Manufacturing and Technical Assistance Agreements:
Licenses Authorized


NOTE: More current information is available in the State Department's "Section 655 Reports" on arms exports, available here.

The United States often allows defense companies to sell the production of weapons, as well as weapons themselves, abroad.  The table below was compiled from State Department's portions of the "655 Report," an annual report to Congress on arms exports and licenses. Since the requirement for this report was only reinstated in 1996, only three fiscal years are included.  

Notes:  

  1. Manufacturing agreements and technical assistance agreements are lumped together by the State Department's categories, but cover a wide range of agreements.  Manufacturing agreements constitute the bulk of the dollar values, but figures for Bosnia-Herzegovina (for instance) represent technical assistance agreements in which MPRI, an American "mercenary" business, has been hired to "establish a formal structure for civilian control of the military, train the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina forces in defensive tactics, and improve their capability to deter hostile forces and defend their territory if deterrence fails."
  2. These manufacturing and technical assistance agreements represent only one of many ways in which American weapons technology, military expertise, and arms production capacity are exported abroad.  For more information, check out our offsets and foreign military training pages.  
  3. For examples of manufacturing agreements, go to our online database, click on the "description" field and search for "manufacturing."  However, most manufacturing agreements summarized below do not meet the criteria for notification to Congress and are therefore not included in our database.  Searching for "manufact" will bring up a broader sample of sales of weapons production and related equipment.   
  4. These licenses issued by the State Department (under the direct commercial sales (DCS) program) are valid for several years, but are not necessarily used.  
  FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 Total
Algeria  $                    -    $     260,200,000  $                    -    $     260,200,000
Angola  $       80,000,000  $                    -    $                    -    $       80,000,000
Argentina  $       25,000,000  $        9,620,000  $        1,295,000  $       35,915,000
Australia  $     283,191,859  $     380,540,831  $     159,152,955  $     822,885,645
Austria  $       20,000,000  $                    -    $        2,500,000  $       22,500,000
Bahrain  $           595,000  $       14,665,000  $       17,700,000  $       32,960,000
Belgium  $       50,550,000  $       39,523,076  $                    -    $       90,073,076
Bosnia-Herzegovina  $       81,000,000  $       43,311,187  $       87,186,019  $     211,497,206
Botswana  $                    -    $                    -    $           500,000  $           500,000
Brazil  $       41,500,000  $     110,399,095  $       45,549,999  $     197,449,094
Bulgaria  $                    -    $                    -    $        2,500,000  $        2,500,000
Burkina Faso  $        4,644,991  $                    -    $                    -    $        4,644,991
Canada  $     381,380,872  $     460,113,881  $     643,807,732  $  1,485,302,485
Chile  $       20,000,000  $        4,029,000  $                    -    $       24,029,000
China  $                    -    $                    -    $        3,500,000  $        3,500,000
Colombia  $       15,000,000  $        7,427,200  $        8,400,000  $       30,827,200
Costa Rica  $        5,000,000  $                    -    $                    -    $        5,000,000
Croatia  $       15,700,000  $       11,000,000  $        4,000,000  $       30,700,000
Czech Republic  $       48,600,000  $     370,066,912  $        7,163,000  $     425,829,912
Denmark  $       54,486,271  $       30,036,850  $       32,568,131  $     117,091,252
Dominican Republic  $                    -    $                    -    $        1,250,000  $        1,250,000
Ecuador  $       11,090,000  $           160,000  $       10,000,000  $       21,250,000
Egypt  $     130,700,000  $       53,818,098  $       81,258,999  $     265,777,097
Estonia  $                    -    $                    -    $        2,500,000  $        2,500,000
Finland  $       25,010,000  $       78,751,696  $       24,175,000  $     127,936,696
France  $     133,004,000  $     213,735,092  $     250,128,144  $     596,867,236
Germany  $     165,379,390  $     395,898,733  $     305,031,328  $     866,309,451
Ghana  $                    -    $             50,000  $                    -    $             50,000
Greece  $       61,490,425  $       10,144,205  $     168,053,874  $     239,688,504
Hong Kong  $       61,855,455  $                    -    $             22,000  $       61,877,455
Hungary  $       10,000,000  $       18,200,000  $                    -    $       28,200,000
India  $     127,523,337  $       12,118,166  $                    -    $     139,641,503
Indonesia  $           100,000  $        9,026,735  $        2,435,000  $       11,561,735
Ireland  $       70,000,000  $       22,930,007  $                    -    $       92,930,007
Israel  $     231,100,825  $     481,653,288  $     367,618,302  $  1,080,372,415
Italy  $     646,476,565  $     422,390,200  $       95,748,752  $  1,164,615,517
Japan  $  3,178,603,471  $  2,576,699,575  $     704,193,528  $  6,459,496,574
Jordan  $                    -    $                    -    $       17,560,000  $       17,560,000
Kenya  $           750,000  $                    -    $                    -    $           750,000
Kuwait  $           725,000  $       10,779,666  $        3,260,000  $       14,764,666
Latvia  $                    -    $                    -    $        2,500,000  $        2,500,000
Lebanon  $        1,345,000  $                    -    $                    -    $        1,345,000
Lithuania  $                    -    $                    -    $        2,500,000  $        2,500,000
Luxembourg  $                    -    $           827,045  $       17,702,721  $       18,529,766
Macedonia  $                    -    $                    -    $        2,500,000  $        2,500,000
Malaysia  $       70,032,000  $     120,630,000  $       53,950,000  $     244,612,000
Mexico  $       52,338,000  $        8,695,562  $     142,220,000  $     203,253,562
Morocco  $                    -    $        3,200,000  $                    -    $        3,200,000
Netherlands  $     164,853,476  $     278,614,274  $     158,667,890  $     602,135,640
Netherlands Antilles  $        1,211,000  $                    -    $                    -    $        1,211,000
New Zealand  $       77,550,000  $       54,906,958  $        5,021,000  $     137,477,958
Norway  $       53,975,000  $       77,538,951  $       78,265,046  $     209,778,997
Oman  $           200,000  $        1,076,000  $                    -    $        1,276,000
Pakistan  $        7,994,000  $        6,488,192  $                    -    $       14,482,192
Paraguay  $                    -    $           100,000  $                    -    $           100,000
Peru  $       15,000,000  $           100,000  $       10,000,000  $       25,100,000
Philippines  $       22,750,000  $        1,480,000  $     248,000,000  $     272,230,000
Poland  $                    -    $       32,757,284  $       17,065,000  $       49,822,284
Portugal  $       32,000,000  $        6,409,000  $        2,520,000  $       40,929,000
Romania  $                    -    $     777,800,000  $        7,986,016  $     785,786,016
Russia  $       23,101,000  $       48,290,000  $       58,852,500  $     130,243,500
Saudi Arabia  $       40,686,525  $  1,369,317,068  $     180,188,499  $  1,590,192,092
Singapore  $       67,051,900  $     108,130,790  $     682,394,491  $     857,577,181
Slovakia  $                    -    $       13,800,000  $                    -    $       13,800,000
Slovenia  $       20,000,000  $       10,500,000  $       12,500,000  $       43,000,000
South Africa  $       35,040,000  $                    -    $        3,411,751  $       38,451,751
South Korea  $     391,209,868  $     245,466,164  $     857,466,737  $  1,494,142,769
Spain  $     277,296,062  $     268,714,760  $     216,901,772  $     762,912,594
Sri Lanka  $       24,000,000  $                    -    $                    -    $       24,000,000
St. Kitts and Nevis  $                    -    $           875,000  $                    -    $           875,000
Sweden  $     121,825,117  $     150,855,340  $     251,872,988  $     524,553,445
Switzerland  $     133,036,967  $     402,777,654  $       46,887,507  $     582,702,128
Thailand  $       42,000,000  $       21,400,000  $       16,325,000  $       79,725,000
Turkey  $     150,741,462  $       40,837,714  $       62,693,010  $     254,272,186
Uganda  $                    -    $                    -    $       10,000,000  $       10,000,000
Ukraine  $       12,700,000  $                    -    $                    -    $       12,700,000
United Arab Emirates  $       51,486,160  $       76,646,160  $       16,358,847  $     144,491,167
United Kingdom  $  1,378,252,766  $  3,978,270,978  $  1,433,103,628  $  6,789,627,372
Uruguay  $                    -    $        1,503,100  $                    -    $        1,503,100
Various countries  $     438,592,311  $     715,018,937  $  3,120,750,245  $  4,274,361,493
Venezuela  $     335,500,000  $       15,649,800  $        8,000,000  $     359,149,800
Total  $10,022,226,075  $14,885,965,224  $10,775,662,411  $35,683,853,710