U.S. Military Aid and Arms Sales to Turkey

Fiscal Years 1980-1999


  Arms imports* Grant Aid Direct Loans**
FY80 $136 million $202.9 million $0
FY81 $109 million $250 million $0
FY82 $197.6 million $343 million $0
FY83 $155.1 million $290 million $0
FY84 $327.4 million $585 million $0
FY85 $423.4 million $485 million $0
FY86 $303.7 million $409.4 million $0
FY87 $332.9 million $177.9 million $0
FY88 $735.5 million $156 million $178 million
FY89 $961.8 million $340.7 million $90 million
FY90 $943.0 million $412.2 million $85.6 million
FY91 $697 million $500 million $100 million
FY92 $741 million $475 million $25 million
FY93 $878.7 million $0 $450 million
FY94 $951.8 million $0 $405 million
FY95 $536.9 million $0 $328 million
FY96 $547 million $0 $320 million
FY97 $1.27 billion $0 $175 million
FY98 $1.01 billion $0 $0
FY99 $1.56 billion $0 $0
Total $11.551 billion $4.627 billion $1.982 billion

* Arms imports refers to the total dollar value of arms Turkey took delivery of from the United States through the Foreign Military Sales (government to government) program and through direct commercial sales from industry.

**As of 30 September 1997, Turkey had $3.954 billion in outstanding and undispersed military loans from the U.S.

Sources: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Foreign Military Sales Facts, FY89 and FY99; Defense Security Assistance Agency, letter to the Speaker of the House, 31 January 1996, "Section 655 Report" on U.S. arms transfers: FY 96-99, Congressional Presentations Document for Foreign Operations, FY2001.


Following are two tables which show the Excess Defense Articles (surplus Cold War weaponry) which the United States has given Turkey since 1990. These give-aways are in addition to the dollar amounts and items listed in the above tables.

Transfers of U.S. Weapons to Turkey Under the CFE (Conventional Forces in Europe) Treaty, 1991-1993

264 M-60A1 main battle tanks

658 M-60A3 main battle tanks

250 M-113 armor personnel carriers

72 M-110 Artillery

Transfers of U.S. Excess Defense Articles to Turkey, 1990-1996*

Congress notified Item Quantity Cost/ Method Source
1990 S-2 anti-submarine aircraft 29 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1990 C-130B transport aircraft 3 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1991 F-4E fighter aircraft 40 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1991 AH-1P attack helicopter 6 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1991 P-3A aircraft 10 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1991 T-38 trainer aircraft 3 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1991 M-42A1 AAA 133 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1992 C-130B aircraft 8 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1992 T-38 trainer aircraft 40 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1992 AH-1P attack helicopter 22 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1992 O-2 observation/light attack aircraft 6 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1992 40mm ammunition 383,862 rounds 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
1992 5"/37 ammunition 40,400 rounds 516 NSIAD-93-164FS
28 Dec 92 M-85 .50 caliber machine gun 822 516 EDA BBS
1993 Frigate (FF-1063, FF-1076, FF-1079, FF-1082, FF-1085, FF-1090, FF-1092, FF-1093) 8? lease CR, 13 Jul 93, p. H4520; CFW, 95
1993 Frigate (FF-1082) 1 grant CFW, 95
1993 Frigate (FF-1084) 1   CFW, 95
13 Aug 93 M-42A1 AAA 37 516 EDA BBS
13 Aug 93 AH-1P attack helicopter 37 516 EDA BBS
23 Aug 93 miscellaneous military vehicles 478 516 EDA BBS
10 Nov 93 T-38 training aircraft 1 516 EDA BBS
12 Nov 93 C-130B aircraft 2 516 EDA BBS
2,3 Feb 94 113 trucks and trailers; 110 M85 machine guns, ammo; 1,314 founds of 105mm ammo   516 EDA BBS
23 Mar 94 10 GRN-19A transponders; 4 GRA-111 control monitors   516 EDA BBS
13 Sep 94 ASROC launcher, HAGAN trainer, Phalanx trainer, F-4 spare parts, 88,000 rounds of 40mm ammo   516 EDA BBS
25 Jan 95 AIM-7E Sea Sparrow missiles 130 516 EDA BBS
25 Jan 95 Rapier anti-aircraft missile launchers/missiles 14/515 516 EDA BBS
10 Mar 95 KC-135R tanker aircraft 2 lease HIRC
24 May 95 guided missile frigate 3 516 EDA BBS
29 Mar 96 SM-1 Standard anti-aircraft missiles 75 516 EDA BBS
29 Mar 96 Perry-class frigates 2 516 EDA BBS
23 Apr 96 BLU-107 Durandal anti-runway munitions 523 516 EDA BBS
17 May 96 external fuel tanks/pylons for F-16 aircraft 209 lease HIRC
30 Sept 96 M85 machine guns 30 516 EDA BBS
8 Oct 96 Ship spare parts   516 EDA BBS

*** THIS IS AN INCOMPLETE TALLY. LOTS OF NON-LETHAL EQUIPMENT EXCLUDED ***

* Some of these items may not have actually been delivered.

Sources: NSIAD-93-164FS refers to a report by the General Accounting Office; EDA BBS refers to the Petagon's computerized bulletin boards system on Excess Defense Articles; HIRC refers to the House International Relations Committee of the U.S. Congress; CR refers to the Congressional Record.


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