24-272

109TH CONGRESS

Report

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

1st Session

109-265
MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING SEPTEMBER 30, 2006, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

November 2, 2005- Ordered to be printed

Mr. KOLBE, from the committee of conference, submitted the following

CONFERENCE REPORT

[To accompany H.R. 3057]

The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 3057) `making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2006, and for other purposes', having met, after full and free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as follows:

That the House recede from its disagreement to the amendments of the Senate to the text, and agree to the same with an amendment, as follows:

In lieu of the matter stricken and inserted by said amendment, insert:

TITLE I--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE

EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES

INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE EXPORT-IMPORT BANK

EXPORT-IMPORT BANK PROGRAM ACCOUNT

SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION

NONCREDIT ACCOUNT

PROGRAM ACCOUNT

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

TITLE II--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

CHILD SURVIVAL AND HEALTH PROGRAMS FUND

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

INTERNATIONAL DISASTER AND FAMINE ASSISTANCE

TRANSITION INITIATIVES

DEVELOPMENT CREDIT AUTHORITY

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

OTHER BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR IRELAND

ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES

ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

PEACE CORPS

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

GLOBAL HIV/AIDS INITIATIVE

DEMOCRACY FUND

INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

ANDEAN COUNTERDRUG INITIATIVE

MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

DEBT RESTRUCTURING

TITLE III--MILITARY ASSISTANCE

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

TITLE IV--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

CONTRIBUTION TO THE MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT GUARANTEE AGENCY

LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS

CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTER-AMERICAN INVESTMENT CORPORATION

CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT FUND

CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS

CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

CONTRIBUTION TO THE EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS

CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

COMPENSATION FOR UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS TO INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

RESTRICTIONS ON VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO UNITED NATIONS AGENCIES

LIMITATION ON RESIDENCE EXPENSES

UNOBLIGATED BALANCES REPORT

LIMITATION ON REPRESENTATIONAL ALLOWANCES

PROHIBITION ON TAXATION OF UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE

PROHIBITION AGAINST DIRECT FUNDING FOR CERTAIN COUNTRIES

MILITARY COUPS

TRANSFERS

COMMERCIAL LEASING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES

AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS

LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES IN DEFAULT

COMMERCE AND TRADE

SURPLUS COMMODITIES

NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

PROHIBITION ON FUNDING FOR ABORTIONS AND INVOLUNTARY STERILIZATION

EXPORT FINANCING TRANSFER AUTHORITIES

SPECIAL NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

DEFINITION OF PROGRAM, PROJECT, AND ACTIVITY

CHILD SURVIVAL AND HEALTH ACTIVITIES

AFGHANISTAN

NOTIFICATION ON EXCESS DEFENSE EQUIPMENT

HIV/AIDS

BURMA

PROHIBITION ON BILATERAL ASSISTANCE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES

DEBT-FOR-DEVELOPMENT

SEPARATE ACCOUNTS

ENTERPRISE FUND RESTRICTIONS

FINANCIAL MARKET ASSISTANCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES

AUTHORITIES FOR THE PEACE CORPS, INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION AND AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

IMPACT ON JOBS IN THE UNITED STATES

SPECIAL AUTHORITIES

ARAB LEAGUE BOYCOTT OF ISRAEL

ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTANCE

RESERVATIONS OF FUNDS

CEILINGS AND EARMARKS

PROHIBITION ON PUBLICITY OR PROPAGANDA

PROHIBITION OF PAYMENTS TO UNITED NATIONS MEMBERS

NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS--DOCUMENTATION

PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS THAT EXPORT LETHAL MILITARY EQUIPMENT TO COUNTRIES SUPPORTING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

WITHHOLDING OF ASSISTANCE FOR PARKING FINES AND REAL PROPERTY TAXES OWED BY FOREIGN COUNTRIES

LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE FOR THE PLO FOR THE WEST BANK AND GAZA

WAR CRIMES TRIBUNALS DRAWDOWN

LANDMINES

RESTRICTIONS CONCERNING THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY

PROHIBITION OF PAYMENT OF CERTAIN EXPENSES

HAITI

LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY

LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO SECURITY FORCES

FOREIGN MILITARY TRAINING REPORT

AUTHORIZATION REQUIREMENT

CAMBODIA

PALESTINIAN STATEHOOD

COLOMBIA

ILLEGAL ARMED GROUPS

PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO THE PALESTINIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION

WEST BANK AND GAZA PROGRAM

CONTRIBUTIONS TO UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND

WAR CRIMINALS

USER FEES

FUNDING FOR SERBIA

COMMUNITY-BASED POLICE ASSISTANCE

SPECIAL DEBT RELIEF FOR THE POOREST

AUTHORITY TO ENGAGE IN DEBT BUYBACKS OR SALES

BASIC EDUCATION

RECONCILIATION PROGRAMS

SUDAN

TRADE CAPACITY BUILDING

EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH EUROPEAN COUNTRIES AND CERTAIN OTHER COUNTRIES

ZIMBABWE

GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE

LIMITATION ON ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND ASSISTANCE FOR CERTAIN FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS THAT ARE PARTIES TO THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

TIBET

CENTRAL AMERICA

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

HIPC DEBT REDUCTION

OPIC TRANSFER AUTHORITY

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

LIMITATION ON FUNDS RELATING TO ATTENDANCE OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES AT CONFERENCES OCCURRING OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES

LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES THAT REFUSE TO EXTRADITE TO THE UNITED STATES ANY INDIVIDUAL ACCUSED IN THE UNITED STATES OF KILLING A LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER

PROHIBITION AGAINST DIRECT FUNDING FOR SAUDI ARABIA

GOVERNMENTS THAT HAVE FAILED TO PERMIT CERTAIN EXTRADITIONS

REPORTING REQUIREMENT

ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS

UZBEKISTAN

CENTRAL ASIA

DISABILITY PROGRAMS

DISCRIMINATION AGAINST MINORITY RELIGIOUS FAITHS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

WAR CRIMES IN AFRICA

SECURITY IN ASIA

NEPAL

NEGLECTED DISEASES

ORPHANS, DISPLACED AND ABANDONED CHILDREN

ADVISOR FOR INDIGENOUS PEOPLES ISSUES

STATEMENT

COMBATTING PIRACY OF UNITED STATES COPYRIGHTED MATERIALS

MALARIA

OVERSIGHT OF IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION

NONPROLIFERATION AND COUNTERPROLIFERATION EFFORTS

PROMOTION OF POLICY GOALS AT MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS

`SEC. 1505. PROMOTION OF POLICY GOALS.

AUTHORIZATIONS

`SEC. 23. FOURTEENTH REPLENISHMENT.

`SEC. 218. TENTH REPLENISHMENT.

`SEC. 32. EIGHTH REPLENISHMENT.

ANTICORRUPTION PROVISIONS

ASSISTANCE FOR DEMOBILIZATION AND DISARMAMENT OF FORMER IRREGULAR COMBATANTS IN COLOMBIA

SEC. 599E. (a) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Of the funds appropriated in this Act, up to $20,000,000 may be made available in fiscal year 2006 for assistance for the demobilization and disarmament of former members of foreign terrorist organizations (FTOs) in Colombia, specifically the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN), if the Secretary of State makes a certification described in subsection (b) to the appropriate congressional committees prior to the initial obligation of amounts for such assistance for the fiscal year involved.

(b) CERTIFICATION- A certification described in this subsection is a certification that--

(c) DEFINITIONS- In this section:

INDONESIA

REPORT ON INDONESIAN COOPERATION

That the Senate recede from its amendment to the title of the bill.
JIM KOLBE,
JERRY LEWIS,
JOE KNOLLENBERG,
MARK STEVEN KIRK,
ANDER CRENSHAW,
DON SHERWOOD,
JOHN E. SWEENEY,
DENNIS REHBERG,
JOHN CARTER,
NITA M. LOWEY,
DAVID R. OBEY,
JESSE L. JACKSON, Jr.,
CAROLYN C. KILPATRICK,
STEVEN R. ROTHMAN,
CHAKA FATTAH,

Managers on the Part of the House.
MITCH MCCONNELL,
ARLEN SPECTER,
JUDD GREGG,
RICHARD SHELBY,
ROBERT F. BENNETT,
CHRISTOPHER BOND,
MIKE DEWINE,
SAM BROWNBACK,
THAD COCHRAN,
PATRICK J. LEAHY,
DANIEL INOUYE,
TOM HARKIN,
BARBARA A. MIKULSKI,
DICK DURBIN,
TIM JOHNSON,
MARY L. LANDRIEU,
ROBERT C. BYRD,

Managers on the Part of the Senate.

JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF CONFERENCE

The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 3057), `making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2006, and for other purposes', submits the following joint statement to the House and the Senate in explanation of the effect of the action agreed upon by the conferees and recommended in the accompanying conference report.

The conference agreement incorporates some of the provisions of both the House and Senate versions of the bill. The statement of the managers remains silent on provisions that were in both the House bill and Senate bill that remain substantially unchanged by the conference agreement.

The language set forth in House Report 109-152 and Senate Report 109-96 should be complied with unless specifically addressed in the accompanying bill and statement of the managers to the contrary. The statement of the managers, while repeating some report language for emphasis or clarification, does not intend to negate the language in either the House or Senate reports unless expressly addressed herein.

Conference Agreement
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Title I--Export and Investment Assistance:
Export Import Bank 100,000
Export Import Bank Admin Expenses 73,200
Export Import Bank Inspector General 1,000
Export Import Bank negative subsidy -35,000
OPIC Administrative expenses 42,274
OPIC Credit subsidy 20,276
OPIC offsetting collections -240,000
Trade and Development Agency 50,900
Subtotal, Title I 12,650
Title II--Bilateral Economic Assistance:
Child Survival and health programs fund 1,585,000
Development Assistance 1,524,000
International Disaster Assistance 365,000
Transition Initiatives 40,000
Development Credit Program (by transfer) 21,000
Administrative expenses 8,000
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund (mandatory) 41,700
Operating expenses of USAID 630,000
Capital investment fund 70,000
Operating Expenses of USAID Inspector General 36,000
Economic Support Fund 2,634,000
International Fund for Ireland 13,500
Assistance to Eastern Europe and the Baltic States 361,000
Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union 514,000
Inter-American Foundation 19,500
African Development Foundation 23,000
Peace Corps 322,000
Millennium Challenge Corporation 1,770,000
Global HIV/AIDS Initiative 1,995,000
Democracy Fund 95,000
International Narcotics Control 477,200
Andean Counterdrug Initiative 734,500
Migration and Refugee Assistance 791,000
United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund 30,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, and Demining 410,100
International affairs technical assistance 20,000
Debt Restructuring 65,000
Subtotal, Title II (Discretionary) 14,532,800
Subtotal, Title II (Mandatory) 41,700
Subtotal, Title II 14,574,500
Title III--Military Assistance
International Military Education and Training 86,744
Foreign Military Financing 4,500,000
Peacekeeping Operations 175,000
Subtotal, Title III 4,761,744
Title IV--Multilateral Economic Assistance:
Global Environment Facility 80,000
International Development Association 950,000
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency 1,300
Multilateral Investment Fund 1,742
Inter-American Investment Corporation 1,742
Asian Development Fund 100,000
African Development Bank 3,638
African Development Fund 135,700
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development 1,016
International Fund for Agriculture 15,000
International Organizations and Programs 329,458
Subtotal, Title IV 1,619,596
Title V--General Provisions:
Section 6084, `Security in Asia' 10,000
Subtotal, Title V 10,000
Discretionary total 20,936,548
Mandatory total 41,700
Total, Foreign Operations 20,978,490

Once again, the conferees include a significant increase to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria. This funding is appropriated in several accounts and is summarized in the chart below. Narratives for the specific diseases are under the headings `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' and `Global HIV/AIDS Initiative'.

The conferees include a total of $2,820,000,000 for HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria, $268,000,000 over the President's request and $629,000,000 over the fiscal year 2005 level. This figure does not include significant funding anticipated to be appropriated for the Department of Health and Human Services or the United States share of HIV/AIDS assistance through the World Bank Group.

FUNDING FOR HIV/AIDS, TUBERCULOSIS AND MALARIA
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Disease/account                                                          Fiscal year 2006 request Fiscal year 2006 conference agreement 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HIV/AIDS                                                                                2,341,040                             2,426,600 
Child Survival and Health Programs Fund                                                   386,000                               490,000 
Global HIV/AIDS Initiative                                                              1,926,000                             1,907,000 
Economic Support Fund                                                                       3,700                                 4,000 
Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States                                         1,560                                 1,600 
Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union                           21,800                                22,000 
Foreign Military Financing                                                                  1,980                                 2,000 
Tuberculosis                                                                               88,586                               150,900 
Global HIV/AIDS Initiative                                                                 13,000                                26,000 
Child Survival and Health Programs Fund                                                    63,000                               112,500 
Economic Support Fund                                                                       1,900                                 2,000 
Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States                                           386                                   400 
Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union                           10,300                                10,000 
Malaria                                                                                   122,500                               242,500 
Child Survival and Health Programs Fund                                                    90,000                               177,500 
Global HIV/AIDS Initiative                                                                 31,000                                62,000 
Economic Support Fund                                                                       1,500                                 3,000 
Total                                                                                   2,552,126                             2,820,000 
Of which, for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria 1                   200,000                               450,000 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The conference agreement makes available $450,000,000 for the United States contribution to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria (Global Fund), $250,000,000 from the `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' and $200,000,000 from the `Global HIV/AIDS Initiative' account. The disease amounts for `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' and `Global HIV/AIDS Initiative' in the table above include the amount of the Global Fund contribution from those accounts estimated to be dedicated to those diseases, using Global Fund grant trend data.

The fiscal year 2006 budget request for these accounts included $200,000,000 for a United States contribution to the Global Fund: $100,000,000 from the `Global HIV/AIDS Initiative' account and $100,000,000 from the `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' account. The President requested an additional $100,000,000 from the accounts which appropriate funding for the Department of Health and Human Services.

BUDGET JUSTIFICATION MATERIALS

The conferees agree with the direction of the Senate with respect to submission of a report on a proposal to improve budget justification material submitted with the fiscal year 2007 budget request. The conferees agree that the State Department should submit proposals as recommended by the Senate to the Committees on Appropriations no later than December 15, 2005.

TITLE I--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE

EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES

The conference agreement includes a first-time appropriation of $1,000,000 for an Office of Inspector General. The conferees expect the position of Inspector General to be filled as expeditiously as possible.

The conference agreement provides $100,000,000 for the subsidy appropriation. The conferees expect that there will be no reduction in Export-Import Bank activity levels due to the extraordinarily high level of carryover balances in fiscal year 2006, which totals approximately $320,000,000.

The conference agreement provides $73,200,000 for administrative expenses.

The conferees agree the Export-Import Bank should act promptly on all requests for assistance from United States exporters that meet the Bank's criteria for credit worthiness, export additionality, foreign competition and net benefit to the United States economy. The conferees do not require from the Bank an explanation for rejections of requests for assistance from any specific United States industry. The conferees direct the Export-Import Bank to report by March 31, 2006 on all applications received in fiscal year 2005 and a summary of actions undertaken by the Bank with regard to such applications.

OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION

The conferees direct the President of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) to continue current policy and consult with the Committees on Appropriations before any future financing for non-governmental organizations or private and voluntary organizations is approved.

TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

The conference agreement provides $50,900,000 for the Trade and Development Agency (TDA).

The conferees provide $1,500,000 for TDA to conduct an international aviation security and safety program to enhance the capabilities of foreign civil aviation authorities. The conferees believe this program will have the most impact if a substantial portion is implemented through a cooperative agreement between TDA and a non-profit aviation organization with relevant experience in development and training programs that assist countries in meeting their obligations for international aviation security and safety standards.

TITLE II--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

CHILD SURVIVAL AND HEALTH PROGRAMS FUND

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

The conference agreement provides $1,585,000,000 for the `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' instead of $1,497,000,000 as proposed by the House or $1,659,000,000 as proposed by the Senate. The conference agreement includes not to exceed $350,000 for monitoring and oversight as proposed by the Senate, rather than $250,000 as proposed by the House.

As in previous years, the conference agreement includes language allocating the `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' among six program categories. A definition of program categories and their components can be found on pages 9 through 11 of House Report 107-142 and under the heading `Family Planning/Reproductive Health' on page 12 of Senate Report 107-58.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:

Child Survival and Health Programs Fund
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Child Survival/Maternal Health 360,000
(The Vaccine Fund) [70,000]
Vulnerable Children 30,000
Family Planning/Reproductive Health 375,000
HIV/AIDS 350,000
Microbicides [40,000]
IAVI [29,000]
Other Infectious Diseases 220,000
TB [80,000]
Malaria [100,000]
Surveillance/OID [25,000]
Neglected Diseases [15,000]
Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria 250,000
Total 1,585,000

A table describing HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria allocations by account is at the beginning of this statement of the managers. Again this year, no funding for HIV/AIDS programs in the 15 Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief `focus' countries is appropriated in this account. Funding for the `focus' countries is appropriated under the heading `Global HIV/AIDS Initiative'. The narrative for HIV/AIDS funding is under the heading `Global HIV/AIDS Initiative'.

THE GLOBAL FUND

The conference agreement includes a total of $450,000,000 for the Global Fund: $250,000,000 from this account, and $200,000,000 from the Global HIV/AIDS Initiative account.

The conferees note that, of the funding committed by the Global Fund to recipient countries, approximately 56 percent will be for HIV/AIDS interventions, 31 percent for malaria interventions, and 13 percent for TB or combined TB/AIDS interventions. The conferees have used these percentages to estimate the portion of the United States contribution to the Global Fund that is likely to be attributed for each disease.

TUBERCULOSIS

The conference agreement provides a total of $150,900,000 for TB assistance. Of this amount, $80,000,000 is funded through the `other infectious diseases' allocation in this account, an estimated $12,400,000 from other bilateral accounts, and $58,500,000 through the contribution to the Global Fund.

MALARIA

For malaria, the conference agreement provides a total of $242,500,000. Of this amount, it is expected that $139,500,000 of the contribution to the Global Fund will fund malaria programs, $100,000,000 is funded through the `other infectious diseases' allocation in this account, and an estimated $3,000,000 is provided from other bilateral accounts. The conferees have long been concerned by the mortality and morbidity caused by this disease, and have made available more than $657,500,000 since 2001 to fight malaria, consistently more each year than requested by the President.

The conferees include section 598, similar to a Senate provision, which requires that bilateral malaria funds made available in this Act are spent in a coordinated, transparent manner on effective anti-malarial programs. The conferees urge the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to work with host country health authorities, other donors, and multilateral institutions to develop, where they do not already exist, country-level malaria plans with clearly delineated roles and responsibilities. These plans should include specific indicators, procedures to measure progress toward those indicators, and mechanisms to track the disbursement of funds.

Where appropriate, the plans should include significant support for the purchase of commodities, including bednets and pharmaceutical products. In accordance with these strategies, USAID's malaria programming should be provided for activities that maximize the effectiveness of United States assistance dollars in mitigating the effects of malaria.

Section 598 also requires USAID to submit quarterly reports delineating expenditures to fight malaria. These reports should include indicators for USAID's programming, progress toward those indicators, and how USAID programming fits within country-level malaria strategic plans.

NEGLECTED DISEASES

The conferees are aware that certain neglected diseases cause debilitating illness and disfigurement among hundreds of millions of people in mostly tropical countries, and that medicines exist to either prevent or cure most of these diseases. In section 593, the conference agreement includes a provision similar to a Senate amendment which provides $15,000,000 for an integrated approach to the control of neglected diseases. The conferees direct USAID to consult broadly to ensure the most effective uses of these funds and develop a multilateral mechanism to implement an integrated initiative to control these diseases, enhance coordination and effectiveness and maximize donor contributions. The Administrator of USAID should consult with the Committees on Appropriations before a mechanism is chosen. Until such a mechanism is available, the Administrator should develop and implement the program through existing bilateral and multilateral mechanisms.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

The conferees note that USAID is developing a `Research and Development' strategy. In doing so for fiscal year 2006, USAID shall program not less than $40,000,000 for microbicides, including up to $3,000,000 for the International Partnership for Microbicides, and $29,000,000 for the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative. Additional organizations and amounts are specified in the House and Senate reports.

AVIAN INFLUENZA

The conferees believe that strengthening international surveillance, reporting, and response capacity is the foundation of preventing and responding to an outbreak of avian influenza in the United States. Congress provided $25,000,000 in Public Law 109-13 for the first step of the multi-year effort necessary to address the threat posed by an avian influenza pandemic, and the conferees expect the Administration to submit requests for further funds for this priority in future appropriations Acts.

DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

The conference agreement provides $1,524,000,000 for `Development Assistance'.

The conference agreement includes $214,000,000 for trade capacity building under this heading, of which at least $20,000,000 shall be made available for labor and environmental capacity building related to the free trade agreement with the countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic. Trade capacity building is further addressed in section 570 of the general provisions.

The conference agreement provides $365,000,000 for basic education, including adult literacy programs, under this heading. The conference agreement addresses this matter further in section 567 of the general provisions.

The conferees provide $15,000,000 for a program in Africa regarding school fees. This program is in addition to last year's provision of a similar amount.

The conference agreement provides $15,000,000 for programs to improve women's leadership capacity in recipient countries. The conferees recommend $11,500,000 for USAID's Office of Women in Development, and note that the additional $500,000 above the level recommended in the Senate report should enable the office to begin conducting gender assessments in select country missions.

The conference agreement provides $200,000,000 of the aggregated amounts in the Act for drinking water supply and related projects, of which not less than $50,000,000 should be available for drinking water projects in Africa. The conference agreement includes language similar to that proposed by the Senate, recommending $20,000,000 for clean water treatment activities in developing countries.

The conferees support the fertilizer-related research and development work being conducted by the International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC) and urge USAID to make at least $4,000,000 available to IFDC, including not less than $2,300,000 for its core grant, as provided under the Senate amendment. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement provides $20,000,000 for American Schools and Hospitals Abroad. The conferees request USAID consider supporting the American Community School in Beirut.

The conferees agree that not less than $1,000,000 should be made available to the United States Telecommunications Training Institute.

The conferees support language proposed by the Senate regarding micronutrient fortification of donated American commodities. The conferees expect USAID and the United States Department of Agriculture to work together to implement the 2001 Micronutrient Compliance Review to ensure these commodities are safe for consumption.

The conference agreement provides $2,000,000 for reconstruction and development projects in South Asia. The conferees direct that these funds be provided to the Doulos Foundation.

The conferees agree that $20,000,000 should be made available for the Election and Political Processes Program of USAID's Office of Democracy and Governance, of which $18,000,000 should be made available for democracy programs. The conferees note that the level of funding contained in the budget request may be insufficient for effective promotion of democracy abroad, and urge increased funding in fiscal year 2007. The conferees request USAID to consult with the Committees on how it can better coordinate its democracy and governance programs between Washington and the field, and between USAID and the State Department.

The conferees note with concern the reductions made in the fiscal year 2006 budget request for a number of African countries. The conference agreement contains funding levels for both the `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' and `Development Assistance' that significantly exceed the amounts requested. The conferees therefore expect USAID to restore cuts in African country allocations to their fiscal year 2005 levels, consistent with proper programmatic considerations.

The conferees endorse the list of university proposals in the Senate and House reports. In addition, the conferees recommend consideration of proposals by:

--the University of South Alabama in partnership with the National Birth Defects Center of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;

--Historically Black Colleges and Universities in Mississippi to strengthen civil society in Latin America and the Caribbean; and

--a Consortium of Management Schools to link management schools in developing countries with faculty from leading United States management schools.

In order to eliminate a discrepancy between the Senate and House reports, the conferees direct that the first report requested from USAID on the status of university funding proposals be submitted no later than June 1, 2006 and the second report submitted no later than September 1, 2006.

The conferees clarify that funding contained in the Senate report under the heading `Birds of Prey' supports the Peregrine Fund's work in the International Raptor Center, to be matched by private contributions.

INTERNATIONAL DISASTER AND FAMINE ASSISTANCE

The conference agreement provides $365,000,000 for `International Disaster and Famine Assistance'. The conferees take note of the tragic earthquake in Pakistan and are aware that additional funds, including the reprogramming of funds contained in titles II and III of this Act, may be needed to address the needs caused by this tragedy.

TRANSITION INITIATIVES

The conference agreement provides $40,000,000 to support the transition to democracy of countries in crisis.

DEVELOPMENT CREDIT AUTHORITY

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

The conference agreement provides $21,000,000 via transfer authority for micro and small enterprise programs, urban programs and other credit programs.

OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

The conference agreement provides $630,000,000 for USAID operating expenses.

CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

The conference agreement provides $70,000,000 for USAID's Capital Investment Fund. The conference agreement makes available $48,100,000 for USAID's contribution to the Capital Security Cost Sharing program, an increase of nearly 150 percent above last year's contribution. The remainder of the funding in this account is to be used for USAID's information technology requirements so that the Agency will be able to process timely and accurate information in a secure manner.

The conferees note that USAID plans to open a new mission in southern Sudan. To the degree that other United States Government agencies avail themselves of these facilities, the conferees note that USAID should charge a fair and reasonable rental assessment.

OTHER BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

The conference agreement provides $2,634,000,000 for the `Economic Support Fund' (ESF), instead of $2,558,525,000 as proposed by the House and $3,031,375,000 as proposed by the Senate.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

Economic Support Fund
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Africa:
Ethiopia 10,000
Sierra Leone (Special Court) 13,000
Sudan 20,000
Zimbabwe 3,000
Kimberley Process 2,500
Other Africa 88,000
Subtotal--Africa 136,500
East Asia and the Pacific:
Burma 11,000
Cambodia 15,000
East Timor 19,000
Indonesia 70,000
Mongolia 7,500
Philippines 25,000
Tibet 4,000
Thailand 1,000
Vietnam 2,000
Environmental programs 2,000
South Pacific Fisheries 18,000
Other Asia 9,000
Subtotal--East Asia and the Pacific 183,500
Europe and Eurasia:
Cyprus 20,000
Irish Visa Program 3,500
Other Europe and Eurasia 2,000
Subtotal--Europe and Eurasia 25,500
Near East:
Egypt 495,000
Iraq 61,000
(Marla Ruzicka Iraqi War Victims Fund) [5,000]
(IRI) [28,000]
(NDI) [28,000]
Israel 240,000
Jordan 250,000
Lebanon 40,000
Middle East Partnership Initiative 110,000
Middle East Regional Cooperation 5,000
West Bank/Gaza 150,000
(USAID Administrative Expenses) [2,000]
Other Near East 15,600
Subtotal--Near East 1,366,600
South Asia:
Afghanistan 430,000
Pakistan 300,000
Nepal 5,000
Other South Asia 15,000
Subtotal--South Asia 750,000
Western Hemisphere:
Haiti 50,000
Guatemala 4,000
(programs to combat organized crime) 1,500
Mexico 11,500
Nicaragua 1,900
(elections, media, civil society and anti-corruption programs) 1,500
Labor and Environment in Central America 20,000
Other Western Hemisphere 26,000
Subtotal--Western Hemisphere 116,400
Global:
Disability Fund 4,000
Wheelchairs 5,000
Reconciliation Programs 15,000
Security and Sustainability Programs 3,000
UNHCHR Nepal 2,500
Trafficking in Persons 12,000
Extractive Industries Transparency 1,000
House Democracy Assistance Program 1,000
Other Global 12,000
Subtotal--Global 55,500
Total 2,634,000

EGYPT

The conferees note that the reduction in the overall ESF request for Egypt has come at the expense of project assistance, and that the budget request for cash transfer and commodity import program assistance each continue at a $200,000,000 funding level. The conferees are concerned that reduced overall ESF levels not erode further the amount of project assistance provided to Egypt.

Therefore, the conference agreement includes a minimum of $135,000,000 of project assistance taking into consideration the increased levels of assistance for democracy, governance and education programs. Within the amount provided for project assistance, not less than $50,000,000 shall be made available for democracy, governance and human rights programs and not less than $50,000,000 shall be used for education programs, including $5,000,000 that shall be made available for scholarships for disadvantaged Egyptian students. The conferees support the work of the Leadership for Education and Development program implemented by USAID in Egypt as it attracts students from rural areas of Egypt to attend the American University in Cairo.

In order to support the appropriations process in subsequent years, the conferees request the State Department submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, as part of the fiscal year 2007 budget request, which describes the overall assistance objectives for the ESF program in Egypt. The report should address how project and non-project assistance attempts to achieve those objectives, the extent to which such objectives are being achieved, the rationale for the continued decline in project assistance, and to what extent the State Department and USAID believe this trend will continue. In addition, the conferees request that the report address the balance between economic and military assistance provided to Egypt, including whether maintaining the current level of military assistance in relation to economic assistance is most appropriate in light of political and economic conditions in Egypt and in the region.

The conferees agree with the House proposal that not less than 50 percent of the funds for democracy, governance and human rights be provided through non-governmental organizations for the purpose of strengthening Egyptian civil society organizations, enhancing their participation in the political process and their ability to promote and monitor human rights. Of the funds provided for education, the conferees recommend that not less than 50 percent be used to improve access to basic education. The remainder of funds provided for education shall be used to strengthen institutions of higher education, promote academic freedom, fund educational and cultural exchange programs, and provide educational scholarships including for the American University in Cairo. The conferees request USAID to consult with the Committees on Appropriations regarding the use of democracy funds for Egypt.

The conference agreement does not include language, proposed by the Senate, conditioning ESF assistance on the installation of an FM transmitter in Media City for Radio SAWA. The conferees expect the State Department to continue to make this matter a priority in Egypt-United States relations.

AFRICA

The conferees agree to provide $10,000,000 for political reform programs in Ethiopia and direct the State Department to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on the uses of these funds.

The conferees agree to provide $4,000,000 for assistance for Zimbabwe for activities consistent with the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-99). The conferees remain concerned with the authoritarianism of the Mugabe regime and the impact of its misrule on the people of Zimbabwe and the region, particularly with respect to the spread of HIV/AIDS.

The conferees support efforts to revitalize the peace process in Uganda, and expect funding in this Act to be made available for humanitarian, psycho-social, and development needs for displaced and war-affected persons. The conferees urge the Government of Uganda to accept the presence of international human rights monitors in northern and eastern Uganda.

EAST ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

The conference agreement includes language, similar to that proposed by the Senate, which recommends targeted assistance for Cambodia, including $15,000,000 for the promotion of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. The conferees agree with the Senate position with respect to Cambodia, and condemn the continued suppression of free speech and intimidation of political activists and opposition parties by the Government of Cambodia.

The conferees note that democracy remains fragile in Timor-Leste. The UNOTIL is scheduled to end in May 2006 and some essential government functions remain dependent on international assistance. The conference agreement includes language directing not less than $19,000,000 in ESF assistance for Timor-Leste, and $1,500,000 in INCLE assistance for on-the-ground training of police.

The conferees agree to provide $25,000,000 for assistance for the Philippines, an increase of $5,000,000 above the budget request.

NEAR EAST

The conferees agree to provide $110,000,000 for the Middle East Partnership Initiative and direct that up to $9,000,000 be made available for scholarship programs for students from countries with significant Muslim populations at not-for-profit American institutions of basic and higher education in the Middle East that are accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by the United States Secretary of Education and are not controlled by the government of the country in which they are located, including the American University of Beirut, the American University in Cairo, and the Lebanese American University. The conferees note that funding provided to American educational institutions in Lebanon may be used for scholarships to support students from any country within the Middle East.

The conference agreement includes $56,000,000 for democracy, governance and rule of law programs in Iraq, which is similar to a provision proposed by the Senate. The conferees direct that of these funds, $28,000,000 be made available to the International Republican Institute and $28,000,000 to the National Democratic Institute.

The conferees recognize the important programs of organizations, such as Interns for Peace, regarding peacemaking and economic empowerment of Palestinian youth, and recommend sufficient funding be made available to support these activities from assistance provided for the West Bank and Gaza.

OTHER

The conferees recommend $5,000,000 to continue support for the provision of wheelchairs for needy persons in developing countries, instead of $10,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

The conference agreement does not include language proposed by the Senate regarding English language training programs in Francophone countries. The conferees direct that funds made available under the heading `Economic Support Fund' be made available for such purposes.

EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate to provide a United States contribution to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Trust Fund (EITI), which is managed by the World Bank. The House did not address this matter. However, the conferees support this initiative which aims to improve the capacity of developing countries to sustainably manage the extraction of natural resources and to monitor revenues generated from such extraction so they are used for purposes which benefit their people. The conferees provide $1,000,000 in ESF assistance to be administered by USAID to support EITI implementation and to strengthen the role and capacity of civil society organizations in the EITI process.

PAKISTAN

The conference agreement does not include language proposed by the Senate which conditioned ESF assistance to the central government of Pakistan on submission of a report describing steps the government has taken to protect the rights and safety of Pakistan's human rights lawyers and journalists. The conferees are concerned with reports of harassment and violence perpetrated by Pakistani security forces against lawyers who represent political dissidents and journalists who report on government corruption and other abuses. The conferees direct the Secretary of State to provide the report required by the Senate provision no later than 120 days after enactment of this Act.

FOUNDATION FOR SECURITY AND SUSTAINABILITY

The conferees agree to provide $3,000,000 for the Foundation for Security and Sustainability, as proposed by the Senate.

CENTRAL HIGHLANDS OF VIETNAM

The conferees agree to provide $2,000,000 for programs to address the needs of affected communities and individuals in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. The conferees expect up to $1,000,000 will be provided to the Montagnard Development Project.

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS--INDONESIAN UNIVERSITIES

The conference agreement does not include a proposal by the Senate that $2,000,000 be made available for economic development programs conducted by Indonesian universities. However, the conferees expect funding to be provided for this purpose.

UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN NEPAL

The conferees agree to provide a total of not less than $7,500,000 in ESF assistance for Nepal, including $2,500,000 for a United States contribution to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal.

INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR IRELAND

The conference agreement provides $13,500,000 as proposed by the House instead of no appropriation as proposed by the Senate.

ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES

The conference agreement provides $361,000,000 instead of $357,000,000 as proposed by the House and $395,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:

Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Albania 28,000
Bosnia-Herzegovina 40,000
Bulgaria 20,000
Croatia 15,000
Kosovo 75,000
Macedonia 35,000
Romania 20,000
Serbia 70,000
Montenegro 15,000
Regional Programs 43,000
Total 361,000

SERBIA

The conference agreement includes language in section 563 similar to that proposed by the Senate conditioning assistance to the central government of Serbia on a determination by the President that the Government of Serbia and Montenegro is cooperating with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.

The conferees recognize that Serbia's democratic transition remains fragile, and directs the State Department to give priority from funds appropriated for assistance for Serbia to programs and activities that strengthen democratic political parties, parliament and civil society.

KOSOVO

The conferees recommend that support be considered for the American University in Kosovo.

TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT

The conference agreement does not include language, proposed by the Senate, which recommends $3,500,000 for leadership development programs for women and youth. The conferees expect the State Department to make these funds available for such purposes.

The conference agreement provides $5,000,000 for the training of judges and prosecutors, as proposed by the Senate. The conferees request the State Department to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on the use of these funds. The conferees note the American Bar Association's rule of law programs and support implementing them through cooperative agreements.

The conferees recommend funding for the Russian, Eurasian, and East European Research and Training Program (Title VIII) at the fiscal year 2005 level. The conferees also encourage the use of Title VIII funds to include comparative research and language training concerning Eurasian countries critical in the war on terrorism.

The conferees continue to support the East Central European Scholarship Program (ECESP) and expect that USAID will continue to fund ECESP in Albania and Macedonia through an extension of the current ECESP cooperative agreement.

ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

The conference agreement provides $514,000,000 instead of $477,000,000 as proposed by the House and $565,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:

Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Armenia 75,000
Azerbaijan 35,000
Belarus 12,000
Georgia 67,000
Kazakhstan 25,000
Kyrgyz Republic 25,000
Moldova 19,000
Russia 80,000
Russian Far East [17,500]
Northern Caucasus [5,000]
Tajikistan 24,000
Turkmenistan 5,000
Ukraine 84,000
Uzbekistan 20,000
Regional Programs 43,000
Total 514,000

HUMANITARIAN PROGRAMS

The conferees are concerned that internal armed conflicts in the Northern Caucasus have caused great suffering and resulted in enormous humanitarian and development needs for the people of Chechnya, Ingushetia, North Ossetia-Alania, and Dagestan. The conference agreement includes not less than $5,000,000 for improvements in basic services, community reconstruction and recovery, economic development with an emphasis on job creation, the promotion of good governance, human rights, free media, and support for civil society organizations. The above-mentioned republics should receive priority consideration for this assistance. These funds should be disbursed through a transparent, competitive process.

The conferees agree that at least $3,000,000 of the funds allocated for regional programs should be provided to address ongoing humanitarian needs in Nagorno-Karabagh.

The conferees recommend that the State Department consider a proposal for a Central Diagnostic Laboratory in the Caucasus, to be located in Armenia.

The conferees recommend USAID give consideration to the programs of the Vishnevskaya-Rostropovich Foundation, which conducts health programs for children that emphasize disease prevention in the Russian Federation.

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS

The conferees include not less than $4,000,000 for programs to fight trafficking in persons. The conferees intend that this funding be used to protect victims of trafficking, prevent new instances of trafficking, and support the prosecution of traffickers.

NUCLEAR SAFETY

The conference agreement recommends that of the funds made available for assistance for Ukraine, $5,000,000 should be made available for nuclear reactor safety initiatives, similar to that proposed by the Senate. The conferees expect that of this amount, $3,000,000 should be provided for simulator-related projects.

TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT

The conference agreement provides $2,500,000, as proposed by the Senate, for the Business Information Service for the Newly Independent States (BISNIS). The conferees support BISNIS's efforts to establish a self-sustaining program under the Department of Commerce and will reconsider this matter in fiscal year 2007.

The conferees recognize the important work of the Eurasia Foundation in promoting civil society and private enterprise in the successor countries of the former Soviet Union and encourage USAID and the State Department to support the Foundation's efforts to launch and build indigenous foundations throughout the region to continue this work. The conferees note the Eurasia Foundation's commitment to seek sustainable funding for such indigenous organizations through private sector and regional donors.

INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

The conference agreement provides $19,500,000 as proposed by the House instead of $20,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

The conference agreement provides $23,000,000 instead of $20,500,000 as proposed by the House and $25,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

PEACE CORPS

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

The conference agreement provides $322,000,000, instead of $325,000,000 as proposed by the House and $320,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

SUPPORT FOR COUNSEL

The conferees are aware that under certain circumstances jurisdictions overseas require the victim of a crime to participate in the prosecution of the crime. The conferees believe that the language of section 5(l) of the Peace Corps Act could support the use of funds appropriated to the Peace Corps to enable the Peace Corps to employ local counsel for volunteers in proceedings where they are parties or complaining witnesses. The conferees urge the Peace Corps to work with the committees of substantive jurisdiction to seek additional clarity on this issue in the Peace Corps Act.

AVIAN INFLUENZA

The conferees expect the Peace Corps to use funding appropriated under this heading for expenses relating to avian influenza.

MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

The conference agreement provides $1,770,000,000 for the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) instead of $1,750,000,000 as proposed by the House and $1,800,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

The conference agreement makes available up to $75,000,000 for administrative expenses as proposed by the House, instead of $70,000,000 as proposed by the Senate. Additionally, the conferees include language proposed by the Senate, and similar to that proposed by the House, providing up to 10 percent of funds for threshold country assistance.

The conference agreement includes a number of provisions proposed by both the House and Senate requesting a report on the threshold country program, extending section 605(e)(4) of the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003, and requiring that the MCC fully fund multi-year compacts for fiscal year 2006.

The conferees understand that strong participation from indigenous civil society organizations is critical to increasing public support for and ensuring that the MCC successfully meets its intended goals of economic growth and poverty reduction. Such participation would also strengthen the nascent democratic processes in eligible countries, contribute to the MCC criteria of good governance, and provide opportunities for discussion of how best to achieve national priorities of economic growth and poverty reduction.

The conferees request that the Chief Executive Officer of the MCC submit a report that describes and assesses the record of national governance structures to take into account indigenous civil society input within countries that have completed compact negotiations. The report should be submitted to the relevant committees of jurisdiction identified in the MCC authorization no later than March 31, 2006.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

GLOBAL HIV/AIDS INITIATIVE

The conference agreement provides $1,995,000,000 for `Global HIV/AIDS Initiative' instead of $1,920,000,000 as proposed by the House and $2,020,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:

Global HIV/AIDS Initiative
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Focus Countries 1,232,000
Central programs 393,000
Global Fund 200,000
Central Technical Support and Management 59,000
(Administrative Expenses) [12,000]
Non-focus countries 50,000
Strategic Information/Evaluation 31,000
UNAIDS 30,000
Total 1,995,000

ACCOUNT STRUCTURE

The conferees note that all funding for the 15 Global HIV/AIDS Initiative `focus' countries is appropriated in this account. The conferees strongly encourage the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator to continue its policy of providing additional funding to `non-focus' countries and have included $50,000,000 for `non-focus' countries in this account.

HIV AND NUTRITION

The conferees urge the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator to develop and implement a strategy, in coordination with groups responsible for issues of nutrition, such as USAID, the Department of Agriculture, the World Food Program, and the Food and Agriculture Organization, to address the nutritional requirements of those on antiretroviral therapy. The conferees ask the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator, in collaboration with USAID, to consult with and report to the Committees on Appropriations not later than 180 days after the enactment of this Act on the following for the Global HIV/AIDS Initiative `focus' countries:

(a) The number of Global HIV/AIDS Initiative beneficiaries on antiretroviral therapy;

(b) The impact of food and nutrition on care and treatment; and

(c) A strategy to address the nutritional requirements of persons receiving care and treatment.

TECHNICAL AND PROGRAMMATIC SUPPORT

The conferees urge USAID and the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator to improve coordination for programs to fight HIV and TB, including through increased funding to organizations such as the World Health Organization which can provide technical support to countries.

The conferees continue to support the country planning process and recommend that the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator consider support for organizations, such as Dream for Africa, which develop civil society and local health outreach.

DEMOCRACY FUND

The conference agreement includes a new appropriations account, similar to that proposed by the Senate, which seeks to increase the effectiveness and oversight of programs that promote democracy, governance, human rights, independent media, and the rule of law globally. The conferees note that this account also incorporates provisions contained in sections 6026 and 6034 of the Senate bill, and section 534 of the House bill.

The conferees recommend $95,000,000 for specific democracy programs and activities, as contained in the following table, and up to $1,448,200,000 for democracy, human rights, and rule of law activities under title II of this Act, as contained in the budget request:

Democracy Fund
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Human Rights and Democracy Fund:
Global Programs 27,000
China/Hong Kong/Taiwan 20,000
Muslim Countries outside Middle East 12,000
Forensic assistance in Central and South America 3,000
Reagan/Fascell Democracy Fellows program 1,200
Subtotal, Human Rights and Democracy Fund 63,200
National Endowment for Democracy:
China/Hong Kong/Taiwan 3,000
Muslim Countries outside Middle East 3,000
Africa 2,000
Tibet 250
Venezuela 2,000
Russia 4,000
North Korea 1,000
Subtotal, National Endowment for Democracy 15,250
Other:
Thailand 2,000
UN Democracy Fund 8,000
Iran and Syria 6,550
Subtotal, Other 16,550
Total 95,000

The conference agreement does not include language proposed by the Senate that caps USAID contracts for democracy programs at $250,000,000. The conference agreement includes a provision requiring USAID to notify the Committees on Appropriations of democracy, governance, human rights and rule of law contracts, grants and cooperative agreements (and any amendments to the same) exceeding $10,000,000. The conferees include language similar to that proposed by the Senate to provide that funds in the Act that are made available to the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) may be made available notwithstanding any other provision of law or regulation.

The conference agreement recommends $6,550,000 for programs that support the advancement of democracy in Iran and Syria, and language permitting other funds in this Act to be used for similar purposes. The conferees expect that not less than a total of $10,000,000 from funds in this account as well as funds provided for the Middle East Partnership Initiative be made available for programs to support democracy in Iran, including through educational, humanitarian and nongovernmental organizations and individuals inside Iran. The conferees encourage the State Department to consider a range of proposals for democracy promotion in Iran, including activities utilizing the media.

The conferees support additional assistance for democracy programs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from funds made available under this heading and elsewhere in this Act.

In addition to funds for programs targeted toward Africa, Asia, and Muslim countries outside the Middle East, the conferees include for the National Endowment of Democracy: $250,000 for democracy and human rights programs relating to Tibet; $2,000,000 for the promotion of democracy in Venezuela; $4,000,000 for political party development programs in Russia; and $1,000,000 for programs that promote democratization in North Korea, including human rights and the free flow of information.

The conferees provide $8,000,000 for a United Nations Democracy Fund. The conferees request the State Department to report to the Committees on Appropriations on how this fund will complement ongoing United States democracy building efforts.

INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

The conference agreement provides $477,200,000 for International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE), instead of $442,400,000 as proposed by the House and $523,874,000 as proposed by the Senate. Funds are made available until September 30, 2008 as proposed by the House instead of September 30, 2007 as proposed by the Senate.

The conference agreement provides $10,000,000 for assistance for demand reduction programs, similar to the House bill. The Senate did not address this matter.

The conference agreement provides $16,000,000 for the International Law Enforcement Training Academies (ILEA) as proposed by the Senate. The House did not address this issue.

The conference agreement does not include a Senate provision making $10,000,000 in INCLE funds available for law enforcement programs to combat violent gangs in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. The House bill did not address this issue. However, the conferees are alarmed by the growing violent gang activity in these countries and urge the Secretary of State to increase funding for these programs.

The conferees direct the State Department to consult with the Committees on Appropriations concerning the use of funds available under this heading and specified as `other programs' in the accompanying table. The conferees expect that programs in Iraq will be given the highest priority with either fiscal year 2006 INCLE funds or prior year unobligated funds.

The conferees agree with the concerns expressed in Senate report language regarding the unwieldy structure of funding for INL aviation programs. The conferees direct that not less than 30 days prior to the obligation of funds available for `International Narcotics and Law Enforcement' or `Andean Counterdrug Initiative' for the procurement of aircraft, the State Department shall provide the Committees on Appropriations with an Analysis of Alternatives. The analysis shall include, at a minimum: the requirement or mission need for the aircraft to be procured; planned funding for the subject acquisition; cost of alternative aircraft; mission capabilities to include range, lift and operational limitations; estimated maintenance costs and requirements; planned acquisition strategy; and contract or availability limitations.

The conference agreement makes available $33,484,000 for administrative expenses as proposed by the House instead of $30,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:

International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement
[Budget authority, dollars in thousands]
Conference agreement
Indonesia 5,000
Timor-Leste 1,500
Philippines 2,000
Thailand 1,000
Afghanistan 235,000
Pakistan 38,000
Haiti 15,000
Jamaica 1,000
Mexico 40,000
Latin America Regional 2,500
Anticorruption 1,500
Demand Reduction 10,000
Anticrime (includes intellectual property protection) 9,000
ILEAS 16,000
Other countries and programs 99,700
Total 477,200

ANDEAN COUNTERDRUG INITIATIVE

The conference agreement provides $734,500,000 for the `Andean Counterdrug Initiative' as proposed by the House and the Senate. Funds are made available until September 30, 2008 as proposed by the House instead of September 30, 2007 as proposed by the Senate. The conferees emphasize that there are other funds for Andean nations in this Act.

The conference agreement provides that not less than $228,772,000 shall be directly apportioned to USAID, including $131,232,000 for Colombia.

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to the Senate amendment that recommends that not less than $2,000,000 should be made available to protect biodiversity and indigenous reserves in Colombia. The House did not address this matter. The conferees intend these funds to be used for continued assistance for the Colombian National Park Service and to support activities of nongovernmental organizations.

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate to provide $8,000,000 to USAID for organizations and programs to protect human rights in Colombia. These funds are in addition to the $6,000,000 requested for judicial reform programs in Colombia in fiscal year 2006.

The conferees are aware that hundreds of Colombian military personnel, mostly young recruits, have suffered grievous injuries from landmines and other causes. Many require sophisticated medical treatment. Through the efforts of `United for Colombia,' several United States hospitals are providing this treatment free of charge but there are incidental costs such as transportation, lodging and medicines. The conferees direct that of the funds available for the Colombian Armed Forces, $500,000 be made available to pay the incidental costs associated with the treatment and care of injured soldiers in the United States. The conferees also recommend that additional Leahy War Victims Fund assistance be made available for Colombian civilians who are disabled from landmines and other causes resulting from the conflict.

The conference agreement again includes conditions, similar to current law and the same as the Senate amendment, on aerial spraying. The House bill did not address this matter.

The conference agreement includes a provision proposed by the Senate, which is current law, that requires that the Administrator of USAID, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, shall have responsibility for the use of funds under this heading that are directly apportioned to USAID. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement makes available $19,015,000 from this account for administrative expenses of the State Department and $7,800,000 for administrative expenses of USAID as proposed by the House instead of $16,000,000 for the State Department and $7,000,000 for USAID as proposed by the Senate.

The conferees urge the Administration to include in its fiscal year 2007 budget request amounts necessary for a maritime refueling support vessel capable of refueling United States and allied vessels engaged in drug interdiction in the eastern Pacific transit zone.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:

Andean Counterdrug Initiative
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Bolivia:
Interdiction/Eradication 43,000
Alternative Development/Institution Building 37,000
Colombia:
Interdiction/Eradication 310,850
USAID Alternative Development/Institution Building 131,232
Rule of Law 27,393
Ecuador:
Interdiction/Eradication 8,460
Alternative Development/Institution Building 11,540
Peru:
Interdiction/Eradication 59,000
Alternative Development/Institution Building 49,000
Panama 4,500
Brazil 6,000
Venezuela 2,252
Air Bridge Denial 14,000
Critical Flight Safety 30,000
Total 734,500

MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

The conference agreement provides $791,000,000 for the Migration and Refugee Assistance Account instead of $790,720,000 as proposed by the House and $900,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

ISRAEL

The conference agreement also includes Senate language providing not less than $40,000,000 for refugees from the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe and other refugees resettling in Israel. The House bill did not address this matter.

NORTH KOREA

The conference agreement does not include language, as proposed by the Senate, regarding assistance for refugees from North Korea. The conferees note that this matter remains a priority for the Committees on Appropriations, and expect the State Department to continue to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on how best to assist these refugees.

CONFLICT MITIGATION

The conferees include a provision, similar to Senate language, recommending funding for programs to mitigate conflict between refugees and hosting communities and to provide technical assistance to local organizations for assistance to refugees, including refugee registration and protection.

UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

The conference agreement provides $30,000,000 for the United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund, as proposed by the House, instead of $40,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

The conference agreement does not include language proposed by the Senate that provides the funds notwithstanding section 2(c)(2) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962.

NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

The conference agreement provides $410,100,000 for Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related Programs, instead of $400,350,000 as proposed by the House and $445,100,000 as proposed by the Senate.

The conference agreement provides that certain funds appropriated under this heading may be made available notwithstanding any other provision of law, the same as current law and as proposed by the Senate. The House provided that these funds may be used notwithstanding any provision of law that restricts assistance to foreign countries.

The conferees support the use of facilities in New Mexico for instruction in Rural Border patrol operations and urge the State Department to continue Anti-Terror Assistance Program training at these facilities.

The conferees recognize the strategic and potential economic importance of the port of Riga, given Latvia's status as a valued and trusted NATO ally. In addition to the reporting requirements set forth in the Senate report, the State Department shall also report to the Committees on Appropriations on any specific security and non-proliferation issues and concerns needed to be addressed in the assessment.

Due to budget constraints, the conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate to provide additional funds above the amount requested for a United States contribution to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Preparatory Commission (CTBT). The House did not address this matter. The conferees urge the State Department to include sufficient funds for CTBT in the Administration's fiscal year 2007 budget request.

The conference agreement does not include $29,000,000 as requested for programs in Iraq, including $16,000,000 as requested for humanitarian demining programs in Iraq. The conferees expect these programs to be funded from prior year funds currently unobligated for Iraq.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:

Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related Programs
(Budget authority in thousands of dollars)
Conference agreement
Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund 37,500
Export Control and Border Security assistance 43,400
Nonproliferation of WMD Expertise 52,600
International Atomic Energy Agency--Voluntary Contribution 50,000
CTBT/International Monitoring System 14,350
Anti-Terrorism Assistance 123,500
Counterterrorism financing 7,500
Terrorist Interdiction Program 5,500
CT Engagement with Allies 1,000
Humanitarian Demining 56,000
International Trust Fund for Demining 10,000
Small Arms/Light Weapons Destruction 8,750
Total 410,100

CONFLICT RESPONSE FUND

The conference agreement does not include funding for the Conflict Response Fund. The conferees request the State Department, prior to the submission of the fiscal year 2007 budget request, to provide the Committees on Appropriations with a comprehensive, disciplined and coherent strategy detailing how the Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization will coordinate United States Government-wide efforts to respond to international post-conflict contingencies.

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

The conference agreement provides $20,000,000 for the International Affairs Technical Assistance program of the Department of the Treasury as proposed by the House and the Senate. Funds for this account are made available until September 30, 2008, instead of 2009 as proposed by the House and 2007 as proposed by the Senate.

The conference agreement provides that funds appropriated under this heading may be made available notwithstanding any other provision of law, the same as current law and as proposed by the Senate. The House provided that these funds may be made available notwithstanding any provision of law that restricts assistance to foreign countries.

DEBT RESTRUCTURING

The conference agreement provides $65,000,000 for Debt Restructuring as proposed by the House, instead of $99,750,000 as proposed by the Senate. The conference agreement provides $20,000,000 for the Tropical Forest Conservation Act Programs as proposed by both the House and Senate.

The conferees include a technical provision proposed by the Senate referencing limitations by the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include Senate language limiting the use of the United States contribution to the HIPC Trust Fund. The House did not address this matter.

TITLE III--MILITARY ASSISTANCE

INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

The conference agreement provides $86,744,000 for International Military Education and Training (IMET), as proposed by the House and the Senate.

FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

The conference agreement provides $4,500,000,000 for the Foreign Military Financing Program (FMF), instead of $4,442,300,000 as proposed by the House and $4,603,600,000 as proposed by the Senate.

The conferees agree with the House position that $1,300,000,000 shall be made available for grants only for Egypt and that $210,000,000 as proposed by the Senate shall be made available for assistance for Jordan.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:

Foreign Military Financing Program
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Israel 2,280,000
Jordan 210,000
Egypt 1,300,000
Armenia 5,000
Azerbaijan 5,000
Pakistan 300,000
Turkey 15,000
Uzbekistan 0
Estonia 5,000
Latvia 6,000
Lithuania 5,000
Guatemala 0
Operation Enduring Friendship 4,000
Administrative Expenses 41,000
Mongolia 3,000
Georgia 12,000
Lebanon 1,000
Poland 30,000
Indonesia 1,000
Philippines 20,000
Thailand 1,500
Tunisia 10,000
Tonga 250
Bangladesh 1,000
Sri Lanka 1,000
Cambodia 1,000
Fiji 500
Other 241,750
Total 4,500,000

ARMENIA AND AZERBAIJAN

The conferees agree to include $5,000,000 for each of the countries of Armenia and Azerbaijan. In addition, the conferees support IMET assistance levels of $750,000 for each country.

LEBANON

The conferees agree to initiate FMF in Lebanon for $1,000,000. The conferees agree that this assistance should be used to initiate procurement of such non-lethal equipment as radios and vehicles.

PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

The conference agreement provides $175,000,000 for `Peacekeeping Operations', instead of $177,800,000 as proposed by the House and $195,800,000 as proposed by the Senate.

TITLE IV--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

The conference agreement provides $80,000,000 for the Global Environment Facility (GEF) instead of no appropriation as proposed by the House and $107,500,000 as proposed by the Senate.

The conferees recognize that the GEF adopted a new Resource Allocation Framework (RAF) in September, 2005. The RAF will link the allocation of GEF resources to a country's potential to generate global environmental benefits as well as its performance, including transparency and good governance. The purpose of performance-based allocations in any institution is to maximize the beneficial impact of scarce resources. The conferees are pleased that the GEF Council established the performance-based allocation system, the centerpiece reform of the GEF-3 replenishment agreement of 2002, and the basis for budget requests to the Congress over the last four years. Due to constraints of the budget allocation, the conferees were unable to provide the full amount for the GEF proposed by the Senate.

Additionally, the conferees are aware that the donor negotiations for the next GEF replenishment, GEF-4, are currently underway. Therefore, the conferees direct the Department of the Treasury to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on a periodic basis during the fiscal year regarding the implementation of the RAF and other reforms adopted by the GEF for the remaining GEF-3 funding as well as for new funding being proposed under the GEF-4 replenishment.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

The conference agreement provides $950,000,000 for the International Development Association (IDA), the concessional lending facility of the World Bank, as proposed by the House instead of $900,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

The conferees believe that the IDA could be an appropriate source of funds to help eligible countries prepare for and combat a potential avian influenza epidemic. There exists significant need in Asia for programs to increase surveillance capacity, compensate small-scale farmers for timely reports of bird die-offs, modernize animal husbandry practices, and upgrade infectious disease infrastructure. The conferees urge the United States Executive Director to the World Bank to use the voice and vote of the United States to increase support for this global priority, and direct the Secretary of the Treasury to report not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act on the World Bank's plans to do so. The conferees urge governments in that region to make combating avian influenza a top priority.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT GUARANTEE AGENCY

The conference agreement provides $1,300,000 for the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, as proposed by the Senate, instead of $1,741,515 as proposed by the House.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

INTER-AMERICAN INVESTMENT CORPORATION

The conference agreement provides $1,741,515 for past due payments by the United States to the Inter-American Investment Corporation as proposed by the House, instead of $1,500,000 as proposed by the Senate.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT FUND

The conference agreement provides $1,741,515 for past due payments by the United States to the Multilateral Investment Fund as proposed by the House, instead of $3,742,000 as proposed by the Senate.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

The conference agreement provides $100,000,000 for the United States contribution to the Asian Development Fund, as proposed by the Senate, instead of $115,250,000 as proposed by the House.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

The conference agreement provides $3,638,000 for the African Development Bank, as proposed by the Senate, instead of $5,638,350 as proposed by the House.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

The conference agreement provides $135,700,000 for the African Development Fund as proposed by the House and the Senate.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

The conference agreement provides $329,458,000 for voluntary contributions to `International Organizations and Programs', instead of $328,958,000 as proposed by the House and $330,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

Funds in this account are allocated in the following table and, as stipulated in section 596, any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:

International Organizations and Programs
[Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
Conference agreement
Center for Human Settlements 150
IMO Maritime Security 400
ICAO Aviation Programs 950
International Conservation Programs (CITES/ITTO/IUCN/Ramsar/CCD) 5,950
International Contributions for Scientific Educational & Cultural Activities 1,000
IPCC/UNFCCC 6,000
Montreal Protocol 21,500
OAS Development Assistance 4,750
OAS Fund for Strengthening Democracy 2,500
Reserve to be allocated 22,500
UNICEF 127,000
UNIFEM 3,250
UNIFEM Trust Fund 1,500
UNDP 110,000
UNEP 10,262
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs 813
UN Fund for Tech. Cooperation in Human Rights 1,500
UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture 6,583
World Meteorological Organization 1,900
WTO 950
Total 329,458

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

The conferees encourage the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to remain vigilant over the politicization of its funding for propaganda purposes, particularly by the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank and Gaza and by the illegitimate State Peace and Development Council in Burma. The conferees do not endorse the purchase of aircraft by UNDP for program purposes in Burma.

WORLD FOOD PROGRAM

The conferees support the work of the World Food Program and have provided $10,000,000 for a voluntary contribution under section 534 of this Act as proposed by the Senate, rather than $6,000,000 as proposed by the House.

TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

(Note: If the provision proposed by the House and Senate is similar, except for a different section number or minor technical differences, the section is not addressed in this statement of the managers.)

Sec. 504. Report on Unobligated Balances

The conference agreement includes a new provision as proposed by the Senate (section 6100), with some modification, that requires the submission of quarterly reports on unobligated and unexpended funds.

The conferees agree that the quarterly report required by this section should be formatted to provide information on unobligated balances for the relevant quarter as well as cumulative balances for unobligated and unexpended funds. For purposes of this quarterly report, the terms `unobligated' and `unexpended' shall have the same meaning as such terms defined by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) `Red Book' and as used by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).

The conferees agree that the first quarterly report required by this provision, covering the first quarter of the fiscal year 2006 and prior year balances, shall be due to the Committees on Appropriations no later than February 1, 2006.

Sec. 505. Limitation on Expenses and Representational Allowances

The conference agreement includes a revision of House sections 504 and 505 and Senate sections 6004 and 6005. The agreement combines these provisions into a new section 505 which addresses both a limitation on representational allowances as well as a limitation on entertainment expenses to also include recorded music, live artistic performances, personal gifts and furnishings.

Sec. 507. Prohibition Against Direct Funding for Certain Countries

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House and Senate (section 6007) which prohibits direct funding for certain countries, exempting Libya from the prohibition on Export-Import Bank programs and Overseas Private Investment Corporation financing.

Sec. 509. Transfers

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House and Senate (section 6009) limiting transfers of funds in this Act.

Sec. 510. Commercial Leasing of Defense Articles

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House and Senate (section 6010) which provides the same authority in current law regarding the commercial leasing of defense articles.

Sec. 511. Availability of Funds

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House and Senate (section 6011) which addresses the availability of funds.

Sec. 515. Notification Requirements

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House and Senate (section 6015), with modifications, which requires the application of reprogramming oversight procedures. The conference agreement includes a new heading, `Democracy Fund', subject to notification.

Sec. 517. Independent States of the Former Soviet Union

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House and Senate (section 6017), with modifications. The agreement excludes subsection (a) of the House bill regarding restrictions on assistance and includes Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in the list of countries for whichfunds are subject to notification procedures, as proposed by the House.

Sec. 519. Export Financing Transfer Authorities

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House and Senate (section 6019) limiting the transfer authorities for funds, modified to apply to funds appropriated in title I of this Act.

Sec. 520. Special Notification Requirements

The conference agreement includes a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6020) which requires that funds for Serbia, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Pakistan, Liberia, and Cambodia be subject to the special notification procedures of this section, instead of a similar provision proposed by the House (section 520).

Sec. 521. Definition of Program, Project, and Activity

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House and Senate (section 6021) which applies the definition for the terms `program, project, and activity' to the entire Act, the same as current law and as proposed by the House.

Sec. 522. Child Survival and Health Activities

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House and Senate (section 6022) which addresses expenditure of funds made available for assistance under the heading `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund'. The provision makes available for family planning/reproductive health activities not less than $440,000,000 of funds appropriated under title II, rather than $450,000,000 as proposed by the Senate. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement also includes language as proposed by the Senate which mandates a Government Accountability Office audit of the 2004 and 2005 `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund'.

Sec. 523. Afghanistan

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House and Senate (section 6023) which addresses funds provided for humanitarian, reconstruction, and related assistance for Afghanistan. The conference agreement provides that not less than $3,000,000 should be for reforestation activities, rather than $5,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

The conference agreement does not include a Senate proposal to provide $3,000,000 for assistance for Afghan families and communities that have suffered losses as a result of the military operations. The House did not address this matter. The conferees support continued funding for this initiative and provide $2,000,000 for this purpose. The conferees intend these funds to be used to support the same types of activities that are being carried out in Iraq through the Marla Ruzicka Iraqi War Victims Fund. The conferees direct that a portion of these funds be used, consistent with the Senate provision, to employ a liaison between Afghan families and communities, the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission, U.S. Armed Forces and USAID, to facilitate implementation of this initiative.

The conference agreement provides that not less than $2,000,000 should be for Afghan human rights groups, as proposed by the Senate.

The conference agreement does not include language, proposed by the Senate, which recommends funding for a National Emergency Response and Preparedness System. The conferees expect the State Department to consider this project.

The conference agreement does not include a vetting requirement for the Afghan National Army, as proposed by the Senate, which would have been duplicative of vetting requirements included elsewhere in this Act.

The conference agreement contains language, similar to that proposed by the House and Senate, that provides that $50,000,000 should be made available to support programs that directly address the needs of Afghan women and girls, of which not less than $7,500,000 shall be made available for small grants to improve the capacity of women-led Afghan nongovernmental organizations.

Sec. 525. HIV/AIDS

The conference agreement includes a provision, similar to that proposed by the House, which conditions a portion of the United States contribution to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria on the progress of reforms to improve monitoring and evaluation of the effectiveness of Global Fund financing. The conference agreement conditions 20 percent, rather than 25 percent as in the House provision, and a clarifying change is made in paragraph (2).

Sec. 526. Burma

The conference agreement includes language, similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6031), regarding assistance for Burma. The conferees endorse language on Burma contained in the Senate report.

The conferees recommend that in addition to assistance for Burmese refugees provided under the heading `Migration and Refugee Assistance', $3,000,000 be made available for assistance for community-based organizations operating in Thailand to provide food, medical and other humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons in eastern Burma. The conferees recommend $4,000,000 for the Burma Border Consortium.

The conferees affirm that the responsibility for programs and activities regarding Burmese refugees and internally displaced persons resides with the United States Ambassador to Thailand.

The conference agreement does not include language proposed by the Senate restricting assistance to the central government of any country that is a major provider of weapons or defense-related equipment to the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include language proposed by the Senate restricting funding for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The House did not address this matter. The conferees remain concerned by reports that the UNODC in Burma is failing to report to other relevant United Nations organizations incidents of gross human rights violations encountered during the conduct of its programs in Burma.

Sec. 531. Financial Market Assistance in Transition Countries

The conference agreement includes a provision as proposed by the House which requires not less than $40,000,000 should be made available for building capital markets and financial systems in countries in transition. The conferees agree that the Secretary of State should direct that at least $30,000,000 for this purpose come from accounts under the State Department's control.

Sec. 532. Authorities for the Peace Corps, Inter-American Foundation and African Development Foundation

The conference agreement includes a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6032), and similar to that proposed by the House (section 532), which states that provisions of this Act or any other Act, shall not be construed to prohibit certain activities of the Peace Corps Act, the Inter-American Foundation Act or the African Development Foundation Act.

Sec. 534. Special Authorities

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 534) and Senate (section 6034) which provides special authorities as follows:

In subsection (a), the conference agreement includes language proposed by the Senate which provides certain authority for assistance for Afghanistan, Pakistan, Montenegro, Lebanon, assistance to victims of war, displaced Burmese, and Iraq. The House did not include Iraq in the list of countries and provided the funds with more limited authorities.

In subsection (b), the conference agreement provides that funds appropriated for tropical forestry and biodiversity conservation activities may be used notwithstanding any other provision of law, the same as current law and as proposed by the Senate. The House provided that these funds may be used notwithstanding any provision of law that restricts assistance to foreign countries.

In subsection (c), the conference agreement provides authority for employment of personal services contractors in the United States by USAID notwithstanding any other provision of law, the same as current law and as proposed by the Senate. The House bill did not provide this authority.

The conference agreement does not include subsection (f) as proposed by both the House and Senate which addressed section 451(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. The conferees agree instead to include language proposed by the Senate (section 6114) which extends until 2007 the application of law making certain Vietnamese nationals eligible for resettlement in the United States.

In subsection (h), the conference agreement includes $10,000,000 for a contribution to the World Food Program from funds managed by USAID's Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance, as proposed by the Senate. The funds are made available notwithstanding any other provision of law as proposed by the Senate. The House proposed a $6,000,000 contribution.

The conference agreement does not include subsection (i) as proposed by the House and Senate which addressed availability of funds for the National Endowment for Democracy. The conferees agree to address this issue in the `Democracy Fund' appropriation heading in title II of this Act.

In subsection (i), the conference agreement includes language similar to that proposed by the Senate that provides $5,000,000 for American educational institutions in the People's Republic of China. The House did not address this issue.

In subsection (j), the conference agreement includes language similar to that proposed by the Senate which addresses assistance to Pakistan in accordance with requirements contained in Public Law 107-57. The House did not address this issue. The conferees agree to include language that extends the `sunset provision' contained in Public Law 107-57.

In subsection (k), the conference agreement includes language similar to that proposed by the Senate that addresses the establishment of a Middle East Foundation. The House did not address this issue. The conference agreement establishes the Foundation with a limitation on United States contributions of $35,000,000 and the requirement that United States contributions to the Foundation be matched by grants from other donors.

In subsection (l), the conference agreement includes language proposed by the Senate that amends sections 21(h)(1)(A) and 21(h)(2) of the Arms Export Control Act and section 541 of the Foreign Assistance Act. The House did not address this issue.

In subsection (m), the conference agreement includes language proposed by the Senate which extends authorities for refugee status for certain peoples of the Soviet Union, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The House did not address this issue.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate that made funds available for administrative expenses of USAID with respect to programs in the West Bank and Gaza. The House did not address this issue. The conferees agree to address this issue in the `Economic Support Funds' appropriation heading in title II of this Act.

Sec. 536. Eligibility for Assistance

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 536) and Senate (section 6036) which applies restrictions contained in this or any other Act with respect to assistance for a country.

Sec. 537. Reservation of Funds

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 537) and Senate (section 6037) which provides that certain funds may be reprogrammed under certain conditions notwithstanding any other provision of this or any other Act.

Sec. 539. Prohibition on Publicity or Propaganda

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 539) and Senate (section 6039) prohibiting the use of funds for publicity or propaganda purposes. The conferees have modified the section to provide that not to exceed $25,000 may be made available to carry out the provisions of section 316 of Public Law 96-533, instead of $750,000 as proposed by the Senate. The conferees agree to reconsider funding for this purpose next year.

Sec. 542. Prohibition on Assistance to Foreign Governments that Export Lethal Military Equipment to Countries Supporting International Terrorism

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 542) and Senate (section 6042) which prohibits funds in this Act from being made available to any foreign government that provides lethal military equipment to certain countries.

Sec. 546. Landmines

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 546) and Senate (section 6046) which provides the same authority in current law regarding the provision of demining equipment notwithstanding any other provision of law.

Sec. 549. Haiti

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 549) and Senate (section 6049), modified to address language proposed by the House in section 583, `Prohibition on Certain International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Assistance to the Government of Haiti.'

The conferees agree to include language similar to that proposed by the Senate which establishes a total funding level of $116,215,000 as requested from the following accounts: `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund', `Development Assistance', `Economic Support Fund', `International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement', `Foreign Military Financing Program', and `International Military Education and Training'.

The conferees agree to include language similar to that proposed by the House in section 583, revised to address the specific issues associated with the Haitian National Police (HNP). The conferees are concerned about members of the Haitian National Police or other individuals unlawfully using weapons, ammunition, and other lethal materiel that has been provided or sold by the United States Government and therefore require the certification included in section 549(c). The conferees understand that investigations into extrajudicial killings and other alleged incidents of human rights abuses by the police are currently underway but severely limited by the lack of investigative capacity within the HNP. The conferees request that not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the State Department report to the appropriate congressional committees the findings of these investigations, including information on whether any United States-supplied or provided weapon or ammunition was used during those incidents.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate requiring a report prior to funds being made available to support elections in Haiti. The conferees direct the Secretary of State to submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations within 30 days of enactment of the Act which (1) describes in detail the steps taken by the Haitian Transitional Government and the United Nations Stabilization Mission to provide adequate security to permit free and fair elections with broad based participation by all political parties, and to demobilize, disarm and reintegrate armed groups, and (2) provides an assessment of the effectiveness of such steps.

Sec. 551. Limitation on Assistance to Security Forces

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 551) and Senate (section 6051) which prohibits funds in this Act from being provided to any unit of security forces if there is credible evidence of human rights violations.

Sec. 554. Cambodia

The conference agreement includes language similar to that proposed by the House (section 554) and Senate (section 6054) which addresses assistance for Cambodia.

The conference agreement does not include language as proposed by the House regarding international financial institution loans to the central Government of Cambodia.

The conference agreement includes language similar to that proposed by the Senate which prohibits assistance for the central Government of Cambodia with the exception of assistance for certain programs; makes $15,000,000 available for activities to support democracy, rule of law, and human rights, including democratic political parties; and, provides such assistance notwithstanding section 541 of the Foreign Assistance Act.

Sec. 556. Colombia

The conference agreement includes language similar to that proposed by the House (section 556) and Senate (section 6056), and similar to current law which conditions the provision of assistance to the Colombian Armed Forces.

The conference agreement does not include a Senate provision requiring prior consultation with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Colombia and with the appropriate congressional committees. The conferees expect the Secretary of State, prior to making the certifications required by this paragraph, to consider the opinion of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Colombia regarding the conditions in section 556(a)(2) of this Act and to consult with the Committees on Appropriations.

Sec. 559. West Bank and Gaza Program

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 559) and Senate (section 6059) which addresses funds available for the West Bank and Gaza Program, including a provision proposed by the House which requires the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct an audit of fiscal year 2006 funds and a provision proposed by the Senate which requires the Secretary of State to submit a report required in section 2106 of chapter 2 of title II of Public Law 109-13.

Sec. 560. Contribution to the United Nations Population Fund

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 560) and Senate (section 6060) which addresses limitations on contributions for the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), amended to provide $34,000,000 from the `International Organizations and Programs' (IOP) account and the `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' account, of which $22,500,000 shall be derived from IOP and shall be made available for the UNFPA.

The agreement does not include language proposed by the Senate which provided for exceptions to the limitations on the use of funds.

Sec. 563. Funding for Serbia

The conference agreement includes a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6063), and similar to that proposed by the House (section 563), which restricts assistance for the central government of Serbia, after May 31, 2006, for certain specified conditions.

Sec. 565. Special Debt Relief for the Poorest

The conference agreement includes a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6065), and similar to that proposed by the House (section 565), which provides the President authority to reduce debt owed to the United States as a result of certain guarantees. The conferees agree to include language proposed by the Senate that extends debt reduction to obligations for purchases of United States agricultural commodities under export credit guarantee programs. The House did not address this issue.

Sec. 566. Authority To Engage in Debt Buybacks or Sales

The conference agreement includes a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6066) and similar to a provision proposed by the House (section 566), which provides the same authority in current law to engage in debt buybacks or sales notwithstanding any other provision of law. The House limited this authority to notwithstanding any provision of law that restricts assistance to foreign countries.

Sec. 567. Basic Education

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 567), which provides not less than $465,000,000 from title II for basic education, including a total of $365,000,000 from the `Development Assistance' account. The conferees note this is $65,000,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level.

The conferees are aware of the need for programs in the developing world that increase access to quality education, including by removing financial impediments to attending school, training teachers, developing curricula, improving physical plant, and making school supplies more available. The conferees note that a number of developing nations have committed to achieving universal basic education by 2015, and that the World Bank Fast Track Initiative, to which the United States is a party, has identified certain countries for which this goal may be within reach with adequate donor support and technical assistance. The conferees want to ensure that the $65,000,000 increase in funding for fiscal year 2006 is programmed to achieve the maximum and most dramatic results in a select number of countries, and direct USAID to program the increase only after consultation with the Committees on Appropriations.

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House requiring the Comptroller General of the United States to prepare an analysis of United States-funded international basic education programs within six months of enactment. The conferees provide $250,000 for this purpose. The conferees refer the Comptroller General to the provisions in House section 567 detailing what should be included in the analysis. The conferees also direct the Comptroller General to include an analysis of the staffing needs of United States Government agencies to carry out international basic education assistance programs and a description and analysis of United States Government contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements that are designed to achieve the goals of the basic education assistance program.

The conferees also agree to provide $15,000,000 in basic education funding to expand and extend a pilot project to increase access to basic education by addressing the prohibitive fees that keep children, and particularly girls, out of school.

Sec. 568. Reconciliation Programs

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 568) and Senate (section 6068) which provides $15,000,000 in ESF assistance for reconciliation programs and does not include a Senate proposal to make these funds available notwithstanding any other provision of law.

Sec. 569. Sudan

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 569) and Senate (section 6069) which addresses assistance to Sudan, providing up to $70,000,000 under `Development Assistance' for Sudan, of which $6,000,000 may be made available to USAID for administrative expenses.

The conference agreement includes subsection (b)(1) as in the Senate bill, limiting the availability of funds, and subsection (e) as in the House bill, defining certain regions as `outside of control of the Government of Sudan'.

Sec. 570. Trade Capacity Building

The conference agreement includes a provision proposed by the House (section 570) which makes not less than $522,000,000 available for trade capacity building assistance from several accounts in title II of this Act and $20,000,000 from ESF for labor and environmental capacity building activities relating to the Central America Free Trade Agreement. The Senate did not address this issue.

Sec. 572. Zimbabwe

The conference agreement includes a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6078) which requires the Secretary of the Treasury to take certain actions with respect to loans to the Government of Zimbabwe. The House did not address this issue.

Sec. 573. Gender-Based Violence Training

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 573) which addresses the use of funds to provide training for foreign police, judicial, and military officials, modified to state that such training shall be provided where appropriate.

Sec. 574. Limitation on Economic Support Fund Assistance for Certain Foreign Governments That Are Parties to the International Criminal Court

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 574), amended to include a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6086).

The conferees agree to language proposed by the House which addresses assistance for countries that are party to the International Criminal Court that have not entered into an agreement with the United States pursuant to Article 98 of the Rome Statute. The conferees further agree to include as subsection (e), the Senate provision (section 6086), amended to delete reference to IMET funds.

Sec. 575. Tibet

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 575) and Senate (section 6079) which provides that of the funds appropriated to the `Economic Support Fund' account, not less than $4,000,000 should be made available to nongovernmental organizations which preserve cultural traditions and promote sustainable development and environmental conservation in Tibetan communities.

The conference agreement also provides that these funds be made available notwithstanding any other provision of law, the same as current law and as proposed by the Senate. The House proposed that these funds be made available notwithstanding any other provision of law that restricts assistance to foreign countries.

The conference agreement provides that $250,000 should be made available for human rights and democracy programs through the National Endowment for Democracy, as proposed by the Senate. The House did not address this issue.

Sec. 576. Central America

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 576), amended to include language similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6092).

The conferees agree to include language proposed by the House which provides that of the funds appropriated by this Act under the headings `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' and `Development Assistance', not less than the amount of funds initially allocated pursuant to section 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for fiscal year 2005 should be made available for El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Honduras. The conferees direct that USAID not fund these increases from other fiscal year 2006 programs in the Western Hemisphere.

The conferees further agree to include language similar to that proposed by the Senate in section 6092, which provides not less than $1,500,000 for electoral assistance, media and civil society programs, and activities to combat corruption and strengthen democracy in Nicaragua and not less than $1,500,000 for programs and activities to combat organized crime, crimes of violence specifically targeting women and corruption in Guatemala.

Sec. 577. United States Agency for International Development Management

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 577) which provides certain authorities to USAID. The conferees agree to continue authority that enables USAID to hire Foreign Service Limited employees to replace on a one-for-one basis individuals who were employed by USAID under other authorities, such as Personal Services Contracts (PSCs). To ensure that relatively junior Foreign Service Officers have an early opportunity to gain valuable overseas experience, the conferees provide $10,000,000 to pay for such indirect costs as housing and transportation. These costs are routinely covered for PSCs and paid out of program accounts. In using these authorities, USAID should achieve annualized savings in administrative costs, including an estimated $4,000,000 in fiscal year 2007. The conferees direct USAID to provide baseline data on administrative costs so these annual savings can be verified and tracked.

The conference agreement includes language under this section that allows USAID to use program funds to cover the costs of staff working to mitigate the effects of natural disasters. The conferees note that this authority should be used sparingly and only when necessary to enable USAID to cope with the consequences of natural disasters, such as those on the scale of Hurricane Mitch in Central America in 1998.

Sec. 578. HIPC Debt Reduction

The conference agreement includes a provision as proposed by the House (section 578) which addresses HIPC debt reduction. The Senate did not address this matter.

Sec. 579. OPIC Transfer Authority

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

The conference agreement includes a provision as proposed by the House (section 579), which authorizes the transfer of funds under title II of this Act to OPIC for certain purposes. The Senate did not address this matter.

Sec. 580. Limitation on Funds Relating to Attendance of Federal Employees at Conferences Occurring Outside the United States

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by both the House (section 585) and Senate (section 6124) which prohibits funds for attendance of more than 50 employees at any single conference occurring outside the United States, modified to clarify that the prohibition applies to employees stationed in the United States attending international conferences.

Sec. 581. Limitation On Assistance To Foreign Countries That Refuse To Extradite To The United States Any Individual Accused In The United States Of Killing A Law Enforcement Officer

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 587) which prohibits funds for assistance under certain conditions associated with extradition of certain individuals, modified to provide a waiver of the restriction when the Secretary of State certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that such a restriction is contrary to the national interest of the United States.

Sec. 582. Prohibition Against Direct Funding for Saudi Arabia

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 588) which prohibits assistance to Saudi Arabia, modified to reflect current law.

Sec. 583. Governments That Have Failed To Permit Certain Extraditions

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the House (section 590) and Senate (section 6129) which prohibits funds for assistance under certain conditions when governments fail to permit the extradition of certain individuals, modified to provide a waiver of the restriction when the Secretary of State certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that such a restriction is contrary to the national interest of the United States.

Sec. 584. Reporting Requirements

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6067) which requires a quarterly report on the uses of fiscal year 2006 funds for `Foreign Military Financing', `International Military Education and Training' and `Peacekeeping Operations', modified to change the date of the first report to April 1, 2006 and remove the reference to `hereafter.'

Sec. 585. Environment Programs

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6074) which addresses environment programs. The conference agreement also includes language similar to that proposed by the Senate with respect to the submission of the climate change report. The conferees expect that, pursuant to the August 2005 Government Accountability Office report (GAO-05-461), OMB and the Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) will explain in detail any changes in the Administration's annual climate change report content and format since fiscal year 2002. The conferees expect OMB and the CCSP to develop crosswalk tables to compare new and old report structures, definitions, categories, content, and format to ensure better assessment of changes in spending over time, specifically by agency and category. In addition, the conferees direct OMB in its fiscal year 2007 report to transmit information in the form of budget authority, expenditures, and obligations as has been consistently required by the Congress.

The conference agreement contains a subsection similar to current law and the Senate proposal regarding extractive industries and the international financial institutions. The House did not address this matter.

Sec. 586. Uzbekistan

The conference agreement includes a provision as proposed by the Senate (section 6075) and similar to current law.

Sec. 587. Central Asia

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6076) regarding assistance to Central Asia.

Sec. 588. Disability Programs

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6077) making available $4,000,000 in ESF for programs and activities administered by USAID to address the needs and protect the rights of people with disabilities in developing countries. Of this amount, the conferees direct that $1,500,000 be made available to organizations that specialize in advocacy for people with disabilities, to support training, technical, and related assistance for foreign NGOs that work primarily on behalf of people with disabilities in developing countries, and $2,500,000 be made available for equipment and other assistance for such foreign NGOs.

Sec. 589. Discrimination Against Minority Religious Faiths in the Russian Federation

The conference agreement includes a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6080) regarding assistance for the Russian Federation. The House did not address this matter.

Sec. 590. War Crimes in Africa

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6081), requiring a certification by the Secretary of State before any funding may be made available to the central government of any country in which a person indicted by the Special Court for Sierra Leone or International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda is living.

The conferees believe that Charles Taylor should stand trial for the crimes for which he has been indicted. In subsection (d), the conferees require a report by the President outlining the Administration's strategy for working with the Government of Nigeria to turn over Charles Taylor to the Special Court for Sierra Leone. If that report has not been received by 120 days following enactment of this Act, no funding may be made available for the central Government of Nigeria. This restriction is not intended to include support provided for peacekeeping operations in other countries.

Sec. 591. Security in Asia

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6084) which (1) specifies military assistance for a number of countries in Asia; (2) makes funds available for the Philippines to address critical deficiencies identified in the Joint Defense Assessment of 2003; (3) permits funding for the Indonesian Navy, subject to the notification of the Committees on Appropriations; and (4) makes funds available for Cambodia notwithstanding certain provisions of this Act.

The conference agreement does not include language proposed by the Senate with respect to Nepal in this provision. These requirements are addressed in section 592.

Sec. 592. Nepal

The conference agreement includes a new provision similar to language proposed by the Senate in subsection (e) of section 6084 which addressed Nepal.

For purposes of determining whether the conditions for certification have been met, the conferees intend that `civil liberties' include due process under law, freedoms of speech, the press and association, and the right of movement; and `protecting human rights' includes (1) the release of all political detainees including those detained before February 1, 2005; (2) granting civilian prosecutors and judicial authorities, the National Human Rights Commission of Nepal (NHRC), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal, and international humanitarian organizations, unannounced and unimpeded access to all detainees, places of detention, witnesses, relevant documents and other requested information, and cooperating with these entities to identify and resolve all security related cases involving persons in government custody; (3) complying with international humanitarian law and ending torture, extrajudicial killings and other gross violations of human rights, and prosecuting and punishing individuals responsible for such violations; (4) restoring the independence of the NHRC in accordance with constitutional provisions, including providing adequate funding and staff; (5) complying with habeas corpus orders issued by Nepal's courts including all outstanding orders, and the security forces are respecting such orders; and (6) ensuring that the Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority is receiving adequate support to effectively implement its mandate and that no other anti-corruption body is functioning in violation of the 1990 Constitution or contrary to due process.

Sec. 593. Neglected Diseases

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6094) which allocates $15,000,000 of the `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' to fight neglected diseases. The conferees recognize that a multilateral initiative may be the most effective mechanism for leveraging and coordinating with additional contributions from other donors. The Administrator of USAID should consult with the Committees on Appropriations before a mechanism is chosen. Until such a mechanism is available, the Administrator should develop and implement the program through existing bilateral and multilateral mechanisms.

Sec. 594. Orphans, Displaced and Abandoned Children

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6095) which provides not less than $3,000,000 for activities to improve the capacity of foreign government agencies and NGOs to prevent child abandonment, address the needs of orphans, displaced and abandoned children and provide permanent homes through family reunification, guardianship and domestic adoptions.

Sec. 595. Advisor for Indigenous Peoples Issues

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6097) that requires USAID to appoint an Advisor for Indigenous Peoples Issues.

Sec. 596. Statement

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6112) which requires that funds in the specified accounts be allocated as indicated in the respective tables in this statement of the managers. Any change to these allocations is subject to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

Sec. 597. Combatting Piracy of United States Copyrighted Materials

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6115) regarding the use of funds under the heading `International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement' to combat piracy of United States copyrighted materials overseas.

Sec. 598. Malaria

The conference agreement includes a provision, similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6125) which addresses malaria. The House did not address this matter. Further discussion of malaria is under `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund'.

Sec. 599. Oversight of Iraq Reconstruction

The conference agreement includes a provision, similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6131) which addresses authorities and funding for the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR), amended to extend the period of oversight for the SIGIR without providing additional funds as proposed by the Senate.

The conferees endorse oversight of United States reconstruction efforts in Iraq and therefore support the work of the SIGIR. The conferees intend that programs and operations of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) that had been within the oversight jurisdiction of the Coalition Provisional Authority Inspector General (CPA-IG) remain within the jurisdiction of its successor, SIGIR. The conferees understand that SIGIR has sufficient funds to carry out its activities through fiscal year 2006 and expect any additional funds necessary to complete SIGIR's work in fiscal year 2007 will be included in the fiscal year 2007 budget request for consideration in the fiscal year 2007 appropriations process.

With respect to Iraq's reconstruction, the conferees note the importance of an open and transparent process in developing projects, issuing contracts and fulfilling those contracts currently underway. The conferees encourage the State Department and the Defense Department to consider current proposals to use advanced software programs that provide solutions for soliciting contracts and ensuring that the bidding process is transparent and accountable.

The conferees are aware of a joint proposal by the Sabre Foundation and the Harvard Committee on Iraqi Libraries to enhance the quality and quantity of Iraqi university library collections. The conferees urge the State Department, working with other donors, to enhance and strengthen higher education in Iraq.

Sec. 599A. Nonproliferation and Counterproliferation Efforts

The conference agreement includes a provision similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6134) which makes NADR funds available for certain nonproliferation and counterproliferation efforts, but does not include the reference to the Cooperative Threat Reduction program and the National Counter Proliferation Center as proposed by the Senate. The House did not address this matter.

Sec. 599B. Promotion of Policy Goals at Multilateral Development Banks

The conference agreement includes a provision, similar to that proposed by the Senate, which amends the International Financial Institutions Act by requiring the Secretary of the Treasury to inform the multilateral development banks and the executive directors of such banks of certain reform goals and to actively promote these reforms. The conferees believe these reforms would improve transparency, deter corruption, promote justice and accountability, protect whistleblowers, and enhance the quality of MDB-financed projects, and should be vigorously implemented. The House did not address this matter.

Sec. 599C. Authorizations

The conference agreement includes authorization language for the International Development Association, the African Development Fund, and the Asian Development Fund.

Sec. 599D. Anticorruption Provisions

The conference agreement includes a provision, similar to that proposed by the House that would withhold 20 percent of the funds for the World Bank's International Development Association (IDA) from disbursement until the Secretary of the Treasury makes a certification about a number of procurement issues that would increase transparency in the World Bank procurement process. The provision includes International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) loans as well as IDA credit agreement or grants and project preparation advances, and `World Bank procurement guidelines' include the following World Bank Guidelines: Procurement Under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits; Guidelines: Selection and Employment of Consultants by World Bank Borrowers; and, all relevant Standard Bidding Documents applicable to World Bank-funded tenders. The Senate did not address this issue.

Sec. 599E. Assistance for Demobilization and Disarmament of Former Irregular Combatants in Colombia

The conferees include a provision that provides up to $20,000,000 to demobilize and disarm former members of Colombian terrorist organizations. This funding may be made available if the Secretary of State certifies that certain conditions specified in the language are met.

Sec. 599F. Indonesia

The conferees include a provision, similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6072), which conditions the availability of military assistance for Indonesia on a certification by the Secretary of State that certain conditions have been met. The conferees are grateful for Indonesia's contributions to the global war on terrorism, and recognize the important progress evinced by the government of Indonesia in advancing civilian control of the military. The conferees remain concerned with human rights in Indonesia, including the role of some Indonesian military officers in organizing and supplying militia groups during 1999 attacks in East Timor, and urge the Indonesian Government to bring those responsible to justice. The House did not address this issue.

Sec. 599G. Report on Indonesian Cooperation

The conferees include a provision, similar to that proposed by the Senate (section 6108), which requires a report by the Secretary of State on progress being made into the investigation and prosecution of the murders of two United States citizens and one Indonesian citizen in 2002.

PROVISIONS NOT ADOPTED BY THE CONFEREES

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the House and the Senate (sections 504 and 6024) regarding `Limitation on Expenses'. This issue is addressed in section 505, `Limitation on Expenses and Representational Allowances'.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6025) that prohibited certain funds from this Act from being used to procure aircraft. The House did not address this matter. The conferees have addressed this matter under the heading `International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement'.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by both the House (section 526) and the Senate (section 6026) that addressed funding for democracy programs and instead creates a new appropriation in title II, `Democracy Programs' to accommodate the financing otherwise addressed in these title V provisions.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the House (section 572) or a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6089), regarding assistance for Cuba.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6073), which prohibited funds from being used to fund any contract contravening section 8(d)(6) of the Small Business Act. This provision was not included because such a requirement is permanent law. The House did not address this issue.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the House (section 580) which provided authority to transfer up to $100,000,000 to furnish reconstruction and stabilization assistance.

The conference agreement does not include a provision, similar to provisions proposed by the House (section 581) and the Senate (section 6083) which reduced unobligated balances.

The conference agreement does not include a Senate provision (section 6082) related to the admission and resettlement of refugees to the United States. The House did not address this matter. However, consistent with the Senate provision, the conferees expect the Secretary of State to continue to utilize private voluntary and international nongovernmental organizations with expertise in the protection needs of refugees in the processing of refugees overseas for admission and resettlement to the United States, and to utilize such organizations in addition to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in the identification and referral of refugees.

The conference agreement does not include a House provision (section 583), the `Prohibition on Certain International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Assistance to the Government of Haiti'. The issue is addressed under section 549, `Haiti', in the conference agreement. The Senate did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the House (section 584) that prohibited funds for assistance to Romania. The Senate did not address this issue.

The conference agreement does not include language regarding UNDP in Burma, as proposed by the Senate (section 6085). The House did not address this matter. The conferees appreciate the responsiveness of the UNDP's Washington-based staff to concerns with UNDP programs and activities in Burma.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the House (section 586) that limited the availability of funds while there is a vacancy at the head of the Office of Inspector General of the Bank. The conferees addressed this issue in title I of this Act as proposed by the Senate.

The conference agreement does not include the provision `Democracy Exception' as proposed by the Senate (section 6086). This issue is addressed in section 574. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6087) regarding `University Programs' and USAID. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the House (section 589) regarding Export-Import Bank assistance for nuclear power projects.

The conference agreement does not include a Senate provision (section 6090) regarding funding for English language training in Francophone countries. The House did not address this matter. However, the conferees direct that funds made available under the heading `Economic Support Fund' be made available for such purposes.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6091) regarding transfer of funds. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6092) `Organized Crime and Corruption in Central America'. The House did not address this matter. The conference agreement addresses this issue under section 576 `Central America'.

The conference agreement does not include a Senate provision (section 6093) regarding assistance for Iraq. The House did not address this matter. The conference agreement includes language under the heading `Economic Support Fund' to transfer $5,000,000 to the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund for the Marla Ruzicka Iraqi War Victims Fund for assistance for families and communities that have suffered losses as a result of the military operations. The conferees direct USAID to: (1) support joint training for implementing NGOs to share lessons learned and improve coordination and communication; (2) explore approaches to help alleviate emotional trauma; and (3) facilitate dialogue between victims, their communities, and United States and coalition armed forces to promote reconciliation and reduce civilian casualties.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6096) `Forensic Assistance'. The House did not address this matter. The conferees provide $3,000,000 under the `Democracy Fund' account to support investigations, including DNA analysis, in cases of extrajudicial killings and child disappearances in Central and South America, in addition to funds otherwise made available for such purposes.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6109) regarding a `West Papua Report' requiring the Secretary of State to submit a report regarding Indonesian troops, and current humanitarian and human rights conditions, in the Papua region of Indonesia. The House did not address this matter. The conferees direct the Secretary of State to submit, within 90 days of enactment of the Act, the report required by the Senate provision.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6111) regarding `Assistance for Foreign Nongovernmental Organizations'. The House did not address this issue.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6114) that extends the eligibility of certain potential Vietnamese refugees to be considered refugees `of special humanitarian concern' and to be resettled in the United States. Instead, the conferees agree to address this issue in section 534 (`Special Authorities'). The conferees understand that this will be the last year such an extension will be necessary.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6116) regarding a `Report on Anti-Retroviral Drug Procurement'. The conferees request the Global AIDS Coordinator to submit the report required in section 6116 of the Senate bill as part of its annual reporting requirements. The House did not address this issue.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6117) regarding `Forced Repatriation of Refugees in Cambodia'. The House did not address this issue. The conferees note that Cambodia has a long and tragic history as a nation of refugees and strongly urge the Government of Cambodia to demonstrate greater compassion with the plight of its Montagnard neighbors. The conferees encourage the United Nations and other organizations to help safeguard all Montagnard refugees returned to Vietnam. The conferees direct the State Department to provide a report to the Committees on Appropriations not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act detailing the concerns of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Human Rights in Cambodia with the January 25, 2005 Memorandum of Understanding between the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Governments of Cambodia and Vietnam, an assessment of the validity of those concerns, and actions taken by UNHCR to address the concerns.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6118) regarding `Transfer of Funds'. Not less than $450,000,000 is made available for a United States contribution to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria from funds appropriated under the headings `Child Survival and Health Programs Fund' and `Global HIV/AIDS Initiative'.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6119) that transferred $50,000,000 to the FMF account for assistance to support the African Union Mission in Sudan. While the conference agreement does not include additional funds for this Mission in Sudan, the Administration should expeditiously submit a request for any necessary funding.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6120), `Support for Democracy and Governance Activities in Zimbabwe'. This issue is addressed under the heading `Economic Support Fund'. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6121) regarding assistance for Venezuela. This issue is addressed under the heading `Democracy Fund' in title II of this Act. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6123) regarding the Export-Import Bank. The conferees direct that the Inspector General shall provide a written analysis to the Committees on Appropriations and other appropriate committees, including the Senate Finance Committee, within 90 days of appointment as to whether loan guarantees provided to an ethanol dehydration plant in Trinidad and Tobago met the conditions of section 2(e)(4) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 or any provision in the Bank's charter. The analysis shall include whether `value added' methodology is routinely used by the Bank to determine whether or not a proposed loan guarantee or export credit meets the statutory test found in section 2(e)(4). The Inspector General shall also make recommendations as to whether it is appropriate to use such methodology in making a determination of substantial injury.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6126) regarding `Report on Small Arms Programs' that required the Secretary of State to submit a report describing activities and progress by the State Department on the destruction of small arms and light weapons. The House did not address this matter. The conferees direct the Secretary of State to submit, within 180 days of enactment of the Act, the report required by the Senate provision.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6127) regarding democracy programs in Iraq. This issue is addressed under the heading `Economic Support Funds' in title II of this Act. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6128) that addressed orphans and displaced and abandoned children. The House did not address this matter.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6130) regarding a `Report on Reciprocity'. The House did not address this issue.

The conference agreement does not include a provision proposed by the Senate (section 6135) regarding police training activities conducted by the State Department's INCLE bureau. The House did not address this matter. The conferees direct the Secretary of State to ensure that: (1) training is provided by instructors with proven records of experience; (2) the bureau has established procedures to ensure vetting of trainees for criminal or terrorist backgrounds and minimum age and experience requirements; (3) the bureau has established procedures that set standards for training and provide certification to meet such standards. The conferees further direct the Secretary to submit the report required by the Senate provision within 180 days of enactment of the Act.

The conference agreement adopts the title of the bill as proposed by the House.

CONFERENCE TOTAL--WITH COMPARISONS

The total new budget (obligational) authority for the fiscal year 2006 recommended by the Committee of Conference, with comparisons to the fiscal year 2005 amount, the 2006 budget estimates, and the House and Senate bills for 2006 follow:

[In thousands of dollars]
New budget (obligational) authority, fiscal year 2005 22,310,592
Budget estimates of new (obligational) authority, fiscal year 2006 22,867,945
House bill, fiscal year 2006 20,311,677
Senate bill, fiscal year 2006 22,122,189
Conference agreement, fiscal year 2006 20,978,490
Conference agreement compared with:
New budget (obligational) authority, fiscal year 2005 -1,332,102
Budget estimates of new (obligational) authority, fiscal year 2006 -1,889,455
House bill, fiscal year 2006 +666,813
Senate bill, fiscal year 2006 -1,143,699

JIM KOLBE,
JERRY LEWIS,
JOE KNOLLENBERG,
MARK STEVEN KIRK,
ANDER CRENSHAW,
DON SHERWOOD,
JOHN E. SWEENEY,
DENNIS REHBERG,
JOHN CARTER,
NITA M. LOWEY,
DAVID R. OBEY,
JESSE L. JACKSON, Jr.,
CAROLYN C. KILPATRICK,
STEVEN R. ROTHMAN,
CHAKA FATTAH,

Managers on the Part of the House.
MITCH MCCONNELL,
ARLEN SPECTER,
JUDD GREGG,
RICHARD SHELBY,
ROBERT F. BENNETT,
CHRISTOPHER BOND,
MIKE DEWINE,
SAM BROWNBACK,
THAD COCHRAN,
PATRICK J. LEAHY,
DANIEL INOUYE,
TOM HARKIN,
BARBARA A. MIKULSKI,
DICK DURBIN,
TIM JOHNSON,
MARY L. LANDRIEU,
ROBERT C. BYRD,

Managers on the Part of the Senate.