALES

* * * * * * *

PART V--INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

* * * * * * *

Sec. 2347. General authority

* * * * * * *

CHAPTER 39--ARMS EXPORT CONTROL

* * * * * * *

SUBCHAPTER II--FOREIGN MILITARY SALES AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2761. Sales from stocks

* * * * * * *

(h) Reciprocal quality assurance, inspection, contract administrative services, and contract audit defense services; catalog data and services

* * * * * * *

FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 1990, PUBLIC LAW 101-167

* * * * * * *

TITLE I--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

* * * * * * *

TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

* * * * * * *

* * * * * * *

* * * * * * *

* * * * * * *

* * * * * * *

* * * * * * *

* * * * * * *

PUBLIC LAW 107-57

* * * * * * *

SECTION 1. EXEMPTIONS AND WAIVER OF APPROPRIATIONS ACT PROHIBITIONS WITH RESPECT TO PAKISTAN.

* * * * * * *

* * * * * * *

SECTION 3. EXEMPTION OF PAKISTAN FROM FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROHIBITIONS RELATING TO FOREIGN COUNTRY LOAN DEFAULTS.

* * * * * * *

SECTION 6. TERMINATION DATE.

BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL
PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS AMENDED
[In millions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                                        Budget authority                             Outlays                
                                                                                                                                                                    Committee allocation Amount of bill Committee allocation Amount of bill 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee allocations to its subcommittees of amounts in the Budget Resolution for 2006: Subcommittee on Foreign Operations:                                                                         
Mandatory                                                                                                                                                                            174            174                  174          1 174 
Discretionary                                                                                                                                                                     31,671         31,668               34,827       1 34,824 
Projection of outlays associated with the recommendation:                                                                                                                                                                                   
2006                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2 14,590 
2007                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9,202 
2008                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3,969 
2009                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2,045 
2010 and future years                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1,732 
Financial assistance to State and local governments for 2006                                                                                                                          NA                                  NA                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2005 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL YEAR 2006
[In thousands of dollars]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Item                                                                                                                              2005 appropriation Budget estimate House allowance Committee recommendation Senate Committee recommendation compared with (+ or -)                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2005 appropriation Budget estimate House allowance 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
DEPARTMENT OF STATE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Administration of Foreign Affairs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
Diplomatic and consular programs                                                                                                           3,522,316       3,783,118       3,747,118                3,755,118                                               +232,802         -28,000          +8,000 
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                              (-4,000)        (-4,000)        (-4,000)                 (-4,000)                                                                                        
Worldwide security upgrades                                                                                                                  649,904         689,523         689,523                  689,523                                                +39,619                                 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                 734,000                                                                                                        -734,000                                 
Total, Diplomatic and consular programs                                                                                                    4,906,220       4,472,641       4,436,641                4,444,641                                               -461,579         -28,000          +8,000 
Capital investment fund                                                                                                                       51,452         133,000          69,121                   58,895                                                 +7,443         -74,105         -10,226 
Centralized IT modernization program                                                                                                          76,812                                                   74,105                                                 -2,707         +74,105         +74,105 
Office of Inspector General                                                                                                                   30,029          29,983          29,983                   33,000                                                 +2,971          +3,017          +3,017 
Educational and cultural exchange programs                                                                                                   355,932         430,400         410,400                  440,200                                                +84,268          +9,800         +29,800 
Representation allowances                                                                                                                      8,524           8,281           8,281                    8,281                                                   -243                                 
Protection of foreign missions and officials                                                                                                   9,762           9,390           9,390                    9,390                                                   -372                                 
Embassy security, construction, and maintenance                                                                                              603,510         615,800         603,510                  603,800                                                   +290         -12,000            +290 
Worldwide security upgrades                                                                                                                  900,134         910,200         910,200                  900,200                                                    +66         -10,000         -10,000 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                 592,000                                                                                                        -592,000                                 
Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service                                                                                               987          13,643          10,000                   13,643                                                +12,656                          +3,643 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                                (4,000)         (4,000)         (4,000)                  (4,000)                                                                                        
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                                              (-1,000)        (-1,000)                 (-1,000)                                               (-1,000)                                 
Repatriation Loans Program Account:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Direct loans subsidy                                                                                                                             604             712             712                      712                                                   +108                                 
Administrative expenses                                                                                                                          599             607             607                      607                                                     +8                                 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                                                (1,000)         (1,000)                  (1,000)                                               (+1,000)                                 
Total, Repatriation loans program account                                                                                                      1,203           1,319           1,319                    1,319                                                   +116                                 
Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan                                                                                                   19,222          19,751          19,751                   19,751                                                   +529                                 
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund                                                                                132,600         131,700         131,700                  131,700                                                   -900                                 
Total, Administration of Foreign Affairs                                                                                                   7,688,387       6,776,108       6,640,296                6,738,925                                               -949,462         -37,183         +98,629 
International Organizations                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Contributions to international organizations, current year assess- ment                                                                    1,166,212       1,296,500       1,144,265                1,166,212                                                               -130,288         +21,947 
Contributions for international peacekeeping activities, current year                                                                        483,455       1,035,500       1,035,500                1,035,500                                               +552,045                                 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                 680,000                                                                                                        -680,000                                 
Total, International Organizations and Conferences                                                                                         2,329,667       2,332,000       2,179,765                2,201,712                                               -127,955        -130,288         +21,947 
International Commissions                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico:                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Salaries and expenses                                                                                                                         26,880          28,700          27,000                   28,700                                                 +1,820                          +1,700 
Construction                                                                                                                                   5,239           6,600           5,300                    5,300                                                    +61          -1,300                 
American sections, international commissions                                                                                                   9,466           9,879           9,500                   10,400                                                   +934            +521            +900 
International fisheries commissions                                                                                                           21,688          25,123          22,000                   25,623                                                 +3,935            +500          +3,623 
Total, International commissions                                                                                                              63,273          70,302          63,800                   70,023                                                 +6,750            -279          +6,223 
Other                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Payment to the Asia Foundation                                                                                                                12,827          10,000          10,000                   15,000                                                 +2,173          +5,000          +5,000 
International Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue                                                                                       6,906           1,000                                    2,000                                                 -4,906          +1,000          +2,000 
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship program                                                                                                           493             500             500                      500                                                     +7                                 
Additional funding (Sec. 122 Div. J)                                                                                                             992                                                                                                            -992                                 
Israeli Arab scholarship program                                                                                                                 370             375             375                      375                                                     +5                                 
East-West Center                                                                                                                              19,240          13,024           6,000                   20,000                                                   +760          +6,976         +14,000 
National Endowment for Democracy                                                                                                              59,199          80,000          50,000                    8,800                                                -50,399         -71,200         -41,200 
Total, Department of State                                                                                                                10,181,354       9,283,309       8,950,736                9,057,335                                             -1,124,019        -225,974        +106,599 
Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
Salaries and expenses                                                                                                                            492             499             499                      499                                                     +7                                 
Commission on International Religious Freedom                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses                                                                                                                          2,960           3,000           3,200                    1,000                                                 -1,960          -2,000          -2,200 
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
Salaries and expenses                                                                                                                          1,806           2,030           2,030                    2,030                                                   +224                                 
Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Salaries and expenses                                                                                                                          1,875           1,900           1,900                    1,900                                                    +25                                 
HELP Commission                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
Salaries and expenses                                                                                                                            987           1,000           1,000                                                                            -987          -1,000          -1,000 
United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Salaries and expenses                                                                                                                          2,960           4,000           4,000                    2,800                                                   -160          -1,200          -1,200 
United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Salaries and expenses                                                                                                                             98                                                      150                                                    +52            +150            +150 
United States Institute of Peace                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
Operating expenses                                                                                                                            22,693          21,850          22,850                   21,850                                                   -843                          -1,000 
Additional funding (Sec. 122 Div. J)                                                                                                          99,200                                                                                                         -99,200                                 
Total, United States Institute of Peace                                                                                                      121,893          21,850          22,850                   21,850                                               -100,043                          -1,000 
U.S.-Canada Alaska Railroad Commission                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Salaries and expenses (rescission)                                                                                                                            -2,000          -2,000                                                                                          +2,000          +2,000 
RELATED AGENCIES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
Broadcasting Board of Governors                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
International Broadcasting Operations                                                                                                        583,107         603,394         620,000                  603,394                                                +20,287                         -16,606 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                   4,800                                                                                                          -4,800                                 
Broadcasting to Cuba                                                                                                                                          37,656                                   37,656                                                +37,656                         +37,656 
Broadcasting capital improvements                                                                                                              8,446          10,893          10,893                   10,893                                                 +2,447                                 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                   2,500                                                                                                          -2,500                                 
Total, Broadcasting Board of Governors                                                                                                       598,853         651,943         630,893                  651,943                                                +53,090                         +21,050 
Total, title I, Department of State and Related Agencies                                                                                  10,913,278       9,967,531       9,615,108                9,739,507                                             -1,173,771        -228,024        +124,399 
Appropriations                                                                                                                           (8,899,978)     (9,969,531)     (9,617,108)              (9,739,507)                                             (+839,529)      (-230,024)      (+122,399) 
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                              (-4,000)        (-5,000)        (-5,000)                 (-5,000)                                               (-1,000)                                 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                                (4,000)         (5,000)         (5,000)                  (5,000)                                               (+1,000)                                 
TITLE II--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Subsidy appropriation                                                                                                                         59,322         186,500         125,000                  125,000                                                +65,678         -61,500                 
Administrative expenses                                                                                                                       72,614          73,200          68,200                   73,200                                                   +586                          +5,000 
Inspector General                                                                                                                                              1,000                                    1,000                                                 +1,000                          +1,000 
Negative subsidy                                                                                                                             -33,000         -35,000         -35,000                  -35,000                                                 -2,000                                 
Total, Export-Import Bank of the United States                                                                                                98,936         225,700         158,200                  164,200                                                +65,264         -61,500          +6,000 
OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Noncredit account:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Administrative expenses                                                                                                                       42,542          42,274          42,274                   42,274                                                   -268                                 
Insurance fees and other offsetting collections                                                                                             -278,000        -240,000        -240,000                 -240,000                                                +38,000                                 
Subsidy appropriation                                                                                                                         23,808          20,276          20,276                   20,276                                                 -3,532                                 
Total, Overseas Private Investment Corporation                                                                                              -211,650        -177,450        -177,450                 -177,450                                                +34,200                                 
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Trade and Development Agency                                                                                                                  51,088          48,900          50,900                   50,900                                                   -188          +2,000                 
Total, title II, Export and investment assistance                                                                                            -61,626          97,150          31,650                   37,650                                                +99,276         -59,500          +6,000 
TITLE III--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
United States Agency for International Development                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Child survival and health programs fund                                                                                                    1,537,600       1,251,500       1,497,000                1,659,000                                               +121,400        +407,500        +162,000 
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                              (-6,000)                        (-6,000)                                                                        (+6,000)                        (+6,000) 
Development assistance                                                                                                                     1,448,320       1,103,233       1,460,000                1,675,000                                               +226,680        +571,767        +215,000 
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                             (-21,000)       (-21,000)       (-21,000)                (-21,000)                                                                                        
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                             (-24,000)                                                                                                       (+24,000)                                 
International disaster assistance                                                                                                            367,040         655,500         356,000                  400,000                                                +32,960        -255,500         +44,000 
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
International disaster and famine assistance (Emergency)                                                                                      17,856                                                                                                         -17,856                                 
(By transfer emergency appropriations)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
(By transfer) (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-324)                                                                                                  100,000                                                                                                        -100,000                                 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                  90,000                                                                                                         -90,000                                 
Subtotal, Disaster assistance                                                                                                                574,896         655,500         356,000                  400,000                                               -174,896        -255,500         +44,000 
Transition Initiatives                                                                                                                        48,608         325,000          50,000                   50,000                                                 +1,392        -275,000                 
Development Credit Authority:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
(By transfer)                                                                                                                               (21,000)        (21,000)        (21,000)                 (21,000)                                                                                        
Administrative expenses                                                                                                                        7,936           8,000           8,000                    8,000                                                    +64                                 
Subtotal, Development assistance                                                                                                           3,617,360       3,343,233       3,371,000                3,792,000                                               +174,640        +448,767        +421,000 
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund                                                                                 42,500          41,700          41,700                   41,700                                                   -800                                 
Operating expenses of the U.S. Agency for International Develop- ment                                                                        613,056         680,735         630,000                  620,000                                                 +6,944         -60,735         -10,000 
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
(By transfer)                                                                                                                                (6,000)                         (6,000)                                                                        (-6,000)                        (-6,000) 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                               (24,000)                                                                                                       (-24,000)                                 
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106) (Transfer to U.S. AID Office of Inspector General)                                                                                                                                                                                                       
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                  24,400                                                                                                         -24,400                                 
Subtotal, USAID                                                                                                                              637,456         680,735         630,000                  620,000                                                -17,456         -60,735         -10,000 
Capital Investment Fund                                                                                                                       58,528          77,700          77,700                   77,700                                                +19,172                                 
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Subtotal, Capital investment fund                                                                                                             58,528          77,700          77,700                   77,700                                                +19,172                                 
Operating expenses of the U.S. Agency for International Development Office of Inspector General                                               34,720          36,000          36,000                   36,000                                                 +1,280                                 
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106) (By transfer)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                   2,500                                                                                                          -2,500                                 
Subtotal, Operating expenses                                                                                                                  37,220          36,000          36,000                   36,000                                                 -1,220                                 
Total, USAID                                                                                                                               4,393,064       4,179,368       4,156,400                4,567,400                                               +174,336        +388,032        +411,000 
Other Bilateral Economic Assistance                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Economic support fund:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Israel                                                                                                                                       357,120         240,000         240,000                  240,000                                               -117,120                                 
Egypt                                                                                                                                        530,720         495,000         495,000                  495,000                                                -35,720                                 
Other                                                                                                                                      1,574,800       2,301,375       1,823,525                2,301,375                                               +726,575                        +477,850 
Economic support fund (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
(By transfer emergency)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                            (-150,000)                                                (-10,000)                                             (+140,000)       (-10,000)       (-10,000) 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                               1,433,600                                                                                                      -1,433,600                                 
Subtotal, Economic support fund                                                                                                            3,896,240       3,036,375       2,558,525                3,036,375                                               -859,865                        +477,850 
International Fund for Ireland                                                                                                                18,352                          13,500                                                                         -18,352                         -13,500 
Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States                                                                                          393,427         382,000         357,000                  395,000                                                 +1,573         +13,000         +38,000 
Assistance for the Independent States of the former Soviet Union                                                                             555,520         482,000         477,000                  565,000                                                 +9,480         +83,000         +88,000 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                  70,000                                                                                                         -70,000                                 
Iraq relief and reconstruction fund (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
(Transfer out) (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
(Transfer out emergency)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
Debt relief (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
CPA operating expenses (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Tsunami Recvery and Reconstruction Fund (emergency appropriations Public Law 109-13)                                                         656,000                                                                                                        -656,000                                 
Total, Other Bilateral Economic Assistance                                                                                                 5,589,539       3,900,375       3,406,025                3,996,375                                             -1,593,164         +96,000        +590,350 
INDEPENDENT AGENCIES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Inter-American Foundation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Appropriation                                                                                                                                 17,856          17,826          19,500                   20,000                                                 +2,144          +2,174            +500 
African Development Foundation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
Appropriation                                                                                                                                 18,848          18,850          20,500                   25,000                                                 +6,152          +6,150          +4,500 
Peace Corps                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Appropriation                                                                                                                                317,440         345,000         325,000                  320,000                                                 +2,560         -25,000          -5,000 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
Millenium Challenge Corporation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
Appropriation                                                                                                                              1,488,000       3,000,000       1,750,000                1,800,000                                               +312,000      -1,200,000         +50,000 
Department of State                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Global HIV/AIDS initiative                                                                                                                 1,373,920       1,970,000       1,920,000                2,020,000                                               +646,080         +50,000        +100,000 
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
Democracy Fund                                                                                                                                                                                        175,000                                               +175,000        +175,000        +175,000 
International narcotics control and law enforcement                                                                                          326,189         523,874         442,400                  523,874                                               +197,685                         +81,474 
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                 620,000                                                                                                        -620,000                                 
Subtotal, Narcotics control                                                                                                                  946,189         523,874         442,400                  523,874                                               -422,315                         +81,474 
Andean Counterdrug Initiative                                                                                                                725,152         734,500         734,500                  734,500                                                 +9,348                                 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
Migration and refugee assistance                                                                                                             763,840         892,770         790,720                  900,000                                               +136,160          +7,230        +109,280 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                 120,400                                                                                                        -120,400                                 
United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund                                                                                 29,760          40,000          30,000                   40,000                                                +10,240                         +10,000 
Nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining and related programs                                                                              398,784         440,100         400,350                  440,100                                                +41,316                         +39,750 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                  24,600                                                                                                         -24,600                                 
Subtotal, Nonproliferation                                                                                                                   423,384         440,100         400,350                  440,100                                                +16,716                         +39,750 
Conflict response fund                                                                                                                                       100,000                                   74,000                                                +74,000         -26,000         +74,000 
Subtotal, Department of State                                                                                                              4,382,645       4,701,244       4,317,970                4,907,474                                               +524,829        +206,230        +589,504 
Department of the Treasury                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
International Affairs Technical Assistance                                                                                                    18,848          20,000          20,000                   20,000                                                 +1,152                                 
Debt restructuring                                                                                                                            99,200          99,750          65,000                   99,750                                                   +550                         +34,750 
Subtotal, Department of the Treasury                                                                                                         118,048         119,750          85,000                  119,750                                                 +1,702                         +34,750 
Total, title III, Bilateral economic assistance                                                                                           16,325,440      16,282,413      14,080,395               15,755,999                                               -569,441        -526,414      +1,675,604 
Appropriations                                                                                                                          (13,822,084)    (16,282,413)    (14,080,395)             (15,755,999)                                           (+1,933,915)      (-526,414)    (+1,675,604) 
Emergency appropriations                                                                                                                 (2,503,356)                                                                                                    (-2,503,356)                                 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                               (51,000)        (21,000)        (27,000)                 (21,000)                                              (-30,000)                        (-6,000) 
(By transfer emergency appropriations)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                            (-201,000)       (-21,000)       (-27,000)                (-31,000)                                             (+170,000)       (-10,000)        (-4,000) 
(Transfer out emergency appropriations)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
TITLE IV--MILITARY ASSISTANCE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
International Military Education and Training                                                                                                 89,012          86,744          86,744                   86,744                                                 -2,268                                 
Foreign Military Financing Program:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Grants:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Israel                                                                                                                                     2,202,240       2,280,000       2,280,000                2,280,000                                                +77,760                                 
Egypt                                                                                                                                      1,289,600       1,300,000       1,300,000                1,300,000                                                +10,400                                 
Other                                                                                                                                      1,253,392       1,008,600         862,300                1,023,600                                               -229,792         +15,000        +161,300 
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106) (by transfer)                                                                                  (150,000)                                                                                                      (-150,000)                                 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                 250,000                                                                                                        -250,000                                 
Subtotal, Grants                                                                                                                           4,995,232       4,588,600       4,442,300                4,603,600                                               -391,632         +15,000        +161,300 
(Limitation on administrative expenses)                                                                                                     (40,000)        (42,500)        (41,600)                 (42,500)                                               (+2,500)                          (+900) 
Total, Foreign Military Financing                                                                                                          4,995,232       4,588,600       4,442,300                4,603,600                                               -391,632         +15,000        +161,300 
Peacekeeping operations                                                                                                                      103,168         195,800         177,800                  195,800                                                +92,632                         +18,000 
(Emergency appropriation)                                                                                                                     74,400                                                                                                         -74,400                                 
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Omnibus Appropriations (transfer from DoD) (Public Law 108-447) (Sec. 117)                                                                  (79,360)                                                                                                       (-79,360)                                 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13)                                                                                                 240,000                                                                                                        -240,000                                 
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13) (by transfer emergency)                                                                        (50,000)                                                                                                       (-50,000)                                 
Subtotal, Peacekeeping operations                                                                                                            417,568         195,800         177,800                  195,800                                               -221,768                         +18,000 
(4,937,412)                                                                                                                              (4,871,144)     (4,706,844)      (-564,400)                (-51,268)                                              (+15,000)      (+179,300)       (564,400) 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                              (229,360)                                                                                                      (-229,360)                                 
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
(Limitation on administrative expenses)                                                                                                     (40,000)        (42,500)        (41,600)                 (42,500)                                               (+2,500)                          (+900) 
TITLE V--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
International Financial Institutions                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
World Bank Group                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
Contribution to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Global Environment Facility                                       106,640         107,500                                  107,500                                                   +860                        +107,500 
Contribution to the International Development Association                                                                                    843,200         950,000         950,000                  900,000                                                +56,800         -50,000         -50,000 
Contribution to Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency                                                                                                       1,742           1,742                    1,300                                                 +1,300            -442            -442 
(Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)                                                                                                               (8,127)         (8,127)                  (8,127)                                               (+8,127)                                 
Total, World Bank Group                                                                                                                      949,840       1,059,242         951,742                1,008,800                                                +58,960         -50,442         +57,058 
Contribution to the Inter-American Development Bank: Contribution to the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral Investment Fund             10,912           1,742           1,742                    3,742                                                 -7,170          +2,000          +2,000 
Inter-American Investment Corporation                                                                                                                          1,742           1,742                    1,500                                                 +1,500            -242            -242 
Contribution to the Asian Development Bank: Contribution to the Asian Development Fund                                                        99,200         115,250         115,250                  100,000                                                   +800         -15,250         -15,250 
Contribution to the African Development Bank:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
Paid-in capital                                                                                                                                4,067           5,638           5,638                    3,638                                                   -429          -2,000          -2,000 
(Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)                                                                                                              (88,334)        (88,334)                 (88,334)                                              (+88,334)                                 
Contribution to the African Development Fund                                                                                                 105,152         135,700         135,700                  135,700                                                +30,548                                 
Total, African Development Bank                                                                                                              109,219         141,338         141,338                  139,338                                                +30,119          -2,000          -2,000 
Contribution to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Paid-in capital                                                                                                                               35,148           1,016           1,016                    1,016                                                -34,132                                 
(Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)                                                                                             (121,997)         (2,250)         (2,250)                  (2,250)                                             (-119,747)                                 
Contribution to the International Fund for Agricultural Development                                                                           14,880          15,000          15,000                   15,000                                                   +120                                 
Total, International Financial Institutions                                                                                                1,219,199       1,335,330       1,227,830                1,269,396                                                +50,197         -65,934         +41,566 
International Organizations and Programs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
Appropriation                                                                                                                                325,767         281,908         328,958                  330,000                                                 +4,233         +48,092          +1,042 
Total, title V, Multilateral economic assistance                                                                                           1,544,966       1,617,238       1,556,788                1,599,396                                                +54,430         -17,842         +42,608 
(Limitation on callable capital subscript)                                                                                                 (121,997)        (98,711)        (98,711)                 (98,711)                                              (-23,286)                                 
TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
Expenditure transfer (Sec. 542)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
Emergency appropriations (Public Law 109-13) (recission)                                                                                  -1,000,000                                                                                                      +1,000,000                                 
Rescission                                                                                                                                                                   -64,000                                                                                                         +64,000 
Sec. 6083 unobligated balances                                                                                                                                                                       -200,296                                               -200,296        -200,296        -200,296 
Sec. 6084 Security in Asia                                                                                                                                                                             25,000                                                +25,000         +25,000         +25,000 
Sec. 6093 Iraqi Relief and Reconstruction fund (by transfer)                                                                                                                                         (10,000)                                              (+10,000)       (+10,000)       (+10,000) 
Sec. 6098 U.S.-Canada Alaska Railroad Commission (rescission)                                                                                                                                          -2,000                                                 -2,000          -2,000          -2,000 
Total, title VI, General Provisions                                                                                                       -1,000,000                         -64,000                 -177,296                                               +822,704        -177,296        -113,296 
Appropriations                                                                                                                                                                                     (-175,296)                                             (-175,296)      (-175,296)      (-175,296) 
Rescissions                                                                                                                               -1,000,000                         -64,000                   -2,000                                               +998,000          -2,000         +62,000 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                                                                                        (10,000)                                              (+10,000)       (+10,000)       (+10,000) 
Grand total                                                                                                                               33,223,870      32,835,476      29,926,785               31,841,400                                             -1,382,470        -994,076      +1,914,615 
Appropriations                                                                                                                          (29,142,814)    (32,837,476)    (29,992,785)             (31,843,400)                                           (+2,700,586)      (-994,076)    (+1,850,615) 
Emergency appropriations                                                                                                                 (5,081,056)                                                                                                    (-5,081,056)                                 
Contingent emergency appropriations                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Rescissions                                                                                                                               -1,000,000          -2,000         -66,000                   -2,000                                               +998,000                         +64,000 
(By transfer)                                                                                                                              (284,360)        (26,000)        (32,000)                 (36,000)                                             (-248,360)       (+10,000)        (+4,000) 
(By transfer emergency appropriations)                                                                                                      (50,000)                                                                                                       (-50,000)                                 
(Transfer out)                                                                                                                            (-205,000)       (-26,000)       (-32,000)                (-36,000)                                             (+169,000)       (-10,000)        (-4,000) 
(Transfer out emergency appropriations)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
(Limitation on administrative expenses)                                                                                                     (40,000)        (42,500)        (41,600)                 (42,500)                                               (+2,500)                          (+900) 
(Limitation on callable capital subscript)                                                                                                 (121,997)        (98,711)        (98,711)                 (98,711)                                              (-23,286)                                 
(Emergency Supplemental (Public Law 108-106))                                                                                            (5,131,056)                                                                                                    (-5,131,056)                                 
RECAPITULATION                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
Title I--Department of State and Related                                                                                                  10,913,278       9,967,531       9,615,108                9,739,507                                             -1,173,771        -228,024        +124,399 
Title II--Export and investment assistance                                                                                                   -61,626          97,150          31,650                   37,650                                                +99,276         -59,500          +6,000 
Title III--Bilateral economic assistance                                                                                                  16,325,440      16,282,413      14,080,395               15,755,999                                               -569,441        -526,414      +1,675,604 
Title IV--Military assistance                                                                                                              5,501,812       4,871,144       4,706,844                4,886,144                                               -615,668         +15,000        +179,300 
Title V--Multilateral economic assistance                                                                                                  1,544,966       1,617,238       1,556,788                1,599,396                                                +54,430         -17,842         +42,608 
Title VI--General Provisions                                                                                                              -1,000,000                         -64,000                 -177,296                                               +822,704        -177,296        -113,296 
Prior year outlays                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Total, State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs                                                                                    33,223,870      32,835,476      29,926,785               31,841,400                                             -1,382,470        -994,076      +1,914,615 
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