02 June 2003
G-8 to Take Further Steps to Enhance Transportation Security
World powers target portable missiles, high-risk containers
The Group of Eight (G-8) industrial countries have agreed to strengthen a regime established to counter the threat to civil aviation posed by portable surface-to-air missiles and asked other nations to take similar steps.
Leaders of Canada, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States said the measures they intend to implement to prevent the missiles known as Man-Portable Air Defence Systems -- or Manpads -- from falling into terrorist hands include stricter export controls, stronger national regulation of production, transfer and brokering, and a ban on transfers to non-state users.
Growing concern that Manpads could be used by terrorists against airliners has increased since alleged al-Qaida operatives used such a missile against an Israeli plane taking off in Kenya in November.
In an action plan announced June 2 at the G-8 summit in Evian, France, the heads of states said they also intend to provide technical assistance to non-G-8 countries for safeguarding Manpads surpluses.
In addition they called for developing effective aviation security quality control systems including possible screening of all staff in restricted airport areas and installation of on-board TV monitoring systems.
In the area of maritime security the G-8 leaders expressed their full support for the Container Security Initiative (CSI) being implemented in ports around the world by the U.S. Customs Service. They said they believe their support will encourage other countries and ports to join the initiative, which aims to prevent terrorists from smuggling their agents and/or weapons of mass destruction into the United States.
Under bilateral agreements between the United States and its trading partners, U.S. Customs agents are placed in foreign ports to identify high-risk cargo containers for inspection by local customs officials. Trade unions and port stakeholders in some countries have criticized the measure for giving an unfair advantage to certain ports over the others, according to news reports.
Following is the text of the action plan:
Enhance Transport Security And Control Of Man-portable Air Defence Systems (Manpads)
We, the G8 Leaders, are determined to strengthen our joint efforts to curb terrorist threats against mass transportation. We shall continue to implement the Action Plan we agreed at Kananaskis to ensure safe, secure, efficient and reliable transportation world-wide. We have made important progress in implementing the plan and also have taken a number of new measures.
The scope of our endeavours in this field covers five areas:
2. Air transport 3. People
4. Container security
5. Sea transport
1. Control of Manpads
1.2. Today, at Evian, we reiterate our deep concern about the threat posed to civil aviation by Manpads, especially in the hands of terrorists or States that harbour them.
1.3. Manpads are surface-to-air missile systems specially designed to be carried and fired by a single individual. Manpads are portable and easily concealed, yet capable of potentially catastrophic destruction. We are therefore implementing national measures to combat such illegal use of Manpads, and will encourage other States to do so as well.
1.4. Given the increasing number of Manpads in world-wide circulation, we commit ourselves to reducing their proliferation and call upon all countries to strengthen control of their Manpads stockpiles.
1.5. In the framework of the Wassenaar Arrangement, "Elements for the Export Controls of Manpads" were agreed by all 33 participating States in 2000. This was a valuable step forward. We undertake to promote the application of the principles defined in these "Elements" by a larger number of States.
1.6. In addition, we agree to implement the following steps to prevent the acquisition of Manpads by terrorists:
1.7. We agree to exchange information on national measures related to the implementation of these steps by December 2003. We will review progress at our next meeting in 2004.
2. Air transport
3.2. We also agree to develop a secure, verifiable seafarer identity document at the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and are working together towards agreeing on seafarers and port workers security requirements compatible with trade facilitation at the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) and the ILO.
3.3. We are working together to accelerate the use of the joint World Customs Organisation (WCO)/ICAO/International Air Transport Association (IATA) guidelines as a global standard for advance passenger information, and will work to ensure that other necessary requirements for passenger information are developed to a global standard.
4. Container security
4.2. Our active support of pilot projects that model an integrated container security regime contributed to the rapid expansion of the Container Security Initiative (CSI), which is now operational in ten major international ports, seven of which are in G8 countries. Our continued support of CSI will encourage rapidly expanding participation by other ports, further enhancing global container security. As international security is only as effective as its weakest link, we support international co-operation in the WCO to ensure a more co-ordinated approach for all ports handling international cargo.
5. Sea transport
5.2. In December 2002, the IMO adopted these amendments which also provide for the fitting of Automatic Identification Systems on ships by 31 December 2004. We support the implementation of measures in this sphere as agreed at our 2002 Summit.
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