Appendix: Light Arms Production in Latin America







Weapon Type


Design Source






Fabrica Militar de Armas Portatiles "Domingo Matheu" (FMAP)


FN Model 1935 GP Browning 9 mm pistol (also M-90, Detective model)




185,000 produced 1969-1981 for military, private sales; still in production


FN FAL 7.62 mm rifle (and variants); also heavy-barreled FAP and 5.56 mm versions




122,000 produced 1960-1983 for military, export sales


PAM-1 and PAM-2 9 mm submachine gun


variant of U.S. M3A1


50,000 produced 1955-1972 for military


FMK-3, FMK-4

9 mm submachine gun




30,000 produced by end 1991 for military


FN MAG 7.62 mm machine gun




In production since 1980; for military


GME-FMK2-M0 hand grenade




For military


FMK-1, APG, MAPPG land mines






Fabrica Militar Rio Tercero


Model 1974 FMK-1 105 mm recoilless rifle




For military


FMK-1, FMK-2, FMK-3 60 mm mortars




For military


FMK-2 LR 81-mm mortar


Brandt type (French)


For military




Fabrica de Itujuba (part of Industria de Material Belico do Brasil, IMBEL)


Pistola Colt M-973 9 mm pistol, and variants


copy of U.S. M1911A1


Over 50,000 produced


Madsen M50 9 mm submachine gun


lic./Madsen (Danish)


For military, police


FN FAL 7.62 mm rifle and variants




At least 200,000 produced for military, export sales


MD-2, MD-3 5.56 mm rifles


based on FN FAL


For military, export sales


Forjas Taurus SA (incorporates Industrie Comercio Beretta SA)


Beretta Model 92 9 mm pistol and variants




For military, export sales (export version called PT-92)


M972 Beretta Model 12 submachine gun




For military, export sales (export version called MT-12)


.38 cal. revolver




For police, export sales


Mekanika Indutrie e Comercio Ltda.


Uru Model-II 9 mm submachine gun




For military, export sales


Uirapuru 7.62 mm machine gun




For military, export sales


Hydroar SA


57 mm M18A1 recoilless rifle


copy of U.S. M18A1


For military


3.5 in. M20A1 rocket launcher


copy of U.S. M20A1


For military


LC T1 M1 flamethrower




For military


Companhia de Explosivos Valparaiba (CEV)


M3, M4 hand grenades; M2 rifle grenade; M3 anti-tank grenade; 60 mm, 81mm mortar rds.




For military


Quimica Tupan SA


AP NW AE T1 anti-personnel land mine




For military, export sales




Fabricas y Maestranzas del Ejercito (FAMAE)


Special .38 cal. revolver






SIG SG-540 5.56 mm rifle; SG-542 7.62 mm rifle


lic./SIG (Swiss)


In production since 1980s; for military


9 mm SAF submachine gun


based on SIG design


For military and police


60 mm, 81 mm mortars


Brandt types (French)


For military


MAPP-78-F2, MAPT-78-F2, M18 land mines






Industrias Cardoen, S.A. (also doing business as Metalnor S.A.)


offensive/defensive hand grenade; MK-2 and Mini hand grenades




For military, export sales


AP, AP II, M18 land mines






Dominican Republic


Armeria San Cristobal


Cristobal Model 2 .30 cal. automatic rifle


designed by Hungarian exile P. Kiraly


Approx. 200,000 produced for military and export since 1953




Fabrica Nacional de Armas


H&K G3 7.62 mm assault rifle




In production since 1980s for military


FN FAL 7.62 mm rifle




Production ceased late 1970s


Productos Mendoza, SA


Model HM-3

9 mm submachine gun




For military






MGP-15 submachine gun




For police & security forces


MGP-79A, MGP-84, MGP-87

9 mm subma- chine guns




For military, police


MGP-30 land mine








Compana Anonima Venezolana de Industrias Militares (CAVIM)


FN FAL 7.62 mm assault rifle




Approx. 10,000 assembled from Belgian parts in 1970s


FN Model 1935 HP 9 mm pistol






S&W M10, M60 revolvers







lic. = license-produced FN = Fabrique Nationale Herstal (Belgium)

H&K = Heckler & Koch (Germany) S&W = Smith & Wesson (USA)



Edward Clinton Ezell, Small Arms of the World, 12th ed. (1993)

Ezell et al.,International Small Arms Usage and Research and Development Trends (1993)

Terry J. Gander & Ian V. Hogg, eds., Jane's Infantry Weapons 95-96 (1995)

Ian V. Hogg & John Weeks, Military Small Arms of the 20th Century, 6th ed.

John Walter, Rifles of the World (1993)

Human Rights Watch Arms Project, Landmines: A Deadly Legacy (1993)












David Andersen is the National Chapter Coordinator at Student Pugwash USA in Washington, D.C. After graduating with a B.A. in Peace Studies and International Security Policy from Hampshire College in 1995, he received a Herbert Scoville Peace Fellowship, which he used at the Federation of American Scientists from July 1995-March 1996.


Michael Klare is a professor of peace and world security studies at Hampshire College in Amherst, Mass., and Director of the Five College Program in Peace and World Security Studies. He is the author of several books, including American Arms Supermarket (University of Texas Press, 1984) and Rogue States and Nuclear Outlaws (Hill and Wang, 1995).


Oscar Arias Sánchez was the President of Costa Rica from 1986-1990. In 1987 he received the Nobel Peace Prize.


Graciela Uribe de Lozano is an arms control expert on the staff of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Colombia and a regular participant in United Nations meetings on arms control and disarmament matters.