Fiscal Year 1999:
"Section 655" Report
Foreign Military Sales Direct Commercial Sales
The United States administration is
required by Congress to prepare an annual report on military assistance, military exports,
and military imports known as the "Section 655" report (after the section of the
Foreign Assistance Act which requires it). This report provides the most detailed
official accounting available of specific U.S. weapons systems exported or licensed for
export to governments or private buyers around the world.
The Pentagon and
the State Department each prepare their own portion of the 655
report. All sales and grants of military equipment and training administered by the
DOD's Defense Security Cooperation Agency are included in the Pentagon's section,
including drawdowns, excess defense articles, international military education and
training, and foreign military sales (FMS). The State Department is in charge of direct
commercial sales (DCS); its section includes only DCS licenses authorized, not actual
Most of the report for fiscal year
1999 (1 Oct. 1998-30 Sept. 1999) is provided below. (The DCS portion only includes
the introduction and information on manufacturing and technical assistance at this point.
The full report will be posted by either the ASMP or the State Department in the near
future). We are only able to post the report in pdf format; to view, Adobe Acrobat Reader
can be downloaded for free by clicking the icon below. The 655 report is now required
by law to be posted online (Title XIII, Section 1306(b) of the FY2000 omnibus spending
bill), but neither the State nor Defense Departments have done so to date.
Foreign Military Sales (FMS): New and used weapons, spare parts, and
related services purchased directly from the US government by foreign governments. The
weapons may be new production, which the Pentagon contracts with the manufacturer for, or
from used stocks.
Data covers actual deliveries of
military equipment or services.
- East Asia and the Pacific: Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Laos, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines,
Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand.
- Near East and South Asia: Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka,
Tunisia, United Arab Emirates,
- Europe: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina,
Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine United Kingdom, and Uzbekistan.
- Africa: Benin,
Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central
African Republic, Chad, Djibouti,
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South
Africa, Uganda, Zambia,
Zimbabwe, and the Organization
for Africa Unity.
- Americas: Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican
Republic, Ecuador, El
Salvador, Grenada, Guyana,
Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and
Nevis, St. Lucia, St.
Vincent & Grenadines, Trinidad & Tobago,
Uruguay and Venezuela.
- International Organizations: OAS HQ, NAMSA F-104 +
C130, NAMSA-General + Nike, NAMSA-Hawk, NAMSA-Weapons,
NAPMO, NATO, NC3A, NETMA, NHPLO, SACLANT, SHAPE, UNDHA, UNOCHA
- International Narcotics Assistance: Bolivia, Colombia,
- FMS TOTAL (by category)
Direct Commercial Sales (DCS): Transfers
negotiated between the manufacturing company and the foreign buyer, and approved by the
Department of State through the issuance of an export license.
analysis of the State Department's portion of the 655 report.
Data covers licenses authorized,
not actual weapons deliveries.
Part I: Defense Articles:
Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Anguilla, Antarctica,
Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Botswana,
Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Cayman Islands,
Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Georgia,
Germany, Ghana, Greece, Greenland,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Macau, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia,
Monaco, Montserrat, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New
Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New
Guinea, Paraguay, Peru,
Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia,
Rwanda, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South
Korea, Spain, Sri
Lanka, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadin, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland,
Taiwan, Tanzania, United
Republic of, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan,
Turks and Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United
Kingdom, United Nations, Uruguay, Uzbekistan,
Zambia, Zimbabwe, various.
- Part II: Manufacturing and technical
- Country Totals
(Part I, Part II, and Total)
- Entire report (4
MB. Will take a long time to open, but best for printing whole copy)
For a general guide to the arms sales process
and in-depth descriptions of different types of sales, check out the "Ways and
Means" chapter of The
Arms Trade Revealed: a Guide for Investigators and Activists.