For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
November 21, 2002
Fact Sheet: Bush Administration Review of Defense Trade Export Policy and National Security
The Bush Administration has begun a comprehensive assessment of the
effectiveness of U.S. defense trade policies, to identify changes
necessary to ensure that those policies continue to support U.S.
national security and foreign policy goals. The review will be
completed in six months.
The objectives of the review are to ensure that defense trade,
defense trade technology security, and related acquisitions policies:
Support the security of the United States;
Contribute to peace and
stability, including regional security;
nonproliferation and counterterrorism policies and strategies and
Control militarily critical technologies; and
Protect such technologies from diversion.
The review also aims to maintain America's technological and
war-fighting advantages over its potential adversaries, while
facilitating friends' and allies' efforts to increase capability and
interoperability. Specifically, the review aims to:
Maintain a viable U.S. defense industrial base necessary to meet
current and future national security needs;
Facilitate fundamental research, and rapid, optimal defense
exploitation of commercial developments;
Retool and realign defense and industrial links with allies to
reflect the current and evolving security environment;
Improve the military effectiveness of alliances and coalitions;
Increase the pool of allies and friends who can effectively fight
Increase allied defense spending and burden-sharing;
and Increase areas of defense cooperation.
Finally, the review will:
Identify the top U.S. weapons acquisition programs for which
increased industrial participation or greater access to U.S. technology
by allies, and vice versa, would improve military effectiveness of
- Identify possible specific modifications, and assess the potential
risks to U.S. national security and foreign policy interests posed by
such modifications, to current U.S. defense trade licensing policies
Identify foreign market access barriers that impede U.S.-Allied
defense industrial cooperation.
Determine the effectiveness of all Defense Technology Security
Initiative actions in facilitating U.S.-Allied defense trade, and
develop recommendations for either continuing, changing, or
discontinuing the initiative, as well as consider additional
initiatives as appropriate.
Identify technology transfer policy changes that will facilitate
the ability of the U.S. military to benefit from commercial
developments and international cooperation.
Identify technology transfer policy changes that will
facilitate cutting edge fundamental research in U.S. academic institutions,
U.S. Government laboratories, private industry, and other organizations that
engage in fundamental research.
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