Fiscal Year 1998:
"Section 655" Report
The United States administration
is required by Congress to prepare an annual report on military assistance, military
exports, and military imports known as the "Section 655" report (after the
section of the Foreign Assistance Act which requires it). This report provides the
most detailed official accounting available of specific U.S. weapons systems exported or
licensed for export to militaries around the world during fiscal year 1998 (1 Oct. 1997-30
The Pentagon and the State Department
each prepare their own portion of the 655 report. All sales and grants of military
equipment and training administered by the DOD's Defense Security Cooperation Agency are
included in the Pentagon's section, including drawdowns, excess defense articles,
international military education and training, and foreign military sales (FMS). The State
Department is in charge of direct commercial sales (DCS); its section includes only DCS
licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries.
In future years, this information
should be available on government websites, thanks to Title XIII, Section 1306(b) of the
FY2000 omnibus spending bill, which mandates that the 655 report be put online. We
are only able to post this in pdf format; to view, Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded
for free by clicking the icon below.
State Department, License Information:
Direct Commercial Sales:
Transfers negotiated between the manufacturing company and the foreign buyer, and approved
by the Department of State through the issuance of an export license.
These figures are only for licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries.
Algeria, Andora, Antigua, Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia,
Boznia Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei,
Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Republic of Cape Verde, Cayman Islands,
Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa
Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican
Republic, Ecuador, Egypt,
El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Fiji, Finland, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, The Gambia,
Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary,
Iceland, India, Indonesia,
Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait,
Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Macau, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Republic of Maldives, Mali, Malta,
Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco,
Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New
Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Reunion, Romania,
Russia, San Marino,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal,
Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South
Korea, Spain, Sri
Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & Grenadin, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland,
Taiwan, United Republic
of Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks and
Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Nations, Uruguay, Uzbekistan,
Vanuatu, various, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe/global total
Defense Department, Sales Information:
New and used weapons, spare parts, and
related services purchased directly from the US government by foreign governments. The
weapons may be new production, which the Pentagon contracts with the manufacturer for, or
from used stocks. This part of the report is arranged by region:
- East Asia and the Pacific: Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia,
Japan, South Korea, Laos, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines,
Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and Tonga.
- Near East and South Asia: Bahrain, Bangladesh,
Egypt, India, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri
Lanka, Tunisia and United
- Europe: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina,
Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Macedonia (FYROM), Moldova,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
Turkey, Ukraine and United Kingdom.
- Africa: Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central
African Republic, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau,
Ivory Coast, Kenya,
Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique,
Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra
Leone, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and the Organization
for Africa Unity.
- Americas: Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada,
Chile, Colombia, Costa
Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis,
St. Lucia, St.
Vincent & Grenadines, Trinidad & Tobago,
Uruguay and Venezuela.
- International Organizations: OAS HQ, NAMSA
F-104 + C130, NAMSA-General + Nike, NAMSA-Hawk, NAMSA-Weapons,
NAPMO, NATO, NC3A, NETMA, NHPLO, SACLANT, SHAPE, UNDHA, UNOCHA
Defense Department, Grant
Defense Articles authorized
to be given away for free to Antigua, Argentina, Bahrain, Botswana, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bolivia, Sri
Lanka, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt,
Estonia, Greece, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon,
Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Moldova, FYROM,
Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, St. Lucia, Trinidad,
Tunisia and Venezuela.
Excess Defense Articles actually delivered to Antigua, Argentina, Bahrain,
Botswana, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bolivia, Chile, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Estonia,
Greece, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Latvia, Lithuania, FYROM, Morocco,
Oman, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Thailand,
Tunisia and Venezuela.
counternarcotics assistance to Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Eastern
Caribbean, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic, Mexico, and Guatemala.
Special assistance to Jordan.
Military Education and Training: Funds allocated
to international military education and training for 109 different countries.
For a general guide to the arms
sales process and in-depth descriptions of different types of sales, check out the "Ways and
Means" chapter of The
Arms Trade Revealed: a Guide for Investigators and Activists.