Fiscal Year 2002:
"Section 655" Report
Direct Commercial Sales
Foreign Military Sales
Excess Defense Articles
International Military Education and Training
The United States
administration is required by Congress to prepare an annual report on
military assistance, military exports, and military imports known as the
"Section 655" report (after the section of the Foreign Assistance
Act which requires it). This report provides the most detailed official
accounting available of specific U.S. weapons systems exported or licensed
for export to governments or private buyers around the world.
and the State Department each prepare their own portion of
the 655 report. All sales and grants of military equipment and training
administered by the DOD's Defense Security Cooperation Agency are included in
the Pentagon's section, including drawdowns, excess defense articles,
international military education and training, and foreign military sales
(FMS). The State Department is in charge of direct commercial sales (DCS);
its section includes only DCS licenses authorized, not actual weapons
The entire report for fiscal year 2002 (1 Oct. 2001 - 30 Sept. 2002) is provided below in pdf format.
To view the report, you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader,
which can be downloaded for free by clicking the icon below. The 655 report is required by
law to be posted online, but the Defense Department has not yet posted its sections of the
reports from FY1999 through FY2002. The redacted versions of the Pentagon's report for those
years were acquired by the Arms Sales Monitoring Project via the Freedom of Information Act.
Direct Commercial Sales (DCS): Transfers negotiated between the manufacturing company and the foreign
buyer, and approved by the Department of State through the issuance of an
export license. Note: in 2004, the State Department made several revisions to part I.
The documents below include those revisions.
Data covers licenses
authorized, not actual weapons deliveries.
Entire report (400 KB; best for printing whole copy)
Report broken into 7-10 page pieces:
- Part I: Defense Articles:
South Korea-Sri Lanka,
St. Kitts and Nevis-Tanzania,
Thailand-United Arab Emirates,
The Defense Department's section of the 655 report covers several different types of aid and sales.
The transmittal letter to Congress summarizes the contents of the report.
Foreign Military Sales (FMS):
New and used weapons, spare parts, and related services purchased directly from the US government by foreign
governments. The weapons may be new production, which the Pentagon contracts with the manufacturer for, or from
used stocks. This part of the report is arranged by region.
Entire section (3.1 MB)
Report broken down by region and country:
- East Asia and the Pacific:
- Near East and South Asia:
the United Arab Emirates,
the United Kingdom,
Central African Republic,
Organization of African Unity
- Western Hemisphere:
Antigua & Barbuda,
Bolivia (International Narcotics Control),
Colombia (International Narcotics Control),
Ecuador (International Narcotics Control),
Peru (International Narcotics Control),
St. Kitts & Nevis,
St. Vincent & the Grenadines,
Trinidad & Tobago,
Organization of American States HQ
Excess Defense Articles (EDA):
Used weapons and equipment given away for free to foreign governments. Excess defense articles are given away as-is
and are sometimes refused by the foreign government. The report gives the quantities offered and those actually
International Military Education and Training (IMET):
The money spent on training for the militaries of 113 countries. More complete information on military training is available here.
Assistance given at the discretion of the President. Drawdowns in FY02 went to Nigeria,
Afghanistan, Georgia, the Philippines, and Tunisia.
For a general guide to the arms
sales process and in-depth descriptions of different types of sales, check
out the "Ways
and Means" chapter of The Arms Trade
Revealed: a Guide for Investigators and Activists.